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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 36571 matches for " WEN Fei "
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Exploring the Non-Symmetry of Word Derivation in Chinese-English Translation—“Wenming” for “Civilization”  [PDF]
Fei Deng, Li Zhang, Xu Wen
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2014.43034

The western thoughts have brought many new ideas to China in 19th century, and influenced the words’ meanings of Chinese words system. The Chinese-English translated terms and their different derivations bridge the gap between different cultures. The scholar translated English word “civilization” into Chinese word “wenming”. “Wenming” is derived from “wen” and “ming”. “Wen” means “People feel and experience the nature by heart, and then painting and describing things, at last, one can obtain knowledge through this process”. “Ming” means “based on wen, people are conducted to the correct direction, and become enlightened and civilized”. “Civilization” is derived from “civil”. And “civil”, “civis”, “civitas” and “civilitas” have the same word origin. The radical factors of the meaning of the word “civilization” are “make” and “development”. They focused on the “town” and “city”, namely, the process of cumulating wealth and remolding the nature through human being intervening in nature actively. The different word derivations between “wenming” and “civilization” disclose the differences of the location and culture when the modern thought of civilization was pervading the whole world. At the same time, with the semantic developing of “wenming”, it has the similar concept connotation with “civilization”, so it displays the compatible property and makes it possible for translation between two language units.

Effects of isolation after sexual experience on anxiety-like, depressive-like behaviors and affective states in male rats
Fei Wen,Lin Xu
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2010, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-010-4223-z
Abstract: Studies on social isolation have provided evidence for an enhanced anxiety-like phenotype, depressive-like symptoms and higher levels of 22-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs); whereas sexual experience could induce significant changes in affective states, decrease anxiety- and depressive-like responses. However, the behavioral and emotional alterations in male rats exposed to isolation after sexual experience remain poorly understood. Therefore, the present study examined anxiety- and depressive-like parameters, as well as USV emissions in male rats isolated for 1, 2, or 7 d following 1-week sexual (male-female paired housing) or social (male-male paired housing) interaction. Isolation for 1 d resulted in increased depressive-like symptoms, and 2-d isolation induced elevated anxiety-like behavior in sexually inexperienced rats, while rats with sexual experience exhibited comparable levels of emotionality at each isolation time. Moreover, isolated rats without sexual experience emitted less 22- and 50-kHz USVs, but sexually experienced rats exhibited similar affective states compared with control ones. These results suggested that prior sexual experience could have a modulatory effect on experimental rat emotional responses to isolation.
Robust time delay estimation for speech signals using information theory: A comparison study
Wen Fei,Wan Qun
EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing , 2011,
Abstract: Time delay estimation (TDE) is a fundamental subsystem for a speaker localization and tracking system. Most of the traditional TDE methods are based on second-order statistics (SOS) under Gaussian assumption for the source. This article resolves the TDE problem using two information-theoretic measures, joint entropy and mutual information (MI), which can be considered to indirectly include higher order statistics (HOS). The TDE solutions using the two measures are presented for both Gaussian and Laplacian models. We show that, for stationary signals, the two measures are equivalent for TDE. However, for non-stationary signals (e.g., noisy speech signals), maximizing MI gives more consistent estimate than minimizing joint entropy. Moreover, an existing idea of using modified MI to embed information about reverberation is generalized to the multiple microphones case. From the experimental results for speech signals, this scheme with Gaussian model shows the most robust performance in various noisy and reverberant environments.

SU Guoyue,XIA Fei,WEN Lishi,

金属学报 , 1987,
Ying Fu,Fei Ye,Xiaotian Wen
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2010, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536810016090
Abstract: In the title compound, C11H19Cl2NO2, the oxazolidine ring is in an envelope conformation with the O atom forming the flap. In the crystal structure, molecules are linked by weak intermolecular C—H...O hydrogen bonds, forming chains.
A MACA-based MAC protocol for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks
Wen Lin,En Cheng,Fei Yuan
Journal of Communications , 2011, DOI: 10.4304/jcm.6.2.179-184
Abstract: The medium access control (MAC) protocol design of underwater acoustic sensor networks (UWASNs) faces many challenges: the power limitation at nodes, long propagation delay, low data rates, etc. These challenges of underwater acoustic channels result in the unsuitable usage of terrestrial networks MAC protocol in UWASNs. Moreover, the long propagation delay causes a serious problem for the MAC protocol. In this paper, we propose a new MACA-based MAC protocol with delay tolerant (MACA-DT). It is shown that by using adaptive silent time and simultaneous handshake technique, MACA-DT protocol can improve the channel utilization and alleviate the long end-to-end delay. Simulation results show that our protocol can significantly improves the network throughput and decreases the end-to-end delay when compared with traditional MACA protocols.
Photo-temperature response of ramie (Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaud.) male sterile lines  [PDF]
Fei-Hu Liu, Hai-Quan Huang, Shou-Wen Zhang, Xue-Ni Liang
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/as.2011.22016
Abstract: Six male sterile lines (MSLs) of ramie (Boeh-meria nivea (L.) Gaud.) were grown in dark rooms under the photoperiods of 9.5h, 11h or 12.5h d-1 in spring and summer seasons (dif-ferent environmental temperatures) to test their developmental response to photoperiod and temperature. The MSLs showed little difference in vegetative growth duration, but different de-velopment rates in the reproductive growth stage under the tested conditions. Higher tem-perature (grown in summer) mainly accelerated vegetative growth, while the short photoperiod treatment accelerated the reproductive growth of the MSLs. Moreover, the short photoperiod treatment combined with higher temperature obviously accelerated both the vegetative and reproductive growth of the MSLs. But the effect of higher temperature decreased, or even dis-appeared along with the photoperiod elongation. The MSLs were divided into 5 photo-temperature response types, based on the flower budding acceleration of short pho-toperiod and the approximate temperature re-sponse index.
Effect of Rain-Shelter Cultivation of Vitis vinifera cv. Cabernet Gernischet on the Phenolic Profile of Berry Skins and the Incidence of Grape Diseases
Jiang-Fei Meng,Peng-Fei Ning,Teng-Fei Xu,Zhen-Wen Zhang
Molecules , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/molecules18010381
Abstract: Rain-shelter cultivation is an effective cultural method to prevent rainfall damage during grape harvest and widely applied in the Chinese rainy regions. In this study we investigated the effect of rain-shelter cultivation on grape diseases and phenolic composition in the skins of Vitis vinifera cv. Cabernet Gernischet grape berries through the comparison with open-field cultivation at two vintages (2010 and 2011). The results showed that rain-shelter cultivation reduced the incidence of grape diseases significantly and delayed the maturation of Cabernet Gernischet fruits. With regards to most of the phenolic compounds identified in this study, their content in grape samples under rain-shelter cultivation was decreased compared to those under open-field cultivation. However, rain-shelter cultivation stimulated the accumulation of dihydroquercetin-3- O-rhamnoside in grape skins during grape maturation. These were related with micrometeorological alterations in vineyards by using plastic covering under rain-shelter cultivation. It suggests the rain-shelter cultivation makes possible the cultivation of “Cabernet Gernischet” grapes in an organic production system, for providing a decrease in the incidence of diseases and the dependence on chemical pesticides in the grape and wine industry.
The Role of CXCR3 in the Induction of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
Wen Zhang,Yunyun Fei,Jinming Gao,Bin Liu,Fengchun Zhang
Clinical and Developmental Immunology , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/564062
Abstract: Objective. Investigate whether CXCR3 and its ligands were involved in the pathogenesis of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) in an autoimmune cholangitis animal model. Methods. Female C57BL/6 mice were injected with 5 mg/kg of poly I:C intraperitoneally twice a week for 24 weeks. PBC model was confirmed by liver function, serum autoantibodies and liver biopsy. Lymphocytes subsets in liver and spleen and CXCL10 serum level were tested by flow cytometry and ELISA. Liver specimens were collected to evaluate the differences in pathology between WT and CXCR3−/− mice. Results. Antimitochondrial antibody was detected in all PBC model. Numbers of infiltrates were detected in the portal areas 8 weeks after poly I:C injection, which progressed up to 24 weeks. Compared to control mice, CXCL10 serum level increased in PBC mice and the proportion of CXCR3
Motion Intention Analysis-Based Coordinated Control for Amputee-Prosthesis Interaction
Fei Wang,Shiguang Wen,Chengdong Wu,Yuzhong Zhang,Jincheng Li
Journal of Robotics , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/139634
Abstract: To study amputee-prosthesis (AP) interaction, a novel reconfigurable biped robot was designed and fabricated. In homogeneous configuration, two identical artificial legs (ALs) were used to simulate the symmetrical lower limbs of a healthy person. Linear inverted pendulum model combining with ZMP stability criterion was used to generate the gait trajectories of ALs. To acquire interjoint coordination for healthy gait, rate gyroscopes were mounted on CoGs of thigh and shank of both legs. By employing principal component analysis, the measured angular velocities were processed and the motion synergy was obtained in the final. Then, one of two ALs was replaced by a bionic leg (BL), and the biped robot was changed into heterogeneous configuration to simulate the AP coupling system. To realize symmetrical stable walking, master/slave coordinated control strategy is proposed. According to information acquired by gyroscopes, BL recognized the motion intention of AL and reconstructed its kinematic variables based on interjoint coordination. By employing iterative learning control, gait tracking of BL to AL was archived. Real environment robot walking experiments validated the correctness and effectiveness of the proposed scheme. 1. Introduction Lower limb prosthesis is used to compensate the locomotion function for amputees in the field of biomedical rehabilitation. Conventional mechanical prosthesis has been criticized for difficulty in motion transformation, stiff-legged gait and poor mobility under complex condition. Intelligent prosthetic leg controlled by a microprocessing unit can realize the arbitrary gait precisely to coordinate with the sound leg of amputee [1]. It has been a challenging endeavor for interaction between amputee and prosthesis for their different structures, actuation manners, cognitive competence, and dynamic characters. To realize coordinated movement, prosthetic leg must be able to perceive the motion intention of amputee properly so as to actuate its joints accordingly when walking on different terrains with various cadences and stride length. To guarantee the performance of prosthetic leg during development stage, a great amount of repetitive experiments that need amputee to participate entirely is necessary. It is not only costly but also painful to handicapped person, and even leads to accidental injury to amputee. Moreover, individual difference also makes it difficult to obtain the uniform and quantitative performance evaluation for prosthetic leg. To solve problems mentioned above, a novel reconfigurable test-bed for prosthetic
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