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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1587 matches for " Viviane Gervasoni "
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INTERNACIONALIZA O E OS PAíSES EMERGENTES
Viviane Gervasoni
Gest?o & Regionalidade , 2009,
Abstract:
El impacto electoral de las reformas económicas en América Latina (1982-1995)
Carlos GERVASONI
América Latina Hoy , 2009,
Abstract: RESUMEN: Los argumentos sobre la impopularidad de las políticas ortodoxas y de libre mercado en el mundo en desarrollo condujeron a muchos académicos a pensar que su implementación en los países democráticos de América Latina resultaría en un castigo electoral a los gobiernos (y, por lo tanto, implicaría la insostenibilidad de esas políticas). Una línea más reciente de la literatura plantea que los costos sociales y electorales de las políticas ortodoxas y de libre mercado han sido considerablemente más bajos que lo esperado, especialmente cuando se los compara con los costos del mantenimiento de políticas heterodoxas y estatistas. Usando datos sobre 30 gobiernos latinoamericanos elegidos democráticamente después del comienzo de la crisis de la deuda, se pone a prueba (vía análisis de regresión múltiple) la hipótesis de que las políticas ortodoxas y de libre mercado han estado asociadas con iguales (o mejores, pero nunca peores) resultados electorales para los gobiernos que las políticas heterodoxas y estatistas. Las conclusiones son que la ortodoxia monetaria está fuertemente correlacionada con el apoyo electoral, mientras que el proteccionismo y los déficit fiscales son neutrales o están asociados con pérdidas electorales. El grado de participación del estado en la producción no tiene un efecto estadísticamente significativo sobre el desempe o electoral de los gobiernos. Estos resultados tienden a confirmar la hipótesis y plantean un serio cuestionamiento a la opinión tradicional de que los votantes castigan las reformas económicas. ABSTRACT: Arguments about the unpopularity of orthodox and free-market policies in the developing world led many scholars to think that their implementation in democratic Latin American countries would result in the electoral punishment of the incumbent administrations (and, therefore, in the discontinuation of those policies). More recent literature suggests that the social and electoral costs of orthodox and free-market policies are considerably lower than expected, especially when compared to the costs of maintaining heterodox and statist policies. Drawing on data for 30 democratic Latin American presidential administrations elected after the outset of the debt crisis, the hypothesis that orthodox and free-market policies have been associated with equal (or better, but never worse) electoral results for incumbents than heterodox and statist polices is tested through multiple regression analysis. The conclusions are that monetary orthodoxy is strongly correlated with electoral gains, while protectionism and fiscal defici
Measuring Variance in Subnational Regimes: Results from an Expert-Based Operationalization of Democracy in the Argentine Provinces Midiendo la variación de los regímenes subnacionales: Resultados de una operacionalización basada en expertos de la democracia en las provincias argentinas
Carlos Gervasoni
Journal of Politics in Latin America , 2010,
Abstract: This paper presents an expert-based operationalization strategy to measure the degree of democracy in the Argentine provinces. Starting with a mainstream and “thick” definition of regime type, I assess each of its aspects using a subjective or perception-based approach that taps the knowledge of experts on the politics of each province. I present and justify the methodological design of the resulting Survey of Experts on Provincial Politics (SEPP) and conduct a preliminary analysis of its results. Some aspects of the provincial regimes appear to be clearly democratic, while others are mixed or even leaning towards authoritarianism. Moreover, some show little interprovincial variance, while others vary considerably from province to province. An analysis of the central tendency and dispersion of the survey items allows for a general description of the Argentine provincial regimes. Inclusion is the most democratic dimension, while the effectiveness of institutional constraints on the power of the Executive is the most deficient. Electoral contestation is generally free of traditional forms of fraud, but incumbents often command far more campaign resources and media attention than do their challengers. Physical repression is rare, but opponents in some provinces face subtler forms of punishment. While the survey does not uncover any clear cases of subnational authoritarianism, stricto sensu, provincial regimes do vary significantly from basically democratic to clearly hybrid. Este artículo presenta una estrategia de operacionalización basada en expertos para medir el grado de democracia en las provincias argentinas. Partiendo de una definición convencional y “densa” del tipo de régimen, se evalúan cada uno de sus aspectos usando un enfoque subjetivo o basado en percepciones, que explota el conocimiento de expertos en la política de cada provincia. Se presenta y justifica el dise o metodológico de la resultante Encuesta de Expertos en Política Provincial (EEPP) y se realiza un análisis preliminar de sus resultados. Algunos aspectos de los regímenes provinciales aparecen como claramente democráticos, mientras que otros son mixtos o incluso se inclinan hacia el autoritarismo. Además, algunos muestran escasa variación interprovincial, mientras que otros varían considerablemente de provincia a provincia. Un análisis de la tendencia central y la dispersión de los ítems de la encuesta permite una descripción general de los regímenes provinciales argentinos. La dimensión más democrática es la inclusión, mientras que la efectividad de los límites institucionales al
Carbon Capture and Storage and the UNFCCC: Recommendations to Address Trans-Boundary Issues  [PDF]
Viviane Romeiro, Virginia Parente
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2012.323017
Abstract: This paper is mainly focused on the eligibility of trans-boundary Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS) as a Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project activity and it aims to explore a broad range of CCS transboundary issues whereby the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and national governments could take into consideration. Much work is still to be done by the CCS community (including the Institute) to ensure that the implementation of CCS under the CDM is both environmentally effective and commercially attractive. The recommendations focus on technical issues, with the aim of helping Parties evaluate a robust strategy for CCS as part of international negotiations and establish CCS best practice criteria for governments and the international process, thereby enhancing transparency and ensuring that CCS deployment is safe and effective. When considering CDM projects activities with a transboundary component, it is recommend that the rules of the main international treaties related to CCS be considered by the UNFCCC, especially the London Protocol guidelines for risk assessment and management and the 2006 IPCC Guidelines. Additionally, national governments should apply the rules and guidelines as delineated under the relevant existing international treaties and CCS national regulations.
Atrial fibrillation and its determinants after radiofrequency ablation of chronic common atrial flutter
Stéphane Cade,Shahine Sedighian,Agustin Bortone,Richard Gervasoni
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal , 2005,
Abstract: Aim. Atrial fibrillation (AFib) is a major clinical issue and its occurrence is the main problem after catheter ablation of atrial flutter. The long-term occurrence of AFib after common atrial flutter ablation is still matter of debate as it may influence the therapeutic approach. So, the aim of our study was to analyze the determinants and the time course of AFib after radiofrequency catheter ablation of chronic common atrial flutter. Methods and Results. 89 consecutive patients (67.5 ± 12.0 yrs) underwent RF ablation of chronic common atrial flutter. 38.2 % had previous history of paroxysmal AFib. 51% had no underlying structural heart disease. Over a mean follow-up of 38 ± 13 months, the occurrence rate of AFib progressively increased up to 32.9% at the end of follow-up. The median occurrence time for AFib was 8 months. AFib occurrence was significantly associated with previous AFib history (P=0.01) but not with the presence of underlying heart disease (P=n.s.). Of particular interest, in our study, AFib never occurred in patients without previous AFib history. Palpitations after chronic common atrial flutter ablation was mostly related to AFib. Conclusion. In conclusion, after chronic common atrial flutter ablation, AFib incidence progressively increased over the follow-up in all patients. Patients with prior AFib history appeared to be a very high risk group. In these patients, closer monitoring is mandatory and the persistent risk of AFib recurrences may justify prolonged anticoagulation policy.
Effects of Fatigue on Balance and Mobility in Subjects with Multiple Sclerosis: A Brief Report
Elisa Gervasoni,Davide Cattaneo,Angelo Montesano,Johanna Jonsdottir
ISRN Neurology , 2012, DOI: 10.5402/2012/316097
Abstract:
Ensino de língua materna e Análise de Discurso Crítica
Ramalho, Viviane;
Bakhtiniana: Revista de Estudos do Discurso , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S2176-45732012000100011
Abstract: in this paper, we intend to reflect on possible contributions of critical discourse analysis for teaching-learning portuguese as a native language. considering a research-action experience with supervised internship students of portuguese language at the university of brasilia, we discussed some of the paths taken in the training of educators who are capable of critically analyzing discourses that circulate in society; promoting critical linguistic awareness and, above all, reflectively analyzing their own teaching practices.
The monetary transmission mechanism in Brazil: evidence from a var analysis
Luporini, Viviane;
Estudos Econ?micos (S?o Paulo) , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-41612008000100001
Abstract: this article presents evidence on the interest channel of the monetary policy for the brazilian economy of the 1990s analyzing the effects of an unexpected change in the baseline interest rate on output, prices and the exchange rate in a vector autoregression system. our main results are: a) a tightening in the monetary policy affects economic activity immediately, reducing the rate of growth of real gdp; b) the exchange rate and prices are affected only after a time interval, with inflation assuming a downward trend only two months after the monetary shock; c) results do not change when the specification is controlled for international conditions, commodity prices or other measures of inflation and economic activity; d) monetary shocks have a significant impact on the volatility of output and inflation in the benchmark model e) monetary shocks have a significant impact on the volatility of the debt/gdp ratio in the control-model.
As Conferências Públicas Nacionais e a forma??o da agenda de políticas públicas do Governo Federal (2003-2010)
Petinelli, Viviane;
Opini?o Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-62762011000100008
Abstract: this paper examines the incorporation of the deliberations of the national conferences into the policy agenda of the brazilian federal government and suggests aspects that affect the capacity of these public spaces to influence this process. the hypothesis is that the degree of incorporation of each conference, i.e., its inclusive capacity, varies according to the nature of the public policy debated, given that each policy has its own purpose, involves a distinct type of civil society and is formulated by different public institutions. to test this proposition, the article compares the national conferences of aquaculture and fishery, of women and of racial policy. the results corroborate the assumption that conferences of distinct public policies have different inclusive capacity.
Transmitir, difundir: formas de institucionaliza??o de uma disciplina
Couzinet, Viviane;
Perspectivas em Ciência da Informa??o , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-99362009000400002
Abstract: depois da institucionaliza??o administrativa de uma disciplina (fase 1) um conjunto de instrumentos proveniente da prática profissional em informa??o-documenta??o foram vistos como meios de constru??o de um alicerce (fase 2). com efeito, parece-nos possível aproveitar as competências adquiridas na produ??o de instrumentos documentais para tra?ar os contornos de um campo científico. estendendo uma pesquisa realizada anteriormente, trata-se aqui de compreender como as linguagens documentais utilizadas nas bibliotecas e na imprensa, no momento da emergência , na fran?a, da disciplina ciências da informa??o e da comunica??o, puderam contribuir para que fosse dada uma imagem desta disciplina a um público mais amplo do que o das universidades que a abriga. a entrada na esfera pública, observada a partir dos instrumentos documentais é encarada aqui como fase de sua consolida??o (fase3).
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