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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 126556 matches for " Xiao-Dong Chen "
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Preparation and properties of cast polyurethane elastomers with molecularly uniform hard segments based on 2,4-toluene diisocyanate and 3,5-dimethyl-thioltoluenediamine  [PDF]
Xiao-Dong Chen, Nan-Qiao Zhou, Hai Zhang
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2009.24038
Abstract: A series of three cast polyurethane elastomers were prepared from 2,4-toluene diisocyanate (TDI) and 3,5-dimethyl-thioltoluenediamine (D MTDA) chain extender, with polyethylene adi-pate (PEA), polyoxytetramethylene glycol (PTMG) and polycaprolactone (PCL) soft seg-ments. The polyol molecular weights em-ployed was 2000g/mol. The polyurethane elastomers were characterized by an elec-tronmechanical universal testing machine, an Akron abrasion loss tester, a LX-A Shore du-rometer, a rebound resilience equipment and a Dynamic- Mechanical analyzer. In addition, fractured surface of the polyurethane elas-tomers was investigated by a field emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The test results showed the PCL based elastomer ex-hibits the excellent tear and stress-strain properties that polyester based elastomers offer, while retaining superior compression set and resilience similar to polyether based elas-tomers. The static and dynamic properties of the PCL based elastomer were more suitable for dynamic applications. The SEM micro-graphs of all polyurethane samples indicated the existing of the microphase separation structure. Particles of the dispersed phase formed by the hard phase and crystalline part of the soft phase grows bigger with the in-creasing crystallinity of the soft segments. The hard domains are irregular shapes and with the sizes of a few micrometers.
The Actual Nature of Light (Ⅰ) Reveal the Mystery about the Actual Nature of Light from Newton, Einstein to the Recent Mistakes  [PDF]
He-Zhou Wang, He-Xiang He, Jie Feng, Xiao-Dong Chen, Wei Lin
Journal of Quantum Information Science (JQIS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jqis.2011.12008
Abstract: When Newton became the President of the Royal Society, he proposed corpuscle concept (wave-particle duality) to destroy the fruitions of Hooke and Huygens, because Newton mistook Hooke and Huygens as his enemies. Thereafter, this erroneous concept governed the scientific world for more than one hundred years. This paper will reveal the mystery: why corpuscle concept could govern the scientific world for one hundred years after Newton’s death. In the beginning of last century, photon, a palingenesis of Newton’s corpuscle, was proposed by Einstein again, as a sudden whim, because Planck strongly opposed this wrong concept, since 1907, Einstein strongly doubted this concept. Finally, Einstein disappointedly said: “The quanta really are a hopeless mess.” This paper will reveal the mystery: why photon concept can govern the scientific world until now, and give the evidences for the actual nature of light.
MRI Finding in Delayed Extensive Brain Lesions after Radiation Therapy :Cortical Laminar Necrosis and White Matter Myelinolysis  [PDF]
Zhou Ye-Ting, Guang-Sheng Wang, Xiao-Dong Chen, Dao-Ming Tong
Advances in Molecular Imaging (AMI) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ami.2012.21001
Abstract: The focal and diffuse cerebral white matter injury can be caused by treatment with radiation therapy for cranial tumors. However, the literature rarely describes a MRI finding in radiation-induced delayed extensive cerebral injury. Our objective was to report a rare case who had a delayed extensive hyperintensity injury in brain on MRI after radiation therapy due to nasopharyngeal cancer. A MRI was performed on a 40-year-old patient with extensive brain damage who had the radiation therapy two years ago.MRI finding was evaluated. On MRI, T2-weighted MRI showed an extensive hyperintensity after treated by irradiation. The radiographic pattern of extensive cerebral injury is relatively distinct. It involves the white matter and gray matter in cerebral, cerebellum, medulla oblongata, pons, internal capsule and thalamus bilaterally. Our observations demonstrate that the extensive hyperintensity lesions in brain on MRI after radiation therapy is a cortical laminar necrosis and white matter myelinolysis.
Performance and Area Optimization of VLSISystems Using Genetic Algorithms
Xiao-Dong Wang,Tom Chen
VLSI Design , 1995, DOI: 10.1155/1995/26912
The Impacts of the Interannual Variability of Vegetation on the Interannual Variability of Global Evapotranspiration: A Modeling Study
CHEN Hao,ZENG Xiao-Dong,
,ZENG Xiao-Dong

大气和海洋科学快报 , 2012,
Abstract: The impact of the interannual variability (IAV) of vegetation on the IAV of evapotranspiration is investigated with the Community Land Model (CLM3.0) and modified Dynamic Global Vegetation Model (DGVM). Two sets of 50-year off-line simulations are used in this study. The simulations begin with the same initial surface-water and heat states and are driven by the same atmospheric forcing data. The vegetation exhibits interannual variability in one simulation but not in the other simulation. However, the climatological means for the vegetation are the same. The IAV of the 50-year annual total evapotranspiration and its three partitions (ground evaporation, canopy evaporation, and transpiration) are analyzed. The global distribution of the evapotranspiration IAV and the statistics of evapotranspiration and its components in different ecosystems show that the IAV of ground evaporation is generally large in areas dominated by grass and deciduous trees, whereas the IAV of canopy evaporation and transpiration is large in areas dominated by bare soil and shrubs. For ground evaporation, canopy evaporation, and transpiration, the changes in IAV are larger than the mean state over most grasslands and shrublands. The study of two sites with the same IAV in the leaf area index (LAI) shows that the component with the smaller contribution to the total evapotranspiration is more sensitive to the IAV of vegetation. The IAV of the three components of evapotranspiration increases with the IAV of the fractional coverage (FC) and the LAI. The ground evaporation IAV shows the greatest increase, whereas the canopy evaporation shows the smallest increase.
DNA immunoadsorption for childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus  [PDF]
Xue-Mei Tang, Zong-Yi Zou, Xiao-Dong Zhao, Xue-Lan Chen, Yu Zhang, Qiu Li
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2012.34055
Abstract: We present a retrospective review of DNA immunoadsorption (DNA-IA) therapy on clinical symptoms as well as indicators in pediatric cases with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and follow up the short-term curative effects. 16 SLE cases were treated by DNA-IA for 3 times every other day. We observed the changes on clinical manifestations and immunological indicators, in order to compare the alteration of these indicators including clinical manifestations, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Active Index (SLEDAI) scores, 24 hurinary protein excretion, autoantibodies, serum IgG and complement C3. 13 cases were followed up regularly, within 3 months after DNA-IA therapy, 12 cases of clinical manifestations improved (92.3%). SLEDAI scores in 10 cases decreased from (16.20 ± 12.54) to less than 5 (76.9%), 8 cases of ANA, anti-DNA antibodies were negative (61.5%), 13 cases with IgG level in serum recovered to normal (10.39 ± 4.38) g/L, C3 level rose to normal (1.06 ± 0.23) g/L. 3 to 6 months after IA, clinical manifestations and laboratory examinations in all cases got maximum improved. 9 months after IA, SLEDAI score in 2 cases (15.4%) rose to more than 5, anti-DNA antibody in 2 cases (15.4%) became positive, and 1case (7.7%) with serum C3 decreased again. 2 cases died from multiple organs dysfunction within 3 to 6 months after IA. No serious complications were found during DNA-IA. We recommend that DNA immunoadsorption is a safe and effective therapy for active childhood-onset SLE, which could improve clinical symptoms, eliminate ANA and anti-DNA antibodies. Combining with corticosteroids and immunosuppressive drugs, DNA-IA could significantly reduce the activity of disease and protect vital organs function in the short term.
The Terminal Wiener Index of Trees with Diameter or Maximum Degree
Ya-Hong Chen,Xiao-Dong Zhang
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: The terminal Wiener index of a tree is the sum of distances for all pairs of pendent vertices, which recently arises in the study of phylogenetic tree reconstruction and the neighborhood of trees. This paper presents a sharp upper and lower bounds for the terminal Wiener index in terms of its order and diameter and characterizes all extremal trees which attain these bounds. In addition, we investigate the properties of extremal trees which attain the maximum terminal Wiener index among all trees of order $n$ with fixed maximum degree.
The Wiener and Terminal Wiener indices of trees
Ya-Hong Chen,Xiao-Dong Zhang
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: Heydari \cite{heydari2013} presented very nice formulae for the Wiener and terminal Wiener indices of generalized Bethe trees. It is pity that there are some errors for the formulae. In this paper, we correct these errors and characterize all trees with the minimum terminal Wiener index among all the trees of order $n$ and with maximum degree $\Delta$.
The Wiener Index of Unicyclic Graphs with Girth and the Matching Number
Ya-Hong Chen,Xiao-Dong Zhang
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper, we investigate how the Wiener index of unicyclic graphs varies with graph operations. These results are used to present a sharp lower bound for the Wiener index of unicyclic graphs of order $n$ with girth and the matching number $\beta\ge \frac{3g}{2}$. Moreover, we characterize all extremal graphs which attain the lower bound.
Bipolar charged aerosol agglomeration and collection by a two-zone agglomerator
Bipolar charged aerosol agglomeration and collection by a two zone agglomerator

XIANG Xiao-dong,CHEN Bao-zhi,COLBECK,
XIANG Xiao-dong

环境科学学报(英文版) , 2001,
Abstract: In older to collect fine particles more efficiently, a new-type electrostatic agglomerator with two zones was developed. The distinguishing feature of this electrostatic agglomerator is that the particles are bipolarly charged and coagulated in the same alternating electric field simultaneously. The silica flour with 2 microns mass median diameter and the smoke from burning wood powder were used as test aerosol. The comparison experimental results have shown that when the mean electric field is 4 kV/cm the collection efficiency of the new electrostatic agglomerator was 98.2% for silica flour and 67.4% for wood powder smoke. Under the same experimental condition, the collection efficiency of the electrostatic agglomerator with three zones was 97.4% for collecting silica flour and the collection efficiency of the electrostatic precipitator was 56.3% for wood powder smoke.
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