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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1171 matches for " Wilhelm Kempf "
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Peace Journalism, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the German press and the German public
Wilhelm Kempf
Bulletin du Centre de Recherche Fran?ais de Jérusalem , 2012,
Abstract: Cette présentation discute le potentiel et les limites du "journalisme de paix" (peace journalism). Elle s’appuie sur des travaux récents. 1. Les résultats d’une enquête sur les modèles mentaux (cadres individuels) avec lesquels les Allemands interprètent le conflit israélo-palestinien. 2. Une analyse comparée de la couverture par la presse allemande de la seconde Intifada et de la guerre de Gaza de 2008-9. 3. Une étude expérimentale de la fa on dont le public allemand négocie les cadres (frames) qui lui sont proposés par ses médias. The present paper discusses the potentials and limitations of Peace Journalism (PJ) and exemplifies them with the results of (1) a recent survey of the mental models (individual frames) according to which Germans interpret the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, (2) a comparative analysis of the German press coverage of the second Intifada and the Gaza War, and (3) an experimental study on how the German public copes with the frames that are offered by the media.
Sozialpsychologische Rekonstruktion – Integration quantitativer und qualitativer Forschungsmethoden in der psychologischen Konflikt- und Friedensforschung Socio-Psychological Reconstruction—Integration of Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods in Psychological Research on Conflict and Peace Reconstrucción sociopsicológica. Integración de métodos de investigación cuantitativa y cualitativa en la investigación psicológica del conflicto y la paz
Wilhelm Kempf,Wassilios Baros,Irena Regener
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2000,
Abstract: Der vorliegende Beitrag informiert über den methodologischen Ansatz der Projektgruppe Friedensforschung Konstanz und stellt textanalytische Verfahren in den Kontext konstruktiver Konfliktbew ltigung im weitesten Sinne. Ausgehend vom Primat des Gegenstandes vor der Methode zielt dieser Ansatz auf die Entwicklung einer integrativen Methodologie ab, welche quantitative und qualitative Methoden miteinander verbindet. Die Sozialpsychologische Rekonstruktion versteht sich dementsprechend nicht als eine spezifische Methode der Textanalyse, sondern als eine Familie von kommunikationsanalytischen Verfahren, die durch eine gemeinsame theoretische Konzeption miteinander verbunden sind und ein breites Methodenspektrum abdecken, welches von textinterpretativen bis hin zu inhaltsanalytischen Verfahren reicht. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0002128 The present paper informs about the methodological approach of the Peace Research Group at the University of Constance (Germany) and deals with text-analytical methods in the context of constructive conflict transformation and conflict resolution. Giving priority to the subject matter of conflict research rather than to a specific methodological ideology, this approach aims at the integration of quantitative and qualitative research methodologies. Accordingly, Socio-Psychological Reconstruction is not to be understood as a special technique of text analysis, but rather as a family of text-analytical methods which are linked to each other by a common theoretical basis and which represent a broad spectrum of methods that range from interpretative to content analytical techniques. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0002128 Este artículo provee información sobre el enfoque metodológico del Grupo de Investigación sobre la Paz de la Universidad de Constance (Alemania) y examina métodos de análisis del texto en el contexto de la transformación constructiva y resolución de conflictos. Enfatizando el conflicto como tema de la investigación antes que una determinada ideología metodológica, este enfoque se propone la integración de las metodologías cuantitativas y cualitativas. En este sentido Reconstrucción Sociopsicológica no es entendida como una técnica especial para el análisis del texto, sino como una familia de métodos analíticos del texto unidos por una base teórica común que representa un amplio espectro de métodos que va desde técnicas interpretativa hasta técnicas análiticas de contenido. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0002128
Formalization of Federated Schema Architectural Style Variability  [PDF]
Wilhelm Hasselbring
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2015.82009
Abstract: Data integration requires managing heterogeneous schema information. A federated database system integrates heterogeneous, autonomous database systems on the schema level, whereby both local applications and global applications accessing multiple component database systems are supported. Such a federated database system is a complex system of systems which requires a well-designed organization at the system and software architecture level. A specific challenge that federated database systems face is the organization of schemas into a schema architecture. This paper provides a detailed, formal investigation of variability in the family of schema architectures, which are central components in the architecture of federated database systems. It is shown how the variability of specific architectures can be compared to the reference architecture and to each other. To achieve this, we combine the semi-formal object-oriented modeling language UML with the formal object-oriented specification language Object-Z. Appropriate use of inheritance in the formal specification, as enabled by Object-Z, greatly supports specifying and analyzing the variability among the studied schema architectures. The investigation also serves to illustrate the employed specification techniques for analyzing and comparing software architecture specifications.
Vascoda and the Subject-based Gateways - the German Answer to Visibility and Accessibility in Collection Development
Klaus Kempf
Liber Quarterly : The Journal of European Research Libraries , 2006,
Abstract: The classic tasks“ of academic libraries comprise acquisition, cataloguing, reader services and preservation of literature or, more generally speaking, information resources. This has not changed radically in the digital age. What has changed, though, is the way the tasks are related to each other, perhaps also their respective importance (depending on the library type); but particularly the accentuation of certain aspects of the tasks mentioned above. Visibility and accessibility would hardly have been associated with collection development in the past. Holdings were entered in the catalogue and thus made ‘visible’. Accessibility was taken care of in the reader services department. This has changed significantly in the digital age. The reasons for that are manifold: · With the emergence of the so called ‘hybrid library’ the respective tasks of the central library functions have somewhat shifted and the previously rather clear-cut separations between them have become less rigid. · The innate ‘immateriality’ of digital resources requires a different approach to the topic of visibility and accessibility as early as the actual point of acquisition and in the presentation and ‘documentation’ of collection development. · Last but not least digital access points, next to the catalogue or OPAC including a large variety of different options (e.g. websites), have led to a much quicker and easier way of making holdings and particularly new acquisitions visible than would have been possible in the days of paper or card catalogues. But there are more basic reasons for the new way of dealing with visibility and accessibility. This is certainly due to the characteristics of collection development in the digital age which require us ‘acquisitions people’ to look at the question of visibility and accessibility from a different perspective and regard these as key aspects of the work we do.
Working places, furniture and technology: Strategies of flexibility of university library buildings - the case of Bozen/Bolzano
Klaus Kempf
Liber Quarterly : The Journal of European Research Libraries , 2004,
Abstract: For centuries people have visited libraries to find information, and the practical needs of housing collections and accommodating readers have been the driving force behind library design. As technology advances of the past 20 years have made it possible for people to find information without entering a library building, some have even asked whether the bricks-and-mortar library is doomed to extinction. But today we know that this (bad) vision hasn't come true. Of course, it was imperative to rethink library services fundamentally and in this context also to rethink completely the functions of library buildings. In this ongoing process one term became more and more a magic word - "flexibility"! When Gerhard Liebers, the doyen of building libraries in Germany, came back from a study tour to the United States in the early fifties, his experiences condensed in the term "flexibility". He was absolutely enchanted by the in those days modern and in Germany, at least in the field of library construction, still unknown modular construction principle (Liebers, 2002). Over the years the requirement of flexibility as an important aspect in the planning and briefing of new library buildings became more and more important. Today it is regarded as one of the most decisive, perhaps the basic principle of modern library buildings and in particular it got a new quality.
Bruce Davidson. Time of Change et 100th Street.
Jean Kempf
Transatlantica : Revue d'études Américaines , 2007,
Abstract: Bruce Davidson, né en 1933, est l’un des grands photographes de reportage des années 1960 à 1980, dans la lignée d’un Henri Cartier-Bresson ou d’un Marc Riboud. Le photographe étant membre de Magnum depuis 1958, il n’est a priori pas surprenant que cette double exposition de son travail des années 1960 (plut t d’ailleurs que deux expositions, nous y reviendrons) se trouve présentée à la fondation Henri Cartier-Bresson. Attaché à la forme mais sans excès, passionné de contenu et spectateur...
Helen Levitt à la fondation Henri Cartier-Bresson
Jean Kempf
Transatlantica : Revue d'études Américaines , 2008,
Abstract: Helen Levitt (née an 1913) est une photographe peu connue du grand public. Née à Brooklyn en 1913, la totalité de son travail photographique (à l’exception d’une escapade mexicaine dans les années 1940) est constituée d’images de personnages, pour beaucoup des enfants, dans les rues des quartiers populaires de New York. L’exposition de la Fondation, divisée en deux parties (les tirages noir-et-blanc au premier, les tirages couleur au second) nous offre un ensemble assez représentatif, à défau...
Helen Levitt, photographe américaine, 1913-2009
Jean Kempf
Transatlantica : Revue d'études Américaines , 2009,
Abstract: Helen Levitt, qui vient de dispara tre à 95 ans, était une figure discrète mais importante de la photographie américaine de l’après-guerre. Ni passionaria du documentaire comme avait pu l’être Dorothea Lange, ni militante d’un art photographique comme Walker Evans, elle n’en fut pas moins de ceux qui développèrent le genre de photographie de rue qui devait devenir la marque de fabrique de la photographie américaine des années 40 à 80 dans le sillage de la photographie comme pilier de la m...
Rob Kroes, Photographic Memories: Private Pictures, Public Images, and American History
Jean Kempf
Transatlantica : Revue d'études Américaines , 2009,
Abstract: In his latest opus, Rob Kroes gives us a very personal meditation on images, as well as a powerful and engaging semiotic voyage through America and Europe. Although the subtitle reads “Private Pictures, Public Images, and American History”, it is too modest to the point of being misleading. In this book Kroes writes with “elegance, wisdom, and originality” (to quote Richard Pells’s reaction to the book) as the true polyglot humanist he is, a man who has extensively traveled throughout the US ...
Joel Meyerowitz, Out of the Ordinary.
Jean Kempf
Transatlantica : Revue d'études Américaines , 2007,
Abstract: Il faut saluer cette belle et copieuse exposition (115 tirages) présentée par le Musée du Jeu de Paume. Tout d’abord parce que Joel Meyerowitz est l’un des plus importants photographes américains contemporains, ensuite parce qu’il s’agit d’une production originale du Jeu de Paume, et enfin parce qu’elle est l’occasion de mettre en oeuvre des techniques numériques de tirage (des images) et d’impression (du catalogue) qui participent au grand retour de l’image fixe non seulement dans le monde d...
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