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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 28276 matches for " WenBin Ma "
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Parallel simulation for the ultra-short laser pulses' propagation in air
Cunliang Ma,Wenbin Lin
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: A parallel 2D+1 split-step Fourier method with Crank-Nicholson scheme running on multi-core shared memory architectures is developed to study the propagation of ultra-short high-intensity laser pulses in air. The parallel method achieves a near linear speed-up with results for the efficiency of more than 95% on a 24-core machine. This method is of great potential application in studying the long-distance propagation of the ultra-short high intensity laser pulses.
The collapse distance of femtosecond pulses in air
Cunliang Ma,Wenbin Lin
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: The conventional semi-empirical formula for collapse distance [Phys. Rev. 179, 862 (1969), Prog. Quant. Electr. 4, 35 (1975)] has been widely used in many applications. However, it is not applicable when the dispersion length is smaller than or has similar order-of-magnitude as the collapse distance. For the "enough short" pulses, there exists a threshold for the initial peak power, with which the collapse distance has a maximum value due to the competition between the Kerr self-focusing and the group velocity dispersion. New semi-empirical formulas are obtained for the collapse distance of the pulse with the initial power being less or larger than the threshold, and they can match the numerical simulations gracefully.
Kinetic Determination of Urea in Milk Powder by Nonlinear Chemical Fingerprint Technique  [PDF]
Yongjie Ma, Wenbin Dong, Hongliang Bao, Cheng Fan, Yue Fang, Shipeng Wang
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2016.77051
Abstract: To detect urea content in milk powder, a nonlinear chemical fingerprint technique was developed. In our study, Belousov-Zhabotinsky oscillatory chemical reaction (B-Z) was performed using milk powder and malonic acid as main dissipative substances. The same dosage of milk powder with or without artificially added urea was introduced to “H+ + Ce4+ + + malonic acid” oscillating system, respectively, and nonlinear chemical fingerprints of different milk powder were thus obtained. The proposed method was based on a linear relationship between inductive time of non-linear chemical fingerprints and urea content in milk powder, which held when urea content in milk powder was in the range of 0 - 40 mg/g. A detection limit of 7.8 × 10-3mg/g was also obtained. Our results showed that the method could be used to certify urea content in milk powder without pretreatment of samples, which was more simple and economical compared with traditional methods.
Analysis of environmental factors about cerebral stroke  [PDF]
Wenbin Liu
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.512263
Abstract:

In this paper, the disease of cerebral stroke is studied mainly. According to the basic information of the patient, Linear fitting method is applied to calculate between the number of sick and age by using MATLAB software. According to data of pressure, temperature and humidity, nondimensionalizing by normalization method, linear regressions are analysed between the number of the patient and pressure, temperature, humidity. According to the important feature and the key indicators of cerebral stroke, high-risk groups are proposed to the early warning and intervene.

Family History of Cancer and Smoking Cessation, Is There a Role for Physicians?  [PDF]
Wenbin Liang, Tanya Chikritzhs
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2012.31002
Abstract: Aim: This study aims to investigate the relationships among family history of cancer, physician’s advice on quitting, and motivation to quit among smokers in the United State. Method: This study using data collected by the 2010 National Health Interview Survey. Five separate sets of multivariate logistic regression models were used to investigate the three-direction relationships among: 1) effect of family cancer history on medical doctors’ advice on quitting, 2) effect of family cancer history on motivation to quit smoking, 3) effect of doctor’s advice on smokers’ motivation to quit. Results: Smoking cessation advice given by physicians has a significant effect on both smoker’s motivation and action taken to quit smoking, but a large proportion of the smokers with family cancer history did not receive doctor’s advice on quitting. Conclusion: Family history of lung cancer or other cancer types was not found to be associated with increased motivation to quit smoking. This is at least partly due to poor collection of family cancer history by physicians. This may be ameliorated by promoting the use of a recently developed self-administered tool for the collection of patient data on family cancer history in primary care settings.
Pattern of mental health service use and risk of injury: A longitudinal study  [PDF]
Wenbin Liang, Tanya Chikritzhs
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2012.21014
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the association between mental health treatment patterns and risk of injuries among a Western Australian male birth cohort. Method: A population-based birth-cohort of males born between 1980 and 1984 in Western Australia was followed up using linked health data. Results: Participants with mental health conditions were at an increased risk of injury. Those with a continuous mental health treatment pattern without interruption or window periods had lower risk of injury compared to those with treatment interruption or window periods. The adjusted incidence rate ratios (95% confidence interval) for injury among participants: 1) without a mental condition, 2) with a previous mental condition, 3) with a mental condition in the last four years and without interruption in their mental health treatment, and 4) with a mental condition in the last four years with interruptions in mental health service, were 0.38 (0.35 - 0.40), 0.77 (0.71 - 083), 1.0 (reference group) and 2.06 (1.72 - 2.47) respectively. Conclusion: Increasing resources for mental health services and enabling sufficient continuous mental health services and follow-up may reduce the risk of injury among populations with mental health conditions.
Asthma and Injury Risk: A Large Scale Population-Based Study  [PDF]
Wenbin Liang, Tanya Chikritzhs
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2012.35074
Abstract: Purpose: Clinical data suggest that asthma impairs sleep quality and further impairs cognitive performance during the daytime, while there is a causal relationship between impaired sleep quality and injuries. Therefore asthma patients may have increased risk of injury, and this is supported by our recent population-based studies conducted in Australia. This study is to investigate the effect of asthma on the risk of injury at the population level using data from the U.S. National Health Interview Survey collected in 2008, 2009, and 2010. Method: Data from the 2008, 2009 and 2010 National Health Interview Surveys were combined and analyzed together. Results: U.S. adults with current or previous asthma had significantly greater risk of injury compared to those without asthma. The risk of injury was also significantly higher among children with current asthma. Conclusion: This population-based study provided further evidence on the positive association between asthma and risk of injury among both adults and children. The increased risk of injury among asthma patients is at least partly due to impaired sleep quality and quantity caused by asthma symptoms and asthma medications.
Asthma history predicts the risk of affective disorders and anxiety disorders  [PDF]
Wenbin Liang, Tanya Chikritzhs
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.52A042
Abstract:

Background: Positive associations between asthma and a range of mental disorders have been increasingly reported in cross-sectional studies. It is important to determine whether the association between asthma and mental disorders may be causal. Objectives: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data collected from the 2007 Australia Mental Health and Wellbeing survey (MHW) to examine whether preexisting asthma may predict the likelihood of various types of anxiety disorders and affective disorders. Design, Settings and Subjects: The 2007 MHW survey was a nationally representative household survey. Its data included 8841 Australian adults aged 18 - 85 yrs. Age at first onset of asthma and mental disorders were used to reveal the order of occurrence of asthma and mental disorders, and to define time at risk and asthma exposure. Kaplan-Meier failure function and multivariate Poisson regression models were employed in analysis. Results: Participants who had a history of asthma that lasted six months or more were at higher risk of panic disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder, mania and hypomania. The association between asthma history and risk of mental disorder subtypes differed by gender. Conclusion: The findings of this study support the hypothesis that pre-existing asthma increases the risk of a number of anxiety disorders and affective disorders. Predisposition to carbon dioxide hypersensitivity and corticosteroid therapy may partly explain the observed associations.

Sleep Duration and Its Links to Psychological Distress, Health Status, Physical Activity and Body Mass Index among a Large Representative General Population Sample  [PDF]
Wenbin Liang, Tanya Chikritzhs
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2013.41010
Abstract: This study aimed to investigate associations between: (a) psychological distress, self-perceived health status and sleep duration among a large representative general population sample; and (b) patterns of sleep duration, physical activity and Body Mass Index among a subgroup of participants who self-reported as being in good health with low psychological distress. Data collected from six waves of the Nation Health Interview Surveys (NHISs) was employed. The results indicated that both psychological distress and self-perceived health status were strong predictors of sleep duration. Participants with high serious psychological distress scores reported sleeping 7 - 8 hours less often than those in low or moderate psychological distress and were also most likely to sleep for less than 6 hours or 9 or more hours. Similar patterns were observed for sleep duration by self-reported health status. Subgroup analysis including only participants in self-reported excellent or very good physical health with low mental distress scores showed that participants who engaged in higher frequencies of vigorous and strengthening exercises were more likely to sleep less than six hours, and participants with a BMI of 25 or higher were also more likely to sleep less than six hours.
Motives for romantic relationships and the risk of heavy alcohol use, regular smoking and cannabis use during adolescence and early adulthood: A longitudinal study  [PDF]
Wenbin Liang, Tanya Chikritzhs
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2013.32006
Abstract:

Background: Engaging in sexual activities at a younger age is associated with higher risk of substance misuse among adolescents. It could be hypothesized that substance misuse and certain romantic relationship related behaviors may be influenced by similar hormone and other inner physiological factors that are affected by related motives. This study investigated the association between motives for romantic relationships and the risk of heavy alcohol use, regular smoking and cannabis use from adolescence through to early adulthood. Method: A population-based longitudinal study using data collected from Wave I and Wave III of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Characteristics of romantic relationship ideals (as the proxy of motives) measured in Wave I (mean age: 16 yrs) were applied to predict substance use indicated at Wave III (mean age: 22 yrs) using multivariate analyses. Results: Adolescents who included sexual activities as part of their romantic relationship ideals were at significantly higher risk of cannabis use among males and heavy alcohol use among females. Romantic ideals that included, gift giving (female) or receiving (male), declaration of love (male), marriage (male) and becoming pregnant (female) were associated with reduced risk of one or more types of substance use. Conclusion: In adolescence, sexual motives for romantic relationships were associated with higher risk of substance use and misuse, while motives related to intimacy and commitment in romantic relationships were associated with lower risk.


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