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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 32581 matches for " Vilmar Ezequiel dos Santos "
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Valores sociais: com a palavra a juventude
Santos, Vilmar Ezequiel dos;Yonekura, Tatiana;Soares, Cássia Baldini;Campos, Célia Maria Sivalli;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002012000200017
Abstract: objective: to identify the different positions of young students in relation to expressions about contemporary social values. methods: a descriptive study using a quantitative approach, we used a spreadsheet to assign the positions of 229 students between 15 and 19 years, participants in 29 focus groups conducted in ten schools in four dissimilar regions in the city of santo andré (sp), brazil. young people positioned themselves regarding the agreement - doubt or disagreement - over a set of value-laden expressions sorted and discussed in groups. these positions were analyzed according to their frequencies. results: first, we identified a certain degree of uniformity of viewpoints, as a consequence of generational experience of assimilation of values disseminated in society; on the other hand, heterogeneity was evidenced that exposed inherent contradictions of the different social contexts surrounding these youths. conclusion: we identified values that differed among youths pertaining to different social groups while encountering others that did not. there was more heterogeneity than homogeneity in opinions about the evaluative expressions used.
Redu??o de danos: análise das concep??es que orientam as práticas no Brasil
Santos, Vilmar Ezequiel dos;Soares, Cássia Baldini;Campos, Célia Maria Sivalli;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73312010000300016
Abstract: this paper aimed to analyze the concepts that guide practices of harm reduction (hr) in brazil. forty six national publications were selected from 1994 to 2006, specially from lilacs database. from the central categories - object (what you want to transform) and subject (for whom the actions are directed), the analysis showed that the hr is very heterogeneous, with the unity object/subject represented by different equations: dependence-dependent; transmissible disease-drugusers of the marginalized and excluded populations; consumption-user of drugs; residents-ways of life of a particular "community", social risks and the general public; and production, trade and consumption of drugssocial class. it can be concluded that the different trends of hr have been built in brazil as answers to problems related to the complex phenomenon of drug use, and mean the involvement of several areas and the extension of theoretical debate.
"A produ o científica internacional sobre redu o de danos: Uma análise comparativa entre MEDLINE e LILACS"
Vilmar Ezequiel dos Santos,Cássia Baldini Soares,Célia Maria Sivalli Campos
SMAD Revista Electrónica Salud Mental, Alcohol y Drogas , 2012,
Abstract: El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir y analizar el trayecto de la reducción de da os (RD) en los países donde fue difundida. Se partió del presupuesto de que la RD significa una nueva manera de comprender e intervenir en los problemas relacionados al uso de drogas. El método consistió en la revisión de las publicaciones científicas hechas disponibles en las bases MEDLINE, en el período de 1996 a 2006 y LILACS, sin restricción de período. El análisis de las publicaciones apunta para difusión de las estrategias y ampliación del campo de la RD en diversos países, y muestra diferencias significativas en sus características, cuando comparados a países de capitalismo central y periférico.
Representa??es cotidianas: uma proposta de apreens?o de valores sociais na vertente marxista de produ??o do conhecimento
Soares, Cássia Baldini;Santos, Vilmar Ezequiel dos;Campos, Célia Maria Sivalli;Lachtim, Sheila Aparecida Ferreira;Campos, Fernanda Cristina;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342011000800020
Abstract: we propose from the marxist perspective of the construction of knowledge, a theoretical and methodological framework for understanding social values by capturing everyday representations. we assume that scientific research brings together different dimensions: epistemological, theoretical and methodological that consistently to the other instances, proposes a set of operating procedures and techniques for capturing and analyzing the reality under study in order to expose the investigated object. the study of values reveals the essentiality of the formation of judgments and choices, there are values that reflect the dominant ideology, spanning all social classes, but there are values that reflect class interests, these are not universal, they are formed in relationships and social activities. basing on the marxist theory of consciousness, representations are discursive formulations of everyday life - opinion or conviction - issued by subjects about their reality, being a coherent way of understanding and exposure social values: focus groups show is suitable for grasping opinions while interviews show potential to expose convictions.
Fluoxetina: indícios de uso inadequado
Carlini, Elisaldo A.;Noto, Ana Regina;Nappo, Solange Aparecida;Sanchez, Zila van der Meer;Franco, Vera Lúcia da Silva;Silva, Luiz Carlos Franco;Santos, Vilmar Ezequiel dos;Alves, Décio de Castro;
Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0047-20852009000200005
Abstract: objective: investigate the use of fluoxetine in santo andré city, sp, by collecting and analyzing special prescriptions (sp) issued by physicians and filed in compounding pharmacies and drugstores of that city. methods: special prescriptions were collected during august 2005 to july 2006 in 13 compounding pharmacies and 27 drugstores, in different regions of santo andré. each prescription has been examined for the presence of fluoxetine, in combination or not with other active ingredients, and sex (a) patient was noted. results: we examined 39,782 sp; 16,124 of them were collected from compounding pharmacies and 23,658 from drugstores. of these totals, 10,919 prescriptions contained fluoxetine as follows: 9,259 from the compounding pharmacies (84.8%) and only 1,660 (15.2%) from drugstores. fluoxetine was manly prescribed for women (79.8%). in the vast majority of sp, fluoxetine was prescribed in combination with a large number of other active substances reaching more than ten others in almost half of the prescriptions. conclusion: it is suggested that the large use of fluoxetine possibily aims to an aesthetic objective (to lose weight) and not as a therapeutic aim (treatment of depression). this work discusses the risk/benefit of this use which could be described as inappropriate, given the known adverse reactions of fluoxetine and its interference with the cytochrome p450 system.
Evaluation of Insecticides Targeting Control of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)  [PDF]
Eliane Carneiro, Luciana Barboza Silva, Kellen Maggioni, Vilmar Buenos dos Santos, Thiago Ferreira Rodrigues, Soislan Souza Reis, Bruno Ettore Pavan
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.518298
Abstract:

Insecticides from different chemical groups were tested by laboratory bioassay to verify the percentage mortality of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner 1808) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). The experiment was conducted in the Crop Science laboratory—Prof. CinobelinaElvas Campus—UFPI, Bom Jesus, PI, from January to June, 2013. The populations utilized came from the University’s own insect breeding laboratories. Third instar larvae of H. armigera were used to conduct the bioassay. The experimental design was fully randomized, with 13 treatments and four replications. Five larvae were used per replication, with 12 insecticides from 9 different chemical groups and a control. Each treatment consisted of three doses. The methods of application used were topical contact and ingestion in artificial diet. According to the results the percentage mortality of H. armigera larvae varied among the treatments. The results demonstrated that chlorpyrifos and spinosad were effective against third instar H. armigera larvae both on contact and by ingestion. Flubendiamide, acephate, methomyl, Bacillus thuringiensis, dimethoate, chlorantraniliprole and fipronil had good responses to control of H. armigera.

Estrutura populacional de Symphonia globulifera L. f. (Clusiaceae) em fragmentos de Mata Atlantica de baixada periodicamente alagada
Santos, Ezequiel Moraes dos;Nascimento, Marcelo Trindade;
CERNE , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-77602012000200011
Abstract: this paper assesses the population structure of symphonia globulifera in forest fragments of lowland atlantic forest in the po?o das antas biological reserve (rbpa) and the uni?o biological reserve (rbu), rio de janeiro, brazil. a comparative analysis of the role of seed and vegetative reproduction in the plant population structure was also carried out. three sampling areas were selected in the rbpa (port, cm and ari) and one area in the rbu. two types of population structure were found: 1) populations with low recruitment and with several individuals originated from seeds that appeared to be senescent (port and ari), and 2) populations with high number of recruits from vegetative reproduction (cm and rbu). seedlings and saplings showed, in general, a higher number of individuals from vegetative reproduction. on the other hand, adults had a predominance of individuals from seed reproduction. these structured patterns appear to be related to the water regimes in each area. therefore, these data suggest the occurrence of a strong differentiated mortality of seedlings and saplings from vegetative reproduction.
Population structure of Symphonia globulifera L. f. (Clusiaceae) in fragments of seasonally flooded lowland Atlantic Forest
Ezequiel Moraes dos Santos,Marcelo Trindade Nascimento
CERNE , 2012,
Abstract: This paper assesses the population structure of Symphonia globulifera in forest fragments of lowland Atlantic Forest in the Po o das Antas Biological Reserve (RBPA) and the Uni o Biological Reserve (RBU), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A comparative analysis of the role of seed and vegetative reproduction in the plant population structure was also carried out. Three sampling areas were selected in the RBPA (PORT, CM and ARI) and one area in the RBU. Two types of population structure were found: 1) populations with low recruitment and with several individuals originated from seeds that appeared to be senescent (PORT and ARI), and 2) populations with high number of recruits from vegetative reproduction (CM and RBU). Seedlings and saplings showed, in general, a higher number of individuals from vegetative reproduction. On the other hand, adults had a predominance of individuals from seed reproduction. These structured patterns appear to be related to the water regimes in each area. Therefore, these data suggest the occurrence of a strong differentiated mortality of seedlings and saplings from vegetative reproduction.
Harm Reduction Unit of the City of Santo André, S o Paulo State, Brazil: An Evaluation
Silvia Moreira da Silva,Cássia Baldini Soares,Vilmar Ezequiel Santos
Social Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: The Harm Reduction Unit (HRU) in Santo André (S o Paulo State) was created to improve the health of people who either live or work on the streets: drug users, commercial sex workers (male and female), men who have sex with men, sexually exploited adolescents, transsexuals, transvestites, lesbians, and women working in brothels. This project was undertaken to evaluate the HRU from the perspective of its users. A semi-structured interview was administered to nineteen users from different segments of the populations served by the unit. The major weaknesses of the HRU were felt to be its inconsistent presence in some areas and the absence of psychologists to provide follow-up care. The unit was seen as promoting better health, increased use of condoms, reduction in drug usage, increased access and use of health care services, and less sharing of equipment used in drug consumption. Users see the HRU as a sympathetic presence whose ongoing work provides them with a sense of security and protection. The impact of the HRU went beyond harm reduction; users reported transformative changes such as increased awareness of their social rights and knowledge about how those rights can be demanded. Users had been given new tools to face their problems and seek access to education, work, and housing. Key words: harm reduction, illegal drugs, health service evaluation, social problems
A experiência da toxicomania e da reincidência a partir da fala dos toxic?manos
Santos, Clayton Ezequiel dos;Costa-Rosa, Abílio da;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2007000400008
Abstract: this study had examined the toxicomania phenomenon and its reincidence from toxicomaniac's speech. this study has been performed in a specialized unit for chemical dependence treatment and troubles about alcohol ingestion and other drugs. the study is based on the clinical data from eleven subjects. the paper, performed within the theoretical psychoanalytical perspective was based on drug addiction accounts, whose preliminary interviews were embased on psychoanalysis' "urgency clinic's" parameters. the listening and reflection results indicated many psychological characteristics which are relevant for planning care strategies concerning about individualistic and collective problems. we distinguished two kinds of toxicomania related to the subjectivity types. the reincidence issue is a false dilemma and detoxification, along abstinence and also provoked by hospitalization is only a moment of drug deprivation that will be propably followed by a new period of drug use. abstinence does not mean that the subjects have renounced to their drug willing. it is only an interruption correspondent to the low body tolerance in regard to the toxicomania mental fight , that follows the addicted person until death. the forced abstinence, as a public health policy and strategy, present in the toxicomania ordinary treatment , showed highly negative consequences , and need urgently to be revised. this study had tried to put the toxicomaniacs' unique experience into discussion as a intervention strategy for the these subjects' addiction itinerary concerning the moment they search for help.
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