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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 386296 matches for " W. S.; "
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Controlling the Tax Evasion Dynamics via Majority-Vote Model on Various Topologies  [PDF]
Francisco W. S. Lima
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2012.21017
Abstract: Within the context of agent-based Monte-Carlo simulations, we study the well-known majority-vote model (MVM) with noise applied to tax evasion on simple square lattices (LS), Honisch-Stauffer (SH), directed and undirected Bara-basi-Albert (BAD, BAU) networks. In to control the fluctuations for tax evasion in the economics model proposed by Zaklan, MVM is applied in the neighborhod of the noise critical qc to evolve the Zaklan model. The Zaklan model had been studied recently using the equilibrium Ising model. Here we show that the Zaklan model is robust because this can be studied using equilibrium dynamics of Ising model also through the nonequilibrium MVM and on various topologies cited above giving the same behavior regardless of dynamic or topology used here.
Finding Gaussian Curvature of Lifespan Distribution  [PDF]
William W. S. Chen
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/am.2014.521316
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to review the lifespan model. This paper will also suggest four additional general alternative computational methods not mentioned in Kass, R.E. and Vos, P.W. [1] [2]. It is not intended to compare the four formulas to be used in computing the Gaussian curvature. Four different formulas adopted from Struik, D.J. [3] are used and labeled here as (A), (B), (C), and (D). It has been found that all four of these formulas can compute the Gaussian curvature effectively and successfully. To avoid repetition, we only presented results from formulas (B) and (D). One can more easily check other results from formulas (A) and (C).
A Note on Finding Geodesic Equation of Two Parameters Gamma Distribution  [PDF]
William W. S. Chen
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/am.2014.521328
Abstract: Engineers commonly use the gamma distribution to describe the life span or metal fatigue of a manufactured item. In this paper, we focus on finding a geodesic equation of the two parameters gamma distribution. To find this equation, we applied both the well-known Darboux Theorem and a pair of differential equations taken from Struik [1]. The solution proposed in this note could be used as a general solution of the geodesic equation of gamma distribution. It would be interesting if we compare our results with Lauritzen’s [2].
On Finding Geodesic Equation of Two Parameters Logistic Distribution  [PDF]
William W. S. Chen
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/am.2015.612189
Abstract: In this paper, we used two different algorithms to solve some partial differential equations, where these equations originated from the well-known two parameters of logistic distributions. The first method was the classical one that involved solving a triply of partial differential equations. The second approach was the well-known Darboux Theory. We found that the geodesic equations are a pair of isotropic curves or minimal curves. As expected, the two methods reached the same result.
Tax Evasion Dynamics via Non-Equilibrium Model on Complex Networks  [PDF]
Francisco W. S. Lima
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2015.56089
Abstract: The Zaklan model has become an excellent mechanism to control the tax evasion fluctuations (TEF) in a people- or agent-based community. Initially, the equilibrium Ising model (IM) had been used as a dynamic of temporal evolution of the Zaklan model near the critical point of the IM. On some complex network the IM presents no critical points or well-defined phase transitions. Then, through Monte Carlo simulations we study the recurring problem of the TEF control using the version of non-equilibrium Zaklan model as a control mechanism for TEF via agent-based non-equilibrium majority-vote model (MVM). Here we study the TEF on directed Barabási-Albert (BAD) and Apollonian (ANs) networks where the IM is not applied. We show that the Zaklan model can be also studied using non-equilibrium dynamics through of the non-equilibrium MVM on complex topologies cited above, giving the behavior of the TEF regardless of dynamic or topology used here.
Tax Evasion Dynamics via Non-Equilibrium Model on Directed Small-World Networks  [PDF]
Francisco W. S. Lima
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2016.64086
Abstract: Based on people or agent community, we use the Zaklan model as a mechanism to control the tax evasion fluctuations. Here, we use the non-equilibrium Sánchez-López-Rodríguez model (SLR), i.e. directed Watts-Strogatz networks, as a dynamics of the temporal evolution of the Zaklan model. We simulate the response of tax cheaters to punishment by an auditing authority as well as to the behavior of their neighbors. The higher the punishment is, the smaller is the simulated probability to cheat. This reasonable result shows that our model is qualitatively good.
On Finding Geodesic Equation of Normal Distribution and Gaussian Curvature  [PDF]
William W. S. Chen
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/am.2017.89098
In this paper, we apply two different algorithms to find the geodesic equation of the normal distribution. The first algorithm consists of solving a triply partial differential equation where these equations originated from the normal distribution. While the second algorithm applies the well-known Darboux Theory. These two algorithms draw the same geodesic equation. Finally, we applied Baltzer R.’s finding to compute the Gaussian Curvature.
Experimental and FEM Modal Analysis of a Deployable-Retractable Wing  [PDF]
P. Jia, S. K. Lai, W. Zhang, C. W. Lim
Modern Mechanical Engineering (MME) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/mme.2014.44018
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to conduct experimental modal analysis and numerical simulation to verify the structural characteristics of a deployable-retractable wing for aircraft and spacecraft. A modal impact test was conducted in order to determine the free vibration characteristics. Natural frequencies and vibration mode shapes were obtained via measurement in LMS Test. Lab. The frequency response functions were identified and computed by force and acceleration signals, and then mode shapes of this morphing wing structure were subsequently identified by PolyMAX modal parameter estimation method. FEM modal analysis was also implemented and its numerical results convincingly presented the mode shape and natural frequency characteristics were in good agreement with those obtained from experimental modal analysis. Experimental study in this paper focuses on the transverse response of morphing wing as its moveable part is deploying or retreating. Vibration response to different rotation speeds have been collected, managed and analyzed through the use of comparison methodology with each other. Evident phenomena have been discovered including the resonance on which most analysis is focused because of its potential use to generate large amplitude vibration of specific frequency or to avoid such resonant frequencies from a wide spectrum of response. Manufactured deployable-retractable wings are studied in stage of experimental modal analysis, in which some nonlinear vibration resulted should be particularly noted because such wing structure displays a low resonant frequency which is always optimal to be avoided for structural safety and stability.
Broadleaf Weed Control in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) with Preemergence-Applied Pyroxasulfone with and without Sulfentrazone  [PDF]
Seshadri S. Reddy, Phillip W. Stahlman, Patrick W. Geier
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/as.2015.611125
Abstract: A field study was conducted at two locations in Kansas, USA in 2011 and 2012 to test weed control efficacy and crop response to preemergence-applied pyroxasulfone alone and in combination with sulfentrazone in sunflower. Treatments included three rates of pyroxasulfone (100, 200 and 400 g·ha-1) applied alone and tank-mixed with sulfentrazone at 70, 140 and 280 g·ha-1. Commercial standards sulfentrazone at 140 g·ha-1 + pendimethalin at 1390 g·ha-1 and sulfentrazone at 140 g·ha-1 + S-metolachlor at 1280 g·ha-1 were also included. Pyroxasulfone at 100 g·ha-1 controlled Palmer amaranth 87% at 3 weeks after application (WAA), but control decreased to 76% at 6 WAA. Increasing pyroxasulfone rate to ≥200 g·ha-1 or tank mixing with sulfentazone at 140 g·ha-1 provided ≥90% Palmer amaranth control for at least 6 WAA. Sulfentrazone alone at 70 g·ha-1 controlled Palmer amaranth 77% at 3 WAA, but control dropped to 69% at 6 WAA. Increasing sulfentrazone rate from 70 to 140 or 280 g·ha-1 increased control to >90% at 3 WAA, but did not maintain acceptable control at 6 WAA. Tank mixing sulfentrazone at 140 g·ha-1 with pendimethalin at 1390 g·ha-1 or S-metolachlor at 1280 g·ha-1 controlled Palmer amaranth ≥90 and 84% at 3 WAA and 6 WAA,
A Case of Benign Chondroblastoma of Anterior Mandible and Review of Literature: A Very Rare Presentation  [PDF]
B. S. M. S. Siriwardena, S. Shanmuganathan, W. M. Tilakaratne
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2015.43022
Abstract: Benign chondroblastoma of mandibular bone is an extremely rare tumor. Although 9 cases have been reported in the mandibular condyle in the English literature, to the best of our knowledge this is the first case originated from anterior mandible in a 31-year-old male.
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