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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 33387 matches for " Willemien van Niekerk "
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Translating disaster resilience into spatial planning practice in South Africa: Challenges and champions
Willemien van Niekerk
Jàmbá : Journal of Disaster Risk Studies , 2013, DOI: 10.4102/jamba.v5i1.53
Abstract: It is highly likely that hazards and extreme climatic events will occur more frequently in the future and will become more severe – increasing the vulnerability and risk of millions of poor urbanites in developing countries. Disaster resilience aims to reduce disaster losses by equipping cities to withstand, absorb, adapt to or recover from external shocks. This paper questions whether disaster resilience is likely to be taken up in spatial planning practices in South Africa, given its immediate developmental priorities and challenges. In South Africa, issues of development take precedence over issues of sustainability, environmental management and disaster reduction. This is illustrated by the priority given to ‘servicing’ settlements compared to the opportunities offered by ‘transforming’ spaces through post-apartheid spatial planning. The City of Durban’s quest in adapting to climate change demonstrates hypothetically that if disaster resilience were to be presented as an issue distinct from what urban planners are already doing, then planners would see it as insignificant as compared to addressing the many developmental backlogs and challenges. If, however, it is regarded as a means to secure a city’s development path whilst simultaneously addressing sustainability, then disaster resilience is more likely to be translated into spatial planning practices in South Africa.
Analysing risk and vulnerability of South African settlements: Attempts, explorations and reflections
Elsona van Huyssteen,Alize le Roux,Willemien van Niekerk
Jàmbá : Journal of Disaster Risk Studies , 2013, DOI: 10.4102/jamba.v5i2.80
Abstract: With the world’s urban population now estimated to be at 52% (United Nations 2012:1), towns and cities are increasingly becoming the stage where disaster risk has to be managed and mitigated. Understanding the risks and vulnerabilities in these complex socio-ecological systems thus becomes of utmost importance to be able to intervene in the underlying root causes, dynamic pressures and unsafe conditions. In this paper, the authors share their experience in, and reflect on, recent attempts at exploring integrated and place-specific risk and vulnerability analyses of settlements in South Africa. An overview is first provided of the attempt to develop multi-criteria indicators for integrated assessment of socio-economic vulnerability at a regional level. Secondly, an indication is provided of some first steps in interpreting projections for environmental risks and hazards in terms of possible implications for settlements at this regional level. The paper concludes with some reflections on the challenges and breakthroughs experienced in this exercise, as well as implications for on-going and future research.
Participatory action research: Addressing social vulnerability of rural women through income-generating activities
Liezel van Niekerk,Dewald van Niekerk
Jàmbá : Journal of Disaster Risk Studies , 2009, DOI: 10.4102/jamba.v2i2.20
Abstract: Participatory action research (PAR) is a robust and versatile research and development strategy. It can be utilised to: understand complex community structures and interaction; determine various types of vulnerability; assist in community capacity building and skills transfer; ensure community participation,and allow for the strengthening of livelihoods. This article focuses on PAR as a strategy, applying various methods and specific participatory tools to understand social vulnerability, within the context of women as rural farm dwellers in the North-West Province, South Africa. It emphasises the need for continued participation and highlights the practical principles and benefits derived from PAR. The PAR process cycles are discussed and parallels are drawn with the practical setting. In conclusion, the article emphasises that the application of the PAR process can make a multi-dimensional contribution towards the development of a community by creating an understanding of social vulnerability, by building capacity and by ensuring participation, and also addresses income-generating activities.
Laparoscopic repair of Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia in children
M van Niekerk
South African Journal of Surgery , 2009,
Abstract: Minimal invasive surgery allows for excellent visualisation of the diaphragm, and is increasingly used for the repair of diaphragmatic hernias in children. This report describes laparoscopic repairs between 2001 and 2007 of four Morgagni hernias in children. All defects were treated successfully using the laparoscopic method, with no recurrences. The laparoscopic method is an ideal way to treat this type of diaphragmatic hernia.
Verstedeliking, Suid-Afrikaanse letterkundes en die kultuurteks
J van Niekerk
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2011,
Abstract: Despite many efforts to publish comprehensive literary histories of South or Southern Africa in recent years, few studies exist in which a thorough comparative study is undertaken between two or more South African literatures. This article wants to provide a practical example of such a study by comparing the urbanisation of Afrikaners in Afrikaans literature with that of black people as seen in English and Zulu literature. The statement made by Ampie Coetzee that comparative studies should take place within the framework of discursive formations is one of the fundamental starting points of this study. Maaike Meijer’s concept of the “cultural text” is further employed as a theoretical instrument. The identification of repeating sets of representation is central to the demarcation of a “cultural text about urbanisation” in Afrikaans, English and Zulu literature respectively. The cultural text forms the basis from which a valid comparative study can be embarked upon, and the results of the research have important implications for further comparative studies but also literary historiography.
Reviwe: "Vrededorp" (Charles J. Fourie)
J van Niekerk
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2012,
Abstract: Vrededorp. Charles J. Fourie. Pretoria: Protea Boekhuis, 2011. 112 pp. ISBN: 978-1-86919-592-2.
Review: "Jonkvrou" (Jean-Claude van Rijckeghem en Pat van Beirs)
J van Niekerk
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2012,
Abstract: Jonkvrou. Jean-Claude van Rijckeghem en Pat van Beirs, uit die Nederlands vertaal deur Daniel Hugo. 2011. Pretoria: Protea Boekhuis. 254 pp. ISBN: 978-1-86919-501-4.
Die dag toe ek my hare losgemaak het
J van Niekerk
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2009,
Abstract:
Kragvelde binne die wêreld van F. M. Dostojewski
Dolf van Niekerk
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2006,
Abstract: No Tydskrif vir Letterkunde 43(2) 2006: 204-207
Biografie in die pryslied: die bydrae van Antjie Krog naas twee Xhosa pryssangers
J van Niekerk
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2007,
Abstract: This article explores praise poems as biographical documents. Antjie Krog's poem “pryslied” (“praise poem”), written in reaction to Nelson Mandela's presidential inauguration, is compared to two Xhosa praise poems performed at the inauguration. This comparison makes an appreciation of her poem as praise poem possible. The three praise poems are specifically analysed as texts in which the biography of Mandela is both reproduced and created. From this analysis it becomes clear to what extent Krog applies the conventions and means of the traditional Xhosa praise poem in her poem. Ultimately the focus of the article is on the contribution Krog's poem makes not only to the biography of Mandela, but also to the genre of the praise poem in South Africa and to South African literature. However, problematic aspects of Krog's use of the izibongo tradition are also addressed, and a possible solution is suggested.
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