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Current Environmental Situation in Gjirokastra Region. Risks, Factors and Consequences
Valbona DURI,Adela DHROMAJ
Journal of Settlements and Spatial Planning , 2012,
Abstract: During the lasts years, environmental damages have been observed in the research area of our study. These phenomena require without doubt a proper administration of natural areas. Natural risks have accompanied the human being all his life, therefore the interest for preventing them have been active since the earliest times. By natural risks we mean those natural phenomena with harmful and considerable physical, economic and social consequences. Among them we mention geological risks (earthquakes etc) geomorphologic risks (slides, collapses, erosion) and climatic risks (flooding, long period droughts, frosts and fires) etc. On the other hand, environmental consequences have happened under the impact of social factors; they can be direct or indirect, short time or long time, reversible or irreversible ones. Beside the natural factors (climate, structure of land, inclined and high terrain, hydrographical network etc) we also underline interventions of human beings that have intensified the degradation of terrain in this area.
Is Caries in the Early Mixed Dentition Associated with Caries Development during Orthodontic Treatment?  [PDF]
Valbona Soumas, Stavros Kiliaridis, Christine B. Staudt
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2015.311003
Abstract: Objective: To investigate if caries in the pre-treatment early mixed dentition is associated with caries development in the permanent dentition during orthodontic treatment. Material and Methods: We included 41 consecutive patients (29 girls, 12 boys) with a pre-treatment documentation in the mixed (mean age 9.4 years) and a post treatment documentation in the permanent dentition (age 14.9 years) (two-phased treatment time 4.5 (±1.6) years). The DMFT/S indices were calculated. High-risk and low-risk groups were defined according to dmfs + DMFS score before treatment. Results: Initial dmft/s + DMFT/S (SD) was 5.15 (3.60) and 8.32 (6.64); final DMFT/S was 2.76 (2.84) and 3.01 (3.20). The missing (because of decay) second deciduous molars were most powerfully associated with caries increment during treatment, showing significant correlations to second premolars (r = 0.47, p = 0.003), while fillings on second deciduous molars seem to influence the prevalence of fillings on permanent molars (r = 0.44, p = 0.001). The increment at surface level was 2.01 (2.61) in the whole sample and 2.60 (3.81) in the high-risk group (4 boys, 6 girls). Compared to the low-risk group (10 girls), post-treatment caries experience was significantly higher in the high-risk group (p = 0.029). Boys were more at risk than girls (p = 0.005). Conclusions: Children with elevated caries experience in the early mixed dentition are exposed to higher caries risk during orthodontic treatment. Thus, in prevision of treatment, caries should already be assessed in the mixed dentition, so that an extended prophylaxis program can be initiated.
The Greek crisis effects on the Albanian economy
Veronika Durmishi,Valbona Gjini
Academicus : International Scientific Journal , 2011, DOI: 10.7336/academicus.2011.04.11
Abstract: Through the presentation of two case studies this paper aims to engage the theoretical debate on the persistence of public space in the contemporary city, and focuses the attention on the way people practice these spaces and on the policies which are regulating their uses. Starting from the description of different ways in which some urban spaces in Rome (Italy) are used by two different communities of people, one mainly composed by immigrants and the other by young city users, and the diverse ways in which their different practices are seen and tolerated, the aim of this paper is to reflect on public spaces. Observing how city users practice public spaces, and analysing the way in which these practices are considered, are particularly exciting perspectives that can offer an interesting vision of the spatial and social reality of the city and of hegemonic relations which govern it.
EFFECT OF DIETARY FACTORS ON DIGESTIVE CAPACITY OF RUMINAL DIGESTA OF DAIRY COWS ESTIMATED THROUGH NYLON-BAG TECHNIQUE
Valbona Kolaneci,Myqerem Tafaj
Albanian Journal of Agricultural Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Using Total Mixed Rations (TMRs) for high yielding dairy cattle prevent ruminal fermentation peaks that would have negative effect on intake level and milk fat concentration. In this framework, the use of TMR is beneficial, because it provides an optimal balance of nutrients to ruminal microorganisms to stabilize ruminal diurnal fluctuation of short chain fatty acids concentration and pH. This work aimed to study the effects of feeding TMR and the amount of concentrate on TMRs on digestive capacity of ruminal digesta through nylon-bag technique. The digestive capacity of cows' digesta fed TMRs and separate ingredients with two different concentrate level (22% and 43%) for concentrate mixture and maize silage was tested by incubating samples of them for 24 hours into the rumen of three fistulated dairy cows. The differences on ruminal degradability of dry matter and neutral detergent fibres of concentrate and maize silage were not tested to be consequence of different feeding strategies or different levels of concentrate in the diet. However, among cows fed 43% concentrate, those who fed TMR tend to have higher fermentation rate of dry matter and neutral detergent fibres with origin from maize silage that can be result of more stabilized ruminal conditions created by mixed ration.
Technology utilization in higher education and in sport management teaching
VALBONA CARKANJI,DHURATA BOZO
Journal of Human Sport and Exercise , 2012,
Abstract: The rapid changes in technology have impacted also the education institutions. High education institutions have slowly implemented the new technology in the process of learning and the curricula. Thus, sport management educators need to better understand technology′s importance to their field and as part of their efforts to achieve promotion and tenure. However, more studies are needed to research the utilization of technology in sport management courses. This study presents an overview of technology utilization in high education, the relation between the technology and learning process, and the need of implementing the technology in sports management courses.
Osobnos gréckych hrdinov z poh adu modernej psychológie (Personality of Greek Heroes from the Viewpoint of Modern Psychology)
Matú? Porubjak,Rastislav Duri
Ostium , 2012,
Abstract: Drawing from Homer’s Iliad, the article focuses on characters of ancient Greek heroes and relates them to personality psychology. First, it discusses what major personality characteristics have been identified by modern psychological research and how they can be measured. In the next part, the authors summarize how they attempted to verify the historical and intercultural validity of outlined personality models using theIliad and present the results of their analysis. Concluding that ancient Greek accounts testify to the universality of human nature throughout ages and cultures, the article also provides the expected personality profiles of major heroes—Achilles and Agamemnon. Even more interestingly, the authors discuss how and why their motives and behavioral tendencies might cause clashes in their interaction, and also what occupational options they would probably face nowadays. Interdisciplinary in its nature, the paper concludes with implications of the results for philosophy.
Length scale dependence of dynamical heterogeneity in a colloidal fractal gel
Agnes Duri,Luca Cipelletti
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1209/epl/i2006-10357-4
Abstract: We use time-resolved dynamic light scattering to investigate the slow dynamics of a colloidal gel. The final decay of the average intensity autocorrelation function is well described by $g\_2(q,\tau)-1 \sim \exp[-(\tau/\tau\_\mathrm{f})^p]$, with $\tau\_\mathrm{f} \sim q^{-1}$ and $p$ decreasing from 1.5 to 1 with increasing $q$. We show that the dynamics is not due to a continuous ballistic process, as proposed in previous works, but rather to rare, intermittent rearrangements. We quantify the dynamical fluctuations resulting from intermittency by means of the variance $\chi(\tau,q)$ of the instantaneous autocorrelation function, the analogous of the dynamical susceptibility $\chi\_4$ studied in glass formers. The amplitude of $\chi$ is found to grow linearly with $q$. We propose a simple --yet general-- model of intermittent dynamics that accounts for the $q$ dependence of both the average correlation functions and $\chi$.
The Impact of Natural Water Quality on Baking Products in Albania  [PDF]
Valbona Sinani, Majlinda Sana, Elton Seferi, Abdyl Sinani
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2014.618149
Abstract: Water, a simple chemical ingredient, is so important during the process of cooking and baking product as flour. Its functions in baking processes are numerous, some of which are not entirely clear, while others are evaluated by characteristics of the mature product. Regardless of its origin, the water shall be drinkable to be used in processes of baking. In this study, four types of water of the country which are Spring water, Lajthiza, Tepelena and Trebeshina are evaluated. Three factors that must be considered in relation to water quality, such as taste, content of chemicals and mineral content are evaluated. Identification of an unusual taste or bad smell in water can change the taste of the final product. Chlorine is considered a chemical ingredient that has significant effects on the quality of the dough, especially in the fermentation activity. Yeast, being a natural microorganisem, is sensitive to chlorine. Also a high level of chlorine affects the function of flour and enzymes especially. Mineral content of the water determines the hardness and softness of the water, where strong water contains a large amount of minerals, while soft water contains a very limited amount of minerals. Dough characteristics may be affected by the minerals content in water: minerals used by the yeast nutrient, so a change in their concentration in the water affects at the fermentation process. As a result, a change in fermentation will affect at the dough characteristics, making it stronger or weaker. In a wider sense of functionality of baking ingredient products, it is very important to control the baking process and final production of a consistent quality. Often, when quality is not within the required standards and used not adequately, water can be a determining factor for obtaining the desired dough and final product characteristics.
HIV Diversity and Classification, Role in Transmission  [PDF]
Duri Kerina, Stray-Pedersen Babill, F. Muller
Advances in Infectious Diseases (AID) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aid.2013.32022
Abstract:

The hallmark of HIV-1 is its extensive genetic diversity that emanates mainly from high mutations. Phylogenetically, HIV can be classified into geographically confined groups, types, subtypes and circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) that are however subject to change over time. HIV genetic diversity may partially explain the observed heterogeneity in HIV prevalence and has also been reported to impact on viral transmissibility and differential rates of disease progression. The aim of this review is to present a simple overview of the principles and concepts of HIV diversity and classification. Tracking the presence of new HIV strains is not only important for surveillance purposes but is also critical in facilitating personalized targeted therapy as well as forming the basis for development of the much anticipated effective vaccines against this scourge.

From Transition to Opportunity: Security through Economic Development & Institutional Strengthening
Marios P. Efthymiopoulos,Valbona Zeneli
Research in World Economy , 2012, DOI: 10.5430/rwe.v3n2p29
Abstract: The Economic Crisis affects us all. It does not favor structured long-term development reforms that project stability and growth. Rather it requests for reforms that are necessary to prepare society at large to counter with measures in the short-term, the existing crisis. This paper aims to portray that only long-term development reforms and institutionalized strengthening will effectively counter the fiscal crisis both in the short-term and in the long-term. The article is looking at the dimensions of economic security and development, on the supranationalization of cross border cooperation and it proposes the creation of a Foreign Direct Investment Network through the prism of an Interoperable European Development Network that will be associated both with countries wishing to re-structure or reform as to be more attractive to the Euro-Atlantic Institutions.
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