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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 172 matches for " Wheatley "
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The Economic Status of National Minorities in Europe: a Four-Case Study / Contribution to Special Focus Equal Opportunities for National Minorities: Theory and Practice
Jonathan Wheatley
Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe , 2007,
Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate the causes and effects of economic exclusion of historical national and ethnic minorities and to identify the policies, both at the national and supranational levels, that are most effective in combating this problem. The study analyzes economic participation in four regions of Europe in which historical minorities are concentrated: the Autonomous Province of South Tyrol/Bolzano (where German-speakers form a majority), Northern Ireland (where Catholics form a large majority), Estonia (where Russians and other Russian-speakers form a majority in the northeastern county of Ida-Viru) and Transylvania in Romania (where Hungarians form a majority in two counties). The main focus is on compactly settled minorities, rather than widely dispersed minorities such as Roma. The paper (Section II) shows how a variety of factors, including constitutional arrangements and other fundamental laws, policies from different fields of policy making, general economic processes, such as privatization or integration into the global marketplace, as well as the strategies adopted by the minorities themselves, affect the relative economic position of members of minorities in the four regions under analysis. This allows us to derive examples of best practice in terms of policy initiatives that can best combat the problem of economic exclusion. The paper concludes by summarizing the policies that are most effective in promoting economic inclusion in our case studies and the ways that these may be employed at a wider EU level.
Non-Discrimination and Equality in the Right of Political Participation for Minorities
Steven Wheatley
Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe , 2002,
Abstract: Non-discrimination in the right of political participation is essential for the protection of the interests of all minority groups-both minorities by force and minorities by will. This article considers some of the measures necessary to ensure effective participation by minorities in the deliberative and decision-making processes of the democratic state. For minorities by will, what the author calls ethno-cultural minorities, the right of political participation, within a deliberative understanding of democratic government, also implies the need to introduce special measures, including where necessary the introduction of autonomy regimes, to protect and promote the minority culture. The author then goes on to examine this proposition in the second half of the article, paying particular attention to the provisions set out in the 'Lund Recommendations' on Effective Participation of National Minorities in Public Life.
Caribou co-management in Nunavut: Implementing the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement
Michelle Wheatley
Rangifer , 2003,
Abstract: In 1993 the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement (NLCA) was signed and this lead to the creation of Nunavut in 1999. Under the NLCA caribou and other wildlife in Nunavut are co-managed by government and Inuit. The Nunavut Wildlife Management Board (NWMB) is the main instrument of wildlife management, working with its government and Inuit co-management partners to manage caribou within the principles of conservation outlined in the NLCA, using both west ern scientific knowledge and traditional knowledge. When caribou herds cross provincial or territorial boundaries, management boards or management planning committees are established.
Cell biology as the basis of a better understanding of cancer
Denys N Wheatley
Cancer Cell International , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2867-5-33
Abstract: Cancer journals have an interesting history. Many of them are the official journals from established institutions or societies that have a fine track record in research and medical practice, with an avid and faithful readership. There are probably more journals devoted to cancer than any other field of medical science. The reason is obvious in that cancer is a scourge, a disease that manifests itself in a vast array of different forms and affects young and old human beings, animals, and plants. Perhaps one of the most remarkable things in the whole of biology is the development of an adult organism from an egg, but during this process or at some stage after it is complete, some cells lose their co-ordinates and start to grow anomalously in a relatively unregulated manner. They will continue to grow in circumstances where normal cells would be constrained. So the problem being addressed is one that comes down to the very heart of cellular biology, to the regulation of the cell cycle, the process of differentiation and the control at the next level of organisation in the development of tissues, organs and bodies. Why is it that cancer cells carry on dividing under circumstances where normal cells become constrained? It is a keen academic problem because we seek to find out from the pathology what has gone wrong.In many ways, advances in cancer research have been rapid largely because we have begun to understand fundamental cell cycle control, genetic alterations consistent with transformation, and the ways in which drugs interact with tumour as well as normal cells. Controversy continues; some believe it is not so much that a series of lesions occur within individual cells themselves as a case of inappropriate communication that leads to "a society of cells" breaking away from the "normal" constraints when certain stresses are placed upon them. Looked at this way, it is perhaps surprising that cancer is not even more rife than we find, especially among longer lived sp
Can we speed up the online publishing process? And who will pay for it, anyway?
Denys Wheatley, Delphine Grynszpan
Cancer Cell International , 2002, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2867-2-5
Abstract: Taking the first, the rapid way in which a submitted paper goes straight to a private website means that we direct referees attention to it almost instantly by emailing them the private URL details. This is still a novelty for some reviewers, who no longer have a hardcopy of the manuscript on their desk as a constant reminder of the request made upon them. We hope that, as everyone becomes more accustomed to handling email, reviewers will oblige us by acknowledging receipt of the URL message and sending in reports within 7 to 10 days.On the other matter, it is not always clear to authors where their responsibility lies in on-line publishing. The most important thing is for an author to realise that he or she is fully responsible for loading the manuscript in its entirety, in complete conformity with the requirements laid down by BMC, especially in file formats and style. Not only once, but at times when the article is altered for any reason, it is the author's responsibility to resubmit the new version without delay. We have no mechanism at present for reminding authors that we await a new figure, table, or revised text file. We simply believe that most changes that need to be made to a manuscript can be done very quickly, and that authors in their own interest will update their files at the earliest opportunity; procrastination simply delays progress. It is of little concern how many times this exercise is done because we always follow the latest version, although we rather it was done just prior to final acceptance than at every occasion when a comma is added or an excess space deleted.The Varmus Principle is that primary research papers should be published online so that they become immediately and freely accessible to readers. Publication has its costs, especially where extensive reviewing, editing and revision has to be done to ensure that quality is not compromised. But who pays? This issue has not been satisfactorily resolved. No firm decision could have been
A new journal – "Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling"
Denys N Wheatley
Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/1742-4682-2-21
Abstract: Steps have been taken to provide the sort of journal with a quick turnaround time for manuscripts which is online and freely accessible to all readers, whatever their persuasion or discipline. We have now been running for some time a journal which has had many good papers presented pre-launch, and a steady stream of papers thereafter. The value of this journal as a new venue has already been vindicated.Within a short space of time, we have founded a state-of-the-art electronic journal freely accessible to all in a much sort-after interdisciplinary field that will be of benefit to the thinking life scientist, which must include medically qualified doctors as well as scientists who prefer to build their new hypotheses on basic principles and sound concepts underpinning biology. At the same time, these principles are not sacrosanct and require critical analysis. The journal http://www.tbiomed.com webcite promises to deliver many exciting ideas in the future.Several stories have been told about theorists; here are two.Two proponents of ideas from opposing schools of thought took advice from a third party. To A he said she ought to listen to the arguments propounded by B and not just dismiss them out of hand; to B he said he should listen to the arguments of A and not simply dismiss them. To them both, he said "I have been fair with you both, since in all probability you are both wrong!"The other story shows up the facileness of some arguments (or their proponents): One day, Socrates was discussing Sod's law, also well known in the world of the Ancient Greeks, who like us all buttered their bread on one side. The law – also know as Murphy's law – states that if dropped, the piece invariably lands butter-side down. Next day one of his disciples came rushing to him, remarking that at home in the evening he had buttered a piece of bread, dropped it, and to his amazement it landed butter-side up! Socrates thought for a moment before severely rebuking him "you fool; you butte
Flux lattice melting and depinning in the weakly frustrated 2D XY model
SA Hattel,JM Wheatley
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.51.11951
Abstract: Monte Carlo simulations of the frustrated 2D XY model were carried out at small commensurate values of the frustration $f$. For $f=1/30$ a single transition was observed at which phase coherence (finite helicity modulus) and vortex lattice orientational order vanish together. For $f=1/56$ a new phase in which phase coherence is absent but orientational order persists was observed. Where comparison is possible, the results are in detailed agreement with the behavior of the lattice Coulomb gas model of vortices. It is argued that the helicity modulus of the frustrated 2D XY model vanishes for any finite temperature in the limit of weak frustration $f$.
The X-ray spectra of symbiotic stars
Peter J. Wheatley
Physics , 1999,
Abstract: Symbiotic stars are thought to show distinct X-ray emission from the accreting object and from the colliding winds of the two stars. I show that the colliding wind component is unnecessary. Instead, the spectra can be interpreted as emission only from the compact object that is strongly absorbed by the partially-ionised wind of the red giant. There remains no evidence of any X-ray emission from colliding winds, and thus no need for a substantial wind from the compact object.
Laser pointer prohibition: improving safety or driving misclassification
Trevor A Wheatley
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: It is well known that since 2008 Australia has had some of the world's most restrictive laws regarding the possession and importation of "laser pointers" with powers exceeding 1 mW. Now four years on Australia is used as a test case and question whether this has actually improved safety for those wishing to purchase these devices or if it has impacted on the availability of prohibited devices. Results from the analysis of over 40 laser pointers legitimately purchased in Australia from local and International suppliers are presented. Specifically lasers that are readily available to everyday consumers through the simple on-line search "laser pointer 1mw" are targeted. The parameters investigated are quoted power versus measured power, correct representation in advertising and adherence to laser standards as related to specified use and purchase price. The analysis indicates that the suppliers in this market have learnt how to bypass the prohibition and the impact on general safety in these cases is detrimental.
ROSAT observations of V471 Tauri, showing that stellar activity is determined by rotation, not age
Peter J. Wheatley
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-8711.1998.01607.x
Abstract: I present pointed ROSAT PSPC observations of the pre-cataclysmic binary V471 Tauri. The hard X-ray emission (>0.4keV) is not eclipsed by the K star, demonstrating conclusively that this component cannot be emitted by the white dwarf. Instead I show that its spectrum and luminosity are consistent with coronal emission from the tidally spun-up K star. The star is more active than other K stars in the Hyades, but equally active as K stars in the Pleiades with the same rotation periods, demonstrating that rotation--and not age--is the key parameter in determining the level of stellar activity. The soft X-ray emission (<0.4keV) is emitted predominately by the white dwarf and is modulated on its spin period. I find that the pulse-profile is stable on timescales of hours and years, supporting the idea that it is caused by opacity of accreted material. The profile itself shows that the magnetic field configuration of the white dwarf is dipolar and that the magnetic axis passes through the centre of the star. There is an absorption feature in the lightcurve of the white dwarf, which occurs at a time when our line-of-sight passes within a stellar radius of the K star. The column density and duration of this feature imply a volume and mass for the absorber which are similiar to those of coronal mass ejections of the Sun.
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