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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 46966 matches for " Xing Yan "
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The effects of steaming and roasting treatments on lipase activity and nutritional components of “oat rice” (OR): the peeled naked oat (Avena nuda) kernels  [PDF]
Xinzhong Hu, Jinting Yan, Xiaohui Xing
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/as.2011.22009
Abstract: Peeled naked oat kernels, named “oat rice” (OR) by Chinese food scientists and processors, are novel oat products in China. This study exam-ined the effects of steaming and roasting treat-ments on the enzyme activities, nutritional con-tents, and flour pasting properties of OR kernels. Results showed that a peeling time of 20 s caused 16.13% β-glucan loss, while a peeling time 25 s caused 34.29% β-glucan loss in the kernels. OR kernels with a 20 s peeling treatment demonstrated significantly higher starch levels and kernel whiteness compared with normal oat kernels (P<0.01). It was also found that normal pressure steaming, autoclaved steaming and infrared roasting treatments could exterminate lipase activities in the OR kernels, and provide the OR kernels with significantly lower final viscosities and setback values than normal kernels (P<0.01).
Research on Innovation of Science and Technology Investment and Financing of SMEs in Intellectual Property  [PDF]
Yan Xing, Zhangzhi Ge, Wei Song
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2016.72005
Abstract: With the development of the knowledge economy, the intellectual property is more and more important. The intellectual property is the core lifeline of an enterprise. High-tech SMEs owe the independent intellectual property rights, but they have financing problems. How to use intellectual property to invest and finance will be the focus of future development of high-tech SMEs. This paper will focus on the characteristics of intellectual property for investment and financing, the development paths and put forward in the course of management and policy innovation of investment and financing.
A Novel Over-Current Protection Technique Applied to Peak-Current Type DC-DC Converter  [PDF]
Yu Fang, Tengfei Wei, Liang He, Yong Xie, Yan Xing
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2010.26045
Abstract: The change of the over-current protection point of the power switches, caused by slope compensation, is analyzed in detail. It is discovered that the peak current protecting value increases as the duty cycle decreases. As a result, the safety operation of the switches is damaged greatly. A novel solution to improve over-current protection with constant peak current limitation is proposed by inducing synchronous slope compensation into the current limit function instead of the original constant voltage. The design principle and method of the protection circuit based on a UC3846 PWM controller for the interleaved dual-forward converter is presented. Experimental results are given to verify the analysis.
COMPARISON OF VOLATILE COMPONENTS FROM MARCHANTIA CONVOLUTA OBTAINED BY MICROWAVE EXTRACTION AND PHYTOSOL EXTRACTION
YAN,CHEN; XING YU,JIANG; XING,TONG; XIAO QING,CHEN;
Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-97072008000200016
Abstract: the volatile oils from marchantía convoluta were obtained by microwave extraction (me) and phytosol extraction (pe) methods. the attained extracts were analyzed by gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detector (gc-ms). the compounds were identified according to their retention indices and mass spectra (el, 70 ev). a total of fourteen compounds were identified in me extract accounting for 80.72% of total peak area. isolongifolene (24.588%), 1, 2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, butyl cyclohexyl ester (10.768%), pyrene (9.328%) and hexadecanoic acid, ethyl ester (8.570%) were the major compounds identified from me extract. the analytical results of me extract were compared with pe method. the me extract was found to be markedly different from that of pe extract. a total of seven compounds in pe extract were identified accounting for 74.275% total peak area. 1-phenanthrenecarboxylic acid, 1,2,3,4,4a,9,10, 10a-octahydro-1, 4a-dimethyl-7-(1-methylethyl) methyl ester were the major compounds
COMPARISON OF VOLATILE COMPONENTS FROM MARCHANTIA CONVOLUTA OBTAINED BY MICROWAVE EXTRACTION AND PHYTOSOL EXTRACTION
CHEN YAN,JIANG XING YU,TONG XING,CHEN XIAO QING
Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society , 2008,
Abstract: The volatile oils from Marchantía convoluta were obtained by microwave extraction (ME) and phytosol extraction (PE) methods. The attained extracts were analyzed by gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detector (GC-MS). The compounds were identified according to their retention indices and mass spectra (El, 70 eV). A total of fourteen compounds were identified in ME extract accounting for 80.72% of total peak area. Isolongifolene (24.588%), 1, 2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, butyl cyclohexyl ester (10.768%), pyrene (9.328%) and hexadecanoic acid, ethyl ester (8.570%) were the major compounds identified from ME extract. The analytical results of ME extract were compared with PE method. The ME extract was found to be markedly different from that of PE extract. A total of seven compounds in PE extract were identified accounting for 74.275% total peak area. 1-Phenanthrenecarboxylic acid, 1,2,3,4,4a,9,10, 10a-octahydro-1, 4a-dimethyl-7-(1-methylethyl) methyl ester were the major compounds
Study on synchrony of two uncoupled neurons under the neuron’s membrane potential stimulation  [PDF]
Yue-Ping Peng, Jue Wang, Quan-Xing Miao, Hong-Yan Lu
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2010.32021
Abstract: The input current of two uncoupled Hindmarsh-Rose neurons under different initial conditions is modulated by the membrane potential of the Hindmarsh- Rose neuron; and the synchronization characteristics of the two uncoupled neurons are discussed by analyzing their membrane potentials and their inter spike interval (ISI) distribution. Under the stimulation of the neuron’s membrane potential whose discharge pattern is period or the chaos, the two uncoupled neurons under different initial conditions, whose parameter r (the parameter r is related to the membrane penetration of calcium ion, and reflects the changing speed of the slow adaptation current) is different or the same, can realize the full synchronization (state synchronization) or discharge synchronization (phase synchronization), and can only be synchronized to the discharge pattern of the stimulation neuron. The synchronization characteristics are mainly related to the discharge pattern and the strength of the stimulation neuron’s membrane potential, and are little related to the parameter r and the initial state of the two uncoupled neurons. This investigation shows the characteristics of the neuron’s membrane potential affecting the synchronization process of neurons, and the neurons’ discharge patterns and synchronization process can be adjusted and controlled by the discharge pattern and the strength of the stimulation neuron’s membrane potential. This result is helpful to study synchronization and encode of many neurons or neural network.
Double Cladding Seven-core Photonic Crystal Fiber  [PDF]
Gelin Zhang, Fengfei Xing, Peiguang Yan, Huifeng Wei, Huiquan Li, Shisheng Huang, Rongyong Lin, Kangkang Chen
Optics and Photonics Journal (OPJ) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/opj.2013.32B011
Abstract:

A double cladding seven-core PCF was presented for high power supercontinuum generation. The calculated zero dispersion wavelength is located at 912 nm, which has a good agreement with the measurement. The attenuation is measured 6 dB/km at 1590 nm and lower than 14.5 dB/km at 1060 nm, the water-loss peak at 1380 nm is about 134 dB/km; Supercontinuum spanning over more than 1500 nm was generated when the designed seven-core PCF was pumped by a gain-switching Yetterbium-doped fiber laser. These results will be helpful in the future design of multicore photonic crystal fibers (MCPCF) with proper guidance properties for high power supercontinuum generation.

Cloning and Bioinformatics Analysis of Rosa rugosa β-1,3-Glucanase Gene (RrGlu)  [PDF]
Yanan Fu, Juanjuan Sun, Yan Ma, Shutang Xing, Lanyong Zhao, Zongda Xu, Xiaoyan Yu
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2016.73040
Abstract: In order to reveal which role the callose played in R. rugosa pollination incompatibility, the full-length cDNA sequence of β-1,3-glucanase gene was cloned for the first time from the stylus of Rosa rugosa “Tanghong” with RT-PCR and RACE methods and named as RrGlu. The full-length cDNA is 1380 bp with an open reading frame of 1041 bp, encoding 346 amino acids. The derived protein has a molecular weight of 37.85 kD, a calculated pI of 9.12, a pfam00332 conserved domain at position 36 - 345, and belongs to glycosyl hydrolase family 17. The derived protein is a hydrophilic protein secreted into the vacuole. There is a signal peptide cleavage site at position 34 - 35, a transmembrane domain at position 13 - 32, six Ser phosphorylation sites, three Thr phosphorylation sites, three Tyr phosphorylation sites, one N-glycosylation site, and five O-glycosylation sites. There are 31.50% α-helixes, 30.92% random coil, 25.14% extended peptide chain, and 12.43% β-corner structure. This protein and the Glu protein from eight other species, including Prunus persica, share a sequence homology of greater than 72%; all of the proteins contain a pfam00332 conserved domain and a β-1,3-glucanase active center sequence (LIVM)-X-(LIVMFYW)3-(STAG)-E-(ST)-G-W-P-(ST)-X-G. Furthermore, their phylogenetic relationships are consistent with their traditional classifications. These results were meaningful to reveal the molecular mechanism of R. rugosa pollination incompatibility and improve the theory and techniques of breeding ornamental R. rugosa.
Tandem ChoRE and CCAAT Motifs and Associated Factors Regulate Txnip Expression in Response to Glucose or Adenosine-Containing Molecules
Fa-Xing Yu,Yan Luo
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008397
Abstract: Thioredoxin interacting protein (Txnip) is a multifunctional protein involved in regulation of cell cycle events and cellular metabolism. The expression of Txnip is known to be induced by glucose, adenosine-containing molecules, and other physiological cues; however, the underlying regulatory mechanisms remain elusive.
Spin-filtering junctions with double ferroelectric barriers

Ju Yan,Xing Ding-Yu,

中国物理 B , 2009,
Abstract: An FS/FE/NS/FE/FS double tunnel junction is suggested to have the ability to inject, modulate and detect the spin-polarized current electrically in a single device, where FS is the ferromagnetic semiconductor electrode, NS is the nonmagnetic semiconductor, and FE the ferroelectric barrier. The spin polarization of the current injected into the NS region can be switched between a highly spin-polarized state and a spin unpolarized state. The high spin polarization may be detected by measuring the tunneling magnetoresistance ratio of the double tunnel junction.
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