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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 33373 matches for " Weidong Huang "
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An Integrated Biomass Production and Conversion Process for Sustainable Bioenergy
Weidong Huang
Sustainability , 2015, DOI: 10.3390/su7010522
Abstract: There is not enough land for the current bioenergy production process because of its low annual yield per unit land. In the present paper, an integrated biomass production and conversion process for sustainable bioenergy is proposed and analyzed. The wastes from the biomass conversion process, including waste water, gas and solid are treated or utilized by the biomass production process in the integrated process. Analysis of the integrated process including the production of water hyacinth and digestion for methane in a tropical area demonstrates several major advantages of the integrated process. (1) The net annual yield of methane per unit land can reach 29.0 and 55.6 km 3/h for the present and future (2040) respectively, which are mainly due to the high yield of water hyacinth, high biomethane yield and low energy input. The land demand for the proposed process accounts for about 1% of the world’s land to meet the current global automobile fuels or electricity consumption; (2) A closed cycle of nutrients provides the fertilizer for biomass production and waste treatment, and thus reduces the energy input; (3) The proposed process can be applied in agriculturally marginal land, which will not compete with food production. Therefore, it may be a good alternative energy technology for the future.
Theoretical analysis of error transfer from surface slope to refractive ray and their application to the solar concentrated collector
Weidong Huang
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: This paper presents the general equation to calculate the standard deviation of reflected ray error from optical error through geometry optics, applying the equation to calculate the standard deviation of reflected ray error for 8 kinds of solar concentrated reflector, provide typical results. The results indicate that the slope errors in two direction is transferred to any one direction of the focus ray when the incidence angle is more than 0 for solar trough and heliostats reflector; for point focus Fresnel lens, point focus parabolic glass mirror, line focus parabolic galss mirror, the error transferring coefficient from optical to focus ray will increase when the rim angle increase; for TIR-R concentrator, it will decrease; for glass heliostat, it relates to the incidence angle and azimuth of the reflecting point. Keywords: optic error, standard deviation, refractive ray error, concentrated solar collector
Theoretical analysis of reflected ray error from surface slope error and their application to the solar concentrated collector
Weidong Huang
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: Surface slope error of concentrator is one of the main factors to influence the performance of the solar concentrated collectors which cause deviation of reflected ray and reduce the intercepted radiation. This paper presents the general equation to calculate the standard deviation of reflected ray error from slope error through geometry optics, applying the equation to calculate the standard deviation of reflected ray error for 5 kinds of solar concentrated reflector, provide typical results. The results indicate that the slope error is transferred to the reflected ray in more than 2 folds when the incidence angle is more than 0. The equation for reflected ray error is generally fit for all reflection surfaces, and can also be applied to control the error in designing an abaxial optical system.
An Eye Tracking Study into the Effects of Graph Layout
Weidong Huang
Computer Science , 2008,
Abstract: Graphs are typically visualized as node-link diagrams. Although there is a fair amount of research focusing on crossing minimization to improve readability, little attention has been paid on how to handle crossings when they are an essential part of the final visualizations. This requires us to understand how people read graphs and how crossings affect reading performance. As an initial step to this end, a preliminary eye tracking experiment was conducted. The specific purpose of this experiment was to test the effects of crossing angles and geometric-path tendency on eye movements and performance. Sixteen subjects performed both path search and node locating tasks with six drawings. The results showed that small angles can slow down and trigger extra eye movements, causing delays for path search tasks, whereas crossings have little impact on node locating tasks. Geometric-path tendency indicates that a path between two nodes can become harder to follow when many branches of the path go toward the target node. The insights obtained are discussed with a view to further confirmation in future work.
An Aggregation-Based Overall Quality Measurement for Visualization
Weidong Huang
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: Aesthetics are often used to evaluate the quality of graph drawings. However, the existing aesthetic criteria are useful in judging the extents to which a drawing conforms to particular drawing rules. They have limitations in evaluating overall quality. Currently the overall quality of graph drawings is mainly evaluated based on personal judgments and user studies. Personal judgments are not reliable, while user studies can be costly to run. Therefore, there is a need for a direct measure of overall quality. This measure can be used by visualization designers to quickly compare the quality of drawings at hand at the design stage and make decisions accordingly. In an attempt to meet this need, we propose a measure that measures overall quality based on aggregation of individual aesthetic criteria. We present a user study that validates this measure and demonstrates its capacity in predicting the performance of human graph comprehension. The implications of the proposed measure for future research are discussed.
Synthesis of Sugar and fixation of CO2 through Artificial Photosynthesis driving by Hydrogen or Electricity
Weidong Huang
Quantitative Biology , 2010,
Abstract: The overall process of photosynthesis consists of two main phases, the so-called light and dark eactions: light energy is absorbed by chlorophyll molecules and transferred to regenerate NADH and ATP, then drive Calvin-Benson cycle to synthesize sugar. In order to synthesize sugar through artificial photosynthesis, one of the key is to regenerate ATP economically and improve the efficiency of dark reactions. Here 9 kinds of dark reaction pathways are proposed, which only NADH is regenearated from hydrogen or electricity for driving, the efficiency of dark reactions is improved, combined with solar photovoltaic or solar hydrogen technology, the total efficiency of artificial photosynthesis can reach 30%, several ten times more than natural photosynthesis. One of them, to use chemical synthesis of formaldehyde from CO2 and H2, no NADH and ATP is need, to synthesize sugar efficiently through 9 enzymes, so it will be easier to produce in large scale, and the sugar will be a good energy carrier as the sugar can be efficiently converted to energy carrier hydrogen through enzymes.
Prototyping and Evaluating a Wearable System for Mobile Distributed Collaboration  [PDF]
Weidong Huang, Leila Alem, Jalal Albasri
Communications and Network (CN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B2100

We have developed a wearable system for mobile distributed collaboration called HandsInAir using emerging wireless and mobile technologies. This system was developed to support real world scenarios in which a remote mobile helper guides a local mobile worker in the completion of a physical task. HandsInAir consists of a helper unit and a worker unit. Both units are equipped with wearable devices having the same hardware configuration, but running different pieces of software to support the distinct roles of the collaborators (helper and worker). The two sides are connected via a wireless network and the collaboration partners can communicate with each other via audio and visual links. In this paper we describe the technical implementation of the system and present a preliminary evaluation of it. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of possible future work for further improvements and new developments.

Preparation mechanism and luminescence of Sr2SiO4: Eu phosphor from (Sr, Eu)CO3@SiO2 core-shell precursor  [PDF]
Yunsheng Hu, Weidong Zhuang, Jianhua Hao, Xiaowei Huang, Huaqiang He
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry (OJIC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojic.2012.21002
Abstract: Sr2SiO4: Eu phosphor for white light emitting diodes (LEDs) was synthesized by employing an as-prepared (Sr, Eu)CO3@SiO2 core-shell precursor as starting materials, and the effect of the core-shell precursor was also discussed on the crystal structure, particle morphology and luminescent properties of the resultant phosphor. The results showed that the hybrid β- and α′-Sr2SiO4: Eu phosphor with fine particle size and narrow distribution could be obtained at a lower firing temperature than that in conventional solidstate reaction method, and its formation mechanism was deduced to be (Sr, Eu)CO3 diffusion controlled reaction process. Responded to its hybrid crystal structure, this phosphor exhibited the combined luminescence of β- and α′-Sr2SiO4: Eu.
Computational Fluid Dynamic Approach for Biological System Modeling
Weidong Huang,Chundu Wu,Bingjia Xiao,Weidong Xia
Quantitative Biology , 2005,
Abstract: Various biological system models have been proposed in systems biology, which are based on the complex biological reactions kinetic of various components. These models are not practical because we lack of kinetic information. In this paper, it is found that the enzymatic reaction and multi-order reaction rate is often controlled by the transport of the reactants in biological systems. A Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) approach, which is based on transport of the components and kinetics of biological reactions, is introduced for biological system modeling. We apply this approach to a biological wastewater treatment system for the study of metabolism of organic carbon substrates and the population of microbial. The results show that CFD model coupled with reaction kinetics is more accurate and more feasible than kinetic models for biological system modeling.

Xin Lin,Jing Chen,Weidong Huang,

金属学报 , 2008,
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