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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 245 matches for " Wingen Marleen "
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Neighbourhood safety and leisure-time physical activity among Dutch adults: a multilevel perspective
Kramer Dani?lle,Maas Jolanda,Wingen Marleen,Kunst Anton E
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-10-11
Abstract: Background Several neighbourhood elements have been found to be related to leisure-time walking and cycling. However, the association with neighbourhood safety remains unclear. This study aimed to assess the association of neighbourhood-level safety with leisure-time walking and cycling among Dutch adults. Methods Data were derived from the national health survey (POLS) 2006–2009, with valid data on 20046 respondents residing in 2127 neighbourhoods. Multilevel logistic regression models were used to examine the association between neighbourhood-level safety (general safety and specific safety components: physical disorder, social disorder, crime-related fear, traffic safety) and residents’ engagement in outdoor leisure-time walking and cycling for at least 30 minutes per week. Results An increase in neighbourhood safety (both general safety and each of the safety components) was significantly associated with an increase in leisure-time cycling participation. Associations were strongest for general safety and among older women. In the general population, neighbourhood safety was not significantly associated with leisure-time walking. However, among younger and older adult men and lower educated individuals, an increase in general safety was associated with a decrease in leisure-time walking participation. Conclusions In the Netherlands, neighbourhood safety appears to be related to leisure-time cycling but not to walking. Leisure-time cycling may best be encouraged by improving different safety components at once, rather than focusing on one safety aspect such as traffic safety. Special attention is needed for older women.
Escitalopram Decreases Cross-Regional Functional Connectivity within the Default-Mode Network
Vincent van de Ven, Marleen Wingen, Kim P. C. Kuypers, Johannes G. Ramaekers, Elia Formisano
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0068355
Abstract: The default-mode network (DMN), which comprises medial frontal, temporal and parietal regions, is part of the brain’s intrinsic organization. The serotonergic (5-HT) neurotransmitter system projects to DMN regions from midbrain efferents, and manipulation of this system could thus reveal insights into the neurobiological mechanisms of DMN functioning. Here, we investigate intrinsic functional connectivity of the DMN as a function of activity of the serotonergic system, through the administration of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) escitalopram. We quantified DMN functional connectivity using an approach based on dual-regression. Specifically, we decomposed group data of a subset of the functional time series using spatial independent component analysis, and projected the group spatial modes to the same and an independent resting state time series of individual participants. We found no effects of escitalopram on global functional connectivity of the DMN at the map-level; that is, escitalopram did not alter the global functional architecture of the DMN. However, we found that escitalopram decreased DMN regional pairwise connectivity, which included anterior and posterior cingulate cortex, hippocampal complex and lateral parietal regions. Further, regional DMN connectivity covaried with alertness ratings across participants. Our findings show that escitalopram altered intrinsic regional DMN connectivity, which suggests that the serotonergic system plays an important role in DMN connectivity and its contribution to cognition. Pharmacological challenge designs may be a useful addition to resting-state functional MRI to investigate intrinsic brain functional organization.
New town development in Indonesia: Renegotiating, shaping and replacing institutions
Marleen Dieleman
Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde , 2011,
Abstract: This article explores how private sector players in new town development in Indonesia have worked around, shaped and replaced urban governance and planning institutions, effectively re-negotiating the boundaries between public and private sector. While most literature views urban development from the perspective of the state, this article complements this with a study of a prominent private sector player, the Ciputra Group. The results of the study suggest that private sector players have appropriated a much larger role in areas such as urban planning, constructing public infrastructure and urban governance than previously acknowledged. This could happen because public institutions were weak and unable to provide basic infrastructure and services to an increasing middle class. While most literature points at the lack of alignment of private developers with national priorities, this article suggests that a more nuanced view of the respective roles of public and private players in urban development in Indonesia is necessary.
Teaching foreign languages: A challenge to ecuadorian bilingual intercultural education
Marleen Haboud
International Journal of English Studies (IJES) , 2009, DOI: 10.6018/ijes.9.1.90641
Abstract: Since the Universal Declaration of Linguistic Rights in 1996, there is a tendency not only to maintain linguistic and cultural diversity worldwide, but also to ease universal access to quality education which should comprise the learning of other languages and cultures and the generation of intercultural relations. In this sense, this article discusses the right that minoritized peoples in Ecuador have to learning other languages while reinforcing their own. After describing briefly the Ecuadorian main linguistic and educational policies in regards to the teaching of foreign languages, this article analyses the contrasting viewpoints of indigenous and non indigenous peoples towards the process of teaching-learning foreign languages. Finally, it offers some suggestions and general parameters related to foreign language teaching in the multilingual context of the study.
Shifting Spaces in the Critical Regionalist Fiction of New England
Schulte, Marleen
COPAS : Current Objectives of Postgraduate American Studies , 2011,
Abstract: At the turn of the twenty-first century, a critical regionalist fiction is emerging. Like its architectural counterpart, this fiction fuses the local with the global by situating current issues in a particular place, simultaneously exerting an emancipatory action. Whether North Dakota, Newfoundland, or Maine, these are places off the literary map. This article explores how critical regionalist fiction is shifting the physical, imagined, and lived spaces of New England.
Challenges in Aid to Rape Victims: The Case of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Marleen Bosmans
Essex Human Rights Review , 2007,
Abstract: Officially the war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has ended, but human rights reports leave no doubt that the conflict is still going on, particularly in the Eastern provinces. The widespread and systematic use of rape as a weapon of war has put the issue of sexual violence at the heart of the public debate. Rape victims are faced with severe physical and psychological trauma, high risks of unwanted pregnancies, infections with sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS, and rejection by their family and the community. Based on broader empirical research focusing on the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) rights and needs of war-affected children, this article suggests the adoption of a rights-based approach in the aid to rape victims. Such an approach should not only pay attention to the provision of direct aid to the victims and to protecting them from being repeatedly victimised, but also to the prevention of the further spread of sexual violence. Direct aid to the victims requires the development of comprehensive programmes that should include five interrelated and complementary components: medical assistance, psychosocial support, economic aid, legal aid, and protection. Prevention should focus on the fight against impunity and the elimination of socio-cultural barriers that enhance the ‘acceptability’ of sexual violence perpetrated by non-combatants. In the reconstruction of the country the fight against impunity will be paramount to counteract the ‘ethical vacuum’ that has been created, whereby other forms of sexual violence, such as adult men making use of the services of children who try to survive as sex workers, are not only tolerated but even accepted. Given the complete state of impoverishment in the DRC to which the author calls attention, the support of international donors will be indispensable. The creation of effective coordinating mechanisms will be essential and the strengthening of the national and local capacities to respond properly to the needs of the rape victims will be paramount in order to guarantee sustainability of the programmes.
I músu fu woóko taánga: Restructuring in Saamáka
Marleen van de Vate
Nordlyd : Troms? University Working Papers on Language & Linguistics / Institutt for Spr?k og Litteratur, Universitetet i Troms? , 2008,
Abstract: This paper addresses FU constructions in Saamáka. FU constructions are composed of a lexical or auxiliary verb and the complementizer/preposition fu. They convey an aspectual or modality reading. FU constructions have a fixed position in the TMA sequence, and they are placed in between the core TMA morphemes of Saamáka. In this paper, I show that verbs in FU constructions are restructuring verbs and therefore they have a mono-clausal structure.
Prepositions in Krio
Marleen van de Vate
Nordlyd : Troms? University Working Papers on Language & Linguistics / Institutt for Spr?k og Litteratur, Universitetet i Troms? , 2006,
Abstract: This paper is part of Peter Svenonius’ Adposition Seminar at the University of Troms which was taught in 2005-2006. The main focus was the distinction between locative path and locative place constructions. The aim of this paper is descriptive in nature and focuses on the complete prepositional system of Krio, an English-based Creole language spoken in Sierra Leone. The paper starts with a general introduction to prepositions in Krio. Three different categories are distinguished. This is followed by a description of each preposition individually and a discussion of intransitive prepositions and verb-particle constructions.
The State, the Museum and the Ethnographer in Constructing National Heritage: Defining Estonian National Costumes in the 1930s
Marleen N?mmela
Journal of Ethnology and Folkloristics , 2010,
Abstract: In this article I attempt to analyse the way in which the Estonian national costume, as heritage, was defined through the cooperation of the state, the museum and ethnographers in the 1930s. The nationalist state wished to strengthen the national identity of Estonia. The Estonian National Museum (ENM) as a repository of memory and knowledge availed its resources to support cultural propaganda. The ethnographer Helmi Kurrik, a woman of strong will and keen interest in folk textiles, managed to fulfil her obligation at the expense of her own health. The primary result of her labours was a handbook entitled Eesti rahvar ivad (Estonian Folk Costumes) (1938) which has influenced general knowledge of folk costumes in Estonia up to the present day – the ‘right’ national costumes are believed to derive from authentic ethnographical folk costumes held in the Estonian National Museum.
The relationship between second trimester alpha fetoprotein levels and adverse pregnancy outcome  [PDF]
Rebecca Allen, Shemoon Marleen, Luxmi Velauthar, Kevin Harrington, Joseph Aquilina
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2013.32049
Abstract:

Design: Retrospective analysis. Setting: East London Hospital. Subjects: 724 women who had maternal serum alphafetoprotein levels measured between 15 to 19 weeks gestation. Main outcome measure: The main outcome measures were defined as any case of preeclampsia, small-for-gestational age (SGA) birth- weight < 5th centile, placental abruption, stillbirth or early neonatal death. Methods: Women with MSAFP > 2.0 Multiples of Median (MoM) were classified as screen positive. Results: 41 (5.7%) women developed preeclampsia. Women with MSAFP > 2.0 Multiples of the Median (MoM) were significantly more likely to develop preeclampsia (p < 0.00001), deliver a SGA < 5th centile (p < 0.00001), or have a stillbirth/early neonatal death (p < 0.001) compared to women with MSAFP < 2.0 MoM. The odds ratio (OR) for developing preeclampsia was 5.2 (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.4 - 11.3), and 8.2 (CI 2.9 - 23.3) for preeclampsia requiring delivery before 37 weeks gestation. Conclusion: Unexplained elevated MSAFP in the second trimester was strongly associated with a subsequent risk of preeclampsia especially those requiring preterm delivery, as well as other complications related to uteroplacental insufficiency.

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