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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 80804 matches for " Xuanli Liu "
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Validating the demand for goat meat in the US meat market  [PDF]
Xuanli Liu, Mack Nelson, Erika Styles
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.410074

There is a large body of literature in economics examining the US meat market, but few studies have focused on the US goat meat market. This study, as a catch-up effort, provides an estimate of the demand for goat meat and assesses the impact of driving factors in the US goat meat market. The data for this study were collected in 11 southern states and specifically elicit the demand and consumer preferences in this non-conventional market. Four econometric models are fitted to examine the multiple layers of the demand, including the current, the potential, the latent, and the seasonal demand. Findings indicate a substantial demand for goat meat with great growth potential, driven by demographic factors and food safety concerns. Ethnic groups and the aged comprise the current niches for goat meat, and the preferences for healthy and safe meat will define the market in the future.

Study on Yarn Blackboard by Digital Image Processing Method
Xuanli Zhou
Modern Applied Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/mas.v1n4p107
Abstract: This article introduces a method which adopts the computer image manipulation to process the collected images of yarn black.Aiming at the hairiness and scratches existing in the yarn blackboard, we adopt the methods such as smoothness processing, threshold value division and image repairing to obtain a clear digital image without yawp points and exactly measure the yarn diameter. Comparing with the actual yarn diameter, the computed yarn diameter accords with the actual diameter, which proves that the yarn diameter measured by image processing method is accurate, exactly reflects the appearance features of the yarn such as slubs, neps and nips, and establishes the foundation for the automatic assessment of the yarn blackboard.
A Sphere Detection Based Adaptive MIMO Detection Algorithm for LTE-A System  [PDF]
Xuanli Wu, Lukuan Sun, Mingxin Luo
Communications and Network (CN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2013.52B005
Abstract: An adaptive MIMO detection algorithm for LTE-A system which is based on sphere detection is proposed in this paper. The proposed algorithm uses M-algorithm for reference to remove unreliable constellation candidates before search, and the number of constellation reservation is adaptively adjusted according to SNR. Simulations of LTE-A downlink show that the BER performance of the proposed detection algorithm is nearly the same as maximum likelihood (ML) detection algorithm. However, the complexity is reduced by about 30% compared with full constellation sphere detection.
Instability of chromosome number and DNA methylation variation induced by hybridization and amphidiploid formation between Raphanus sativus L. and Brassica alboglabra Bailey
Xuanli Li, Weiwei Guo, Bing Wang, Xiangsong Li, Honggao Chen, Lihua Wei, Yanjie Wang, Jiangsheng Wu, Hong Long
BMC Plant Biology , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2229-10-207
Abstract: F1 plants from intergeneric hybridization between Raphanus sativus L. (2n = 18, RR) and Brassica alboglabra Bailey (2n = 18, CC) were obtained by hand crosses and subsequent embryo rescue. Random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were used to identify the F1 hybrid plants. The RAPD data indicated that the hybrids produced specific bands similar to those of parents and new bands that were not present in either parent. Chromosome number variation of somatic cells from allotetraploids in the F4 to F10 generations showed that intensive genetic changes occurred in the early generations of distant hybridization, leading to the formation of mixopolyploids with different chromosome numbers. DNA methylation variation was revealed using MSAP (methylation-sensitive amplification polymorphism), which showed that cytosine methylation patterns changed markedly in the process of hybridization and amphidiploid formation. Differences in cytosine methylation levels demonstrated an epigenetic instability of the allopolyploid of Raphanobrassica between the genetically stable and unstable generations.Our results showed that chromosome instability occurred in the early generations of allopolyploidy and then the plants were reverted to largely euploidy in later generations. During this process, DNA methylation changed markedly. These results suggest that, epigenetic mechanisms play an important role in intergeneric distant hybridization, probably by maintaining a genetic balance through the modification of existing genetic materials.Hybridization between distant genera is a driver of genome evolution and new species formation. Distant hybridization generates novel variation by causing genetic recombination [1]. Allopolyploids resulting from genome doubling during hybridization events are widespread, and include 50%-70% of angiosperms (including crops such as wheat, rapeseed, tobacco and cotton) [2]. Even though allopolyploidy is recognized as important to plant evolution [3]
COX5B Regulates MAVS-mediated Antiviral Signaling through Interaction with ATG5 and Repressing ROS Production
Yuanyuan Zhao equal contributor,Xiaofeng Sun equal contributor,Xuanli Nie,Liwei Sun,Tie-shan Tang,Dahua Chen,Qinmiao Sun
PLOS Pathogens , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003086
Abstract: Innate antiviral immunity is the first line of the host defense system that rapidly detects invading viruses. Mitochondria function as platforms for innate antiviral signal transduction in mammals through the adaptor protein, MAVS. Excessive activation of MAVS-mediated antiviral signaling leads to dysfunction of mitochondria and cell apoptosis that likely causes the pathogenesis of autoimmunity. However, the mechanism of how MAVS is regulated at mitochondria remains unknown. Here we show that the Cytochrome c Oxidase (CcO) complex subunit COX5B physically interacts with MAVS and negatively regulates the MAVS-mediated antiviral pathway. Mechanistically, we find that while activation of MAVS leads to increased ROS production and COX5B expression, COX5B down-regulated MAVS signaling by repressing ROS production. Importantly, our study reveals that COX5B coordinates with the autophagy pathway to control MAVS aggregation, thereby balancing the antiviral signaling activity. Thus, our study provides novel insights into the link between mitochondrial electron transport system and the autophagy pathway in regulating innate antiviral immunity.
Remediation of heavy metal-polluted soils using organic acid washing

Liang Jinli,Cai Huanxing,Duan Xuemei,Dai Xuanli,Yu Yijun,

环境工程学报 , 2012,
Abstract: 通过室内模拟实验,采用土柱淋洗方法,研究草酸、柠檬酸、乙酸和酒石酸溶液对某电镀厂附近土壤中重金属的去除效果。探讨了淋洗剂浓度、淋洗次数和淋洗时间等对淋洗效果的影响,研究草酸淋洗前后土壤中重金属形态的变化。结果表明,淋洗过程中铬的去除效果明显滞后于铜、锌和镍3种重金属离子。1 mol/L的草酸在土水比为1∶1,淋洗5h,淋洗4次的条件下可以达到最佳淋洗效果,Cu、Zn、Ni和Cr的去除率分别是99.6%、66.98%、88.7%和18.23%。
The Model of Mobile Knowledge Services System in the Management of Complex Cluster Project  [PDF]
Yong Liu, Bingxin Liu
iBusiness (IB) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2011.31006
Abstract: Cluster projects are projects of large-scale or with huge investment, such as Beijing 2008 Olympic Games and Shanghai 2010 Expo. A lot of on-site management works are involved in the process of cluster project management, especially the treatment of sudden accidents which would produce plenty of knowledge and experience. As cluster project on-site management spots change frequently, knowledge produced by mobile workers in the process of on-site management is hard to be saved into the knowledge repository on time. It may cause a knowledge distortion or even missing. On the other hand, in the process of cluster project management, a lot of knowledge is required by on-site workers to deal with on-site activities. However, due to lack of effective mechanisms for knowledge communion, they often face the risk of making wrong decisions. To solve the problems of knowledge management and acquisition in the process of cluster project on-site management, this paper presents a system model for mobile knowledge service.
The Collusion Deterrence with Prisoner’s Dilemma  [PDF]
Aidong Liu, Jinfang Liu
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2010.34053
Abstract: I tried to present a new method to prevent collusion through employing two auditors at the same time and inspiring them provide true report by exploiting their prisoner’s dilemma. But I found this method cannot be put into practice because of the high cost. So I analyzed whether sending the second auditor in a probability, a low cost method, can deter the audit collusion. I find sending the second auditor in a probability, enforcing the rigidly lawful punishment and perfecting the reward mechanism can prevent audit collusion. I also find the auditor’s ethical constraint do good to prevent collusion and the charger of state assets management can play the same role as the real owner of the state-owned enterprise in deterring collusion. This finding provides theory support for the government to implement the publicly audit bidding and random double auditing system on state-owned enterprise. The supervision of PCAOB on auditors is also the operation of this theory.
Using Insulation in China’s Buildings: Potential for Significant Energy Savings and Carbon Emission Reductions  [PDF]
Guoliang Liu, Hans Liu
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2011.24027
Abstract: Most old residential and commercial buildings in China are not insulated or not to new standards. This is true even in regions with very cold winters or regions with very hot summers. The insulation in new buildings is very poor relative to North American standards. However, insulating the exterior walls, attic roofs, and foundation walls to new standards of buildings in China would reduce the need for heating and air conditioning, and thus would save roughly 200 million tons of coal each year. This in turn would lead to a reduction in CO2 emissions of about 510 million tons per year, which is equal to about 8.4% of China’s total carbon emissions in 2006. The use of insulation in buildings will help homeowners save money, help China save energy and help the environment all at the same time. Insulation will provide a continued payback to the homeowner, not only in dollars and cents, but also by providing a more enjoyable and comfortable living environment for many years.
An Elementary Introduction to Training the Postgraduates for Professional Degrees in Oil and Gas Engineering  [PDF]
Qingyou Liu, Zhibin Liu
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.326126
Abstract: The demand of the talents in petroleum engineering of petroleum enterprises is analyzed in this paper according the current situation of the engineering education. The four levels of the professional talents needed by the petroleum enterprises are specified, which makes it clear that what the purpose and orientation of the higher education in petroleum engineering should be. The qualities of the petroleum engineers are discussed specifically and it is pointed out that the training of the postgraduate for professional degree in oil and gas engineering should be the cradle of the petroleum engineers. A training schedule is listed in this paper based on the discussion, including curriculum provision, practice link, thesis and training mode, which will be a pathfinder of the education of the professional degree graduate student in oil and gas engineering. Moreover, the practice can provide useful experience for the training and education of different type of graduates.
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