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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 138436 matches for " Wan-Sheng Wang "
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Phonon enhancement of electronic orders and negative isotope effect in the Hubbard-Holstein model on a square lattice
Da Wang,Wan-Sheng Wang,Qiang-Hua Wang
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.195102
Abstract: Looking for superconductors with higher transition temperature requires a guiding principle. In conventional superconductors, electrons pair up into Cooper pairs via the retarded attraction mediated by electron-phonon coupling. Higher-frequency phonon (or smaller atomic mass) leads to higher superconducting transition temperature, known as the isotope effect. Furthermore, superconductivity is the only instability channel of the metallic normal state. In correlated systems, the above simple scenario could be easily violated. The strong local interaction is poorly screened, and this conspires with a featured Fermi surface to promote various competing electronic orders, such as spin-density-wave, charge-density-wave and unconventional superconductivity. On top of the various phases, the effect of electron-phonon coupling is an intriguing issue. Using the functional renormalization group, here we investigated the interplay between the electron correlation and electron-phonon coupling in a prototype Hubbard-Holstein model on a square lattice. At half-filling, we found spin-density-wave and charge-density-wave phases and the transition between them, while no superconducting phase arises. Upon finite doping, d-wave/s-wave superconductivity emerges in proximity to spin-density-wave/charge-density-wave phases. Surprisingly, lower-frequency Holstein-phonons are either less destructive, or even beneficial, to the various phases, resulting in a negative isotope effect. We discuss the underlying mechanism behind and the implications of such anomalous effects.
t2g-orbital model on a honeycomb lattice: application to antiferromagnet SrRu2O6
Da Wang,Wan-Sheng Wang,Qiang-Hua Wang
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.075112
Abstract: Motivated by the recent discovery of high temperature antiferromagnet SrRu$_2$O$_6$ and its potential to be the parent of a new superconductor, we construct a minimal $t_{2g}$-orbital model on a honeycomb lattice to simulate its low energy band structure. Local Coulomb interaction is taken into account through both random phase approximation and mean field theory. Experimentally observed Antiferromagnetic order is obtained in both approximations. In addition, our theory predicts that the magnetic moments on three $t_{2g}$-orbitals are non-collinear as a result of the strong spin-orbit coupling of Ru atoms.
Theory of superconductivity in SrPtAs
Wan-Sheng Wang,Yang Yang,Qiang-Hua Wang
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: We constructed tight-binding models for the new superconductor SrPtAs according to first principle calculations, and by functional renormalization group we investigated the effect of electron correlations and spin-orbital coupling (SOC) in Cooper pairing. We found that out of the five $d$-orbitals, the $(xz,yz)$-orbitals are the active ones responsible for superconductivity, and ferromagnetic fluctuations enhanced by the proximity to the van Hove singularity triggers $f$-wave triplet pairing. The superconducting transition temperature increases as the Fermi level is closer to the van Hove singularity until ferromagnetism sets in. The $d$-vector of the triplet pairing component is pinned by SOC along the out-of-plane direction. Experimental perspectives are discussed.
Time reversal invariant topological superconductivity in correlated non-centrosymmetric systems
Yuan-Yuan Xiang,Wan-Sheng Wang,Qiang-Hua Wang,Dung-Hai Lee
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.024523
Abstract: Using functional renormalization group method, we study the favorable condition for electronic correlation driven time reversal invariant topological superconductivity in symmetry class DIII. For non-centrosymmetric systems we argue that the proximity to ferromagnetic (or small wavevector magnetic) instability can be used as a guideline for the search of this type of superconductivity. This is analogous to the appearance of singlet unconventional superconductivity in the neighborhood of antiferromagnetic instability. We show three concrete examples where ferromagnetic-like fluctuation leads to topological pairing.
Antiferromagnetism, $f$-wave and chiral $p$-wave superconductivity in a Kagome lattice with possible application to $sd^2$-graphenes
Wan-Sheng Wang,Yuan-Chun Liu,Yuan-Yuan Xiang,Qiang-Hua Wang
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: We investigate the electronic instabilities in a Kagome lattice with Rashba spin-orbital coupling by the unbiased singular-mode functional renormalization group. At the parent $1/3$-filling, the normal state is a quantum spin Hall system. Since the bottom of the conduction band is near the van Hove singularity, the electron-doped system is highly susceptible to competing orders upon electron interactions. The topological nature of the parent system enriches the complexity and novelty of such orders. We find $120^o$-type intra-unitcell antiferromagnetic order, $f$-wave superconductivity and chiral $p$-wave superconductivity with increasing electron doping above the van Hove point. In both types of superconducting phases, there is a mixture of comparable spin singlet and triplet components because of the Rashba coupling. The chiral $p$-wave superconducting state is characterized by a Chern number $Z=1$, supporting a branch of Weyl fermion states on each edge. The model bares close relevance to the so-called $sd^2$-graphenes proposed recently.
Competing electronic orders on Kagome lattices at van Hove filling
Wan-Sheng Wang,Zheng-Zhao Li,Yuan-Yuan Xiang,Qiang-Hua Wang
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.115135
Abstract: The electronic orders in Hubbard models on a Kagome lattice at van Hove filling are of intense current interest and debate. We study this issue using the singular-mode functional renormalization group theory. We discover a rich variety of electronic instabilities under short range interactions. With increasing on-site repulsion $U$, the system develops successively ferromagnetism, intra unit-cell antiferromagnetism, and charge bond order. With nearest-neighbor Coulomb interaction $V$ alone (U=0), the system develops intra-unit-cell charge density wave order for small $V$, s-wave superconductivity for moderate $V$, and the charge density wave order appears again for even larger $V$. With both $U$ and $V$, we also find spin bond order and chiral $d_{x^2 - y^2} + i d_{xy}$ superconductivity in some particular regimes of the phase diagram. We find that the s-wave superconductivity is a result of charge density wave fluctuations and the squared logarithmic divergence in the pairing susceptibility. On the other hand, the d-wave superconductivity follows from bond order fluctuations that avoid the matrix element effect. The phase diagram is vastly different from that in honeycomb lattices because of the geometrical frustration in the Kagome lattice.
Target Molecular Simulations of RecA Family Protein Filaments
Zhi-Yuan Su,Wen-Jay Lee,Wan-Sheng Su,Yeng-Tseng Wang
International Journal of Molecular Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/ijms13067138
Abstract: Modeling of the RadA family mechanism is crucial to understanding the DNA SOS repair process. In a 2007 report, the archaeal RadA proteins function as rotary motors (linker region: I71-K88) such as shown in Figure 1. Molecular simulations approaches help to shed further light onto this phenomenon. We find 11 rotary residues (R72, T75-K81, M84, V86 and K87) and five zero rotary residues (I71, K74, E82, R83 and K88) in the simulations. Inclusion of our simulations may help to understand the RadA family mechanism.
Functional renormalization group and variational Monte Carlo studies of the electronic instabilities in graphene near 1/4 doping
Wan-Sheng Wang,Yuan-Yuan Xiang,Qiang-Hua Wang,Fa Wang,Fan Yang,Dung-Hai Lee
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.035414
Abstract: We study the electronic instabilities of near 1/4 electron doped graphene using the functional renormalization group (FRG) and variational Monte-Carlo method. A modified FRG implementation is utilized to improve the treatment of the von Hove singularity. At 1/4 doping the system is a chiral spin density wave state exhibiting the anomalous quantized Hall effect, or equivalently a Chern insulator. When the doping deviates from 1/4, the $d_{x^2-y^2}+i d_{xy}$ Cooper pairing becomes the leading instability. Our results suggest near 1/4 electron or hole doped graphene is a fertile playground for the search of Chern insulators and superconductors.
Functional renormalization group study of the pairing symmetry and pairing mechanism in iron-selenide superconductors
Yuan-Yuan Xiang,Yang Yang,Wan-Sheng Wang,Zheng-Zao Li,Qiang-Hua Wang
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.88.104516
Abstract: In iron selenide superconductors only electron-like Fermi pockets survive, challenging the $S^{\pm}$ pairing based on the quasi-nesting between the electron and hole Fermi pockets (as in iron arsenides). By functional renormalization group study we show that an in-phase $S$-wave pairing on the electron pockets ($S^{++}_{ee}$) is realized. The pairing mechanism involves two competing driving forces: The strong C-type spin fluctuations cause attractive pair scattering between and within electron pockets via Cooperon excitations on the virtual hole pockets, while the G-type spin fluctuations cause repulsive pair scattering. The latter effect is however weakened by the hybridization splitting of the electron pockets. The resulting $S^{++}_{ee}$-wave pairing symmetry is consistent with experiments. We further propose that the quasiparticle interference pattern in scanning tunneling microscopy and the Andreev reflection in out-of-plane contact tunneling are efficient probes of in-phase versus anti-phase $S$-wave pairing on the electron pockets.
Functional renormalization group study of superconductivity in doped Sr$_2$IrO$_4$
Yang Yang,Wan-Sheng Wang,Jin-Guo Liu,Huo Chen,Jian-Hui Dai,Qiang-Hua Wang
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: Using functional renormalization group we investigated possible superconductivity in doped Sr$_2$IrO$_4$. In the electron doped case, a $d^*_{x^2-y^2}$-wave superconducting phase is found in a narrow doping region. The pairing is driven by spin fluctuations within the single conduction band. In contrast, for hole doping an $s^*_{\pm}$-wave phase is established, triggered by spin fluctuations within and across the two conduction bands. In all cases there are comparable singlet and triplet components in the pairing function. The Hund's rule coupling reduces (enhances) superconductivity for electron (hole) doping. Our results imply that hole doping is more promising to achieve a higher transition temperature. Experimental perspectives are discussed.
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