Abstract:
Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $g\geq 2$ over the complex numbers. A holomorphic triple $(E_1,E_2,\phi)$ on $X$ consists of two holomorphic vector bundles $E_1$ and $E_2$ over $X$ and a holomorphic map $\phi:E_2 \to E_1$. There is a concept of stability for triples which depends on a real parameter $\sigma$. In this paper, we determine the Hodge polynomials of the moduli spaces of $\sigma$-stable triples with $\rk(E_1)=3$, $\rk(E_2)=1$, using the theory of mixed Hodge structures. This gives in particular the Poincar\'e polynomials of these moduli spaces. As a byproduct, we recover the Hodge polynomial of the moduli space of odd degree rank 3 stable vector bundles.

Abstract:
Let $G$ be the fundamental group of the complement of the torus knot of type $(m,n)$. This has a presentation $G=$. We find the geometric description of the character variety $X(G)$ of characters of representations of $G$ into $SL(2,C)$.

Abstract:
We produce an equality between the Gromov-Witten invariants of the moduli space M of rank two odd degree stable vector bundles over a Riemann surface $\Sigma$ and the Donaldson invariants of the algebraic surface $\Sigma \times P^1$. We discuss on to how extent the Quantum cohomology of M determines its Gromow-Witten invariants. Finally we find the isomorphism between the usual cohomology and the Quantum cohomology for the moduli space M over a Riemann surface of genus g=3.

Abstract:
Using gauge theory for Spin(7)-manifolds of dimension 8, we develop a procedure, called Spin-rotation, which transforms a (stable) holomorphic structure on a vector bundle over a complex torus of dimension 4 into a new holomorphic structure over a different complex torus. We show non-trivial examples of this procedure by rotating a decomposable Weil abelian variety into a non-decomposable one. As a byproduct, we obtain a Bogomolov type inequality, which gives restrictions for the existence of stable bundles on an abelian variety of dimension 4, and show examples in which this is stronger than the usual Bogomolov inequality.

Abstract:
We extend the ideas of Friedman and Qin (Flips of moduli spaces and transition formulae for Donaldson polynomial invariants of rational surfaces) to find the wall-crossing formulae for the Donaldson invariants of algebraic surfaces with geometrical genus zero, positive irregularity and anticanonical divisor effective, for any wall $\zeta$ with $l_{\zeta}=(\zeta\sp{2}-p_1)/4$ being zero or one.

Abstract:
Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $g\geq 2$ over the complex numbers. Fix $n\geq 2$, and an integer $d$. A pair $(E,\phi)$ over $X$ consists of an algebraic vector bundle $E$ of rank $n$ and degree $d$ over $X$ and a section $\phi$. There is a concept of stability for pairs which depends on a real parameter $\tau$. Let $M_\tau(n,d)$ be the moduli space of $\tau$-semistable pairs of rank $n$ and degree $d$ over $X$. We prove that the cohomology groups of $M_\tau(n,d)$ are Hodge structures isomorphic to direct summands of tensor products of the Hodge structure $H^1(X)$. This implies a similar result for the moduli spaces of stable vector bundles over $X$.

Abstract:
We prove new adjunction inequalities for embedded surfaces in four-manifolds with non-negative self-intersection number by using the Donaldson invariants. These formulas are completely analogous to the ones obtained by Ozsv\'ath and Szab\'o using the Seiberg-Witten invariants. To prove these relations, we give a fairly explicit description of the structure of the Fukaya-Floer homology of a surface times a circle. As an aside, we also relate the Floer homology of a surface times a circle with the cohomology of some symmetric products of the surface.

Abstract:
We put in a general framework the situations in which a Riemannian manifold admits a family of compatible complex structures, including hyperkahler metrics and the Spin-rotations of arxiv:1302.2846. We determine the (polystable) holomorphic bundles which are rotable, i.e., they remain holomorphic when we change a complex structure by a different one in the family.

Abstract:
We determine the quantum cohomology of the moduli space of odd degree rank two stable vector bundles over a Riemann surface $\Sigma$ of any genus. This work together with dg-ga/9710029 prove that this quantum cohomology is isomorphic to the instanton Floer cohomology of the three manifold $\Sigma \times S^1$. (Note: There is some overlap with the previous paper: alg-geom/9711013).

Abstract:
We compute some Gromov-Witten invariants of the moduli space of odd degree rank two stable vector bundles over a Riemann surface of any genus. Next we find the first correction term for the quantum product of this moduli space and hence get the two leading terms of the relations satisfied by the natural generators of its quantum cohomology. Finally, we use this information to get a full description of the quantum cohomology of the moduli space when the genus of the Riemann surface is 3.