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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 120136 matches for " Wang Shiyu "
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Diagnostic Study of Apparent Heat Sources and Moisture Sinks in the South China Sea and Its Adjacent Areas during the Onset of 1998 SCS Monsoon
Diagnostic Study of Apparent Heat Sources and Moisture Sinks in the South China Sea and its Adjacent Areas during the Onset of 1998 SCS Monsoon

Wang Shiyu,QianYongfu,
Wang Shiyu
,QianYongfu

大气科学进展 , 2000,
Abstract: The apparent heat sources (< Q1 >) and moisture sinks (< Q2 >) are calculated based on the reanalyzed data of the South China Sea Monsoon Experiment (SCSMEX) from May 1 to August 31, 1998. It is found that the formation and distribution of the atmospheric heat sources are important for the monsoon onset. The earlier onset of the SCS monsoon is the result of enduring atmospheric heating in the Indo-China Pe-ninsula and South China areas. The atmospheric heating firstly appears in the Indo-China Peninsula area and the sensible heat is the major one. The 30-50 day periodic oscillation of atmospheric heat sources be-tween the SCS area and the western Pacific warm pool has a reverse phase distribution before the middle of July and the low frequency oscillation of heat sources in SCS area has an obvious longitudinal propagation. The 30-50 day low frequency oscillation has vital modificatory effects on the summer monsoon evolution during 1998.
An Integrated Socio-Economic and Ecological Framework for Evaluating the Societal Costs and Benefits of Fishing Activities in the Pearl River Delta  [PDF]
Ying Wang, Haoran Pan, Shiyu Li, Pierre Failler
Open Journal of Marine Science (OJMS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojms.2015.54038
Abstract: This paper puts forward a model of Pearl River Delta (PRD) fishery in the South China Sea (SCS) that integrates the ecological, social and economic costs and benefits of fisheries activities in a multidisciplinary framework. In particular, an integrated ECOST model is composed of links between an ecological model constructed by Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) software and a region Social Accounting Matrix (SAM). Then the costs and benefits of five fishing methods are compared from economic, ecological and social three dimensions base on the ECOST model. The potential effects of fishing effort reduction on fishing communication are explored by a series of dynamic simulations for a 10-year period. Key results from prediction (2005-2015) and policy simulations illustrate that fisheries of PRE are geared toward short-term economic profits at the expense of ecological gains and the whole group of societal benefits associated with fishing. However, the status quo can be improved to better levels by reducing fishing efforts.
Induction of Superhydrophobicity in a Cellulose Substrate by LbL Assembly of Covalently Linked Dual-Sized Silica Nanoparticles Layers  [PDF]
Chenghua Yu, Feng Wang, Lucian A. Lucia, Shiyu Fu
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry (AMPC) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2017.712031
Abstract: Micro/nano texturized oxidized cellulose membranes (MNOCM) were constructed by layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly in which a base cellulose film was modified by covalent linkages to amino-functionalized silica nanoparticles (amino-SiO2 NPs, 260 nm diameter) and epoxy-functionalized silica nanoparticles (epoxy-SiO2 NPs, 30 nm diameter). The amino-SiO2 NPs grafted onto the MNOCM surface through a standard amidation reaction between the amino groups of the SiO2 NPs and the carboxyl groups of the MNOCM surface in the presence of EDC and NHS consequently forming a first layer of large (260 nm) nanoparticles; subsequently, it was reacted with smaller (30 nm) epoxy-SiO2 NPs. Continuous repetitions of these alternating sized silica NPs through a standard LbL approach lead to a highly micro/nano-texturized MNOCM film as shown by SEM, which was ultimately sealed with a layer of hydrophobic PFOTES (1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-perfluorooctyltriethoxysilane). Although the wettability of MNOCM was no longer hydrophilic, it was found that at five layers deep of NPs, it became superhydrophobic as evidenced by a water contact angle of 151° ± 2° and slide angle of 4°. The change in wettability was attributed to increases in final LbL layer surface roughness induced by the sufficient LbL layering of alternating sizes of NPs akin to what is observed in a lotus leaf surface. It was also noted that these superhydrophobic-MNOCM materials displayed good self-cleaning.
Modeling of the 1998 East Asian Summer Monsoon by a Limited Area Model with Incorporated Coordinate
1998年东亚夏季风过程的数值模拟

Wang Shiyu,Qian Yongfu,
Wang Shiyu
,Qian Yongfu

大气科学进展 , 2001,
Abstract: The 1998 East Asian Summer Monsoon is simulated by use of an improved nine—level p—σ model, the boundary forcing is the South China Sea Monsoon Experiment (SCSMEX) reanalysis data from May 1 to August 31, 1998. It is found that basic features of the atmospheric circulation (such as the South Asia high and the West Pacific subtropical high) can be simulated fairly. However the South Asia high is a little stronger than the observed, while the West Pacific subtropical high a little weaker. Seen from variations of the time correlation coefficient, this model is good for the short-time climate simulation (less than two months), while for the long—time simulation, its climate drift is a little obvious. It can be also seen from the spatial distribution of correlation coefficient that the worse simulation areas of the model are located in the Tibetan Plateau and the adjacent northwest Indo—China Peninsula. For the simulation of precipitation, the movement of rain belt from May to June can be simulated, but the simulation of July and August precipitation shifts obviously to north of the observed. It is also found from the analysis of sensitive experiment that the improvement of the nested boundary condition has a great impact on the simulation results, especially on the precipitation, so the model and the nesting technique need further improvements. Sponsored by the Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China: “ Analyses and Mechanism Study of the Regional Climatic Change in China” under Grant No.49735170.
Synthesis of Core-Shell @ @ Microspheres and Their Application as Recyclable Photocatalysts
Zhenghua Wang,Ling Shen,Shiyu Zhu
International Journal of Photoenergy , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/202519
Abstract: We report the fabrication of core-shell Fe3O4@SiO2@TiO2 microspheres through a wet-chemical approach. The Fe3O4@SiO2@TiO2 microspheres possess both ferromagnetic and photocatalytic properties. The TiO2 nanoparticles on the surfaces of microspheres can degrade organic dyes under the illumination of UV light. Furthermore, the microspheres are easily separated from the solution after the photocatalytic process due to the ferromagnetic Fe3O4 core. The photocatalysts can be recycled for further use with slightly lower photocatalytic efficiency.
Effects of estrogen on diverse stem cells and relevant intracellular mechanisms
HaiYing Sun,HaiFeng Wang,ShiYu Hu
Science China Life Sciences , 2010, DOI: 10.1007/s11427-010-0102-8
Abstract: Sexual dimorphism definitely exists in the pathogenesis of a variety of cardiovascular, neurodegenerative and bone metabolism disorders. Estrogen affects the healing of ischemic myocardium partially through paracrine growth hormone production by bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and facilitation on mobilization of endothelial progenitors cells (EPCs) to the ischemic myocardium. Estrogen can also inhibit the proliferation of the cardiac fibroblasts. Therefore, estrogen effectively enhances the neovascularization at the ischemic border zone and limits pathological myocardial remodeling. Moreover, estrogen increases proliferation of embryonic neural stem cells and accelerates differentiation of neurons during neurogenesis, suggesting a possible role of estrogen in transplantation of neural stem cells as a therapeutic approach for neurodegenerative diseases. Finally, estrogen can modulate osteogenic progenitors and osteoclasts, preventing the osteoporosis. In general, estrogen offers significant benefits on diverse stem/progenitor cell populations. A great understanding of estrogens on these cells and relevant intracellular mechanisms will allow modulation of the potent stem cells directly for the ultimate clinical applications.
The Impact of Policy Intervention on Regional Economic Growth in China  [PDF]
Lidan Yu, Shiyu Shang
Modern Economy (ME) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/me.2018.912137
Abstract: As a grand policy of realizing the rapid development of the western region and narrowing the income gap between the western region and the eastern and central regions after China’s reform and opening up, it is of great practical significance to objectively study its policy effects. This paper uses the data of municipal districts in Chinese cities from 1997 to 2014 in China City Statistical Yearbook to evaluate the policy effect of the western development strategy by using the method of difference-in-difference propensity score matching (PSM-DID). The research results show that the western development policy has not improved the economic growth of the western region, but has negatively affected the economic growth of the western region. In addition, economic growth in the western region may be due to factors such as fixed asset investment, foreign direct investment, and higher education levels, etc. Therefore, the strategic direction of the development of the western region should focus on human capital investment, improve the market economy system, and strengthen exchanges and cooperation between regions in the future.
Applications of membrane distillation technology in energy transformation process-basis and prospect
ZanShe Wang,ZhaoLin Gu,ShiYu Feng,Yun Li
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2009, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-009-0390-1
Abstract: Membrane distillation technology is a new type of efficient separation technology that combines traditional distillation technology and membrane separation technology. In the study, applications of membrane distillation technology in thermal engineering and refrigerating engineering with typical energy transformation process were presented. Desorption and regeneration process of saline solution by vacuum membrane distillation was proposed on the basis of the concentration and separation properties of membrane distillation. Membrane distillation technology could be used in lithium bromide absorption refrigeration system, energy storage system, and the regeneration process of liquid desiccant solution in temperature-humidity independent control air-conditioning system. The aim of the applications was to use the low-grade energy such as waste heat, solar energy and geothermal energy adequately and to improve the available temperature difference of heat source. According to latent heat transfer and thermal conduction across the membrane in direct contact membrane distillation process, a novel membrane heat exchanger with both heat transfer and mass transfer processes was proposed. The heat exchanger could be used as the solution heat exchanger of lithium bromide absorption refrigeration system and as the special heat exchanger that recovered heat and pure water simultaneously. Some feasible process flows about the applications of membrane distillation technology to energy transformation process were listed and analyzed. Finally, future research emphases were indicated.
Coupling Theory and Simulation of a High Speed OpticalReceiver Module
高速光探测器模块中的耦合理论和模拟

Chen Shiyu,Wang Gang,
陈诗育
,王钢

半导体学报 , 2007,
Abstract: We propose an optical model of a cylindrical lens for fiber coupling based on the method of coupling an angle-ended fiber to the front facet of a chip that is used in high-speed optical receivers.We also study the effect of the packing process on coupling efficiency with the optical model and software simulation.The simulation results show that the optical coupling efficiency is determined by fiber position,the lens design of the photodiode chips,and the shape of the light source.
BIO-MODIFICATION OF EUCALYPTUS CHEMITHERMO- MECHANICAL PULP WITH DIFFERENT WHITE-ROT FUNGI
Qifeng Yang,Huaiyu Zhan,Shuangfei Wang,Shiyu Fu
BioResources , 2007,
Abstract: Modification of chemithermomechanical pulp (CTMP) by fungal treatment was investigated. Eucalyptus CTMP was treated with three different types of white-rot fungi, namely, Phanerochaete chrysosporium (P.c-1767), Trametes hirsute 19-6 (T.h-19-6), and Trametes hirsute19-6w (T.h-19-6w), under a stationary culture condition. Pulp total weight loss, lignin loss, and cellulose loss were determined to compare the different enzymes secreted by the three fungal strains. Pulp physical strengths, optical properties, and bleachability after the fungal treatment were investigated to compare the effect of fungal treatment on the pulp quality improvement. The results show that lignin reduction by both T.h-19-6 and T.h-19-6 (w) was about twice as much as that by P.c-1767. However, the selectivity of T.h-19-6 (w) towards lignin over cellulose was only 0.82, while that of T.h-19-6 was as high as 4.43. After T.h-19-6 treatment, pulp tensile, tear, and internal bonding strength increased by about 27%, 38%, and 40%, respectively.
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