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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 127026 matches for " Weisi Li "
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Study on Characteristics in the Removal Process of Ammonia Nitrogen and Nitrate Nitrogen by an Isolated Heterotrophic Nitrification-Aerobic Denitrification Strain Rhodococcus Sp.  [PDF]
Weisi Li
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.41B014
Abstract: Removal of ammonia nitrogen and nitrate nitrogen by an heterotrophic nitrification-aerobic denitrification strain is an economical and effective method. In this article, a kind of heterotrophic nitrification-aerobic denitrification strain which has aerobic denitrification and heterotrophic nitrification ability was selected, and then was identified as rhodococcus sp. by 16S rRNA sequencing analysis and morphological observation. After that, carbon source utilization and nitrification- denitrification activity of this strain in different C/N, initial nitrogen concentration were studied. In addition, the assimilation and denitrification activities of ammonia and nitrate were also researched under the condition of nitrate and ammonia coexisted in the solution. The results show that the strain can grow in sodium acetate, glucose, sodium succinate and sodium citrate solutions, and it can not survive in sodium oxalate, sucrose and soluble starch solutions. Initial concentration and C/N were important for nitrogen removal rate. This strain can completely remove nitrate/ammonia when nitrate/ammonia concentration was lower than 15 mg l-1/80 mg l-1. the C/N of 10 and of 12 were the optimum C/N ratio in the nitrate and ammonia removal process respectively. pH value rose up sharply in the denitrification process and it increased relatively slowly in the nitrification process, which shows that pH is one of the most important factor inhibiting the denitrification removal process. Nitrite concentration was much higher in denitrification process than in nitrification process. In addition, this strain gave priority to utilizing ammonia as nitrogen source when ammonia and nitrate coexisted in the solution.
Nitrogen Removal by a Fungal Aerobic Denitrifier of Penicillium Strain
Weisi Li,Chaocheng Zhao
Biotechnology , 2012,
Abstract: A kind of aerobic Penicillium that can remove ammonia, nitrite and nitrate was isolated through an improved bromothymol blue (BTB) selective culture medium method in this experiment and then the nitrogen removal by the strain was detailedly investigated. The results showed that this strain was able to make use of many kinds of organic carbon compounds as sole carbon source for the removal of the three types of inorganic nitrogen compounds but the way of removal was different. Ammonia was assimilated for forming cell components such as amino acid and protein, different from which, nitrite and nitrate were eliminated by the aid of dual assimilation and denitrification. When the three types of nitrogen coexist, the removal order was as follows: ammonia>nitrite>nitrate. Type of carbon source, initial nitrogen concentration and carbon nitrogen ratio (C/N) all had different effect on final solution pH, dry weight, nitrogen removal rate and removal ability of the strain. It was tested that non-polar organic carbon source containing -CH3 group like sucrose was inclined to be used by the strain. When sucrose was carbon source, the optimum C/N of ammonia, nitrite and nitrate removal were separate 4-6, 8-12 and 12-16. In addition, it was demonstrated with calculation that the removal abilities of the above mentioned three nitrogen of the strain were about 50, 60 and 90 mg g-1 respectively, showing its tremendous capability of nitrogen removal.
Low-complexity Non-coherent Signal Detection for Nano-Scale Molecular Communications
Bin Li,Mengwei Sun,Siyi Wang,Weisi Guo,Chenglin Zhao
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: Nano-scale molecular communication is a viable way of exchanging information between nano-machines. In this letter, a low-complexity and non-coherent signal detection technique is proposed to mitigate the inter-symbol-interference (ISI) and additive noise. In contrast to existing coherent detection methods of high complexity, the proposed non-coherent signal detector is more practical when the channel conditions are hard to acquire accurately or hidden from the receiver. The proposed scheme employs the concentration difference to detect the ISI corrupted signals and we demonstrate that it can suppress the ISI effectively. The concentration difference is a stable characteristic, irrespective of the diffusion channel conditions. In terms of complexity, by excluding matrix operations or likelihood calculations, the new detection scheme is particularly suitable for nano-scale molecular communication systems with a small energy budget or limited computation resource.
Molecular Communications with Longitudinal Carrier Waves: Baseband to Passband Modulation
Weisi Guo,Bin Li,Siyi Wang,Wei Liu
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: Traditional molecular communications via diffusion (MCvD) systems have used baseband modulation techniques by varying properties of molecular pulses such as the amplitude, the frequency of the transversal wave of the pulse, and the time delay between subsequent pulses. In this letter, we propose and implement passband modulation with molecules that exhibit longitudinal carrier wave properties. This is achieved through the oscillation of the transmitter. Frequency division multiplexing is employed to allow different molecular information streams to co-exist in the same space and time channel, creating an effective bandwidth for MCvD.
Molecular Communications: Channel Model and Physical Layer Techniques
Weisi Guo,Taufiq Asyhari,Nariman Farsad,H. Birkan Yilmaz,Bin Li,Andrew Eckford,Chan-Byoung Chae
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: This article examines recent research in molecular communications from a telecommunications system design perspective. In particular, it focuses on channel models and state-of-the-art physical layer techniques. The goal is to provide a foundation for higher layer research and motivation for research and development of functional prototypes. In the first part of the article, we focus on the channel and noise model, comparing molecular and radio-wave pathloss formulae. In the second part, the article examines, equipped with the appropriate channel knowledge, the design of appropriate modulation and error correction coding schemes. The third reviews transmitter and receiver side signal processing methods that suppress inter-symbol-interference. Taken together, the three parts present a series of physical layer techniques that are necessary to producing reliable and practical molecular communications.
Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of 3-Benzisoxazolyl-4-indolylmaleimides as Potent, Selective Inhibitors of Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3β
Qing Ye,Meng Li,Yubo Zhou,Tao Pang,Lei Xu,Jiayi Cao,Liang Han,Yujin Li,Weisi Wang,Jianrong Gao,Jia Li
Molecules , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/molecules18055498
Abstract: A series of novel 3-benzisoxazolyl-4-indolyl-maleimides were synthesized and evaluated for their GSK-3β inhibitory activity. Most compounds exhibited high inhibitory potency towards GSK-3β. Among them, compound 7j with an IC 50 value of 0.73 nM was the most promising GSK-3β inhibitor. Preliminary structure-activity relationships were examined and showed that different substituents on the indole ring and N 1-position of the indole ring had varying degrees of influence on the GSK-3β inhibitory potency. Compounds 7c, 7f, 7j– l and 7o– q could obviously reduce Aβ-induced Tau hyperphosphorylation by inhibiting GSK-3β in a cell-based functional assay.
Tabletop Molecular Communication: Text Messages through Chemical Signals
Nariman Farsad, Weisi Guo, Andrew W. Eckford
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082935
Abstract: In this work, we describe the first modular, and programmable platform capable of transmitting a text message using chemical signalling – a method also known as molecular communication. This form of communication is attractive for applications where conventional wireless systems perform poorly, from nanotechnology to urban health monitoring. Using examples, we demonstrate the use of our platform as a testbed for molecular communication, and illustrate the features of these communication systems using experiments. By providing a simple and inexpensive means of performing experiments, our system fills an important gap in the molecular communication literature, where much current work is done in simulation with simplified system models. A key finding in this paper is that these systems are often nonlinear in practice, whereas current simulations and analysis often assume that the system is linear. However, as we show in this work, despite the nonlinearity, reliable communication is still possible. Furthermore, this work motivates future studies on more realistic modelling, analysis, and design of theoretical models and algorithms for these systems.
Towards a Better Understanding of Multi-User Cooperation: A Tradeoff between Transmission Reliability and Rate
Weisi Guo,Siyi Wang,Xiaoli Chu
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: This paper provides a review of recent advances in multi-user cooperative data transmission. The focus is on the inherent trade-off between achievable throughput and reliability of cooperative transmission. Research has shown that under a fixed transmit energy budget, increased cooperation doesn't necessarily lead to increased reliability. In fact, careful cooperation partner selection and power allocation is needed in order to fully exploit the benefits of cooperative transmission. Furthermore, depending on the multi-media content, different cooperation strategies may need to be considered.
Emergency Route Selection for D2D Cellular Communications During an Urban Terrorist Attack
Yuan Hu,Weisi Guo,Siyi Wang
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: Device-to-Device (D2D) communications is a technology that allows mobile users to relay information to each other, without access to the cellular network. In this paper, we consider how to dynamically select multi-hop routes for D2D communications in spectrum co-existence with a fully loaded cellular network. The modelling scenario is that of a real urban environment, when the cellular network is congested during an unexpected event, such as a terrorist attack. We use D2D to relay data across the urban terrain, in the presence of conventional cellular (CC) communications. We consider different wireless routing algorithms, namely: shortest-path-routing (SPR), interference-aware-routing (IAR), and broadcast-routing (BR). In general, there is a fundamental trade-off between D2D and CC outage performances, due to their mutual interference relationship. For different CC outage constraints and D2D end-to-end distances, the paper recommends different D2D routing strategies. The paper also considers the effects of varying user density and urban building material properties on overall D2D relaying feasibility. Over a distance of a kilometre, it was found that the success probability of D2D communications can reach 91% for a moderate participating user density (400 per square km) and a low wall penetration loss (<10dB).
Performance Analysis of Micro Unmanned Airborne Communication Relays for Cellular Networks
Weisi Guo,Conor Devine,Siyi Wang
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: This paper analyses the potential of utilising small unmanned-aerial-vehicles (SUAV) as wireless relays for assisting cellular network performance. Whilst high altitude wireless relays have been investigated over the past 2 decades, the new class of low cost SUAVs offers new possibilities for addressing local traffic imbalances and providing emergency coverage.We present field-test results from an SUAV test-bed in both urban and rural environments. The results show that trough-to-peak throughput improvements can be achieved for users in poor coverage zones. Furthermore, the paper reinforces the experimental study with large-scale network analysis using both stochastic geometry and multi-cell simulation results.
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