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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3647 matches for " Wentao Jiao "
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An overview of reclaimed water reuse in China
Lili Yi,Wentao Jiao,Xiaoning Chen,Weiping Chen,
Lili Yi
,Wentao Jiao,Xiaoning Chen,Weiping Chen

环境科学学报(英文版) , 2011,
Abstract: China is facing severe water problems including scarcity and pollution which are now becoming key factors restricting developments. Creating an alternative water resource and reducing effluent discharges, water reuse has been recognized as an integral part of water and wastewater management scheme in China. The government has launched nationwide efforts to optimize the benefits of utilizing reclaimed water. This article reviewed the water reuse activities in China, including: (1) application history and current status; (2) potentials of reclaimed water reuse; (3) laws, policies and regulations governing reclaimed water reuse; (4) risks associated with reclaimed water reuse; (5) issues in reclaimed water reuse. Reclaimed water in Beijing and Tianjin were given as examples. Suggestions for improving the efficiencies of reusing urban wastewater were advanced. Being the largest user of reclaimed wastewater in the world, China's experience can benefit the development of water reuse in other regions.
Study on Aerodynamic Characteristics of Supersonic Airfoil  [PDF]
Wentao Yong
Modern Mechanical Engineering (MME) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/mme.2019.91002
Abstract: With the invention of the aircraft, it has become much faster and larger than the original Wright Brothers aircraft. When the speed is high enough to cross the speed of sound, air conditions will be different than that in low speed due to the existence of shock wave. In this work, we introduce several numerical ways to analyze the performance of the airfoil when the speed is higher than the speed of sound. With these numerical methods, we analyzed the performance of diamond-shaped airfoil under different angles of attack and speed. With this data, engineers can choose a better airfoil to attain a lower drag coefficient as well as lift coefficient when designing a high-speed aircraft.
A New Fama-French 5-Factor Model Based on SSAEPD Error and GARCH-Type Volatility  [PDF]
Wentao Zhou, Liuling Li
Journal of Mathematical Finance (JMF) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jmf.2016.65050
Abstract: In this paper, we extend the 5-factor model in Fama and French (2015) with the non-Normal errors distribution of SSAEPD (Standardized Standard Asymmetric Exponential Power Distribution) in Zhu and Zinde-Walsh (2009) and the GARCH-type volatility. The focus is on finding out whether our new model can outperform the original Fama-French 5-factor model. We use Fama-French 25 value-weighted portfolios to conduct our research. The MLE is used to estimate the parameters. The LR test and KS test are used for model diagnostics. Models are compared by AIC. Empirical results show that with GARCH-type volatilities and non-normal errors, the Fama-French 5 factors are still alive. Our new model can successfully capture the skewness, fat-tailness and asymmetric kurtosis in the data and has better in-sample fit than the 5-factors model in Fama and French (2015). Our study provides an update to existing asset pricing literature and reference for investors.
Environmental pollution by persistent toxic substances and health risk in an industrial area of China

Jing Li,Yonglong Lu,Yajuan Shi,Tieyu Wang,Guang Wang,Wei Luo,Wentao Jiao,Chunli Chen,Feng Yan,

环境科学学报(英文版) , 2011,
Off-Grid Photovoltaic System Design for Haiti School Project  [PDF]
Wentao Feng, Ziya M. Slameh
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2014.211004
Abstract: In this paper a Photovoltaic (PV) system was designed for the Port-Margot School Solar Project in Haiti. This off-grid system consists of PV panels, inverter, battery storage and other components such as fuses, dc/ac disconnects and transformers [1]. Sizing the PV to fit on the roof was determined. The battery storage and inverter were chosen to be installed in the school building. The expected energy production was compared with data file from NASA website. The KW PV system was chosen to be the most effective and demonstrating renewable technologies and reducing the electrical load of the school.
The scenario on the origin of translation in the RNA world: in principle of replication parsimony
Wentao Ma
Biology Direct , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1745-6150-5-65
Abstract: Here an explanation to this problem is shown considering the principle of "replication parsimony" --- genetic information tends to be utilized in a parsimonious way under selection pressure, due to its replication cost (e.g., in the RNA world, nucleotides and ribozymes for RNA replication). Because a DRT would be quite long even for a short peptide, its replication cost would be great. Thus the diversity and the length of functional peptides synthesized by the DRT mechanism would be seriously limited. Adaptors (proto-tRNAs) would arise to allow a DRT's complementary strand (called "C-DRT" here) to direct the synthesis of the same peptide synthesized by the DRT itself. Because the C-DRT is a necessary part in the DRT's replication, fewer turns of the DRT's replication would be needed to synthesize definite copies of the functional peptide, thus saving the replication cost. Acting through adaptors, C-DRTs could transform into much shorter templates (called "proto-mRNAs" here) and substitute the role of DRTs, thus significantly saving the replication cost. A proto-rRNA corresponding to the small subunit rRNA would then emerge to aid the binding of proto-tRNAs and proto-mRNAs, allowing the reduction of base pairs between them (ultimately resulting in the triplet anticodon/codon pair), thus further saving the replication cost. In this context, the replication cost saved would allow the appearance of more and longer functional peptides and, finally, proteins. The hypothesis could be called "DRT-RP" ("RP" for "replication parsimony").The scenario described here is open for experimental work at some key scenes, including the compact DRT mechanism, the development of adaptors from aa-aptamers, the synthesis of peptides by proto-tRNAs and proto-mRNAs without the participation of proto-rRNAs, etc. Interestingly, a recent computer simulation study has demonstrated the plausibility of one of the evolving processes driven by replication parsimony in the scenario.An RNA-based prot
Exponential Extinction of Nicholson's Blowflies System with Nonlinear Density-Dependent Mortality Terms
Wentao Wang
Abstract and Applied Analysis , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/302065
Exponential Extinction of Nicholson's Blowflies System with Nonlinear Density-Dependent Mortality Terms
Wentao Wang
Abstract and Applied Analysis , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/302065
Abstract: This paper presents a new generalized Nicholson’s blowflies system with patch structure and nonlinear density-dependent mortality terms. Under appropriate conditions, we establish some criteria to guarantee the exponential extinction of this system. Moreover, we give two examples and numerical simulations to demonstrate our main results. 1. Introduction To describe the population of the Australian sheep blowfly and agree well with the experimental date of Nicholson [1], Gurney et al. [2] proposed the following Nicholson's blowflies equation: Here, is the size of the population at time , is the maximum per capita daily egg production, is the size at which the population reproduces at its maximum rate, is the per capita daily adult death rate, and is the generation time. There have been a large number of results on this model and its modifications (see, e.g., [3–8]). Recently, Berezansky et al. [9] pointed out that a new study indicates that a linear model of density-dependent mortality will be most accurate for populations at low densities and marine ecologists are currently in the process of constructing new fishery models with nonlinear density-dependent mortality rates. Consequently Berezansky et al. [9] presented the following Nicholson’s blowflies model with a nonlinear density-dependent mortality term where is a positive constant and function might have one of the following forms: or with positive constants . Wang [10] studied the existence of positive periodic solutions for the model (1.2) with . Hou et al. [11] investigated the permanence and periodic solutions for the model (1.2) with . Furthermore, Liu and Gong [12] considered the permanence for a Nicholson-type delay systems with nonlinear density-dependent mortality terms as follows: where are all continuous functions bounded above and below by positive constants, and are bounded continuous functions, , and . On the other hand, since the biological species compete and cooperate with each other in real world, the growth models given by patch structure systems of delay differential equation have been provided by several authors to analyze the dynamics of multiple species (see, e.g., [13–16] and the reference therein). Moreover, the extinction phenomenon often appears in the biology, economy, and physics field and the main focus of Nicholson's blowflies model is on the scalar equation and results on patch structure of this model are gained rarely [14, 16], so it is worth studying the extinction of Nicholson's blowflies system with patch structure and nonlinear density-dependent mortality terms.
Limit Cycle Bifurcations in a Class of Cubic System near a Nilpotent Center  [PDF]
Jiao Jiang
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.37115
Abstract: In this paper we deal with a cubic near-Hamiltonian system whose unperturbed system is a simple cubic Hamiltonian system having a nilpotent center. We prove that the system can have 5 limit cycles by using bifurcation theory.
Study of Informative Advertising Competition Model in Duopolistic Market with Relative Profit Object  [PDF]
Jiao Lu
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2017.102009
To study how the relative profit object influences duopolistic retailers’ advertising decisions, this paper adds the relative profit object on the Hotelling Model to study its influence on advertising decisions. Through the calculation and analysis of the advertising competition model, we found that the balanced advertising level and product price is positively related to product differentiation level. The relationship between balanced profit and product differentiation level is related to the range of each variable. The balanced product price is positively related to advertising cost, while the balanced advertising level and profit is negatively related to advertising cost. The balanced product price, advertising level and profit are negatively related to relative profit ratio. Commonly, the higher the relative object ratio, the advertising level should be higher. This paper gets the opposite conclusion. Through analysis and discussion, we found that this is mainly influenced by the advertising cost level. As in this paper the advertising cost level is restricted to be high, enterprises will choose to raise price for more profit and lower advertising level to reduce cost while the relative profit ratio increases.
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