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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 52673 matches for " Wu Chao "
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Study on Corrosion Resistance of N36 Zirconium Alloy in LiOH Aqueous Solution  [PDF]
Chao Sun, Zhongbo Yang, Zongpei Wu
World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology (WJNST) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/wjnst.2018.82004
Abstract: Zr-Sn-Nb-Fe alloys are one of the important directions for continuous improvement of zirconium alloys for high burn-up fuel assemblies. The corrosion resistance of Zr-Sn-Nb-Fe alloys is closely related to the alloying element and water chemical condition. To better understand the effect of Sn on corrosion resistance of Zr-Sn-Nb-Fe alloy, the normal N36 (Zr-1Sn-1Nb-0.3Fe) and low-tin N36 (Zr-0.8Sn-1Nb-0.3Fe) alloy sheets were prepared and tested in static autoclave in both of 0.01 mol/L LiOH and 0.03 mol/L LiOH aqueous solution at 360°C and 18.6 MPa. The characteristics of the microstructure and oxide film of alloys were analyzed by TEM and SEM respectively. It was shown that that the corrosion transition of the normal N36 appears earlier and the weight gain is higher than the low-tin N36 in two corrosive mediums. The cracks paralleling to the interface of oxide/metal are formed in the fracture surface of the oxide film and the micrographs at the oxide film/substrate interface appear uneven morphology. With the increasing of corrosion gain, there are more parallel cracks in oxide film and the uneven morphology at the oxide film/substrate interface is more obvious.
The Effect of Initial Oxidation on Long-Term Oxidation of NiCoCrAlY Alloy  [PDF]
Chao Zhu, Xiaoyu Wu, Yuan Wu, Gongying Liang
Engineering (ENG) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2010.28077
Abstract: The initial oxidation behavior of Ni-6.5Co-17.8Cr-3.7Al-0.5Y alloy is investigated at 800°C-1000°C. X-ray diffraction results show that the dominant Cr2O3 phase and secondary α-Al2O3 and NiO phases are observed on the surface of samples at all initial stages (oxidized for 16 hours). YAlO3 and θ-Al2O3 can only be detected at low temperature (800°C) while the spinel NiCr2O4 is only observed at 900°C and 1000°C. Though the growth rates of α-Al2O3 and Cr2O3 are comparable at 900°C, the former becomes much lower than the latter when the temperature changes to 1000°C. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images show that the α-Al2O3 grows from some irregular ditches in the chromia scale at 900°C. However, cracking and spalling are more serious at 1000°C without α-Al2O3-grown-ditches, which is in accordance with the growth rates of these oxides at different temperatures. The cracking can be explained by the results of Raman determination which indicate that the stress on the surface of specimen oxidized at 1000°C is higher than that at 900°C. Owing to this condition, a preoxidation treatment on the NiCoCrAlY alloy for 16 hours is prepared at 900°C, and then thermal cycling oxidation test is conducted at 1000°C for 200 hours. The result indicates that the initial preoxidation treatment at 900°C improves the oxidation resistance of alloy at 1000°C.
GPU-Based Volume Rendering for 3D Electromagnetic Environment on Virtual Globe
Chao Yang,Lingda Wu
International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing , 2010,
Abstract: Volume rendering is an important and effect algorithm to represent 3D volumetric data and 3D visualization on electromagnetic environment (EME) is one of the most important research fields in 3D battlespace. This paper presents a novel framework on visualizing the 3D EME by direct volume rendering on virtual globe. 3D power volumetric data is calculated based on the Longley-Rice radio propagation model (Irregular Terrain Model, ITM), which takes into account the effects of irregular terrain and atmosphere, and we use GPU-accelerated method to compute the EME volumetric data. The EME data are rendered using direct volume rendering method on virtual globe by assigning different color and opacity depending on user’s interactive input with color picker. We also propose an interactive method to show detailed information of EME at given place. This approach provides excellent decision supporting and plan-aiding for users.
liver neoplasms medicine Chinese traditional drugs, Chinese Herbals integrative traditional Chinese and Western medicine
WU Meng-Chao
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao , 2003,
A Proposal of Testing Imaginary Time in a Total Reflection
Zhong Chao Wu
Physics , 2008,
Abstract: All paradoxes concerning faster-than-light signal propagation reported in recent experiments can be dispelled by using imaginary time in a quantum framework. I present a proposal of testing imaginary time in a total reflection.
The Imaginary Time in the Tunneling Process
Zhong Chao Wu
Physics , 2008,
Abstract: By using techniques developed in quantum cosmology, it is found that a tunneling particle spends purely imaginary time on a barrier region. The {\it imaginary} time is associated with the stochastic acausal behaviour of a state, while the {\it real} time is associated with the deterministic causal evolution of a state. For the tunneling case the nonzero imaginary time is associated with the transmission rate of the tunneling process, which is related to the thickness of the barrier. The physical meaning of the zero real time is that the particle instantly jumps from one side of the barrier to the other regardless of the thickness. This leads to the illusion that tunneling particles could actually travel faster than light. The results of recent experiments in quantum optics concerning tunneling time can be thought of as the first experimental confirmation of the existence of imaginary time. Relativity is not violated.
Inverse Temperature 4-vector in Special Relativity
Zhong Chao Wu
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/88/20005
Abstract: There exist several prescriptions for identifying the notion of temperature in special relativity. We argue that the inverse temperature 4-vector $\bf \beta$ is the only viable option from the laws of thermodynamics, and $\bf \beta$ is a future-directed timelike 4-vector. Using a superfluidity thought experiment, one can show that $\bf \beta$ is not necessarily along the time direction of the comoving frame of the system, as is usually thought. It is conjectured that, for an isolated system, the 4-vector is determined from the entropy-maximum principle.
Causality, Time Arrow and Half Cycling Universe
Wu Zhong Chao
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: If one introduces causality into quantum cosmology, then the prescription for the no-boundary universe should be revised. We show that the thermodymanic arrow of time associated with the perturbation modes should be reversed at the maximum expansion for the oscillating Hawking model. To an observer equipped with the time arrow, the universe will terminate its evolution after an half cycle.
No-boundary Codimension-two Braneworld
Zhong Chao Wu
Physics , 2004,
Abstract: The quantum creation probability and entropy of a 2-codimensional braneworld are calculated in the framework of no-boundary universe. The entropy can take an arbitrarily large value as the brane tensions increase, in violation of the conjectured "N-bound" in quantum gravity, even for a 4-dimensional ordinary universe.
Pair Creation of Black Hole in Anti-de Sitter Space Background
Wu Zhong Chao
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(98)01509-3
Abstract: In the absence of a general no-boundary proposal for open creation, the complex constrained instanton is used as the seed for the open pair creations of black holes in the Kerr-Newman-anti-de Sitter family. The relative probability of the chargeless and nonrotating black hole pair is the exponential of the negative of the entropy, and that of the charged and (or) rotating black hole pair is the exponential of the negative of one quarter of the sum of the outer and inner black hole horizon areas.
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