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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8665 matches for " Victoria Villalta-Gil "
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Use of functioning-disability and dependency for case-mix and subtyping of schizophrenia
Ochoa,Susana; Salvador-Carulla,Luis; Villalta-Gil,Victoria; Gibert,Karina; Haro,Josep Maria; ,;
The European Journal of Psychiatry , 2012, DOI: 10.4321/S0213-61632012000100001
Abstract: background and objectives: to evaluate the utility of the constructs functioning and disability (f & d) and dependency for case-mix and subtyping of patients with schizophrenia by psychosocial, clinical, use of services and attention received from informal carers. methods: a randomly selected total of 205 people with schizophrenia, and their careers were evaluated through panss, das-sv, objective and subjective burden scale (ecfos-ii) and use of services. results: two groups and four profiles were identified according to levels of dependency: the non-dependent group was made of two profiles: independent (i), and persons with disability in the community (dic). the dependent group included persons with dependency in the community (dec) and persons with dependency in hospital care (deh). there are clinical and psychosocial differences between these profiles being the dependent the most severe. regarding use of services, dec use the most resources, with the exception deh (more hospitalization resources). the dec profile generate greater family burden in the following areas; taking medication, being accompanied to appointments, and management than the dic, despite both groups showing a high need for support. conclusions: dependency is a relevant construct for case-mix and subtyping in schizophrenia, and it is related to severity both at the social and clinical level. dec generate more family burden than the other profiles, followed by dic (patients with schizophrenia with disability but non-dependent).
Use of functioning-disability and dependency for case-mix and subtyping of schizophrenia
Susana Ochoa,Luis Salvador-Carulla,Victoria Villalta-Gil,Karina Gibert
The European Journal of Psychiatry , 2012,
Abstract: Background and Objectives: To evaluate the utility of the constructs functioning and disability (F & D) and dependency for case-mix and subtyping of patients with schizophrenia by psychosocial, clinical, use of services and attention received from informal carers. Methods: A randomly selected total of 205 people with schizophrenia, and their careers were evaluated through PANSS, DAS-sv, Objective and Subjective Burden Scale (ECFOS-II) and use of services. Results: Two groups and Four profiles were identified according to levels of Dependency: The non-dependent group was made of two profiles: independent (I), and persons with disability in the community (DiC). The dependent group included persons with dependency in the community (DeC) and persons with dependency in hospital care (DeH). There are clinical and psychosocial differences between these profiles being the dependent the most severe. Regarding use of services, DeC use the most resources, with the exception DeH (more hospitalization resources). The DeC profile generate greater family burden in the following areas; taking medication, being accompanied to appointments, and management than the DiC, despite both groups showing a high need for support. Conclusions: Dependency is a relevant construct for case-mix and subtyping in schizophrenia, and it is related to severity both at the social and clinical level. DeC generate more family burden than the other profiles, followed by DiC (patients with schizophrenia with disability but non-dependent).
Influence of age at onset on social functioning in outpatients with schizophrenia
S. Ochoa,J. Usall,V. Villalta-Gil,M. Vilaplana
The European Journal of Psychiatry , 2006,
Abstract: Background and Objectives: There are different factors that have been found to predict disability in schizophrenia. The aim of our study is to evaluate the influence of age at onset on social functioning in schizophrenia in a large sample of schizophrenic outpatients controlling for gender. Methods: Two hundred and thirty-one subjects with schizophrenia (DSM-IV criteria) were randomly selected from a register that included all patients under treatment in five mental health care centers (MHCC) in Spain. Patients were evaluated with a sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire, and the Spanish version of the Living Skills Profile (LSP). Pearson's analyses were performed between age at onset and LSP, and an ANOVA analysis to compare three groups of age at onset (early, middle and late). Gender was introduced as a covariable. Results: Mean age at onset of the total sample was 23 (sd 7.35), with women having a later age at onset than men (women 24.6 (sd 9.1) ; men 22.2 (sd 5.9) (p<0.05)). The relation between age at onset and social functioning was only significant in the not interpersonal social behavior subscale (p<0.01). Early age at onset was positively related to social contact-communication (p<0.05), not interpersonal social behavior (p<0.05) and total LSP score (p<0.05). When including gender as a covariable, a significant relationship between age at onset and social functioning was found in most of the LSP subscales. Conclusions: Early onset of illness negatively influences psychosocial functioning, especially in the areas of communication, not interpersonal social behaviour and self-care. Female gender positively influences most aspects of social functioning.
Influence of age at onset on social functioning in outpatients with schizophrenia
Ochoa,S.; Usall,J.; Villalta-Gil,V.; Vilaplana,M.; Márquez,M.; Valdelomar,M.; Haro,J.M.; ,;
The European Journal of Psychiatry , 2006, DOI: 10.4321/S0213-61632006000300003
Abstract: background and objectives: there are different factors that have been found to predict disability in schizophrenia. the aim of our study is to evaluate the influence of age at onset on social functioning in schizophrenia in a large sample of schizophrenic outpatients controlling for gender. methods: two hundred and thirty-one subjects with schizophrenia (dsm-iv criteria) were randomly selected from a register that included all patients under treatment in five mental health care centers (mhcc) in spain. patients were evaluated with a sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire, and the spanish version of the living skills profile (lsp). pearson's analyses were performed between age at onset and lsp, and an anova analysis to compare three groups of age at onset (early, middle and late). gender was introduced as a covariable. results: mean age at onset of the total sample was 23 (sd 7.35), with women having a later age at onset than men (women 24.6 (sd 9.1) ; men 22.2 (sd 5.9) (p<0.05)). the relation between age at onset and social functioning was only significant in the not interpersonal social behavior subscale (p<0.01). early age at onset was positively related to social contact-communication (p<0.05), not interpersonal social behavior (p<0.05) and total lsp score (p<0.05). when including gender as a covariable, a significant relationship between age at onset and social functioning was found in most of the lsp subscales. conclusions: early onset of illness negatively influences psychosocial functioning, especially in the areas of communication, not interpersonal social behaviour and self-care. female gender positively influences most aspects of social functioning.
Gender differences in the use of mental health services in a Barcelona area
Judith Usall,Raquel Iniesta,Susana Ochoa,Victoria Villalta
The European Journal of Psychiatry , 2012,
Abstract: Background and Objectives: The exploration of the use of specialised mental health services and the prevalence of mental disorders recorded by these services is important when planning and adapting the various mental health services to real users' needs. The fact of being a woman has repeatedly proved to be a predicting factor for higher service use and this could imply than such needs may vary according to gender. The objectives of our study are: to analyse the attended prevalence in both out-patient and hospital services data as per diagnoses according to gender, and to analyse the use of hospital care services with respect to diagnoses according to gender. Methods: The sample for this observational and retrospective study (n = 65,465) is comprised of everyone who visited any of the Sant Joan de Déu-SSM mental health services between 2002 and 2007. Main measures: total number of consultations, and number and length of hospitalisations. Results: Women presented higher attended prevalence. Men show a higher risk of a first hospitalisation and longer length of admissions. Among the group of admitted patients, the number of women is higher. With regard to diagnosis, gender influences the attended prevalence. Regarding hospitalisation, we find differences in patients with schizophrenia and other mood disorders. Conclusions: The main result is that women have a higher attended prevalence of mental disorders than men. In the total sample, women have a higher number of hospitalisations although men have a higher risk of a first hospitalisation and their stays prove to be longer. When taking diagnosis into account, gender differences are greater in attended prevalence than in number and length of hospitalisations.
La antropología política y jurídica, entre la etnografía y la historia
Tiscornia Sofía,María Victoria Pita,Carla Villalta,María Josefina Martínez
Cuadernos de Antropología Social , 2010,
Abstract:
DE SECUESTROS Y ADOPCIONES: EL CIRCUITO INSTITUCIONAL DE LA APROPIACIóN CRIMINAL DE NI?OS EN ARGENTINA (1976-1983)
Villalta,Carla;
Historia Crítica , 2009,
Abstract: by analyzing cases of appropriated children who were put up for adoption during the last military dictatorship in argentina (1976-1983), this article examines the institutional machinery, bureaucratic routines, and the prevailing social feelings during those years with regard to these adoptions. it describes and contextualizes the values associated with adoption, the narratives about child abandonment, and the everyday procedures and practices that formed the environment in which the criminal appropriation of children was normalized and attempted to be made legal.
Cuando la apropiación fue adopción: Sentidos, prácticas y reclamos en torno al robo de ni?os
Villalta,Carla;
Cuadernos de antropolog?-a social , 2006,
Abstract: the children's appropriation perpetrated by the last military dictatorship has been an exceptional event and, as such has been reported and characterized. nevertheless, this kind of characterization can lead to be construed as a not problematized reading of these facts, isolating them from the relationships' context where they were carried out. as from the analysis of two cases of disappeared children which were given in adoption, it is our object in this article to get in depth into a reading's key which allows to deal with the connection of these facts with bureaucratic routines, practices and procedures of the judicial system which, we understand, may be conceptualized as conditions of a possibility for the development of those criminal practices. illegal practices which have combined both clandestine as well as pseudo-legal forms and which were plotted on a network of previously existing social relationships and senses as regards the abandonment of children and their adoption.
Entregas, adopciones y dilemas en el campo de organismos destinados a la infancia
Villalta, Carla;
Revista Estudos Feministas , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-026X2011000100008
Abstract: in this article we analyze the different debates and dilemmas outlined by the so-called "direct surrenders" in the field of institutions and agents responsible for granting the adoption of children. this term designates the surrender that mothers or other members of the biological family make of their children to other people for their adoption. to account for the meanings currently associated to these practices, on one hand, we describe and analyze the process through which the surrender of children performed by public deed was suppressed by argentine legislation. on the other hand, we focus on the analysis of legal adoption cases of children who were directly surrendered by their mothers and/or families of origin. through this analysis, we examine the ways assumed by governmental intervention whenever the aim is to protect a population deemed "vulnerable" and to fight "children trafficking". this investigation leads to explore the dilemma represented by child adoption in a society engulfed by deep social inequities, and to meditate on which are the "rights" acknowledged to those women for whom the surrender of a child in adoption constitutes an option within a limited range of possibilities.
De secuestros y adopciones: el circuito institucional de la apropiación criminal de ni os en Argentina (1976-1983).
Carla Villalta.
Historia Crítica , 2009,
Abstract: By analyzing cases of appropriated children who were put up for adoption during the last military dictatorship in Argentina (1976-1983), this article examines the institutional machinery, bureaucratic routines, and the prevailing social feelings during those years with regard to these adoptions. It describes and contextualizes the values associated with adoption, the narratives about child abandonment, and the everyday procedures and practices that formed the environment in which the criminal appropriation of children was normalized and attempted to be made legal.
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