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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 127032 matches for " W. X. Feng "
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The structure and magnetism of graphone
L. Feng,W. X. Zhang
AIP Advances , 2012, DOI: 10.1063/1.4766937
Abstract: Graphone is a half-hydrogenated graphene. The structure of graphone is illustrated as trigonal adsorption of hydrogen atoms on graphene at first. However, we found the trigonal adsorption is unstable. We present an illustration in detail to explain how a trigonal adsorption geometry evolves into a rectangular adsorption geometry. We check the change of magnetism during the evolution of geometry by evaluating the spin polarization of the intermediate geometries. We prove and clarify that the rectangular adsorption of hydrogen atoms on graphene is the most stable geometry of graphone and graphone is actually antiferromagnetic.
Methylmercury Accumulation in Rice Grain (Oryza sativa L.): Environment and Genotype Controls
Rothenberg S. E.,Feng X.,Zhou W.,Tu M.
E3S Web of Conferences , 2013, DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/20130115001
Abstract: In 2010, 50 indica rice varieties were cultivated in three sites in southwestern China along a contamination gradient (background, moderately-contaminated and highly-contaminated sites) to determine environment and genotype controls on MeHg accumulation in polished white rice and bran. Rice grain MeHg concentrations were significantly higher in the moderately-contaminated site compared to the other two sites (ANOVA, p<0.0001). Lower rice grain MeHg concentrations in the highly-contaminated site possibly reflected differences in surface water pH (highly-contaminated site: pH 11, other two sites: pH 7.6-8.0). More alkaline conditions at the highly-contaminated site possibly decreased the bioavailability of MeHg and/or other trace elements, thus lowering the uptake of MeHg from paddy soil to rice grain. Polished white rice MeHg concentrations were significantly associated with rice genotype (p<0001), indicating there may be genetic markers associated with the translocation of MeHg from the maternal tissue to the filial tissue (i.e., from the bran to the polished grain). Additionally, low MeHg-accumulating rice varieties were identified, which decreased MeHg exposure up to 69%, and may be recommended to farmers to mitigate MeHg accumulation in rice grain.
Electrostatic self-assembly of multilayer copolymeric membranes on the surface of porous tantalum implants for sustained release of doxorubicin
Guo X,Chen M,Feng W,Liang J
International Journal of Nanomedicine , 2011,
Abstract: Xinming Guo1,*, Muwan Chen1,2,*, Wenzhou Feng1,*, Jiabi Liang1, Huibin Zhao1, Lin Tian1, Hui Chao3, Xuenong Zou11Orthopaedic Research institute/Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital and Department of Pharmacy, the Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China; 2Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO), Aarhus University, Denmark; 3Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Bioinorganic and Synthetic Chemistry, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China *The first three authors contributed equally to this work as co-first authorAbstract: Many studies in recent years have focused on surface engineering of implant materials in order to improve their biocompatibility and other performance. Porous tantalum implants have increasingly been used in implant surgeries, due to their biocompatibility, physical stability, and good mechanical strength. In this study we functionalized the porous tantalum implant for sustained drug delivery capability via electrostatic self-assembly of polyelectrolytes of hyaluronic acid, methylated collagen, and terpolymer on the surface of a porous tantalum implant. The anticancer drug doxorubicin was encapsulated into the multilayer copolymer membranes on the porous tantalum implants. Results showed the sustained released of doxorubicin from the functionalized porous tantalum implants for up to 1 month. The drug release solutions in 1 month all had inhibitory effects on the proliferation of chondrosarcoma cell line SW1353. These results suggest that this functionalized implant could be used in reconstructive surgery for the treatment of bone tumor as a local, sustained drug delivery system.Keywords: self-assembly, surface modification, tantalum, drug delivery system, doxorubicin, bone tumor
Bell-state preparation for fullerene based electron spins in distant peapod nanotubes
W. L. Yang,H. Wei,X. L. Zhang,M. Feng
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.78.054301
Abstract: We propose a potentially practical scheme, in combination with the Bell-state analyzer [Zhang et al., Phys. Rev. A 73, 014301 (2006)], to generate Bell states for two electron spins confined, respectively, in two distant fullerenes. To this end, we consider the endohedral fullerenes staying in single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and employ auxiliary mobile electrons and selective microwave pulses. The application and the experimental feasibility of our scheme are discussed.
First-principles modeling of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons reduction
D. W. Boukhvalov,X. Feng,K. Müllen
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1021/jp2024928
Abstract: Density functional theory modelling of the reduction of realistic nanographene molecules (C42H18, C48H18 and C60H24) by molecular hydrogen evidences for the presence of limits in the hydrogenation process. These limits caused the contentions between three-fold symmetry of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon molecules and two-fold symmetry of adsorbed hydrogen pairs. Increase of the binding energy between nanographenes during reduction is also discussed as possible cause of the experimentally observed limited hydrogenation of studied nanographenes.
Quantum interferometry with binary-outcome measurements in the presence of phase diffusion
X. M. Feng,G. R. Jin,W. Yang
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.90.013807
Abstract: Optimal measurement scheme with an efficient data processing is important in quantum-enhanced interferometry. Here we prove that for a general binary outcome measurement, the simplest data processing based on inverting the average signal can saturate the Cram\'{e}r-Rao bound. This idea is illustrated by binary outcome homodyne detection, even-odd photon counting (i.e., parity detection), and zero-nonzero photon counting that have achieved super-resolved interferometric fringe and shot-noise limited sensitivity in coherent-light Mach-Zehnder interferometer. The roles of phase diffusion are investigated in these binary outcome measurements. We find that the diffusion degrades the fringe resolution and the achievable phase sensitivity. Our analytical results confirm that the zero-nonzero counting can produce a slightly better sensitivity than that of the parity detection, as demonstrated in a recent experiment.
High-precision evaluation of Wigner's d-matrix by exact diagonalization
X. M. Feng,P. Wang,W. Yang,G. R. Jin
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.92.043307
Abstract: The precise calculations of the Wigner's d-matrix are important in various research fields. Due to the presence of large numbers, direct calculations of the matrix using the Wigner's formula suffer from loss of precision. We present a simple method to avoid this problem by expanding the d-matrix into a complex Fourier series and calculate the Fourier coefficients by exactly diagonalizing the angular-momentum operator $J_{y}$ in the eigenbasis of $J_{z}$. This method allows us to compute the d-matrix and its various derivatives for spins up to a few thousand. The precision of the d-matrix from our method is about $10^{-14}$ for spins up to $100$.
Spatial distribution of mercury deposition fluxes in Wanshan Hg mining area, Guizhou province, China
Z. H. Dai, X. B. Feng, J. Sommar, P. Li,X. W. Fu
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP) & Discussions (ACPD) , 2012,
Abstract: The legacy of long-term mining activities in Wanshan mercury (Hg) mining area (WMMA), Guizhou, China including a series of environmental issues related to Hg pollution. The spatial distribution of gaseous elemental mercury (Hg0) concentrations in ambient air were monitored using a mobile RA-915+ Zeeman Mercury Analyzer during daytime and night time in May 2010. The data imply that calcines and mine wastes piles located at Dashuixi and on-going artisanal Hg mining activities at Supeng were major sources of atmospheric mercury in WMMA. For a full year (May 2010 to May 2011), sampling of precipitation and throughfall were conducted on a weekly basis at three sites (Shenchong, Dashuixi, and Supeng) within WMMA. Hg in deposition was characterized by analysis of total Hg (THg) and dissolved Hg (DHg) concentrations. The corresponding data exhibit a high degree of variability, both temporarily and spatially. The volume-weighted mean THg concentrations in precipitation and throughfall samples were 502.6 ng l 1 and 977.8 ng l 1 at Shenchong, 814.1 ng l 1and 3392.1 ng l 1 at Dashuixi, 7490.1 ng l 1and 9641.5 ng l 1 at Supeng, respectively. THg was enhanced in throughfall compared to wet deposition samples by up to a factor of 7. The annual wet Hg deposition fluxes were 29.1, 68.8 and 593.1 μg m 2 yr 1 at Shenchong, Dashuixi and Supeng, respectively, while the annual dry Hg deposition fluxes were estimated to be 378.9, 2613.6 and 6178 μg m 2 yr 1 at these sites, respectively. Dry deposition played a dominant role in total atmospheric Hg deposition in WMMA since the dry deposition fluxes were 10.4–37.9 times higher than the wet deposition fluxes during the whole sample period. Our data showed that air deposition was still an important pathway of Hg contamination to the local environment in WMMA.
Temporal trend and sources of speciated atmospheric mercury at Waliguan GAW station, Northwestern China
X. W. Fu, X. Feng, P. Liang, Deliger, H. Zhang, J. Ji,P. Liu
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP) & Discussions (ACPD) , 2012,
Abstract: Measurements of speciated atmospheric mercury were conducted at a remote mountain-top station (Waliguan (WLG) Baseline Observatory) at the edge of northeastern part of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, Western China. Mean concentrations of total gaseous mercury (TGM), particulate bound mercury (PBM), and gaseous oxidized mercury (GOM) during the whole sampling campaign were 1.98±0.98 ng m 3, 19.4±18.1 pg m 3, and 7.4±4.8 pg m 3, respectively. Levels of speciated Hg at WLG were slightly higher than those reported from remote areas of North America and Europe. Both regional sources and long-rang transport played important roles in the distribution of atmospheric TGM and PBM at WLG, whereas GOM showed major links to the regional sources, likely as well as the in-situ productions via photochemical processes. Regional sources for speciated Hg were mostly located to the east of WLG, which is the most industrial and urbanized areas of Qinghai province. Potential source contribution function (PSCF) results showed that eastern Gansu, western Ningxia and Shanxi Province were likely the potential source regions of WLG, with good accordance with locations of urban areas and industrial centers. Moreover, we found that Northern India may be a significant source region for WLG during the sampling campaign, and this is the first published evidence suggesting long-range transport of atmospheric Hg from India to the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau. Seasonal and diurnal variations of TGM were in contrast to most of the previous studies in China, with relatively higher levels in warm seasons and night, respectively. The temporal trend of TGM also highlighted the impact of long-range transport on the distribution of TGM in ambient air at WLG.
Two years of measurements of atmospheric total gaseous mercury (TGM) at a remote site in Mt. Changbai area, Northeastern China
X. W. Fu, X. Feng, L. H. Shang, S. F. Wang,H. Zhang
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP) & Discussions (ACPD) , 2012,
Abstract: Total gaseous mercury (TGM) was continuously monitored at a remote site (CBS) in Mt. Changbai area, Northeastern China from 24 October 2008 to 31 October 2010. The overall mean TGM concentration was 1.60±0.51 ng m 3, which is lower than those reported from remote sites in Eastern, Southwestern, and Western China, indicating a relatively lower regional anthropogenic mercury (Hg) emission intensity in Northeastern China. Measurements at a site in the vicinity (~1.2 km) of CBS station from August 2005 to July 2006 showed a significantly higher mean TGM concentration of 3.58±1.78 ng m 3. The divergent result was partially attributed to fluctuations in the relatively frequencies of surface winds during the two study periods and moreover an effect of local emission sources. The temporal variation of TGM at CBS was influenced by regional sources as well as long-range transported Hg. Regional sources frequently contributing to episodical high TGM concentrations were pin-pointed as a large iron mining district in Northern North Korea and two large power plants and urban areas to the southwest of the sampling site. Source areas in Beijing, Tianjin, southern Liaoning, Hebei, northwestern Shanxi, and northwestern Shandong were found to contribute to elevated TGM observations at CBS via long-range transport. Diurnal pattern of TGM at CBS was mainly controlled by regional sources, likely as well as intrusion of air masses from the free troposphere during summer season. There are no consistent seasonal pattern of TGM at CBS, and the monthly TGM variations showed links with the patterns of regional air movements and long-range transport.
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