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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1351 matches for " Vania Ceccato "
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Space-time Clusters of Crime in Stockholm, Sweden
Adriaan Uittenbogaard,Vania Ceccato
Review of European Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/res.v4n5p148
Abstract: The aim of the study is to detect geographical clustering of offences over time using Kulldorff’s scan test (SaTScan version 9.01; Kulldorff, 2010) and police recorded data over Stockholm city, the capital of Sweden. This technique has a rigorous inference theory for identifying statistically significant clusters. The space–time scan statistics are used in a single retrospective analysis using data from 1st January 2006 to 31st December 2009. A four years’ dataset is collapsed into ‘one year’. All space-time dimensions of the data are kept except ‘year’. Clusters over the hours of the day, weekday and weekend and by seasons were tested. Total population but also day-time and night-time populations were used as reference. Findings show clear distinct patterns of concentration for violence (assault and threat) and property crimes (theft, robbery and burglary) over time and space. Whilst property crimes tend to happen more often in the afternoons in the center and regional commercial centers in the southern and western parts of Stockholm, violence takes place more often in the night, and is heavily concentrated in large parts of the city center. Weekends are more targeted than weekdays for both offences. Regardless of day of the week, the main urban core of the city contains the most likely cluster that extends to commercial and socially disorganized areas in the west and south Stockholm. Whilst property crime levels do not show significant differences over the seasons, violent crimes levels do (winter and summer). The most likely clusters tend to be fairly constant in space over time. The article ends with implications of the results for both research and practice.
Safety of Immunosuppressive Drugs Used as Maintenance Therapy in Kidney Transplantation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Celline Cardoso Almeida,Micheline Rosa Silveira,Vania Eloisa de Araújo,Livia Lovato Pires de Lemos,Juliana de Oliveira Costa,Carlos Augusto Lins Reis,Francisco de Assis Acurcio,Maria das Gracas Braga Ceccato
Pharmaceuticals , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/ph6101170
Abstract: To evaluate the safety of regimens containing calcineurin inhibitors (CNI), proliferation signal inhibitors (TOR-I) and antimetabolites, we conducted a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and observational studies. A total of 4,960 citations were identified in our electronic search and 14 additional articles were identified through hand searching. Forty-eight articles (11,432 participants) from 42 studies (38 RCTs and four cohorts) met the inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis results revealed the following: (i) tacrolimus was associated with an increased risk for diabetes and lower risk of dyslipidemia, compared to cyclosporine; (ii) mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) was associated with increased risk for total infections, abdominal pain, diarrhea and vomiting, compared with azathioprine; (iii) sirolimus was associated with higher risk of anemia, diabetes, dyslipidemia, lymphoceles and withdrawal compared to tacrolimus or cyclosporine, and cyclosporine was associated with an increased risk of CMV infection; (iv) the combination of CNI with antimetabolites was associated with more adverse events than CNI alone; (v) TOR-I was related to more adverse events than MMF. The data observed in this meta-analysis are similar to those describe by others authors; thus, the choice of treatment must be made by the clinical staff based on specific patient characteristics.
A histerossonografia na avalia o da cavidade uterina alterada em pacientes pós-menopausadas
Ceccato Júnior Benito Pio Vitório
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2002,
Do caranguejo vermelho ao Cristo cor-de-rosa: as campanhas educativas para a preven??o do cancer no Brasil
Rocha, Vania;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702010000500015
Abstract: cancer prevention campaigns in brazil are an important feature of the history of efforts to control this disease. the material produced down through this history offers a rich source of documents that merit the attention of professionals in such areas as education, communication, information, public health, history, and scientific educational outreach. starting from this premise, i have analyzed education campaign material coming from different fields of knowledge. my notes are the result of a preliminary analysis of campaign posters from the perspective of the history of health education. this research will be further developed.
Participa??o paterna no cuidado de crian?as pequenas: um estudo etnográfico com famílias de camadas populares
Bustamante, Vania;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000600036
Abstract: the present study focused on father's involvement in the health care of small children (under six years) in low-income families. an ethnographic study was performed with interviews and participatory observation. we visited families in an outlying low-income urban neighborhood in northeast brazil, for nine months. children appeared as a fundamental dimension in the lives of men and women, constituting a common reason for forming a family nucleus. the paternal role involved three key dimensions: education, in which the father was essential; body care, usually considered a female attribution; and preservation of integrity, considered an obligation for all family members. despite the fact that traditional identification of gender roles still persists, based on contrasting discourses and practices, in all families (and especially in nuclear ones) there were dimensions in which men participated actively, demonstrating physical and emotional proximity with their children.
From a revolutionary logic to humanitarian reasons: Uruguayan leftists in the exile and human rights transnational networks
Cuadernos del CLAEH , 2006,
Abstract: this article describes the relationship between the uruguayan leftists who had to flee their country in the 1970s and several other participants who formed the transnational human rights networks in those years. the analysis begins in buenos aires and ends in the 1976 hearings on uruguay before the u.s. congress. it touches on the positions of diverse leftist groups, the stand of former senator zelmar michelini, the motivations of several democratic congressmen, and the international campaign launched by amnesty international. it focuses on the transformation that led many uruguayan exiles to present their claims in the language of human rights organizations in order to posit their demands and denounce the most dramatic aspects of repression in their country.
Ser pai no subúrbio ferroviário de Salvador: um estudo de caso com homens de camadas populares
Bustamante, Vania;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722005000300007
Abstract: we have developed a study under ethnographic basis with men from popular classes, fathers of children under 6 years old, trying to find out their experiences regarding paternity; making logical links between discourse and practice. we used participative observation, through frequent visits to homes for a nine-month period and semi-structured interviews. we have found that, for the interviewed men, the feeling of being a father is not determined by the biological link to the child, but strongly influenced by the quality of relation they have with their female partner and their own experience as a son. being a provider is a necessary condition to have an affective relation with their children, in which physical care tends to be excluded as they consider it to be a feminine work. being present as a father involves multiple, concrete, and psychic senses. as a conclusion, we suggest that this subject should be kept on continue studies, noticing three different levels - socio-cultural, relational and individual - and it should be included in the health practices discussion.
Enfermeiros e a família do portador de transtorno mental
Moreno, Vania;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672010000400016
Abstract: this qualitative study aimed at investigating how mental health nurses acquired knowledge about the theme family during their academic training, how they see families in their daily practice, and how should professional training be considering the presence of the family in the care setting. data were collected using semistructured questionnaires. six nurses were interviewed. data analysis allowed the establishment of three theme categories: academic and professional training absence of the family theme; the nurses' perception of the family with a mentally ill member; and a new vision of the family the role of teaching. during undergraduate education, nurses acquired little knowledge about the theme family; in the institutional routine, they praise the family as a participant of care; and indicate that the need for knowledge about families is based on the interdisciplinary character of education.
O ofício do historiador e os índios: sobre uma querela no Império
Moreira, Vania;
Revista Brasileira de História , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-01882010000100004
Abstract: the purpose of this paper is to emphasize the importance of historiography as an organizing tool during the making of the imperial regime in brazil, for it was able among other things to attest the social, political and territorial gains throughout the colonial period. i stress the historiographical divergence between defenders and detractors of their presence in national history, the connection of this intellectual debate with the imperial indigenist policy and finally the emergence of a national trend in the indigenist historiography and policy, which led to an artificial extinction of the indian presence and identity in our society and in imperial history while considering them henceforth exclusively as brazilians.
Familiares de portadores de transtorno mental: vivenciando o cuidado em um centro de aten??o psicossocial
Moreno, Vania;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342009000300010
Abstract: this study aimed at learning how relatives of patients with mental disorders have experienced dealing with a mental health care service. the exploratory and descriptive method was used with a qualitative approach. data collection was performed using semi-structured interviews. subjects were six family members who had been living for over three years with the process of having a mentally ill relative. data analysis allowed us to infer that relatives who closely follow the patient had to deal with the knowledge acquired from their day-to-day experience and were subject to rejection by other family and community members. as regards the psychosocial care center, the relatives felt welcomed in their complaints, receiving a unique treatment; however, they did not know the mechanisms for social participation, which points to a deficiency in the service as it should stimulate forms of insertion into the community and the strengthening of the patients' rights as citizens.
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