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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 127030 matches for " Wenmin Li "
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Analysis on Bilingual Public Signs in the View of Audience Theory—A Case Study of City Traffic Public Signs in Xi’an  [PDF]
Wenmin Li, Xue Wang, Shihan Hou
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2015.52014
Abstract: This paper, with the audience theory as its theoretical guide and by taking a case study on Bilingual traffic Public Signs in Xi’an, especially on bilingual station names of Xi’an Metro Line 2, first briefly discusses how an important role city traffic public signs play in serving the audience, facilitating tourism as well as disseminating Chinese culture through the international audience. Second, it analyzes the problems existing in the present bilingual public signs in China and the counter-productive effects they are likely to bring about. And finally proposal for a new system of bilingual station names of Xi’an Metro Line 2 is put forward, which, the author believes, will not only offer the exact information wanted but make the audience abroad feel at home.
E-C Translation of Medicine-Health Texts: Optimal Relevance  [PDF]
Wenmin Li, Jie Qian, Kangting Zhang
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2018.86023
Abstract: Translation activities, in the context of globalization, promote communication between people from different countries with different languages, and enhance the fusion of the two cultures behind these two languages concerned. This paper, focusing on the ostensive-inferential communication in translation process of the medicine-health text named Your Medical Mind: How to Decide What Is Right for You, aims at achieving successful communication between the authors of this paper and their target readers. By concrete analysis of the target text from the lexical level, syntactic level and cultural level, this study finds that it is the translators who take the most active and key role to bridge the two languages and cultures for communication, and only under the target readers’ good comprehension of the meaning conveyed by the source text can the translators succeed in transmitting the informative intention and communicative intention through ostensive stimulus to their target readers.
CVD Treatment of Carbon Fibers and Evaluation of Their Dispersion in CFRC  [PDF]
Chuang Wang, Bingliang Li, Lei Peng, Wenmin He, Liping Zhao, Kezhi Li
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2017.88046
Abstract: Carbon-fiber-reinforced cement-based (CFRC) composites is a promising functional material which can be used both in the military and civil fields against electromagnetic interference. However, it is essential to make carbon fibers dispersed uniformly during the preparation of CFRC. In this work, short carbon fibers were treated through Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) process at high temperature between 900°C and 1200°C under the protection of diluted nitrogen gas N2 to modify the surface of carbon fibers to further strengthen the bonding between carbon fibers and cement matrix. Natural gas (98% CH4) was used as a precursor. It was decomposed to produce an uneven layer of pyrocarbon that was deposited on the surface of carbon fibers. CVD-treated carbon fibers were pre-dispersed by using ultrasonic wave. Both hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) and silicon fume were used as dispersants and as admixtures. They helped CVD-treated carbon fibers distribute uniformly. The mass fraction of HEC was around 1.78% in the aqueous solution. Four methods, namely, the simulation experiment (SE) method, the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) method, the fresh mixture (FM) method, and the electrical resistivity measurement (ERM) method were, respectively, applied to evaluate fiber dispersion degree. Each method indicated its own advantages and disadvantages and it therefore catered for different conditions. Of the four evaluation methods, the SE method was the most convenient way to determine the pre-dispersion state prior to the preparation of CFRC composites. This method was helpful for predicting the subsequent dispersion state of carbon fibers in the cement matrix because it economized a large quantity of raw materials and time.
A comparison of the Medieval Warm Period, Little Ice Age and 20th century warming simulated by the FGOALS climate system model
TianJun Zhou,Bo Li,WenMin Man,LiXia Zhang,Jie Zhang
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-011-4641-6
Abstract: To compare differences among the Medieval Warm Period (MWP), Little Ice Age (LIA), and 20th century global warming (20CW), six sets of transient and equilibrium simulations were generated using the climate system model FGOALS_gl. This model was developed by the State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The results indicate that MWP warming is evident on a global scale, except for at mid-latitudes of the North Pacific. However, the magnitude of the warming is weaker than that in the 20th century. The warming in the high latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere is stronger than that in the Southern Hemisphere. The LIA cooling is also evident on a global scale, with a strong cooling over the high Eurasian continent, while the cooling center is over the Arctic domain. Both the MWP and the 20CW experiments exhibit the strongest warming anomalies in the middle troposphere around 200–300 hPa, but the cooling center of the LIA experiment is seen in the polar surface of the Northern Hemisphere. A comparison of model simulation against the reconstruction indicates that model’s performance in simulating the surface air temperature changes during the warm periods is better than that during the cold periods. The consistencies between model and reconstruction in lower latitudes are better than those in high latitudes. Comparison of the inter-annual variability mode of East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) rainfall during the MWP, LIA and 20CW reveals a similar rainfall anomalies pattern. However, the time spectra of the principal component during the three typical periods of the last millennium are different, and the quasi-biannual oscillation is more evident during the two warm periods. At a centennial time scale, the external mode of the EASM variability driven by the changes of effective solar radiation is determined by the changes of large scale land-sea thermal contrast. The rainfall anomalies over the east of 110°E exhibit a meridional homogeneous change pattern, which is different from the meridional out-of-phase change of rainfall anomalies associated with the internal mode.
Predictive value of pre-procedural autoantibodies against M2-muscarinic acetylcholine receptor for recurrence of atrial fibrillation one year after radiofrequency catheter ablation
Zou Changhong,Zhang Zhiyong,Zhao Wenmin,Li Guang
Journal of Translational Medicine , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1479-5876-11-7
Abstract: Background Increasing evidences have suggested that autoantibodies against muscarinic-2 acetylcholine receptor (anti-M2-R) may play an important role in the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). Predictive value of pre-procedural anti-M2-R for the recurrence of AF after radiofrequency catheter ablation is still unclear. Methods Totally 76 AF patients with preserved left ventricular systolic function were prospectively enrolled and subjected to ablation after the detection of serum anti-M2-R by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. These patients were given follow-up examination for one year after ablation. Risk estimation for the recurrence of AF was performed using the univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Results In AF group, serum anti-M2-R was significantly higher than that in the control group in terms of frequency (40.8% versus 11.7%; p < 0.001) and titer (1:116 versus 1:29; p < 0.001). Compared with paroxysmal AF patients, persistent AF patients had higher frequency (57.6% versus 27.9%; p = 0.009) and titer (1:132 versus 1:94; p = 0.012) for autoantibodies. During one-year follow-up examination after ablation, the recurrence of AF was observed in 25 (32.9%) patients. Multivariate analysis showed that pre-procedural serum anti-M2-R was an independent predictor for the recurrence of AF at the time point of 12 months after ablation (odds ratio: 4.701; 95% confidence interval: 1.590-13.894; p = 0.005). Conclusions In AF patients, the frequency and titer of serum anti-M2-R were significantly higher than those in the control group with sinus rhythm. Pre-procedural serum anti-M2-R was an independent predictor for the recurrence of AF one year after radiofrequency catheter ablation.
Exome Sequencing of 18 Chinese Families with Congenital Cataracts: A New Sight of the NHS Gene
Wenmin Sun, Xueshan Xiao, Shiqiang Li, Xiangming Guo, Qingjiong Zhang
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100455
Abstract: Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the mutation spectrum and frequency of 34 known genes in 18 Chinese families with congenital cataracts. Methods Genomic DNA and clinical data was collected from 18 families with congenital cataracts. Variations in 34 cataract-associated genes were screened by whole exome sequencing and then validated by Sanger sequencing. Results Eleven candidate variants in seven of the 34 genes were detected by exome sequencing and then confirmed by Sanger sequencing, including two variants predicted to be benign and the other pathogenic mutations. The nine mutations were present in 9 of the 18 (50%) families with congenital cataracts. Of the four families with mutations in the X-linked NHS gene, no other abnormalities were recorded except for cataract, in which a pseudo-dominant inheritance form was suggested, as female carriers also had different forms of cataracts. Conclusion This study expands the mutation spectrum and frequency of genes responsible for congenital cataract. Mutation in NHS is a common cause of nonsyndromic congenital cataract with pseudo-autosomal dominant inheritance. Combined with our previous studies, a genetic basis could be identified in 67.6% of families with congenital cataracts in our case series, in which mutations in genes encoding crystallins, genes encoding connexins, and NHS are responsible for 29.4%, 14.7%, and 11.8% of families, respectively. Our results suggest that mutations in NHS are the common cause of congenital cataract, both syndromic and nonsyndromic.
Cryptanalysis and improvement of two certificateless three-party authenticated key agreement protocols
Haiyan Sun,Qiaoyan Wen,Hua Zhang,Zhengping Jin,Wenmin Li
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: Recently, two certificateless three-party authenticated key agreement protocols were proposed, and both protocols were claimed they can meet the desirable security properties including forward security, key compromise impersonation resistance and so on. Through cryptanalysis, we show that one neither meets forward security and key compromise impersonation resistance nor resists an attack by an adversary who knows all users' secret values, and the other cannot resist key compromise impersonation attack. Finally, we propose improved protocols to make up two original protocols' security weaknesses, respectively. Further security analysis shows that our improved protocols can remove such security weaknesses.
Structure of polysaccharides from mycelium and culture medium of Phellinus nigricans using submerged fermentation
Xia Li,LiLi Jiao,Xu Zhang,WenMin Tian,Shan Chen,LiPing Zhang
Science China Life Sciences , 2008, DOI: 10.1007/s11427-008-0065-1
Abstract: Two water-soluble polysaccharides, PNW1 and PNM1, were respectively isolated from the mycelium and its culture medium of Phellinus nigricans using submerged fermentation before determining their effects on inhibiting the growth of transplantable tumors in mice. The results of the pharmaceutical experiments showed that oral administration of PNW1 and PNM1 (at a dose of 400 mg/kg) inhibited the growth of tumor of mice-transplanted Sarcoma 180 in vivo. Moreover, a higher inhibition ratio of PNW1 (74.70%) was obtained as compared with PNM1 (55.84%). The averaged molecular weight of PNW1 and PNM1 was determined to be 33 and 29 kD, respectively. Both PNW1 and PNM1 were consisted of glucose, galactose, mannose, arabinose and fucose. The major structural features of PNW1 and PNM1 were elucidated using partial acid hydrolysis, periodate oxidation, Smith degradation, 13C-NMR, methylation and GC-MS. On the basis of these results, the repeating units of PNW1 and PNM1 were established.
Structure of polysaccharides from mycelium and culture medium of Phellinus nigricans using submerged fermentation

LI Xia,JIAO LiLi,ZHANG Xu,TIAN WenMin,CHEN Shan &,ZHANG LiPing,

中国科学C辑(英文版) , 2008,
Abstract: Two water-soluble polysaccharides, PNW1 and PNM1, were respectively isolated from the mycelium and its culture medium of Phellinus nigricans using submerged fermentation before determining their effects on inhibiting the growth of transplantable tumors in mice. The results of the pharmaceutical experiments showed that oral administration of PNW1 and PNM1 (at a dose of 400 mg/kg) inhibited the growth of tumor of mice-transplanted Sarcoma 180 in vivo. Moreover, a higher inhibition ratio of PNW1 (74.70%) was obtained as compared with PNM1 (55.84%). The averaged molecular weight of PNW1 and PNM1 was determined to be 33 and 29 kD, respectively. Both PNW1 and PNM1 were consisted of glu- cose, galactose, mannose, arabinose and fucose. The major structural features of PNW1 and PNM1 were elucidated using partial acid hydrolysis, periodate oxidation, Smith degradation, 13C-NMR, me- thylation and GC-MS. On the basis of these results, the repeating units of PNW1 and PNM1 were estab- lished.
Forced response of atmospheric oscillations during the last millennium simulated by a climate system model
WenMin Man,TianJun Zhou
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-011-4637-2
Abstract: Variations in global atmospheric oscillations during the last millennium are simulated using the climate system model FGOALS_gl. The model was driven by reconstructions of both natural forcing (solar variability and volcanic aerosol) and anthropogenic forcing (greenhouse gases and sulfate aerosol). The model results are compared against proxy reconstruction data. The reconstructed North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) was out of phase with the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) in the last millennium. During the Medieval Warm Period (MWP), the NAO was strong while the PDO was weak. During the Little Ice Age (LIA), the NAO was weak while the PDO was strong. A La Ni a-like state prevailed in the MWP, while an El Ni o-like state dominated in the LIA. This phenomenon is particularly obvious in the 15th, 17th and 19th centuries. Analysis of the model output indicates that the NAO was generally positive during 1000–1400 AD and negative during 1650–1900 AD. There is a discrepancy between the simulation and reconstruction during 1400–1650 AD. The simulated PDO generally varies in parallel with the reconstruction, which has a negative phase during the MWP and a positive phase during the LIA. The correlation coefficient between the reconstruction and simulation is 0.61, and the correlation is statistically significant at the 1% level. Neither the La Ni a-like state of the MWP nor the El Ni o-like state of the LIA is reproduced in the model. Both the reconstructed and the simulated Antarctic Oscillations had a negative phase in the early period of the last millennium and a positive phase in the late period of the last millennium. The Asian-Pacific Oscillation was generally strong during the WMP and weak during the LIA, and the correlation coefficient between the simulation and reconstruction is 0.50 for the period 1000–1985 AD. The analysis suggests that the specified external forcings significantly affected the evolution of atmospheric oscillation during the last millennium.
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