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Carbon Capture and Storage and the UNFCCC: Recommendations to Address Trans-Boundary Issues  [PDF]
Viviane Romeiro, Virginia Parente
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2012.323017
Abstract: This paper is mainly focused on the eligibility of trans-boundary Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS) as a Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project activity and it aims to explore a broad range of CCS transboundary issues whereby the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and national governments could take into consideration. Much work is still to be done by the CCS community (including the Institute) to ensure that the implementation of CCS under the CDM is both environmentally effective and commercially attractive. The recommendations focus on technical issues, with the aim of helping Parties evaluate a robust strategy for CCS as part of international negotiations and establish CCS best practice criteria for governments and the international process, thereby enhancing transparency and ensuring that CCS deployment is safe and effective. When considering CDM projects activities with a transboundary component, it is recommend that the rules of the main international treaties related to CCS be considered by the UNFCCC, especially the London Protocol guidelines for risk assessment and management and the 2006 IPCC Guidelines. Additionally, national governments should apply the rules and guidelines as delineated under the relevant existing international treaties and CCS national regulations.
Ensino de língua materna e Análise de Discurso Crítica
Ramalho, Viviane;
Bakhtiniana: Revista de Estudos do Discurso , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S2176-45732012000100011
Abstract: in this paper, we intend to reflect on possible contributions of critical discourse analysis for teaching-learning portuguese as a native language. considering a research-action experience with supervised internship students of portuguese language at the university of brasilia, we discussed some of the paths taken in the training of educators who are capable of critically analyzing discourses that circulate in society; promoting critical linguistic awareness and, above all, reflectively analyzing their own teaching practices.
The monetary transmission mechanism in Brazil: evidence from a var analysis
Luporini, Viviane;
Estudos Econ?micos (S?o Paulo) , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-41612008000100001
Abstract: this article presents evidence on the interest channel of the monetary policy for the brazilian economy of the 1990s analyzing the effects of an unexpected change in the baseline interest rate on output, prices and the exchange rate in a vector autoregression system. our main results are: a) a tightening in the monetary policy affects economic activity immediately, reducing the rate of growth of real gdp; b) the exchange rate and prices are affected only after a time interval, with inflation assuming a downward trend only two months after the monetary shock; c) results do not change when the specification is controlled for international conditions, commodity prices or other measures of inflation and economic activity; d) monetary shocks have a significant impact on the volatility of output and inflation in the benchmark model e) monetary shocks have a significant impact on the volatility of the debt/gdp ratio in the control-model.
As Conferências Públicas Nacionais e a forma??o da agenda de políticas públicas do Governo Federal (2003-2010)
Petinelli, Viviane;
Opini?o Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-62762011000100008
Abstract: this paper examines the incorporation of the deliberations of the national conferences into the policy agenda of the brazilian federal government and suggests aspects that affect the capacity of these public spaces to influence this process. the hypothesis is that the degree of incorporation of each conference, i.e., its inclusive capacity, varies according to the nature of the public policy debated, given that each policy has its own purpose, involves a distinct type of civil society and is formulated by different public institutions. to test this proposition, the article compares the national conferences of aquaculture and fishery, of women and of racial policy. the results corroborate the assumption that conferences of distinct public policies have different inclusive capacity.
Transmitir, difundir: formas de institucionaliza??o de uma disciplina
Couzinet, Viviane;
Perspectivas em Ciência da Informa??o , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-99362009000400002
Abstract: depois da institucionaliza??o administrativa de uma disciplina (fase 1) um conjunto de instrumentos proveniente da prática profissional em informa??o-documenta??o foram vistos como meios de constru??o de um alicerce (fase 2). com efeito, parece-nos possível aproveitar as competências adquiridas na produ??o de instrumentos documentais para tra?ar os contornos de um campo científico. estendendo uma pesquisa realizada anteriormente, trata-se aqui de compreender como as linguagens documentais utilizadas nas bibliotecas e na imprensa, no momento da emergência , na fran?a, da disciplina ciências da informa??o e da comunica??o, puderam contribuir para que fosse dada uma imagem desta disciplina a um público mais amplo do que o das universidades que a abriga. a entrada na esfera pública, observada a partir dos instrumentos documentais é encarada aqui como fase de sua consolida??o (fase3).
Sustainability of the Brazilian fiscal policy and central bank independence
Luporini, Viviane;
Revista Brasileira de Economia , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71402000000200004
Abstract: this paper analyzes the sustainability of fiscal policy in brazil since the financial reform of 1965 and discusses how the relationship between the treasury and the central bank has determined the federal government's capacity to finance itself. a sustainable policy is defined as one such that the discounted government debt as a ratio to the gdp is backed by expected primary surpluses of equal present-value. in the context of an infinite-horizon framework, sustainability is tested through the mean-zero stationarity of the discounted debt/gdp ratio. although the overall results indicate sustainability, tests on subsamples show that the fiscal policy was sustainable prior to 1980, but it assumed an unsustainable path during the 80's and early 90's.
Diversidad y patrones de distribución geográfica de insectos coleópteros en ecosistemas desérticos de la región de Antofagasta, Chile
JEREZ,VIVIANE;
Revista chilena de historia natural , 2000, DOI: 10.4067/S0716-078X2000000100009
Abstract: the coleopterologic fauna of the antofagasta region has been the object of diverse studies, but until now, an analysis of both the diversity and spatial distribution of the species was lacking. in this paper, the diversity of coleopteran species and their distribution ranges are given. the possible biogeographic relationships which could exist between the different described ecosystems of the region were analyzed. in this analysis, a coleopteran species inventory was elaborated based upon the literature, collected material from museums, and observations from field work. the spatial distribution of the taxa was established in relation to 11 described ecosystems for the region and the endemic areas were determined using a biogeographic parsimony analysis. the taxonomic composition of coleoptera is comprised of 21 families, 86 genera, and 167 species, with tenebrionidae as the most diverse having 23 genera and 78 species. the subdesertic steppe of the puna (57 sp.), coastal desert of tocopilla (50 sp.), desert of atacama saltflat (35 sp.), coastal desert of taltal (32 sp.), aluvian desert (22 sp.), and the shrubery steppe (17 sp.) are the ecosystems that present the most diversification. however, the coastal desert of tocopilla (72%), coastal desert of taltal (62.5%), subdesertic steppe of the puna (55.8%), desert of atacama saltflat (51.4%), shrubery steppe (47%), and the aluvian desert (36.3%) have the highest percentages of endemism. three areas of endemism are defined for the region of antofagasta, which correspond to three ecosystems distributed in an altitudinal gradient: coastal desert, aluvian desert, and tropical zone
Verdade em tradu??o: um testemunho da dor das palavras
Veras, Viviane;
Trabalhos em Linguística Aplicada , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-18132011000200014
Abstract: the truth and reconciliation commission (trc) was established in south africa in july 1995 and worked until august 1997, and its main goal is to provide national reconciliation, thus preventing a bloodbath and establishing civil peace. each one who asks for amnesty is required to speak the truth in a full disclosure context. therefore, it's not the case of a global amnesty which is automatically granted. once the commission insists upon the possibility of "doing things with words", there is, amid the testimonies and narratives, a quest for some truth that would be enough to provide a consensus, to the acknowledgement of the past and to the assumption of the crimes committed. in such context, i propose a reflection on the relation between translation and testimony, as well as on the role played by the interpreter as witness, stressing the fact that the english language, which was adopted in the context of the commission, is a language used for translation purposes and is neither the language spoken by the victims nor by the torturers.
Das Problem der Risikodefinition: Der Fall des Bergsteigens The Problems of the Defining the Risk: The Case of Mountaineering Los problemas al definir el riesgo: el caso del monta ismo
Viviane Seigneur
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2006,
Abstract: Es ist eine zentrale soziologische Annahme, dass die Wahrnehmung von Risiken im Wesentlichen eine Konstruktion und kein strikt objektiver Tatbestand sei. Dieser Ansatz hat jedoch die Tendenz, die Existenz von objektivem Wissen und handfesten Fakten auszublenden. Unsere Forschung zu Risiken im Hochgebirge vergleicht die verfügbaren Informationen zu Risiken (wissenschaftliche Literatur, Sicherheitsinformationen, Medienberichterstattung und politischer Diskurs) mit unseren empirischen Beobachtungen. Unsere Arbeit zeigt, dass die hier beobachtbaren Unterschiede auf einen grundlegenden Reflexionsmangel über den konstruktiven Charakter von Risikodefinitionen zurückgehen. Wir schlagen daher vor, den Risikobegriff in Verbindung mit nahestehenden Begriffen wie Unsicherheit, Emotion, Phobie und Gefahr noch einmal zu überdenken und demonstrieren die begriffliche Konfusion in verschiedenen Arbeiten (zum Beispiel in solchen, die mit sensationellen Aktivit ten wie "bungy jumping" umgehen, als ob sie gef hrlich seien). URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0601148 A central assumption in sociology is that the view on the risk is essentially a construction rather than a strictly objective perspective. However, this approach has a tendency to forget objective knowledge and tangible facts. Our research on risks in high mountains compares the available information on risks (scientific literature, safety information, media coverage and political discourse) with our empiric observations. Our work shows that there are differences caused by lack of fundamental reflection on the definition of the risk as a social construction. We propose to reconsider the definition of the risk with concepts closely connected to risk such as: uncertainty, emotion, phobia and danger, and to point out problems of confusion in several works of authors (e.g. those dealing with sensational activity, such as bungee jumping, as if it was dangerous). URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0601148 Un supuesto central de la sociología es que el riesgo es, esencialmente una construcción, antes que ser una perspectiva estrictamente objetiva. Sin embargo, este enfoque tiene una tendencia a olvidar el conocimiemto objetivo y los hechos tangibles. Nuestra investigación sobre riesgos en alta monta a compara la información disponible sobre riesgos (literatura científica, información sobre seguridad, discursos políticos y medios) con nuestras observaciones empíricas. Nuestro trabajo muestra que hay diferencias causadas por la falta de reflexión fundamental sobre la definición del riesgo como construcción social. Proponemos considerar la de
Diversidad y patrones de distribución geográfica de insectos coleópteros en ecosistemas desérticos de la región de Antofagasta, Chile Diversity and geographic distribution patterns of coleopteran insects in desert ecosystems of the Antofagasta region, Chile
VIVIANE JEREZ
Revista chilena de historia natural , 2000,
Abstract: La fauna coleopterológica de la Región de Antofagasta, ha sido objeto de diversos trabajos, pero hasta el momento falta un análisis de conjunto de la diversidad y distribución espacial de las especies. En este trabajo se da a conocer la diversidad de Coleoptera, rangos de distribución de las especies y se analiza las relaciones biogeográficas que pueden existir entre los distintos ecosistemas descritos para la Región. Para ello se elaboró un catastro georreferenciado en base a revisión bibliográfica, material de colección y prospecciones en terreno. La distribución espacial de los taxa se estableció en relación a 11 ecosistemas descritos para la Región y se determinaron áreas de endemismo mediante análisis de parsimonia biogeográfico. La composición taxonómica de Coleoptera está formada por 21 familias, 86 géneros y 167 especies, siendo Tenebrionidae la familia más diversa con 23 géneros y 78 especies. Los ecosistemas que presentan mayor diversidad específica son Estepa subdesértica de la puna (52 sp.), Desierto costero de Tocopilla (50 sp.), Desierto del Salar de Atacama (35 sp.), Desierto costero de Taltal (32 sp.), Desierto de los aluviones (22 sp.) y Estepa arbustiva (17 sp.). Sin embargo los ecosistemas que concentran el mayor porcentaje de endemismo son Desierto costero de Tocopilla (72%), Desierto costero de Taltal (62,5%), Estepa subdesértica de la puna (55,8%), Desierto del Salar de Atacama (51,4 %), Estepa arbustiva (47%) y Desierto de los aluviones (36,3%). Se delimitaron tres áreas de endemismo para la Región de Antofagasta y que corresponden a tres grandes ecosistemas distribuidos en un gradiente altitudinal: Desierto litoral, Desierto de los aluviones y Zona tropical The coleopterologic fauna of the Antofagasta Region has been the object of diverse studies, but until now, an analysis of both the diversity and spatial distribution of the species was lacking. In this paper, the diversity of coleopteran species and their distribution ranges are given. The possible biogeographic relationships which could exist between the different described ecosystems of the region were analyzed. In this analysis, a coleopteran species inventory was elaborated based upon the literature, collected material from museums, and observations from field work. The spatial distribution of the taxa was established in relation to 11 described ecosystems for the Region and the endemic areas were determined using a biogeographic parsimony analysis. The taxonomic composition of Coleoptera is comprised of 21 families, 86 genera, and 167 species, with Tenebrionidae as the mo
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