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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 202249 matches for " Vivian Gavilán Vega "
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BUSCANDO VIDA: HACIA UNA TEORíA AYMARA DE LA DIVISIóN DEL TRABAJO POR GéNERO
Gavilán Vega,Vivian;
Chungará (Arica) , 2002, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-73562002000100006
Abstract: the purpose of this study is to describe and explain how the aymara population of the highlands of northern chile conceptualise and practice a division of labour by gender. i intend to analyze the relationship established by women and men in the home, and interpret the aymara theory concerning the division of labour and sexual differentiation. by describing and analyzing the distribution and evaluation of labour among the different aymara social categories in the life cycle of household members, i assert that exchange relationships generate social inequalities rather than egalitarian interchange. these inequalities acquire particular characteristics as a consequence of the insertion of peasant communities in the regional socio-economic structure, as well as of the gender ideology that constitutes part of the reproductive practices of the aymara community
BUSCANDO VIDA: HACIA UNA TEORíA AYMARA DE LA DIVISIóN DEL TRABAJO POR GéNERO SEEKING FOR LIFE: TOWARDS A THEORY ON AYMARA GENDER LABOR DIVISION
Vivian Gavilán Vega
Chungará (Arica) - Revista de Antropología Chilena , 2002,
Abstract: El propósito de este artículo es describir e interpretar la forma en que la población aymara del altiplano del norte de Chile piensa y practica la división del trabajo por género. Me interesa analizar las relaciones que establecen mujeres y hombres dentro de los hogares y conocer la teoría aymara de la división del trabajo y de la diferencia sexual. A través de la descripción y análisis de la distribución y valoración del trabajo entre las distintas categorías aymara del ciclo vital de los integrantes del hogar, sostengo que se dan relaciones de intercambio que conducen a desigualdades sociales más que a un intercambio de equivalentes. Sin embargo, los contenidos de estas desigualdades adquieren características particulares, tanto por los efectos de la inserción de las comunidades campesinas en la estructura socioeconómica regional como por las ideologías de género que forman parte de las prácticas productivas y reproductivas de la comunidad aymara The purpose of this study is to describe and explain how the Aymara population of the highlands of Northern Chile conceptualise and practice a division of labour by gender. I intend to analyze the relationship established by women and men in the home, and interpret the Aymara theory concerning the division of labour and sexual differentiation. By describing and analyzing the distribution and evaluation of labour among the different Aymara social categories in the life cycle of household members, I assert that exchange relationships generate social inequalities rather than egalitarian interchange. These inequalities acquire particular characteristics as a consequence of the insertion of peasant communities in the regional socio-economic structure, as well as of the gender ideology that constitutes part of the reproductive practices of the Aymara community
REPRESENTACIONES DEL CUERPO, SEXO Y GéNERO ENTRE LOS AYMARA DEL NORTE DE CHILE
Carrasco G,Ana María; Gavilán Vega,Vivian;
Chungará (Arica) , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-73562009000100006
Abstract: the main purpose of this paper is to present the preliminary results of a study of the social representations created by the aymara of northern chile with respect to the body sexuality and reproduction. this article is an approach to identify the categories of sexual differentiation that allow actors to lay the foundation for gender relations. we inquire into two spheres of aymara social life: religious practices and narratives about the body, gender and sexuality. we consider two approaches to trace symbolic associations and meaningful content which could allow an understanding of sexual differences, and bring an awareness to how the representations of the body, sex and gender are related to the ethnic and gender identities of this social group.
FESTIVIDADES ANDINAS Y RELIGIOSIDAD EN EL NORTE CHILENO
Gavilán Vega,Vivian; Carrasco G,Ana María;
Chungará (Arica) , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-73562009000100007
Abstract: the purpose of this paper is to present the results of our research on important religious festivities celebrated by the population ethnically ascribed as aymara in the far north of chile, an area bordering bolivia and peru. this is a descriptive study aiming to interpret these celebrations in the context of the representation of time-space, in order to provide empirical data that contributes to a better understanding of aymara culture and identity. this material indicates that although the forms of these rituals are changing and subject to shifting meanings, they have not been sufficiently studied. we propose that these changes in the systems of religious beliefs and practices relate to the processes of modernization occurring during the twentieth century, which affected the communities studied here in more recent times. religious institutions have also prompted changes; it is possible to observe that their increasing presence has resulted in greater continuity with the dominant christian culture, together with the always extant processes of local appropriation.
REPRESENTACIONES DEL CUERPO, SEXO Y GéNERO ENTRE LOS AYMARA DEL NORTE DE CHILE REPRESENTATIONS OF THE BODY, SEX AND GENDER IN AYMARA COMMUNITIES OF NORTHERN CHILE
Ana María Carrasco G,Vivian Gavilán Vega
Chungará (Arica) - Revista de Antropología Chilena , 2009,
Abstract: El propósito central de este trabajo es exponer resultados preliminares de un estudio sobre las representaciones sociales que construyen los aymara del norte chileno respecto del cuerpo, la sexualidad y la reproducción. Se trata de alcanzar una aproximación a las categorías de las diferenciaciones sexuales que permiten a los actores sentar las bases para establecer las relaciones de género. Se indaga en dos ámbitos de la vida social aymara, por un lado en las prácticas religiosas y, por el otro, en las narrativas acerca del cuerpo, el sexo y la sexualidad. Consideradas dos formas de entrada para rastrear las asociaciones simbólicas y contenidos significativos que pudieran permitir la comprensión de las diferencias sexuales; como asimismo, abrir la mirada a cómo las representaciones del cuerpo, sexo y género se relacionan con las identidades étnicas y de género de este grupo social. The main purpose of this paper is to present the preliminary results of a study of the social representations created by the Aymara of Northern Chile with respect to the body sexuality and reproduction. This article is an approach to identify the categories of sexual differentiation that allow actors to lay the foundation for gender relations. We inquire into two spheres of Aymara social life: religious practices and narratives about the body, gender and sexuality. We consider two approaches to trace symbolic associations and meaningful content which could allow an understanding of sexual differences, and bring an awareness to how the representations of the body, sex and gender are related to the ethnic and gender identities of this social group.
FESTIVIDADES ANDINAS Y RELIGIOSIDAD EN EL NORTE CHILENO ANDEAN FESTIVITIES AND RELIGIOSITY IN NORTHERN CHILE
Vivian Gavilán Vega,Ana María Carrasco G
Chungará (Arica) - Revista de Antropología Chilena , 2009,
Abstract: El propósito de este trabajo es exponer resultados de investigación acerca de las festividades religiosas más importantes que celebra la población que se adscribe étnicamente al pueblo aymara en el extremo norte de Chile, zona fronteriza con Bolivia y Perú. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo e interpretativo de las fiestas en el contexto de las representaciones del tiempo-espacio, con el objeto de aportar data empírica que contribuya a una mejor comprensión de la cultura e identidad aymara. Este material indica que si bien las formas de los rituales van cambiando y se producen procesos de resignificación, estos no han sido suficientemente estudiados. Asimismo se propone que las transformaciones en el sistema de creencias y las prácticas religiosas se relacionan con los procesos de modernización ocurridos durante el siglo XX, mismos que han afectado de manera más tardía a las comunidades aquí estudiadas. Las instituciones eclesiásticas han impulsado cambios también; es posible observar que a mayor presencia de las mismas, mayor es la continuidad con la cultura cristiana hegemónica, existiendo siempre un proceso de apropiación local. The purpose of this paper is to present the results of our research on important religious festivities celebrated by the population ethnically ascribed as Aymara in the far North of Chile, an area bordering Bolivia and Peru. This is a descriptive study aiming to interpret these celebrations in the context of the representation of time-space, in order to provide empirical data that contributes to a better understanding of Aymara culture and identity. This material indicates that although the forms of these rituals are changing and subject to shifting meanings, they have not been sufficiently studied. We propose that these changes in the systems of religious beliefs and practices relate to the processes of modernization occurring during the twentieth century, which affected the communities studied here in more recent times. Religious institutions have also prompted changes; it is possible to observe that their increasing presence has resulted in greater continuity with the dominant Christian culture, together with the always extant processes of local appropriation.
Representaciones del cuerpo e identidad de género y étnica en la población indígena del norte de Chile
Gavilán V.,Vivian;
Estudios atacame?os , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-10432005000200008
Abstract: this paper presents the ways in which representations of the body relate to ethnic and gender identities of the aymara-speaking population in the north of chile. taking a phenomenological approach that considers and explores the subjectivity of the indigenous social actor, the study seeks to know the manner in which the symbolic identity of this social group operates. specifically, it explores how human body parts, their functions, as well as what social actors think of them, can be part of the social identity of a culturally distinguishable population in the region of tarapacá
Identidades étnicas en Tarapacá a inicios del siglo XXI
Gavilán, Vivian
Revista de Dialectología y Tradiciones Populares , 2005,
Abstract: The author has done research on the processes of formation of ethnic identities in the región of Tarapacá, in northern Chile. She argues that the indigenous people in Tarapacá have recently tried to shake off the stigma of Indianness by using elements of modernity in asserting their ethnic identity. Beyond other signs for identity-building, they have resorted to ethnicity as they strive to be included in a historically excluding system. This strategy depends upon defining and reproducing the symbolic borders with the q'ara, the Aymara category for the other : he or she who does not descend from the Inca For them the Inca represents the past, a mythical space-time and a system of norms and values that serves as a guide for the practices of the present. Yet this process is conflictive and heterogeneous, since this indigenous people are diverse in terms of class, gender and degree of acculturation. Este artículo expone resultados de una investigación acerca de los procesos de configuración de las identidades étnicas en la región de Tarapacá, norte de Chile. Presenta la hipótesis de que la población de origen indígena ha intentado quitarse el estigma de indio utilizando elementos de la modernidad para reafirmar su identidad étnica. Por encima de otras identidades, recurren a la etnicidad como paradigma para buscar inclusión en un sistema históricamente excluyente. Esta identidad estratégica se apoya en una identidad emblemática que marca las fronteras con el q'ara, categoría clasificatoria aymara del otro; aquel que no desciende del 'Inca' . Símbolo que representa el pasado, un espacio-tiempo mítico, un sistema normativo y de valores que proporciona un esquema de percepción para orientar las prácticas del presente. Pero este proceso es conflictivo y heterogéneo, ya que se trata de un grupo social diverso en términos de clase, género y grado de aculturación.
Representaciones del cuerpo e identidad de género y étnica en la población indígena del norte de Chile
Vivian Gavilán V.
Estudios Atacame?os , 2005,
Abstract: Este artículo expone cómo las representaciones del cuerpo se relacionan con las identidades étnicas y de género de la población de habla aymara en el Norte Grande de Chile. Con un enfoque fenomenológico que considera y explora la subjetividad del actor social indígena, se intenta conocer la manera en que opera la identidad simbólica de este grupo social. En particular, se explora cómo las partes del cuerpo humano, sus funciones y los sentidos que tienen para los actores los usos del cuerpo, pueden formar parte de la identidad social de esta población culturalmente distinguible en la región de Tarapacá This paper presents the ways in which representations of the body relate to ethnic and gender identities of the aymara-speaking population in the north of Chile. Taking a phenomenological approach that considers and explores the subjectivity of the indigenous social actor, the study seeks to know the manner in which the symbolic identity of this social group operates. Specifically, it explores how human body parts, their functions, as well as what social actors think of them, can be part of the social identity of a culturally distinguishable population in the region of Tarapacá
ESTUDIO DE UNA PRENDA TEXTIL ASOCIADA AL INCA EN LA COSTA NORTE DE CHILE (CAMARONES 9): LAS "MANTAS" QUE ENVUELVEN LOS CUERPOS
Ulloa,Liliana; Standen,Vivien G.; Gavilán,Vivian;
Chungará (Arica) , 2000, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-73562000000200017
Abstract: this paper presents the study of a textile form, "mantas" that are found in the grave goods of inka fishermen that lived at the mouth of the camarones river (camarones 9) in the coast of northern chile. the style of the mantas which wrapped and sealed the bodies are not well known in pre-inka and inka textiles. its presence and the variations found with different individuals, makes them an exceptional cultural material for comparative studies within the site as well as with other cemeteries. we present a physical anthropological analysis of the bodies and an ethnographic review of the role of textiles in modern aymara communities, living in the region. we aim to find new clues to understand aspects of the inka presence in northern chile
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