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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 27781 matches for " Wenqing Hu "
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On metastability in nearly-elastic systems
Wenqing Hu
Mathematics , 2012, DOI: 10.3233/ASY-2011-1090
Abstract: We consider a nearly-elastic model system with one degree of freedom. In each collision with the "wall", the system can either lose or gain a small amount of energy due to stochastic perturbation. The weak limit of the corresponding slow motion, which is a stochastic process on a graph, is calculated. A large deviation type asymptotics and the metastability of the system are also considered.
On diffusion in narrow random channels
Mark Freidlin,Wenqing Hu
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s10955-013-0763-3
Abstract: We consider in this paper a solvable model for the motion of molecular motors. Based on the averaging principle, we reduce the problem to a diffusion process on a graph. We then calculate the effective speed of transportation of these motors.
Wave front propagation for a reaction-diffusion equation in narrow random channels
Mark Freidlin,Wenqing Hu
Mathematics , 2013, DOI: 10.1088/0951-7715/26/8/2333
Abstract: We consider a reaction-diffusion equation in narrow random channels. We approximate the generalized solution to this equation by the corresponding one on a random graph. By making use of large deviation analysis we study the asymptotic wave front propagation.
Dynamics of geodesic flows with random forcing on Lie groups with left-invariant metrics
Wenqing Hu,Vladimir Sverak
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: We consider stochastic perturbations of geodesic flow for left-invariant metrics on finite-dimensional Lie groups and study the H\"ormander condition and some properties of the solutions of the corresponding Fokker-Planck equations.
On second order elliptic equations with a small parameter
Mark Freidlin,Wenqing Hu
Mathematics , 2012, DOI: 10.1080/03605302.2013.812658
Abstract: The Neumann problem with a small parameter $$(\dfrac{1}{\epsilon}L_0+L_1)u^\epsilon(x)=f(x) \text{for} x\in G, .\dfrac{\partial u^\epsilon}{\partial \gamma^\epsilon}(x)|_{\partial G}=0$$ is considered in this paper. The operators $L_0$ and $L_1$ are self-adjoint second order operators. We assume that $L_0$ has a non-negative characteristic form and $L_1$ is strictly elliptic. The reflection is with respect to inward co-normal unit vector $\gamma^\epsilon(x)$. The behavior of $\lim\limits_{\epsilon\downarrow 0}u^\epsilon(x)$ is effectively described via the solution of an ordinary differential equation on a tree. We calculate the differential operators inside the edges of this tree and the gluing condition at the root. Our approach is based on an analysis of the corresponding diffusion processes.
On perturbations of generalized Landau-Lifshitz dynamics
Mark Freidlin,Wenqing Hu
Mathematics , 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s10955-011-0289-5
Abstract: We consider deterministic and stochastic perturbations of dynamical systems with conservation laws in $\R^3$. The Landau-Lifshitz equation for the magnetization dynamics in ferromagnetics is a special case of our system. The averaging principle is a natural tool in such problems. But bifurcations in the set of invariant measures lead to essential modification in classical averaging. The limiting slow motion in this case, in general, is a stochastic process even if pure deterministic perturbations of a deterministic system are considered. The stochasticity is a result of instabilities in the non-perturbed system as well as of existence of ergodic sets of a positive measure. We effectively describe the limiting slow motion.
Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation in the case of variable friction
Mark Freidlin,Wenqing Hu
Mathematics , 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s10958-011-0589-y
Abstract: We consider the small mass asymptotics (Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation) for the Langevin equation with a variable friction coefficient. The limit of the solution in the classical sense does not exist in this case. We study a modification of the Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation. Some applications of the Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation to problems with fast oscillating or discontinuous coefficients are considered.
On stochasticity in nearly-elastic systems
Mark Freidlin,Wenqing Hu
Mathematics , 2012, DOI: 10.1142/S0219493711500201
Abstract: Nearly-elastic model systems with one or two degrees of freedom are considered: the system is undergoing a small loss of energy in each collision with the "wall". We show that instabilities in this purely deterministic system lead to stochasticity of its long-time behavior. Various ways to give a rigorous meaning to the last statement are considered. All of them, if applicable, lead to the same stochasticity which is described explicitly. So that the stochasticity of the long-time behavior is an intrinsic property of the deterministic systems.
Random perturbations of dynamical systems with reflecting boundary and corresponding PDE with a small parameter
Wenqing Hu,Lucas Tcheuko
Mathematics , 2012, DOI: 10.3233/ASY-131197
Abstract: We study the asymptotic behavior of a diffusion process with small diffusion in a domain $D$. This process is reflected at $\partial D$ with respect to a co-normal direction pointing inside $D$. Our asymptotic result is used to study the long time behavior of the solution of the corresponding parabolic PDE with Neumann boundary condition.
Hypoelliptic multiscale Langevin diffusions: Large deviations, invariant measures and small mass asymptotics
Wenqing Hu,Konstantinos Spiliopoulos
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: We study large deviations properties of the second--order hypoelliptic multiscale Langevin equation. We study the homogenization regime and based on an appropriately chosen parametrization of the mass parameter in terms of the parameter that separates the scales we derive the related large deviations principle and prove that it is consistent with the large deviations behavior of its overdamped counterpart. In particular, we prove that the large deviation rate function converges to the large deviations rate function of the first order Langevin equation as the mass parameter tends to zero. To do so, we prove convergence in mean square sense of the invariant measure that corresponds to the hypoelliptic problem to that of the limiting elliptic problem as the mass goes to zero and similarly of the corresponding PDE "cell problems" that appear in the rate functions due to the homogenization effects. We rigorously obtain an expansion of the solution in terms of the mass parameter, characterizing the order of convergence. The proof of convergence of invariant measures is of independent interest, as it involves an improvement of the hypocoercivity result for the kinetic Fokker--Planck equation. In particular, we do not restrict attention to potential drifts and we provide explicit information on the dependence of the norms of interest with respect to the mass parameter.
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