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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1691 matches for " Valeria Tombini "
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Acute bronchial asthma
Susanna Ramuscello,Valeria Tombini,Emanuela Perucchini,Daniele Coen
Emergency Care Journal , 2007, DOI: 10.4081/ecj.2007.2.7
Abstract: Asthma is one of the main causes of morbidity worldwide. It affects some 300 million individuals and has risen over the past 20 years, especially in the paediatric population. Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the airways, subject to periodic exacerbations, characterised by coughing and progressive dyspnoea. Clinical conditions may vary greatly, ranging from moderate exacerbation with an increase in nocturnal awakening and a less than 20% reduction in the flow peak, through to severe respiratory insufficiency that requires immediate intubation of the airways. Pharmacological treatment envisages a step approach that aims to obtain and maintain control over the symptoms, taking into consideration the effectiveness of the treatment available, potential side effects and cost. β2-agonists and corticosteroids are the drugs of election for both maintenance therapy and for treating exacerbations. Other therapeutic devices may prove useful in particular cases. One fundamental key point in treatment over time is the cooperation between patient and attending doctor. The latest review of the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guidelines was published in 2006.
Sepsis
Valeria Tombini,Sonja Lamberti,Maurizio Bottiroli,Daniele Coen
Emergency Care Journal , 2006, DOI: 10.4081/ecj.2006.6.14
Abstract: Sepsis is a complex syndrome difficult to define, to diagnose and to treat. The term defines a group of clinical conditions caused by the systemic answer of the organism to an infection that can cause the dysfunction of one or more organs (severe sepsis) and death. Much more often than one can imagine, ED physicians must diagnose and manage patients with more or less severe sepsis. During the last few years, as it happened for myocardial infarction and stroke, it has been acknowledged the importance of an early treatment also for patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. It has been documented that the attainment of precise haemodynamic goals can influence the prognosis positively. In this work describes recent advances about pathogenesis, diagnosis and therapy of the severe sepsis and septic shock. Innovations on acute and subacute therapy proposed by the Surviving Sepsis Campaign’s collaborative guide lines are presented.
La música en las aldeas de la Amazonia portuguesa (siglo XVII)
Wittmann, Luisa Tombini;
Vibrant: Virtual Brazilian Anthropology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1809-43412011000100013
Abstract: music is very significant as part of the amerindian cultural universe. since the arrival of europeans in america, was described by travelers, colonizers and missionaries. sound events in the jesuit missions, however, are usually understood as a vehicle to the oncoming civilization of the indians. were, though, extremely important in the approach, communication and translation between indigenous and jesuits. this article is about this contact through music in seventeenth-century portuguese amazon, analyzed by published and unpublished ignatian documents.
HARMONIAS E DISSON NCIAS DA Fé: JESUíTAS, AMERíNDIOS E A MúSICA NOS PRIMEIROS ANOS DO CONTATO
LUISA TOMBINI WITTMANN
Espa?o Ameríndio , 2011,
Abstract: The history of the contact between Indians and missionaries involves debates on the use of music in evangelization and many musical practices in the villages of Portuguese America. Music, sometimes seen as a forceful strategy that resulted in the acculturation of theAmerindians, was, however, a significant vehicle of approach, dispute, negotiation and religious translation. This is the subject of this article, which is based on the analysis of Jesuit letters written in the early years of the Society of Jesus in Brazil.
Un corpo di donna per fare la guerra. Lettura della Ifigenia in Aulide di Euripide
Valeria Andò
Storia delle Donne , 2009,
Abstract: This paper analyzes Euripides’s Iphigenia in Aulis from a perspective that highlights the relationship between three different levels - the sacred, the political and the private -intersected as they are by the opposition male/female. In the course of the tragedy we assist at the gradual domination of the two spheres of “public” and “political”, while the sphere of “sacred” provides only a ritual frame. On the other hand, from the overall structure of the tragedy it also results that the sphere of “private” relationships and loves is a loser. Iphigenia, who takes upon herself the political and patriotic values of war, peculiar to the male, allows the execution of the sacrificial ritual and hence leads to the apparent triumph of the sacred final. Nevertheless, by resetting the other plans, she attains to upset oppositions and dichotomies and thus questions the prevalence of the sphere of “political” and, paradoxically, even her own reasons. The tragedy not only denounces war and politics as meaningless categories, but even erodes the religious value of sacrifice: in the final part of the tragedy, violence is actually rejected, but the refusal of human sacrifice does not involve a new political tension, and what remains is nothing but the beauty of poetry.
Perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes atendidos no servi o de fisioterapia reumatológica da Universidade de Passo Fundo
Lia Mara Wibelinger,Daniel Kochenborger Tombini
Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Envelhecimento Humano , 2010,
Abstract: As doen as reumáticas causam dificuldades funcionais, comportamentais e sociais e, conseqüentemente, há graus variados para essas dificuldades em rela o à execu o das atividades da vida diária, trabalho e lazer. Por acometerem milh es de pessoas no mundo todo e por n o haver muitos estudos novos relacionados a essas patologias, esse estudo teve como principal objetivo avaliar o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes atendidos no Servi o de Fisioterapia Reumatológica da Faculdade de Educa o Física e Fisioterapia da Universidade de Passo Fundo. Para isso, foram coletados alguns dados como idade, sexo, queixa principal, patologias associadas, história da doen a familiar, principais articula es acometidas e o percentual de atendimentos da clínica a essa popula o. Esses dados foram coletados por meio de pesquisa dos prontuários dos pacientes, desde a inaugura o do servi o no ano de 2002 até o ano de 2006 e, posteriormente, analisados. A popula o foi constituída por 309 prontuários e a amostra por 235. O exame dos dados obtidos baseou-se na análise descritiva e no percentual de ocorrência dos mesmos, sendo representados através de gráficos. Verificou-se através desse estudo que grande parte dos pacientes atendidos no servi o era do sexo feminino (85,4%), predominando o acometimento das doen as reumáticas na faixa etária de 61 a 70 anos de idade. A doen a reumática de maior prevalência foi a osteoartrose com mais da metade do acometimento dessa amostra. Na maioria dos casos a dor foi a queixa principal e ocorreu um maior acometimento da articula o da coluna e dos joelhos.
Negative Emotions and Defence Mechanisms in Obese People  [PDF]
Valeria Biasi, Paolo Bonaiuto
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.518201
Abstract: Previous investigations, using an effective non-invasive procedure of short-term experimental stress, proved that Obese vs. Normal Women develop about double the intensity of negative emotions (anxiety, anger, sadness) when under stress (Bonaiuto et al., 1993). A high production of negative emotions as a reaction to many everyday life stressors forces people to resort to psychological defense mechanisms. In the case of Obese Persons, these include oral regression (“neonatal regression”) and somatization, together with repression and denial. The latter components are part of the so-called Lifestyle Defense Mechanisms, studied by Grossarth-Maticek (1980). In the rigorous revision and classification carried out by Spielberger (1988) and Spielberger & Reheiser (2000, 2009), these factors were defined as “Need for Harmony” (N/H) and “Rationality/Emotional Defensiveness” (R/ED). In order to develop further appropriate indications, more than seven hundred Italian adults were examined by also recording the Body Mass Index (BMI) and using some evaluation tools, including the LDM Inventory. Significantly higher N/H scores were found in Obese Persons when compared with Overweight, Normal weight and Underweight ones. Other personological differences included significantly higher frequencies of the Type B Behaviour Pattern and higher average levels of Hyperphagic tendencies among the obese people. A development of this study involved more than one thousand participants and provided a confirmation of the influence of these defence mechanisms and personality structures as co-factors in determining obesity.
The “Need for Harmony” Defence Mechanisms as Co-Factor in Stress Sensitivity Producing Sadness and Depression  [PDF]
Valeria Biasi, Paolo Bonaiuto
Open Journal of Depression (OJD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojd.2014.35021
Abstract: The aim of this investigation is to develop useful research toolsfor assessingpsychological traits and defence mechanisms towardnegative emotions. The present study examined 124 young women adults (19 - 39 years) participating in short-term stress sessions conducted with a non-invasive procedure called “Drawing Recollection” of real personal stressful life experiences (Biasi & Bonaiuto, 1997a, 1997b, 2007). This treatment lasts 20 minutes and is as effective as the heavier traditional techniques. Emotional and motivational changes are documented by pre- and post- treatment bipolar “Self-Appraisal Scales” (Biasi, Bonaiuto, & Giannini, 2010). With the LDM Inventory, the participants were selected and divided into two contrasting extreme groups, according to their very high or very low Need for Harmony (N/H) sub-scale scores. We identified favourable and unfavourable personality traits for developing specific negative emotions under stress: in particular the N/H, concerning the tendency to avoid interpersonal conflicts at the cost of self-sacrifice and self-punishment (Spielberger, 1988; Spielberger & Reheiser, 2000). Participants who obtained high “Sadness” scores under stress (measured by “Self-Appraisal Scales”), had significantly higher scores on N/H scales compared to the opposite group (p < 0.001). The N/H defence mechanism and negative emotion of “Sadness” (“Depression”) combination represents significant co-factors of stress sensitivity.
Further Results about Calibration of Longevity Risk for the Insurance Business  [PDF]
Mariarosaria Coppola, Valeria D’Amato
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/am.2014.54061
Abstract:


In life insurance business, longevity risk, i.e. the risk that the insured population lives longer than the expected, represents the heart of the risk assessment, having significant impact in terms of solvency capital requirements (SCRs) needed to front the firm obligations. The credit crisis has shown that systemic risk as longevity risk is relevant and that for many insurers it is actually the dominant risk. With the adoption of the Solvency II directive, a new area for insurance in terms of solvency regulation has been opened up. The international guidelines prescribe a market consistent valuation of balance sheets, where the solvency capital requirements to be set aside are calculated according to a modular structure. By mapping the main risk affecting the insurance portfolio, the capital amount able to cover the liabilities corresponds to each measured risk. In Solvency II, the longevity risk is included into underwriting risk module. In particular, the rules propose that companies use a standard model for measuring the SCRs. Nevertheless, the legislation under consideration allows designing tailor-made internal models. As regards the longevity risk assessment, the regulatory standard model leads to noteworthy inconsistencies. In this paper, we propose a stochastic volatility model combined with a so-called coherent risk measure as the expected shortfall for measuring the SCRs according to more realistic assumptions on future evolution of longevity trend. Finally empirical evidence is provided.


Structural Concrete Prepared with Coarse Recycled Concrete Aggregate: From Investigation to Design
Valeria Corinaldesi
Advances in Civil Engineering , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/283984
Abstract: An investigation of mechanical behaviour and elastic properties of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) is presented. RACs were prepared by using a coarse aggregate fraction made of recycled concrete coming from a recycling plant in which rubble from concrete structure demolition is collected and suitably treated. Several concrete mixtures were prepared by using either the only virgin aggregates (as reference) or 30% coarse recycled aggregate replacing gravel and by using two different kinds of cement. Different water-to-cement ratios were adopted ranging from 0.40 to 0.60. Concrete workability was always in the range 190–200?mm. Concrete compressive strength, elastic modulus, and drying shrinkage were evaluated. Results obtained showed that structural concrete up to C32/40 strength class can be manufactured with RAC. Moreover, results obtained from experimentation were discussed in order to obtain useful information for RAC structure design, particularly in terms of elastic modulus and drying shrinkage prediction. 1. Introduction Crushing concrete to produce coarse aggregate for the production of new concrete is one common means for achieving a more environmentally friendly concrete. Recycling concrete wastes will lead to reduction in valuable landfill space and savings in natural resources. In fact, the use of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) is acquiring particular interest in civil construction as regards to sustainable development. Many studies demonstrate the feasibility of the use of crushed concrete as coarse aggregates [1–10], its use being already accounted for in the regulations of many countries. In Italy, the use of 30% recycled concrete instead of virgin aggregate is definitively allowed for producing structural concretes (up to C 30/37 strength class) since July 2009 [11]. Nevertheless, in the Italian regulations no indication about predictions of RAC elastic modulus and drying shrinkage is reported. The study of the elastic behaviour of concretes made of 30% recycled-concrete aggregates, discussed here, just had the aim to provide useful information. 2. Experimental Program 2.1. Materials Two commercial portland-limestone blended cements were alternatively used, type CEM II/A-L 42.5 R and type CEM II/B-L 32.5 R according to EN-197/1 [12] (the main difference is the content of calcium carbonate that in the first case is less than 20% and in the second case is included in the range 21–35% according to EN-197/1). The Blaine fineness of cements were 0.42?m2/g and 0.40?m2/g, respectively, and their specific gravity were 3.05?kg/m3. The first
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