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The Sustainable Development of Miami: Tackling the Homeless Problem  [PDF]
Vaiva Kalesnikaite, Jean-Claude Garcia- Zamor
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2014.23019
Abstract: The article intends to provide more understanding of strategies intended to tackle homelessness presence in Miami-Date County as well as draw some lessons that could be learnt from experience. It is explanatory in nature and the main method used is extensive literature research as well as the official reports. It discusses the issue of homelessness in the light of sustainable communities; overviews the important strategies for tackling homelessness presence in the literature and practice; discusses the homelessness presence in Miami-Date County and the strategies and main actors that tackle it; discusses the sustainability of these strategies in the light of development of Miami-Dade County; and draws conclusions and suggestions for strategies of tackling homeless presence in Miami-Dade County.
Zur Verwendung und Bedeutung des litauischen Partizips der Notwendigkeit imVergleich zum Deutschen. Apie lietuvi kalbos reikiamyb s dalyvio vartojim ir reik m gretinant su vokie i kalba
Vaiva ?eimantien?
Kalbotyra , 2008,
Abstract: Reikiamyb s dalyviui lietuvi kalbos gramatikose skiriama nedaug d mesio. Paprastai jis trumpai paminimas skyriuje greta neveikiamosios rū ies dalyvi ir pa ymima, kad jis retai tevartojamas.Apra in jant vokie i kalbos konstrukcijos sein+zu-Infinitiv lietuvi kus ekvivalentus buvo nus-tatyta, kad greta kit ios vokie i kalbos konstrukcijos atitikmen lietuvi kalboje neretai buvo pastebimos ir konstrukcijos su reikiamyb s dalyviu. Galima daryti prielaid , kad lietuvi kalboje reikiamyb s dalyvis kaip ekvivalentas vartotinas tuomet, kai sunku vienareik mi kai nustatyti, ar vokie i kalbos konstrukcija sein+zu-Infinitiv pavartota būtinyb s, ar galimyb s reik me.Straipsnyje trumpai ap velgiamas reikiamyb s dalyvi vartojimas ir j reik m . Tyrimas remiasi kalbotyros tekst pavyzd iais.
Istorin s atminties fenomenas pirmosios XX a. pus s ra ytoj kūryboje: Fabijono Neveravi iaus istoriniai romanai lietuvi ir lenk literatūros kontekste | The phenomenon of historical memory in a work of the first half of the 20th century writers: Fabijonas Neveravi ius’ historical novels in the context of the Lithuanian and Polish literature
Vaiva Naru?ien?
Literatura , 2012,
Abstract: The article analyses the issue of historical memory in Fabijonas Neveravi ius’ (1900-1981) historical novels Bla komos liepsnos and Er k iai in the context of the Lithuanian and Polish historical literature. On the basis of the theory of collective memory, the writer’s attitude towards history as well as the ideas and values he represents are revealed, at the same time making an attempt to explain the origin of his ideas and judgements.In his novels, F. Neveravi ius presents a historical representation of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth collapse and the November Uprising (1831). It shifts the boundaries of memories about the Lithuanian history by introducing the events and characters of the period which often tends to be forgotten. He highlights the deeds of feudal lords in the Lithuanian history and states that their realm and culture is an inseparable part of the Lithuanian nation.F. Neveravi ius’ novels partially correspond to the Polish historical literary tradition due to their subject matter, interpretation of historical facts and the developed characters. However, he interlinks the tradition with the judgements rooted in the memories of the Lithuanian history.
Zu einer Grammatik des Deutschen und des Litauischen im Vergleich: Bestandsaufnahme, Konzeption und Perspektiven. Vokie i ir lietuvi kalbos lyginamoji gramatika: ap valga, koncepcija ir perspektyvos
Klaus Geyer,Vaiva ?eimantien?
Kalbotyra , 2010,
Abstract: Straipsnyje nagrin jami konceptualieji lyginamosios vokie i ir lietuvi kalbos gramatikos klausimai. Ap velgiami pagrindiniai gramatikografijos ir lyginamosios kalbotyros darbai, kuriuos reikia atsi velgti renkantis teorin lyginamosios gramatikos pagrind . Straipsnio prad ioje trumpai aptariamas termin lyginamasis (vergleichend), istorinis-lyginamasis (historisch-vergleichend), tipologinis (typologisch), kontrastyvinis (kontrastiv) ir gretinamasis (konfrontativ) metodas vartojimas. Keliami klausimai, kaip ra ant lyginam j vokie i ir lietuvi kalbos gramatik būt galima taikyti vairius lyginamuosius ar tipologinius bei kontrastyvinius aspektus. Toliau straipsnyje pristatoma diskusija, skirta pastaraisiais metais pasirod iusioms vokie i kalbos gramatikoms, kuriose vokie i kalba lyginama su kitomis kalbomis, atkreipiamas d mesys i gramatik privalumus ir trūkumus. Be to, aptariamos gramatik naudotoj grup s, gramatik naudojimo ypatumai. Svarstoma, kokiai naudotoj grupei tur t būti skirta vokie i ir lietuvi kalbos lyginamoji gramatika. Straipsnyje taip pat pateikiama trumpa vokie i ir lietuvi kalb lyginam j darb ap valga. Straipsnio pabaigoje pristatoma vokie i ir lietuvi kalbos lyginamosios gramatikos koncepcija ir br iama tolesni darb perspektyva. ------ In diesem Beitrag werden erstmals überlegungen zu einer Grammatik vorgelegt, die das Deutsche und das Litauische einerseits aus formaler und andererseits aus funktionaler Perspektive vergleichend gegenüberstellt. Unter Bezugnahme auf jüngere deskriptive Konzeptionen in der Grammatikographie wie auch auf bew hrte kontrastive Ans tze wird diskutiert, wie sich in einer solchen Grammatik sowohl allgemein-vergleichende bzw. typologische als auch kontrastive Aspekte vereinbaren lassen. Es werden wichtige Ergebnisse der kritischen Auseinandersetzung mit mehreren bereits erschienenen kontrastiven Grammatiken Deutsch – Sprache X einbezogen, und es wird die Frage nach dem Benutzerkreis und die Problematik der Mehrfachadressierung einer Grammatik diskutiert. Daran schlie t sich ein kurzer überblick über bereits erschienene Beitr ge zum deutsch-litauischen Sprachvergleich an, auf die das vorgestellte Vorhaben zurückgreifen kann. Schlie lich wird die Konzeption einer Grammatik des Deutschen und des Litauischen im Vergleich mit ihren unterschiedlichen Teilkomponenten skizziert sowie ein Ausblick auf die n chsten Schritte zur Ausführung der Projektidee gegeben.
Interfaces and contradictions comparing adults' attitude to learning and employers' expectations
Vaiva Zuzevi iūt , Margarita Teresevi ien , Au ra Rutkien
Studies for the Learning Society , 2008, DOI: 10.2478/v10240-012-0015-0
Abstract: This paper, based on empirical research, aims at analyzing interfaces and contradictions of employers' and employees' attitudes to in-service professional training. We present the results of a two-stage empirical research program. The research enabled the identification of the attitude to whether opportunities for learning are provided and what barriers can be identified. Also, the employers' attitudes to the ways of providing these opportunities, and certain contradictions and tasks for the future were identified. Several methods of empirical research have been employed as well as the critical and systemic analyses of documents and literature.
Associations between Apolipoprotein E Genotype, Diet, Body Mass Index, and Serum Lipids in Lithuanian Adult Population
Janina Petkeviciene, Alina Smalinskiene, Dalia Ieva Luksiene, Kristina Jureniene, Vitalija Ramazauskiene, Jurate Klumbiene, Vaiva Lesauskaite
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0041525
Abstract: Background Apolipoprotein E (APOE) polymorphism is associated with lipid levels. Some studies have reported that blood lipid response to diet or obesity varies depending on APOE genotypes. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of APOE genotypes, the intake of saturated fatty acids (SFA), and obesity on serum lipid levels in Lithuanian adult population. Methodology/Principal Findings A cross-sectional health survey was carried out in five municipalities of Lithuania. The random sample was obtained from lists of 25–64 year-old inhabitants registered at primary health care centres. The data from 996 subjects (416 men and 580 women) were analysed in this study. Two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rs429358 and rs7412) were assessed using a real-time polymerase chain reaction. 24-hour recall and food frequency questionnaire were used for evaluation of dietary habits. Serum lipids were determined using enzymatic methods. Men and women with the APOE2 genotype had the lowest level of total cholesterol (TC) (p = 0.002 for men, and p = 0.02 for women) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (p<0.001). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that age, genotype APOE2, SFA intake, and body mass index (BMI) were significant determinants of TC and LDL-C level (with p values ranging from 0.043 to 0.001). Our data did not reveal any statistically significant interactions between APOE genotype and SFA intake or between APOE genotype and BMI regarding TC and LDL-C level (all p>0.05). However, the predictive power of the regression model for LDL-C improved when gene-BMI interaction and gene-BMI interaction plus gene-nutrient interaction were added (p = 0.04 and p = 0.032 for R2 change, respectively). Conclusions/Significance APOE genotypes, SFA intake, and obesity were found to be associated with blood lipid levels in Lithuanian adult population. Analysis of gene-diet and gene-obesity interactions did not confirm that the effects of diet and obesity on TC and LDL-C level significantly depended on APOE genotype.
Microvessel density as new prognostic marker after radiotherapy in rectal cancer
Saulius Svagzdys, Vaiva Lesauskaite, Dainius Pavalkis, Irena Nedzelskien?, Darius Pranys, Algimantas Tamelis
BMC Cancer , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-9-95
Abstract: Tumor specimens were taken from 101 patients resected for rectal cancer. The patients were divided into three groups according to the treatment they received before surgery (not treated, a short course, or long course of RTX). Tumor specimens were paraffin-embedded and immunohistochemistry was performed with primary antibody against CD-34 to count MVD.MVD was significantly lower in the group of patients treated with a long course of RTX (p <0.025). The mean MVD for the long RTX group was 134.8; for the short RTX group – 192.5; and for those not treated with RTX – 193.0. There were no significant statistical correlations between MVD and age, sex, grade of tumor differentiation (G) and tumor size (T) in those untreated with RTX. In long RTX group we found a significant prognostic rate for MVD when the density cut off was near 130 with 92.3% sensitivity and 64.7% specificity. When the MVD was lower than a cut off of 130, the survival period significantly increased (p = 0.001), the mortality rate is significantly higher if the MVD is higher than 130 (microvessel/mm2) (1953.047; p = 0.002), if the histological grade is moderate/poor (127.407; p = 0.013), if the tumor is T3/T4 (111.618; p = 0.014), and if the patient is male (17.92; p = 0.034) adjusted by other variable in model.Our results show that a long course of radiotherapy significantly decreased angiogenesis in rectal cancer tissue. MVD was found to be a favourable marker for tumor behaviour during RTX and a predictor of overall survival after long course of RTX. Further investigations are now needed to determine the changes in angiogenesis during a shorter course of RTX.Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the fourth most frequent cause of cancer deaths worldwide [1]. CRC is a disease of the elderly, with only 5% of cases recorded in those younger than 40 years of age [2]. CRC is commonly found to be rectal cancer (RC). The main prognostic factors in RC are the size of the tumor (T), lymph
MAPK Phosphatase AP2C3 Induces Ectopic Proliferation of Epidermal Cells Leading to Stomata Development in Arabidopsis
Julija Umbrasaite,Alois Schweighofer,Vaiva Kazanaviciute,Zoltan Magyar,Zahra Ayatollahi,Verena Unterwurzacher,Chonnanit Choopayak,Justyna Boniecka,James A. H. Murray,Laszlo Bogre,Irute Meskiene
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015357
Abstract: In plant post-embryonic epidermis mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling promotes differentiation of pavement cells and inhibits initiation of stomata. Stomata are cells specialized to modulate gas exchange and water loss. Arabidopsis MAPKs MPK3 and MPK6 are at the core of the signaling cascade; however, it is not well understood how the activity of these pleiotropic MAPKs is constrained spatially so that pavement cell differentiation is promoted only outside the stomata lineage. Here we identified a PP2C-type phosphatase termed AP2C3 (Arabidopsis protein phosphatase 2C) that is expressed distinctively during stomata development as well as interacts and inactivates MPK3, MPK4 and MPK6. AP2C3 co-localizes with MAPKs within the nucleus and this localization depends on its N-terminal extension. We show that other closely related phosphatases AP2C2 and AP2C4 are also MAPK phosphatases acting on MPK6, but have a distinct expression pattern from AP2C3. In accordance with this, only AP2C3 ectopic expression is able to stimulate cell proliferation leading to excess stomata development. This function of AP2C3 relies on the domains required for MAPK docking and intracellular localization. Concomitantly, the constitutive and inducible AP2C3 expression deregulates E2F-RB pathway, promotes the abundance and activity of CDKA, as well as changes of CDKB1;1 forms. We suggest that AP2C3 downregulates the MAPK signaling activity to help maintain the balance between differentiation of stomata and pavement cells.
ALGOS: the development of a randomized controlled trial testing a case management algorithm designed to reduce suicide risk among suicide attempters
Guillaume Vaiva, Michel Walter, Abeer S Al Arab, Philippe Courtet, Frank Bellivier, Anne Demarty, Stephane Duhem, Francois Ducrocq, Patrick Goldstein, Christian Libersa
BMC Psychiatry , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-244x-11-1
Abstract: Multicentre randomized controlled trial.We examine the effectiveness of ?ALGOS algorithm?: an intervention based in a decisional tree of contact type which aims at reducing the incidence of repeated suicide attempt during 6 months. This algorithm of case management comprises the two strategies of intervention that showed a significant reduction in the number of SA repeaters: systematic telephone contact (ineffective in first-attempters) and ?Crisis card? (effective only in first-attempters). Participants who are lost from contact and those refusing healthcare, can then benefit from ?short letters? or ?postcards?.ALGOS algorithm is easily reproducible and inexpensive intervention that will supply the guidelines for assessment and management of a population sometimes in difficulties with healthcare compliance. Furthermore, it will target some of these subgroups of patients by providing specific interventions for optimizing the benefits of case management strategy.The study was registered with the ClinicalTrials.gov Registry; number: NCT01123174.Suicidal behaviors are multifactorial phenomena. It is therefore difficult to define only one strategy to manage a suicidal attempt (SA) for the whole population [1]. In a review of literature of the last 25 years, considering only randomized controlled trials (RCT) with suicidal repetition as primary endpoint, we only find 7 positive trials out of 24 studies. However, all studies show an improvement of compliance to the healthcare plan, which has led some to say that it doesn't matter what is suggested to suicide attempters, as long as they are offered something [2,3].The seven positive trials can be divided into two categories: intensive intervention programs (nursing at home [4], and a series of Brief Psychotherapy Interventions (IPB) [5]) and, case management programs.The strategies of intensive intervention demonstrate their effectiveness in reducing the number of SA repetitions at short and medium term, but their weakness
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