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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 24 matches for " WASMEN MANALU "
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Prenatal Growth in Uterus of Does by Superovulation
ADRIANI,ADI SUDONO,TOHA SUTARDI,WASMEN MANALU
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences , 2007,
Abstract: Thirty six Etawah-grade does (BW 20.4-44.2 kg, age 2.5-7 years) were used to study the efficacy of increasing secretion of endogenous hormones of pregnancy by superovulation of does to stimulate of growth prenatal in uterus. The does were injected with pregnant mare serum gonadotrophin (PMSG), 0 IU/kg BW [grouped into nonsuperovulation-NSO] and 15 IU/kg BW [grouped into Superovulation-SO]. Intravaginal sponge (60 mg medroxyprogesterone acetate) was applied for 14 days to synchronize estrus cycle. Twenty four hours prior to sponge removal, PMSG was injected to stimulate superovulation. After sponge removal, five experimental does were mixed with one buck for natural mating. Superovulation prior to mating increased number of corpora lutea, mean of maternal serum estradiol concentration, progesterone concentration, litter size, average birth weight and average milk yield, by 112, 67, 42, 27, 32, and 35%, respectively. Those were correlated with the increase of uterine, corpora lutea, and individual birth weight.
Growth and Development of the Uterus and Placenta of Superovulated Gilts
REVOLSON ALEXIUS MEGE,SYAHRUN HAMDANI NASUTION,NASTITI KUSUMORINI,WASMEN MANALU
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences , 2007,
Abstract: Forty eight gilts with average body weight of 107.83 + 5.08 kg were used in experiments to study the use of pregnant mare serum gonadotrophin (PMSG) and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) as superovulation agent in gilts to increase piglet production. Four groups of twelve gilts were injected with PMSG dan hCG dose levels of 0, 600, 1200, and 1800 IU/gilt. Injections were conducted three days before estrus. During gestation, gilts were placed in colony pigpens. On days 15, 35, and 70 of gestation, gilts were slaughtered in order to measure the number of corpus luteum, growth and development of the uterus and placenta. Blood samples were collected to determine progesterone and estradiol concentrations. The resuts showed that superovulation dose levels of 600 to 1200 IU/gilt increased progesterone and estradiol secretions, growth and development of the uterus and placenta in gestation ages of 15, 35, and 70 days. It is concluded that superovulation with dose of 600 to 1200 IU can improve the gilts reproduction.
Nucleus Pearl Coating Process of Freshwater Mussel Anodonta woodiana (Unionidae)
SATA YOSHIDA SRIE RAHAYU,DEDY DURYADI SOLIHIN,WASMEN MANALU,RIDWAN AFFANDI
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences , 2013,
Abstract: The limiting factor which is a weakness of sea water pearl production are high costs, the risk of major business failures and a long coating time. From the issue of freshwater pearls appear to have prospects of alternative substitution for sea water pearl. This present study aimed to evaluate effect of loads (the number and diameter nucleus) on freshwater pearl coating process and the number and size of the appropriate nucleus diameter, to produce the optimum coating thickness of half-round pearls. The research consists of experimental implantation of 2, 4, and 6 nucleus number per individual mussel was maintained by the method stocked in hapa in bottom waters. Observation method and factorial randomized block design used in the study of the influence of the load to the successfulness of pearl coating and the pearl layer thickness. The results showed that A. woodiana can be utilized as a producer of freshwater pearls. In addition, the number of optimum nucleus that can be attached to the mussel A. woodiana was 2 grains/individuals with a diameter of 10 mm. Shells implanted with the optimum nucleus diameter and number of pearls produced the highest layer thickness of 17 m after 9 months cultivation. This result was good enough compared with the layer thickness of sea water pearl production after the same cultivation time.
Increasing Goat Productivity Through the Improvement of Endogenous Secretion of Pregnant Hormones Using Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Andriyanto,W Manalu
Journal of Animal Production , 2011,
Abstract: Previous studies reported that the improvement of endogenous estrogen and progesterone secretions during gestation improved fetal prenatal growth, birth weight, mammary gland growth and development, milk production, litter size, pre- and post-weaning growths. An experiment was conducted to apply the improvement of endogenous secretion of pregnant hormones during pregnancy to increase goat productivity. Thirty-six female ettawah-cross does were divided into 2 groups. Group 1 (control: 18 does) included does without improvement of endogenous secretion of pregnant hormones and Group 2 (treatment: 18 does) included does with improvement of endogenous secretion of pregnant hormones using follicle stimulating hormones to stimulate super ovulation. The application of this technology increased total offspring born (control: 25 offspring; treatment: 42 offspring), average litter size (control: 1.88; treatment: 2.33), offspring birth weight (control: 2.85±0.50 kg; treatment: 3.82±0.40 kg), and does milk production (control: 1.36±0.34 L/does/day; treatment: 2.10±0.21 L/does/day). Offspring born to does with improved endogenous secretion of pregnant hormones had better weaning weight (control: 11.17±1.99 kg/offspring; treatment: 14.5±1.11 kg/offspring). At weaning period, does with improved endogenous secretion of pregnant hormones produced offspring with total weaning weight twice as heavy as control does (control: 189.9 kg; treatment: 403.6 kg). By a simple calculation of economic analysis, this technology application could increase gross revenue per does until weaning by Rp. 432.888,89. It was concluded that this technology is economically feasible to be applied in small-scale farm.Key Words: follicle stimulating hormone, pregnant hormones, endogenous secretion, super ovulation, ettawah-cross does
PERILAKU DAN PERAN SERTA IBU DALAM PENCARIAN PENGOBATAN DI DAERAH HIPER ENDEMIK, TIMIKA TIMUR, IRIAN JAYA
Helper Manalu,Siti Sapardiyah Santoso
Media of Health Research and Development , 2012,
Abstract: Telah dilakukan penelitian peran serta masyarakat yang mencakup pengamatan dari aspek pencarian pengobatan, dalam penanggulangan penyakit malaria di daerah Hiperendemis Timika, Irian Jaya. Responden penelitian adalah ibu rumah tangga yang mempunyai anak < 10 tahun. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sekitar 48,4% - 89,3% dari ketiga desa penelitian ternyata yang berobat ke puskesmas meningkat. Selain itu, mengenai pengambilan keputusan dalam pencarian pengobatan terjadi pergeseran. Tahun 1992, keputusan-keputusan lebih banyak terletak pada suami dan istri (32,0 - 69,4%), maka pada tahun 1994 keputusan lebih banyak ditangan para istri sendiri (43,5% - 54,9%). Adanya tingkat pendidikan yang rendah di kalangan penduduk, bukan merupakan kendala di dalam menerima suatu ide baru, misalnya dalam penerimaan pengetahuan tentang malaria pada khususnya, sebagian besar responden, 96%, mengetahui tanda-tanda penyakit malaria, antara lain demam, penularannya meialui nyamuk malaria, dan cara penularannya melalui gigitan nyamuk. Oleh karena itu, yang perlu dipertahankan adalah pola pencarian pengobatan, bila sakit panas (yang diduga penyakit malaria), dibawa ke Puskesmas yang diputuskan oleh para istri.
Effect of Specific Lactate Dehydrogenase Antigen from Sheep with Different Prolific Type on Hematology and Antibody Responses of Chicken
MY Sumaryadi,Prayitno,W Manalu
Journal of Animal Production , 2007,
Abstract: Maternal serum of thirty nine ewes were used to study hematological and antibody responses of chicken injected with antigen protein of specific LDH obtained from sheep with different littersizes (prolific type). The prolific type of ewes was determined base on littersize (LS), which were low ( 1 ≤ LS ≤ 1.5), medium ( 1.5 < LS ≤ 2.0), and high (LS > 2.0). There were ten ewes carrying specific LDH protein. The number of animals of low, medium, and high prolific-type ewes was 3, 5, and 2 heads, respectively. The serum was used to produce antigen and injected to chicken to promote antibody production of anti LDH. The results of research showed that different prolific-type has no significant (P>0.05) effects on hematological and antibody titer of chicken. However, hematological status of chicken injected with specific LDH antigen was significantly (P<0.05) higher than control. It can be concluded that production of specific protein anti LDH can be done in layer by injection of antigen from ewes. Product of specific protein anti LDH of prolific ewes still needs field test for its accuracy for selection of ewes with different prolific type. (Animal Production 9(1): 40-44 (2007)Key Words: hematology, antibody, LDH, ewes
PENGETAHUAN, PERSEPSI DAN PERILAKU IBU TENTANG PEMBERIAN ASI/ASI EKSKLUSIF
Yulfira Media,Rachmalina Rachmalina,Helper Manalu
Media of Health Research and Development , 2012,
Abstract: Pemberian ASI Eksklusif masih belum seperti yang diharapkan. Menurut hasil Survei Demografi Kesehatan Indonesia (SDKI) tahun 2002-2003 presentase anak di bawah usia 6 bulan yang mendapatkan ASI eksklusif adalah 39,5%. Pendidikan ibu yang relatif kurang dianggap dapat menurunkan perilaku pemberian ASI eksklusif. Penelitian dilakukan di kabupaten Karawang, Jawa Barat. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif dengan menggunakan metode pengamatan dan wawancara mendalam kepada sejumlah 30 informan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar ibu sudah mempunyai pengetahuan tentang ASI/menyusui yang relatif baik. Namun pengetahuan ibu mengenai ASI eksklusif relatif rendah. Begitu juga perilaku pemberian ASI secara eksklusif, pada umumnya mereka tidak dapat memberikan ASI secara eksklusif. Kesimpulannya bahwa dalam upaya untuk meningkatkan perilaku pemberian ASI eksklusif perlu dilakukan intervensi dengan meningkatkan penyuluhan tentang ASI kepada ibu-ibu dan keluarganya secara rutin dan berkala, yang didasarkan kondisi sosial budaya setempat. Kata kunci: ASI eksklusif
Respons terhadap Suplementasi Sabun Mineral dan Mineral Organik serta Kacang Kedelai Sangrai pada Indikator Fermentabilitas Ransum dalam Rumen Domba
Adawiah,T. Sutardi,T. Toharmat,W. Manalu
Media Peternakan , 2007,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of supplementation with mineral soap, organic mineral and roasted soyabean on ration fermentability in the rumen of sheep. Thirty two Garut Sheep (initial weight 22.38 ± 3.56 kg) were assigned into a randomized complete block design with 8 treatments. Body weight was used as blocks (4 blocks). The treatments were FO: basal diet + fish oil, CO: basal diet + corn oil, CaFO: basal diet + calcium soap of fish oil, CaCO: basal diet + calcium soap of corn oil, ZnFO: basal diet + zinc soap of fish oil, ZnCO: basal diet + zinc soap of corn oil, RSB: basal diet + roasted soya bean, MM: basal diet + mineral mix (Zn, Cu, Cr, and Se-organic). The experimental diets were offered for 8 weeks. The results showed that ammonia concentrations of sheep fed CO, CaFO, CaCO, and MM were higher than those of sheep fed FO, ZnFO, ZnCO, RSB diets (9.28 v 6.75 mM). Vollatile fatty acid production was not affected by treatments (110.6 ± 7.69 mM). The levels of amonia and VFA in this experiment were suitable for microbial growth. Rumen bacterial population of sheep fed FO was the lowest (P<0.05). Rumen protozoa population of sheep fed CO, CaFO, ZnFO, ZnCO, and MM were lower (P<0.05) than those of sheep fed FO, CaCO, and RSB. It is concluded that supplemention of Ca-soap, organic minerals, and roasted soyabeans to sheep ration increased ration fermentability in the rumen. Ammonia and VFA concentrations were suitable for rumen microbial growth. Fat protection (Ca-soap) did not inhibit bacterial growth in the rumen.
Suplementasi Sabun Mineral dan Mineral Organik serta Kacang Kedelai Sangrai pada Domba
Adawiah,T. Sutardi,T. Toharmat,W. Manalu
Media Peternakan , 2006,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of mineral soap, organic mineral and roasted soybean supplementations to improve productivity in ruminant animals. Thirty two Garut Sheep (initial body weight 22.38 ± 3.56 kg) were assigned into a randomized block design with eight treatments. Body weight was used as a block (4 blocks). Eight rations evaluated in this trial were FO: basal diet + fish oil, CO: basal diet + corn oil, CaFO: basal diet + calcium soap of fish oil, CaCO: basal diet + calcium soap of corn oil, ZnFO: basal diet + zinc soap of fish oil, ZnCO: basal diet + zinc soap of corn oil, RS: basal diet + roasted soybeans, MM: basal diet + mineral mix. The experimental diets were fed for 8 weeks. The result of the experiment showed that calcium soap improved animal growth better than did zinc soap. Daily gains of sheep fed FO (99 g/d), CaFO (114 g/d), CaCO (103 g/d), RS (105 g/d), and MM (103 g/d), diets were higher (P<0.01) than those of sheep fed CO (86 g/d), ZnFO (88 g/d), and ZnCO (53 g/d) diets. Dry matter intake of sheep fed CO (903 g/d), CaCO (947 g/d), RS (933 g/d) diets were higher (P<0.01) than those fed FO (820 g/d), CaFO (856 g/d), ZnFO (847 g/d), ZnCO (785 g/d), and MM (805 g/d) diets. Dry matter digestibility of CO (70%) and CaFO diet (76%) were higher (P<0.01) than other diets. Nitrogen retention of sheep fed CaFO (11.8 g/d), RS (12.2 g/d), and MM (13.2 g/d) diets were higher (P<0.01) than those fed FO (10 g/d), CO (10 g/d), CaCO (9.8 g/d), ZnFO (9.0 g/d), and ZnCO (9.0 g/d) diets. Organic mineral, calcium soap of fish oil, calcium soap of corn oil, and roasted soy bean supplementation increased daily gain up to 105 g/d. It was concluded that calcium soap, organic mineral and roasted soybean improved growth of sheep.
ASPEK PENGETAHUAN SIKAP DAN PERILAKU MASYARAKAT KAITANNYA DENGAN PENYAKIT TB PARU
Helper Sahat P Manalu,Bambang Sukana
Media of Health Research and Development , 2012,
Abstract: Tuberculosis in Indonesia still ranted third largest in the world after India and China with approx 539,000 new cases and the number of deaths around 101.000/year. Knowledge factors of pulmonary is a very important factor in the transmission of Tuberculosis. To know the aspects of knowledge, attitude and behavior of people in connection with pulmonary TB disease has been studied in Tangerang Regency. The purpose of this study is to solve the problem of knowledge/community behavior related to transmission of pulmonary TB. This study uses cross sectional design which aims to determine the knowledge attitude and behavior of the public about tuberculosis, and the factors that influence the implementation of the tuberculosis program. Sampling was done by purposive against the family. Results in-depth interviews and focus group discussions stated that their knowledge and their behavior is not good enough, people's attitudes towards people with already good. Extension of pulmonary TB has not performed optimally. Low level of public knowledge about tuberculosis, health workers are expected to continue to do more intensive counseling.
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