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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 354599 matches for " Velja?evi? Ana S. "
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Estimation of evaporative losses during storage of crude oil and petroleum products
Mihajlovi? Marina A.,VeljaeviAna S.,Jovanovi? Jovan M.,Jovanovi? Mi?a B.
Hemijska Industrija , 2013, DOI: 10.2298/hemind120301050s
Abstract: Storage of crude oil and petroleum products inevitably leads to evaporative losses. Those losses are important for the industrial plants mass balances, as well as for the environmental protection. In this paper, estimation of evaporative losses was performed using software program TANKS 409d which was developed by the Agency for Environmental Protection of the United States - US EPA. Emissions were estimated for the following types of storage tanks: fixed conical roof tank, fixed dome roof tank, external floating roof tank, internal floating roof tank and domed external floating roof tank. Obtained results show quantities of evaporated losses per tone of stored liquid. Crude oil fixed roof storage tank losses are cca 0.5 kg per tone of crude oil. For floating roof, crude oil losses are 0.001 kg/t. Fuel oil (diesel fuel and heating oil) have the smallest evaporation losses, which are in order of magnitude 10-3 kg/tone. Liquids with higher Reid Vapour Pressure have very high evaporative losses for tanks with fixed roof, up to 2.07 kg/tone. In case of external floating roof tank, losses are 0.32 kg/tone. The smallest losses are for internal floating roof tank and domed external floating roof tank: 0.072 and 0.044, respectively. Finally, it can be concluded that the liquid with low volatility of low BTEX amount can be stored in tanks with fixed roof. In this case, the prevailing economic aspect, because the total amount of evaporative loss does not significantly affect the environment. On the other hand, storage of volatile derivatives with high levels of BTEX is not justified from the economic point of view or from the standpoint of the environment protection.
Intellectual property protection of pharmaceutical products and processes
Ili?-Stojanovi? Sne?ana S.,?or?evi? Sini?a M.
Hemijska Industrija , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/hemind0303126i
Abstract: The role of intellectual property is significantly increasing within new international economic and commercial relationships. Intellectual capital is being increasingly recognised as one of the most important domains belonging to the greatest and the most powerful world companies. Intellectual property protection is a complex category and it comprises legal, technical and economical-financial aspects.
Productivity of winter rye in organic vs. Conventional cropping system
Olja?a Sne?ana I.,Dolijanovi? ?eljko K.,Glamo?lija ?or?e N.,?or?evi? Sne?ana S.
Journal of Agricultural Sciences , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/jas1002123o
Abstract: Rye is a cereal which is very much demanded at the market, for making a special kind of bread, but it is little grown in Serbia. The aim of this paper is to investigate possibilities of organic growing of winter rye, comparing with the conventional one, in agroecological conditions of Valjevo hilly region during 2008/2009 and 2009/2010 cropping seasons. The trial was set up in a village of Kote ica, on soil which had not been used for agriculture for 7 years. In organic cropping system three combinations of microbiological fertiliser baktofil with zeolite and hydrogel were used prior to sowing. Half of each plot was treated with foliar microbiological fertiliser Slavol during crop growing period. In conventional cropping system three variants with mineral fertilisers were included: NPK, NPK+zeolite, NPK+hydrogel. Results of the yield obtained in the experiment showed a significant difference between two seasons, 2008/2009 and 2009/2010. In comparison with the control, the treatments in an organic cropping system resulted with statistically insignificant differences for mean values in both years, while the mean in conventional cropping system has significantly higher yield of winter rye. Organic cropping system under conditions of Valjevo hilly region did not give significantly lower rye yield compared with the conventional one in a moderate growing season such was 2008/2009. The combination of soil microbiological fertiliser (Baktofil) with foliar fertiliser (Slavol) and zeolite gave the highest winter rye grain yield in all other treatments in the second year of investigation. In a very wet season (2009/2010) mineral fertiliser NPK showed an advantage, especially in combinations with zeolite, and this treatment can be recommended.
Basic mechanisms of the cellular alterations in T-2 toxin poisoning: Influence on the choice and result of the therapy
Ja?evi? Vesna M.,Bo?arov-Stan?i? Aleksandra S.,Resanovi? Radmila D.,?or?evi? Sne?ana B.
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Prirodne Nauke , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/zmspn0713045j
Abstract: T-2 mycotoxin, secondary metabolite of Fusarium fungi, is one of the most potent cytotoxic representatives of trichothecene mycotoxin type A. After ingestion, T-2 toxin affects actively dividing cells and irreversible post-mitotic cells. In our experiments, the best protective effects were produced by dexametasone (PI = 3.37) and different methylprednisolone formulations (PI = 2.43-2.64). Significant protective efficacy was shown by nimesulide (PI = 1.44) and N-acethyilcistein (PI = 1.29), but their values were higher in a combination with methylprednisolone (PI = 2.16-2.34). Radioprotector amifostine (WR-2721) expressed good protective effects (PI = 1.26) or/and different absorbent formulations, such as: activated charcoal (PI = 1.13) and various Min-a-zel powder compounds, which are a well known zeolite clinoptilolite absorbents. Among the five zeolite regimens investigated, only Min-a-zel Plus showed a significant protective effect (PI = 1.77). In summary, the steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs could be recommended as a regimen of choice for treatment of acute T-2 toxicosis while nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory compounds, different absorbent formulations and their combinations with antioxidants or radioprotectors could be important for the treatment of subacute and chronic T-2 toxin poisonings.
Vertical distribution of 137Cs in cultivated and undisturbed areas
Nenadovi? Sne?ana S.,Nenadovi? Milo? T.,Vukanac Ivana S.,?or?evi? Aleksandar R.
Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/ntrp1001030n
Abstract: This paper introduces the distribution background and unique characteristics of 137Cs in cultivated and undisturbed areas. The samples were taken from three measuring points of the depth of 1 m. We examined all visible horizons and determined their classifications. There were four horizons in one profile. All four horizons had a different zone thickness. 137Cs is an artificial radionuclide that has been produced primarily as a result of atmospheric thermonuclear weapon tests since the 1950. Also, the great amount of 137Cs (~85 PBq) was released in the atmosphere during the Chernobyl accident. So, 137Cs has been globally distributed, with fallout rates generally related to latitude and precipitation depth. The movement of 137Cs in soil is primarily controlled by soil erosion processes, such as processes caused by water, wind, and tillage. Thus, 137Cs is a valuable tracer to study soil erosion. The specific activity of 137Cs in soil and sediment samples was determined by using the gamma-spectrometric method.
Radiological hazards of 137Cs in cultivated and undisturbed areas
Nenadovi? Sne?ana S.,Nenadovi? Milo? T.,Vukanac Ivana S.,Omera?evi? Mia O.
Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/ntrp1102115n
Abstract: The exposure of human beings to ionizing radiation from 137Cs is a continuing and inescapable feature of life on Earth. Artificial radio nuclides are widely distributed in various geological formations and ecosystems such as rock, soil, groundwater, and foodstuffs. In the presents study, the distribution of 137Cs was measured in soil samples collected from different lithological units of the Rudovci, Lazarevac, Serbia. Analysis of the vertical soil profiles indicated that the activity of 137Cs was not extremely changed with depth. The activity concentrations of the 137Cs in measured soil samples ranged from below minimal detectable concentrations up to 38.1 Bq/kg. In order to evaluate the radiological hazards due to 137Cs in the samples, the absorbed dose rate and the annual effective dose were calculated in accordance with recommendations given in the UNSCEAR 2000 report. The distribution of radionuclides depends upon the rock composition, chemical and physical properties of the soil. The external absorbed gamma dose rates due 137Cs were found to vary from 0 to 1.16 nGy/h.
Cohort analysis of colorectal cancer mortality in the Republic of Serbia over the period 1971-1996
Gaji?-Veljanoski Olga,Jarebinski Mirjana S.,Jovi?evi?-Beki? Ana,Pekmezovi? Tatjana D.
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/sarh0206173g
Abstract: Colorectal cancer is one of the most frequent malignant neoplasms in both sexes within developed countries. In the Republic of Serbia(Serbia) colorectal cancer mortality in 1971 ranged 5 in females, and 4 in males; it became the second leading malignancy in 1982 in females (after breast cancer), and in 1992 in males (after lung cancer). The objective of this descriptive-epidemiological study was to examine colorectal cancer mortality in Serbian population, particularly the effect of cohort variations on death rates in defined age groups over the period 1971-1996. Mortality rates were calculated from unpublished national vital statistics data of the Institute of Statistics of the Republic of Serbia. To estimate the age effect on colorectal cancer mortality, specific death rates were computed for cohorts born between 1892-96 and 1972-76, and died at subsequent time periods. The mortality rates were adjusted by direct method, using the world standard population. Confidence intervals (CI) for death rates were assessed with 95% level of probability. In time trend analysis of mortality, Fisher's test was used as a significance test for linear regression coefficient. In the study period (1971-1996), a share of all digestive tumors in cancer mortality has decreased from 42.0% to 32.3%. However, the mortality risk of colorectal cancer and its share in cancer mortality have increased. For example, in men, the share of colorectal cancer in digestive cancer mortality increased from 20.7% (1971) to 32.8% (1996) and in overall cancer mortality from 7.5% to 10.5%. In women, the share of colorectal cancer in digestive cancer mortality increased from 23.0%(1971) to 35.6%(1996), and in overall cancer mortality from 8.5% to 11.6%. The average colorectal cancer age-adjusted death rates (1971-1996) were 11.2 per 100,000 men (95% CI: 10.1-12.3), and 8.3 per 100,000 women (95% CI: 7.7-8.9). The secular linear mortality trends showed significant increase both in males (y = 11.2 + 0.2x; ρ = 0.000), and females (y = 8.3 + 0.1 χ; ρ = 0.000). The highest rise in age-specific death rates, according to linear mortality trends, was observed in males over 65 years (7.8% annually), and females between 60 and 69 years (5.9% annually). In cohort analysis of age-specific rates in males, younger birth cohorts were compared with older ones. The increasing colorectal cancer mortality risk has been observed for ages over 40, with statistical significance in age groups over 45. In ages between 45 and 59, and over 60, the youngest birth cohorts were at 2 and 2.5-fold higher cancer mortality risk
Adsorption of T-2 toxin by natural mineral adsorbents
Stojanovi? Ana I.,Dakovi? Aleksandra S.,Matija?evi? Sr?an D.,Rottinghaus George E.
Hemijska Industrija , 2008, DOI: 10.2298/hemind0802059s
Abstract: The contamination of animal feed with mycotoxins represents a worldwide problem leading to economic losses in animal production. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), 25% of the world's cereal grain production is contaminated with mycotoxins. The most common mycotoxins found in grains are the aflatoxins, ochratoxins, fumonisins, trichothecenes, zearalenone and the ergopeptine alkaloids. Trichothecenes, constitute the largest group of Fusarium mycotoxins. Among others, T-2 toxin is the most acute toxic trichothecene. In this paper, adsorption of T-2 toxin by natural mineral adsorbents zeolite-clinop-tilolite and smectite minerals - bentonite and hectorite, at pH 3 was investigated. The highest adsorption index was achieved for hectorite (95%), while clinoptilolite and bentonite showed low adsorption index for T-2 toxin, 8% and 13%, respectively. Results of T-2 toxin adsorption on hectorite, at different amount of solid phase in suspension, and at pH 3, 7 and 9, showed that toxin adsorption indexes increased with increase of adsorbent concentration in suspension, at all investigated pH values. No significant differences in T-2 toxin adsorption by hectorite, at pH 3, 7 and 9 were observed.
The most important pathogens transmitted by sugar beet
Milo?evi? Mirjana B.,Ignjatov Maja V.,Medi?-Pap Sla?ana S.
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Prirodne Nauke , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/zmspn0610055m
Abstract: Pathogenic fungi and viruses transmitted by sugar beet seed represent a complex group of organisms. Detection of these pathogens is an important issue in sugar beet protection. Their identification is a difficult task because the most available methods rely on the growth characteristics morphological and biochemical criteria. Three domestic and eight foreign sugar beet varieties, from Germany, Italy and Greece were included in the investigation. Seed health testing was performed in laboratory and in field conditions. During the trials, the following methods were used: blotter method, agar plate method and ELISA test for viruses. Seeds were incubated in "Conviron" aparatus at 22°C which is suitable for sporulation of different kind of fungi (light and temperature were adjustable). The appereance of following fungi was noted during incubation: Pleospora bjoerlingii (Phoma betae), Fusarium spp., Pythium spp. Aphanomyces cochlioides and Cercospora beticola. Viruses tested by ELISA test were beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) and beet yellows virus (BYV). Viruses were tested in sugar beet seedlings grown in laboratory conditions and on leaves of individual plants from the field. The disease index was calculated on the basis of intensity of infection of plants for Cercospora beticola and Phoma betae according to Mc Kinney's formula. Results were presented by graphs, tables and original photos.
Occurrence of ochratoxin A in feed and residue in porcine liver and kidney
Mili?evi? Dragan R.,Sinovec Zlatan J.,Sai?i? Sne?ana S.,Vukovi? Dubravka ?.
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Prirodne Nauke , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/zmspn0508085m
Abstract: The effect of ochratoxin A in feed for pigs, and the incidence of its residue in liver and kidney were investigated. The samples were taken from farms and corresponding slaughterhouse in different areas of Serbia. The criteria for OTA residue examination in the mentioned tissues were macroscopic alterations in kidneys, that is a marked kidney ischemia. 14 feed samples, 12 kidney samples and 12 liver samples in total were examined. The average OTA concentration in feed was 25,24 g/kg (0,0-85 g/kg). The presence of the OTA residue was found in all of examined tissues samples. The average OTA concentration in kidneys was 2,37 g/kg (1,0-8,2 g/kg), in liver was 2,66 g/kg (1,2-5,5 g/kg). The experiment showed that the average OTA concentration in feed of farm A in contrast to farm B was significantly low (p < 0,05), in liver was significantly lower (p < 0,01), while in kidneys was not significantly low (p < 0,05). The correlation between these three findings was postulated and discussed.
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