Abstract:
In this paper, we study the unconditional convergence and error estimates of a Galerkin-mixed FEM with the linearized semi-implicit Euler time-discrete scheme for the equations of incompressible miscible flow in porous media. We prove that the optimal $L^2$ error estimates hold without any time-step (convergence) condition, while all previous works require certain time-step condition. Our theoretical results provide a new understanding on commonly-used linearized schemes for nonlinear parabolic equations. The proof is based on a splitting of the error function into two parts: the error from the time discretization of the PDEs and the error from the finite element discretization of corresponding time-discrete PDEs. The approach used in this paper is applicable for more general nonlinear parabolic systems and many other linearized (semi)-implicit time discretizations.

Abstract:
This paper is concerned with the time-step condition of commonly-used linearized semi-implicit schemes for nonlinear parabolic PDEs with Galerkin finite element approximations. In particular, we study the time-dependent nonlinear Joule heating equations. We present optimal error estimates of the semi-implicit Euler scheme in both the $L^2$ norm and the $H^1$ norm without any time-step restriction. Theoretical analysis is based on a new splitting of the error and precise analysis of a corresponding time-discrete system. The method used in this paper can be applied to more general nonlinear parabolic systems and many other linearized (semi)-implicit time discretizations for which previous works often require certain restriction on the time-step size $\tau$.

Abstract:
This paper focuses on unconditionally optimal error analysis of an uncoupled and linearized Crank--Nicolson Galerkin finite element method for the time-dependent nonlinear thermistor equations in $d$-dimensional space, $d=2,3$. We split the error function into two parts, one from the spatial discretization and one from the temporal discretization, by introducing a corresponding time-discrete (elliptic) system. We present a rigorous analysis for the regularity of the solution of the time-discrete system and error estimates of the time discretization. With these estimates and the proved regularity, optimal error estimates of the fully discrete Crank--Nicolson Galerkin method are obtained unconditionally. Numerical results confirm our analysis and show the efficiency of the method.

Abstract:
The paper focuses on unconditionally optimal error analysis of the fully discrete Galerkin finite element methods for a general nonlinear parabolic system in $\R^d$ with $d=2,3$. In terms of a corresponding time-discrete system of PDEs as proposed in \cite{LS1}, we split the error function into two parts, one from the temporal discretization and one the spatial discretization. We prove that the latter is $\tau$-independent and the numerical solution is bounded in the $L^{\infty}$ and $W^{1,\infty}$ norms by the inverse inequalities. With the boundedness of the numerical solution, optimal error estimates can be obtained unconditionally in a routine way. Several numerical examples in two and three dimensional spaces are given to support our theoretical analysis.

Abstract:
We study fully discrete linearized Galerkin finite element approximations to a nonlinear gradient flow, applications of which can be found in many areas. Due to the strong nonlinearity of the equation, existing analyses for implicit schemes require certain restrictions on the time step and no analysis has been explored for linearized schemes. This paper focuses on the unconditionally optimal $L^2$ error estimate of a linearized scheme. The key to our analysis is an iterated sequence of time-discrete elliptic equations and a rigorous analysis of its solution. We prove the $W^{1,\infty}$ boundedness of the solution of the time-discrete system and the corresponding FE solution, based on a more precise estimate of elliptic PDEs in $W^{2,2+\epsilon}$ and a physical feature of the gradient-dependent diffusion coefficient. Numerical examples are provided to support our theoretical analysis.

Abstract:
The paper is concerned with Galerkin finite element solutions for parabolic equations in a convex polygon or polyhehron with a diffusion coefficient in $W^{1,N+\epsilon}$ for some $\epsilon>0$, where $N$ denotes the dimension of the domain. We prove the analyticity of the semigroup generated by the discrete elliptic operator, the discrete maximal $L^p$ regularity and the optimal $L^p$ error estimate of the finite element solution for the parabolic equation.

Abstract:
We study Galerkin finite element methods for an incompressible miscible flow in porous media with the commonly-used Bear-Scheidegger diffusion-dispersion tensor $D({\bf u}) = \Phi d_m I + |{\bf u}| \big ( \alpha_T I + (\alpha_L - \alpha_T) \frac{{\bf u} \otimes {\bf u}}{|{\bf u}|^2}\big)$. The traditional approach to optimal $L^\infty((0,T);L^2)$ error estimates is based on an elliptic Ritz projection, which usually requires the regularity of $\nabla_x\partial_tD({\bf u}(x,t)) \in L^p(\Omega_T)$. However, the Bear-Scheidegger diffusion-dispersion tensor may not satisfy the regularity condition even for a smooth velocity field ${\bf u}$. A new approach is presented in this paper, in terms of a parabolic projection, which only requires the Lipschitz continuity of $D({\bf u})$. With the new approach, we establish optimal $L^p((0,T);L^q)$ error estimates and an almost optimal $L^\infty((0,T);L^\infty)$ error estimate.

Abstract:
A linearized backward Euler Galerkin-mixed finite element method is investigated for the time-dependent Ginzburg--Landau (TDGL) equations under the Lorentz gauge. By introducing the induced magnetic field ${\sigma} = \mathrm{curl} \, {\bf{A}}$ as a new variable, the Galerkin-mixed FE scheme offers many advantages over conventional Lagrange type Galerkin FEMs. An optimal error estimate for the linearized Galerkin-mixed FE scheme is established unconditionally. Analysis is given under more general assumptions for the regularity of the solution of the TDGL equations, which includes the problem in two-dimensional noncovex polygons and certain three dimensional polyhedrons, while the conventional Galerkin FEMs may not converge to a true solution in these cases. Numerical examples in both two and three dimensional spaces are presented to confirm our theoretical analysis. Numerical results show clearly the efficiency of the mixed method, particularly for problems on nonconvex domains.

Based on the D-H notation,
kinematics model and inverse kinematics model of 6R industrial robots are
established. Using graphical method, the boundary curve equations of the 6R
industrial robot workspace are obtained. Based on the prescribed workspace, the D-H parameter optimization method of 6R industrial robots is
proposed. Using the genetic algorithm to determine the structural dimensions of
a 6R robot, we make sure that its workspace can exactly contain the prescribed
workspace. This method can be used to reduce the overall size of the robot,
save materials and reduce the power consumption of the robot during its work
time.

Abstract:
A new type of heavy transition metal carbide (TMC), Ru2C with a space group of p3 - m1(164) was synthesized experimentally at high pressurehigh temperature [J Phys. Condens. Matter. 2012 Sep 12; 24(36): 362202.] and it was consequently quenched to ambient condition. We have carried out the dynamical stability study, which reveals the instability at ambient condition. The effect of pressure has been taken into consideration in order to stabilize as the reported synthesizing condition. We have found that it can be stabilized from 30 GPa to 110 GPa. The stronger 4d -2p hybridization and the formation of a cage like Fermi surface do impact the stability and also illustrates a Lifshitz transition. We have also found a mixed 4d-2p bands crossing the Fermi level form a Fermi surface piece at {\Gamma} point under pressure. The freshly appearing bands provide a tunnel for quantum transportation and it reduces the density of states at Fermi level, which further stabilizes the lattice under pressure.