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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3039 matches for " Vuki?evi? Miomir "
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Automatic configuration of modular vault walls
Grkovi? Vladan,Kolarevi? Milan,VukieviMiomir,Bjeli? Mi?o
Facta Universitatis Series : Architecture and Civil Engineering , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/fuace1203291g
Abstract: Products such as modular partition walls of vault rooms (with or without vault doors) are made at the request of the client who chooses the safety degree and provides the available dimensions of the wall that should be made. Modular construction of vault walls is the system of construction of industrially made elements which are composed in situ, which allows design of products adjusted to individual requirements of clients. Since the vault wall modules repeat in every new project and since they differ only by their number and dimensions, the use of modern CA (Computer Aided) tools and the possibility of application of parameter and variant design shorten design time and eliminate possible errors in the process of design of modular vault walls, which reduces the costs of production and increases the level of product quality. The paper presents the procedure for calculation of parameters of parts, modules and the entire vault wall in Microsoft Excel based on which the 3D model of a modular vault wall is automatically configured and developed in software package Autodesk Inventor. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TR37020]
Contribution to the development of the method of forecasting the frequency and duration of "failure" of technical systems
Vukievi? Milan
Glasnik ?umarskog Fakulteta , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/gsf0795049v
Abstract: An active approach to the market means the full adaptation of the production system to the demands of the consumers, and the high profitability. To realize the above, production system should create the conditions for the simulation of the behavior of the system in real conditions. In the opposite the behavior of the system will be highly uncertain because of the disturbance in the system. The simulation of the behavior of the system in real conditions includes the existence of reliable information, obtained based on previous research. A series of such information also includes the information on the production cycle of a series of products. The components of the production cycle are also different disturbances. This paper analyses the failures of the technical system. This fact points to the significance of creating the conditions for forecasting the frequency and duration of the "failure". This paper, based on research of two formatisers, presents the methodology of carrying out the forecasting in real conditions.
Forecasting of the processing time as the base of simulation of the production system behavior in real conditions
Vukievi? Milan
Glasnik ?umarskog Fakulteta , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/gsf0592007v
Abstract: The absence of precise information on the magnitudes that determine the behavior of the production system generates the disturbances of the system. The consequence is the low efficacy of the system and the high costs. Therefore, it is necessary to create the base for the prediction of individual magnitudes and thus enable the simulation of the production system behavior in real conditions. The information on time norms has a special significance. It is the base of planning the terms and of defining a part of direct costs. Modern approach in the identification of standard times should be established on new foundations. It should appreciate the specificities of the present moment, as well as the future tendencies in wood processing. They are the production system dynamistic, conditioned predominantly by discontinuous production, as well as by the necessity of cooperation of the production systems. In this study, the approach to the identification of standard times is original, supporting the modern tendencies in wood processing and it has an applicative character.
Flexibility of production systems and prepare-finish time
Vukievi? Milan R.
Glasnik ?umarskog Fakulteta , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/gsf0693023v
Abstract: One of the specificities of the large-serial and mass production is the almost neglected percentage of prepare-finish time in the production cycle. In the conditions of today dominant discontinuous production, it becomes a significant element of the production cycle. The eastern (Japan) doctrine of increasing the flexibility of the production systems, is based inter alia also on the extreme reduction of the prepare-finish time. For this reason, the aim of this study was to identify the types and percentages of individual jobs within the group of prepare-finish jobs. The sample consisted of 3 (three) production systems for the production of joinery, with the discontinuous production system. The research shows that the percentage of time of the jobs installation of work instruments, regulation of processing regime, and removal of work instruments is extremely long and that it ranges between 11.83% and 18.93% of the shift time. The reasons of the high percentage of these jobs are the wide range of products and the absence of the rationalisation of prepare-finish jobs. Within the efforts to minimize the effects of disruption and to increase the flexibility of the production systems, the rationalisation of prepare-finish jobs is the unavoidable condition.
Simulation of primary log cutting plan (PPRT) in sawmill wood processing
Vukievi? Milan
Glasnik ?umarskog Fakulteta , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/gsf1104007v
Abstract: A specification of sawn timber is realized based on the previously designed log cutting plan, primary and secondary. The plan of primary log cutting (PPRT) has its verbal and mathematical interpretations. The theoretical aspect of PPRT design reported in the literature has great disadvantages. As it is based on the description and empirical combinations, such PPRT could hardly be evaluated as optimal. In addition to the above weakness, there is another one, i.e., the fact that the problem of PPRT design is reduced to a mono-criterion problem, i.e. the minimisation of total waste. If the problem of PPRT design is approached systematically, it is clear that the minimisation of total waste is only one out of a series of goals that a PPRT should fulfil. Nevertheless, the procedure presented in the literature is deeply rooted in practice. This paper, based on the on simulation principle, presents a modern procedure of PPRT design which consists of a number of phases. The first phase includes computer support in the design procedure of log cutting plans and also, a mono-criterion decision making in the selection of log cutting plans which ensure the minimal total waste per PPRT. The second phase includes the definition of another two criteria which are decisive for the optimal quality of PPRT. They are the log prices and the profit. Altogether 84 (eighty-four) cutting plans were designed and 4 (four) PPRTs. The solution of the problem, i.e. the design of an optimal PPRT in the conditions of three criteria, is based on multicriteria decision making using the method of Analytical Hierarchy Processes - AHP. The calculation is computed by the software Program Criterion Decision Plus - Version 3.0 Student version, InfoHarvest.Inc. In the study simulation of PPRT design, the optimal plan was PPRT3. The presented three criteria are not the final number. The inclusion of additional relevant criteria will depend on the inventiveness of the manager.
Anthropocentrism: Existence against essence
Vukievi? Slobodan
Sociologija , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/soc1201021v
Abstract: Anthropocentrism apsolutizes existence in relation to human essence. In this, it may downgrade generic essence of human and its primeval need for nature. Principles of sustainable development are challenged. The way of life and work are out of step with these principles. Therefore, central question of sustainable development is: where are the causes of modern man alienation from principles of sustainable development. We have to search for the answers in human nature and nature of human community. Their synthesis can direct socioantropogenesis of modern man in direction of accepting principles of sustainable development, in which principle of need is more important than need itself.
Sociological establishment of 'normative facts'
Vukievi? Slobodan
Sociologija , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/soc0204315v
Abstract: Every science is searching for 'it's facts', it's concept and categorical decree, and by this defines specific subject of it's science researching. Here, the researching is steered on identification of ontological contents of 'normative fact' in the aim of comprehension of it's categorical entity and conceptual disposition.'The normative fact' refers to importance, significance and sense which norm has, in other words, which is attributed to the norm by man and society, and which in the air of importance influence on it's behavior. Exclusive term of sociological science is 'normative fact' as behavior of an individual, groups, institutions and society with regard to establishment, application and changes of social norms.
Redesign of the cooperation concept in wood processing
Vukievi? Milan R.
Glasnik ?umarskog Fakulteta , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/gsf0999007v
Abstract: Cooperation, in combination with specialization, is aimed at the better utilization of resources, shorter production cycle and cost reduction. This means that cooperation and specialization, in addition to technological aspect, also include the organization aspect. The problem in wood processing is the fact that the organization aspect is completely neglected. For this reason, specialization and cooperation cannot reach their goal. The aim of this paper is to point out the significance of the organization aspect. The selection of cooperants cannot be based on the prices and acquaintances, recommendations, etc. There are numerous criteria which can decide the selection of cooperants. The criteria adopted in this paper are the manufacturing price and the storage cost. Based on the multicriteria decision making, it is possible to define the alternative which enables simultaneously the lowest total price and the lowest total own storage costs.
TOXIC EFFECTS OF CADMIUM
Tanja Vukievi
Acta Medica Medianae , 2012,
Abstract: Cadmium is one of the heavy metals, it is often used in industry, and exerts toxic effects on human health. Cadmium is classified as a carcinogenic substance for humans by the International Agency for Research on Cancer and is in a group I carcinogen. Cadmium affects the development of cell cycle, proliferation, differentiation, DNA repair, replication and apoptosis, as well as promotion of cancer in tissues. Intoxication with cadmium in people usually occurs by inhalation of cigarette smoke, but it is also possible via water, food and air. Cadmium exerts toxic effects on the kidneys, liver, lungs, cardiovascular system, immune system and reproductive system. Metallothionein protects tissues from the toxicity of cadmium. Cadmium-metallothionein complex is distributed in various tissues. There is no way for natural cadmium elimination from the human body. The main route of cadmium in the body is through binding with metallothionein, low molecular weight protein that participates in the homeostasis of certain metals. Cadmium-metallothionein complex is distributed in various tissues. The role of metallothionein in detoxification of cadmium is primarily in the large binding affinity of metals for metallothionein.
Therapeutical aspect of trichomoniasis
Vukievi? Jelica,Janki?evi? Jasmina
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/sarh0304156v
Abstract: Trichomoniasis is frequent, parasitic and sexually transmitted infection of genitourinary tract. It is treated by metronidazole (5-nitroimidazole) according to protocol recommended by Center for Disease Control (CDC formerly called: Communicable Disease Center) [19]. The resistance of Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) strains to metronidazole (MND) was described in USA in 1960, and later on in many European countries [8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13]. In these cases, due to persistent trichomonas infection, it is necessary to repeat MND treatment with moderate modification of dose and/or length of its application. Nevertheless, oncogenic and toxic effects of MND have to be taken into consideration. OBJECT The aim of this study was to investigate and analyze the incidence of TV in STD and lower susceptibility of certain TV strains to MND were analyzed. MATERIAL AND METHODS In three-year period (1999-2001) 612 patients (244 females and 368 males) suspected of STD were examined clinically and microbiologically at the Institute of Dermatovenereology in Belgrade. The patients detected for TV were treated according to CDC protocol. The affected were considered cured if there was no manifest clinical infection, and no TV verified by microbiological test. Results TV was isolated in 216 patients (35.29 % of all subjects). Trichomonas infection was found in 90 (36.88 %) out of 244 tested females and in 126 (32.34 %) of 368 males. Clinically manifested infection, with extensive urethral and vaginal secretion, was recorded in 161 patients, while the asymptomatic form was found in 55 subjects. This result indicates the predominance of manifested trichomonas infections (75.54 % of cases). The difference of distribution of clinical forms of trichomoniasis, in relation to sex, was not statistically significant (c2=0.854; p>0.05). The patients with verified trichomonas infection were treated by metronidazole according to CDC protocol. The recommended therapeutical scheme consisted of three phases proceeding in succession, in so far TV had not been eliminated by previous one. The number of cured patients, according to therapeutical phases, was shown in Table 4. Three patients (1.39 %, 2 males and 1 female) were not cured in spite of all three completed phases of therapeutical protocol. In all three cases, TV was eliminated by MND application in dose of 3 g/daily, during two days. The failure of minute MND treatment was analyzed in relation to clinical forms of the infection (manifested or asymptomatic), as well as in relation to types of infection (single- or associated infection). The inc
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