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Expected Difference, Equity Nature and the Corporate Control Agreement Transfer Failed—the Evidence from China  [PDF]
Xiaodong Li
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2011.41004
Abstract: This paper has researched the issue of corporate control transfer failed in china capital market, which is completely different from existing studies in corporate control transfer field. The conclusion has shown that corporate control transfer very likely fails when there is a great difference between two sides of deals. And the equity nature is another affection factor. The corporate control transfer is not likely to fail when the equity nature is state-owned. The conclusion implies that we should make more improvement for institutions of corporate control transfer, because of the lack of market voluntary trade rule in china capital market.
Theoretical study on photophysical property of C60M(CO)5 (M=Cr, Mo and W)
XiaoDong Li
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2008, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-008-0465-4
Abstract: Configurations of three η 2 models of transition-metal [60]fullerene derivatives C60M(CO)5 (M=Cr, Mo and W) have been optimized at B3LYP/LanL2DZ level. On the basis of the optimized geometrical structures, their electronic spectra and the frequency dependence of third-order nonlinear optical polarizabilities γ in different optical processes of third-harmonic generation (THG), electric-field-induced second-harmonic generation (EFISHG) and degenerate four-wave mixing (DFWM) are calculated by using TDB3LYP model based on LanL2DZ level coupled with the SOS (sum-over-state) method. The obtained results show that their electronic spectra have a red shift compared with that of [60]fullerene and different transition-metal functional groups added to C60 cage may result in different spectrum properties. For the three studied species, (η 2-C60)Mo(CO)5 has the largest third-order nonlinear optical polarizability.
Compressed Sensing and Matrix Completion with Constant Proportion of Corruptions
Xiaodong Li
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: We improve existing results in the field of compressed sensing and matrix completion when sampled data may be grossly corrupted. We introduce three new theorems. 1) In compressed sensing, we show that if the m \times n sensing matrix has independent Gaussian entries, then one can recover a sparse signal x exactly by tractable \ell1 minimimization even if a positive fraction of the measurements are arbitrarily corrupted, provided the number of nonzero entries in x is O(m/(log(n/m) + 1)). 2) In the very general sensing model introduced in "A probabilistic and RIPless theory of compressed sensing" by Candes and Plan, and assuming a positive fraction of corrupted measurements, exact recovery still holds if the signal now has O(m/(log^2 n)) nonzero entries. 3) Finally, we prove that one can recover an n \times n low-rank matrix from m corrupted sampled entries by tractable optimization provided the rank is on the order of O(m/(n log^2 n)); again, this holds when there is a positive fraction of corrupted samples.
Analysis of Transmission Loss in Droop Control of a Multi-Terminal HVDC System  [PDF]
Xiaodong Zhao, Kang Li, Min Zheng
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2014.24076
Abstract: High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) electric power transmission is a promising technology for integrating offshore wind farms and interconnecting power grids in different regions. In order to maintain the DC voltage, droop control has been widely used. Transmission line loss constitutes an import part of the total power loss in a multi-terminal HVDC scheme. In this paper, the relation between droop controller design and transmission loss has been investigated. Different MTDC layout configurations are compared to examine the effect of droop controller design on the transmission loss.
How Do the Nucleons Pack in an Atomic Nucleus?  [PDF]
Xiaodong Li, Qijun Liu, Gongyi Li, Yihe Li, Zengyong Chu
World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology (WJNST) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/wjnst.2014.44030
Abstract: A nuclear structure model of “ring plus extra nucleon” is proposed. For nuclei larger than 4He, protons (P) and neutrons (N) are basically bound alternatively to form a ZP + ZN ring. The ring folds with a “bond angle” of 90° for every 3 continuous nucleons to make the nucleons packed densely. Extra N(‘s) can bind to ring-P with the same “bond angle” and “bond distance”. When 2 or more P’s are geometrically available, the extra N tends to be stable. Extra P can bind with ring N in a similar way when the ratio of N/P < 1 although the binding is weaker than that of extra N. Even-Z rings, as well as normal even-even nuclei, always have superimposed gravity centers of P and N; while for odd-Z rings, as well as all odd-A (A: number of nucleon) nuclei, the centers of P and N must be eccentric. The eccentricity results in a depression of binding energy (EB) and therefore odd and even Z dependent zigzag features of EB/A. This can be well explained by the shift of eccentricity by extra nucleons. Symmetrical center may present in even-Z rings and normal even-even nuclei. While for odd-Z ring, only antisymmetric center (every P can find an N through the center and vice versa) is possible. Based on this model, a pair of mirror nuclei, PX+nNX and PXNX+n, should be equivalent in packing structure just like black-white photo and the negative film. Therefore, an identical spin and parity was confirmed for any pair. In addition, the EB/A difference of mirror nuclei pair is nearly a constant of 0.184n MeV. Many other facts can also be easily understood from this model, such as the neutron halo, the unusual stability sequence of 9Be, 7Be and 8Be and so on.
Studies on the in Vitro Dissolution of Insoluble Volatile Drug from Su-Anxin Nasal Inhalant and Its Correlation on the Nose Steady Self-Controllable Expiration and Inspiration at Night  [PDF]
Xiaodong Li, Guoxiang Xie, Suyun Li, Chao Hou
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2011.22008
Abstract: In the paper, the in vitro dissolution of borneol in 12 hours from 6 batches of optimized inhalant samples were investigated. As a new dosage form, the in vitro release apparatus of nasal inhalant was invented and a pushing bump was used according to the simulation of the nose expiration and inspiration. Based on the data of r2 in the profile and similar factor f2 from 6 linear release tendencies, a good controlled release and a zero order tendency were observed. It can be suggested that there is a good correlation between the in vitro controlled release and the nose steady self-controllable expiration and inspiration, which will contribute to the trend of insoluble volatile drug controlled release and the effect of quick absorption in nasal pulmonary delivery to cure severe or acute cardiovascular or lung diseases at patients' sleeping, such as angina or breathing obstruction. Also, it was concluded that the prescription composed of insoluble volatile drugs can be prepared to be nasal inhalant from which drugs can be absorbed through nose steady self-controllable inspiration to the lung then into the blood and have a great effectiveness improvement of bioavailability at night timing drug delivery system.
Performance Comparisons of MIMO Techniques with Application to WCDMA Systems
Li Chuxiang,Wang Xiaodong
EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing , 2004,
Abstract: Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communication techniques have received great attention and gained significant development in recent years. In this paper, we analyze and compare the performances of different MIMO techniques. In particular, we compare the performance of three MIMO methods, namely, BLAST, STBC, and linear precoding/decoding. We provide both an analytical performance analysis in terms of the average receiver and simulation results in terms of the BER. Moreover, the applications of MIMO techniques in WCDMA systems are also considered in this study. Specifically, a subspace tracking algorithm and a quantized feedback scheme are introduced into the system to simplify implementation of the beamforming scheme. It is seen that the BLAST scheme can achieve the best performance in the high data rate transmission scenario; the beamforming scheme has better performance than the STBC strategies in the diversity transmission scenario; and the beamforming scheme can be effectively realized in WCDMA systems employing the subspace tracking and the quantized feedback approach.
Cooperative Multibeamforming in Ad Hoc Networks
Chuxiang Li,Xiaodong Wang
EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing , 2007, DOI: 10.1155/2008/310247
Abstract: We treat the problem of cooperative multiple beamforming in wireless ad hoc networks. The basic scenario is that a cluster of source nodes cooperatively forms multiple data-carrying beams toward multiple destination nodes. To resolve the hidden node problem, we impose a link constraint on the receive power at each unintended destination node. Then the problem becomes to optimize the transmit powers and beam weights at the source cluster subject to the maximal transmit power constraint, the minimal receive signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) constraints at the destination nodes, and the minimal receive power constraints at the unintended destination nodes. We first propose an iterative transmit power allocation algorithm under fixed beamformers subject to the maximal transmit power constraint, as well as the minimal receive SINR and receive power constraints. We then develop a joint optimization algorithm to iteratively optimize the powers and the beamformers based on the duality analysis. Since channel state information (CSI) is required by the sources to perform the above optimization, we further propose a cooperative scheme to implement a simple CSI estimation and feedback mechanism based on the subspace tracking principle. Simulation results are provided to demonstrate the performance of the proposed algorithms.
Solutions of the (2+1)-dimensional KP, SK and KK equations generated by gauge transformations from non-zero seeds
Jingsong He,Xiaodong Li
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1142/S1402925109000170
Abstract: By using gauge transformations, we manage to obtain new solutions of (2+1)-dimensional Kadomtsev-Petviashvili(KP), Kaup-Kuperschmidt(KK) and Sawada-Kotera(SK) equations from non-zero seeds. For each of the preceding equations, a Galilean type transformation between these solutions $u_2$ and the previously known solutions $u_2^{\prime}$ generated from zero seed is given. We present several explicit formulas of the single-soliton solutions for $u_2$ and $u_2^{\prime}$, and further point out the two main differences of them under the same value of parameters, i.e., height and location of peak line, which are demonstrated visibly in three figures.
Sparse Signal Recovery from Quadratic Measurements via Convex Programming
Xiaodong Li,Vladislav Voroninski
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper we consider a system of quadratic equations ||^2 = b_j, j = 1, ..., m, where x in R^n is unknown while normal random vectors z_j in R_n and quadratic measurements b_j in R are known. The system is assumed to be underdetermined, i.e., m < n. We prove that if there exists a sparse solution x, i.e., at most k components of x are non-zero, then by solving a convex optimization program, we can solve for x up to a multiplicative constant with high probability, provided that k <= O((m/log n)^(1/2)). On the other hand, we prove that k <= O(log n (m)^(1/2)) is necessary for a class of naive convex relaxations to be exact.
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