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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2654 matches for " VALENTINA VASILE "
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ACTIVE AGEING AND REFORMING PENSION SYSTEM. MAIN CHALLENGES
Valentina VASILE
Lex et Scientia , 2012,
Abstract: Active ageing and economic crisis create a great pressure on pension systems, from the financial sustainability and performance of the old architectures of the 3 tired system point of view. Reforms of public pension systems during the last years highlight that demographic ageing is a major influence factor on financial sustainability of the national insurance and social assistance systems, with long-term effects. Associated with “classic” demographic ageing (low birth-rate, increase of the average life expectancy) for some new member states, such Romania, labour mobility on medium- and long-term and the change of its largest part into emigration, heightens labour force ageing and diminishes participation to insurance systems (due to the low portability of pensions). To these are added also the specific effects generated by the crisis that have put pressure on decreasing social expenditures, in reverse trend against the demand generated by demographic ageing. Romania, and also several EU member countries are involved in large-scale actions of reforming pension systems both as answer to the increase in the numbers of elderly population, and implicitly of associated social expenditures, but also for stimulating the extension of active life. The increase in the standard retirement age and its correlation to life expectancy constitute priorities of changing the methodology in pension computation. The reformed policies in the field of pensions pursue as well restricting accessibility and diminishing early-age retirement schemes in parallel with stimulating the employability of individuals aged 50 and over. In this paper we present the main policy action in order to stimulate and develop a new model of old age insurance and a new pattern of incomes after retirement, and also to investigate the support measures among EU member state for active ageing and increase incomes for elder persons.
ACTIVE AGEING AND REFORMING PENSION SYSTEM. MAIN CHALLENGES
VALENTINA VASILE
Challenges of the Knowledge Society , 2012,
Abstract: Active ageing and economic crisis create a great pressure on pension systems, from the financial sustainability and performance of the old architectures of the 3 tired system point of view. Reforms of public pension systems during the last years highlight that demographic ageing is a major influence factor on financial sustainability of the national insurance and social assistance systems, with long-term effects. Associated with “classic” demographic ageing (low birth-rate, increase of the average life expectancy) for some new member states, such Romania, labour mobility on medium- and long-term and the change of its largest part into emigration, heightens labour force ageing and diminishes participation to insurance systems (due to the low portability of pensions). To these are added also the specific effects generated by the crisis that have put pressure on decreasing social expenditures, in reverse trend against the demand generated by demographic ageing. Romania, and also several EU member countries are involved in large-scale actions of reforming pension systems both as answer to the increase in the numbers of elderly population, and implicitly of associated social expenditures, but also for stimulating the extension of active life. The increase in the standard retirement age and its correlation to life expectancy constitute priorities of changing the methodology in pension computation. The reformed policies in the field of pensions pursue as well restricting accessibility and diminishing early-age retirement schemes in parallel with stimulating the employability of individuals aged 50 and over. In this paper we present the main policy action in order to stimulate and develop a new model of old age insurance and a new pattern of incomes after retirement, and also to investigate the support measures among EU member state for active ageing and increase incomes for elder persons.
YOUTH LABOUR MARKET. MOBILITY, CAREER DEVELOPMENT, INCOMES. CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES
Vasile Valentina,Vasile Liviu
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: This paper presents the main characteristics of the youth labour market, with a special view on mobility, career development and incomes. The paper is substantiated by and continues the researches of the authors on the topic of labour force mobility and on the one of adaptability, respectively on youths' beahviour on labour market (with particular consideration of young graduates) highlighting the factors that adjust choices regarding taking up a job, career advancement, labour motivation, professional and personal satisfaction opportunities which are provided by the labour market at local level, in country and abroad. Quantitative and qualitative indicators are presented about Romanian youths' labour market within the European context during the transition period. The impact of the crisis on youths' labour market is analysed, highlighting the challenges and opportunities, the particularities of the newly created jobs and especially the knowledge, skills and competencies requirements (KSC). The authors propose both the improvement of the systems of indicators for defining the potential and presence of youth on the labour market, the economic and social impact of external mobility of young graduates and an integrated scheme of policy measures for promoting adaptability and performance integration on Romanian labour market of youth. Particular attention is paid to presenting policy instruments for halting/diminishing the brain drain and brain shopping phenomena by promoting an attractive (professionally and monetary) supply for employment in Romania's local economy. The authors succeed in highlighting the functional links between the education market (labour force supply) and labour market (employment demand of the business environment) underpinning the requirement of integrated management of labour potential in the years preceding studies' finalization and up to the post-insertion years by multi-criteria analysis models and graduate career tracking programmes. Correlative measures are suggested for policies, procedures and monitoring instruments of youths' adaptability on labour market, as alternative to external migration/mobility for labour.
Youths on labour market.Features. Particularities. Pro-mobility factors for graduates. Elements of a balanced policy for labour migration
Valentina VASILE,Liviu VASILE
Revista Romana de Economie , 2011,
Abstract: The youths’ labour market, and especially insertion employment has a series of particularities defined by aspects such as: flexibility, efficient employment, interest for career but also informal employment, external mobility, including brain drain, segmentation, employment precariousness, income disadvantages, etc. Therefore, also the labour market policy and particularly managing labour mobility especially through the economic and social effects that might be triggered on the local labour market in the origin country, presents a special importance under the conditions of the economic turnaround stage, by promoting new and sustainable jobs, based on knowledge and competences. In the present paper an analysis is made about the youths’ labour market features, and the outcomes of an empirical analysis about graduates’ migration propensity are presented. Suggestions are made for developing a balanced policy for youths’ labour mobility to the benefit of the country of origin.
MAIN MILESTONES OF LABOUR MOBILITY STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT
Valentina VASILE,Mariana BALAN
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: The development of migration flows for the last decades and the emphasis laid on labour force circulation shifted the interest focus from managing crises generated by conjectural migration flows to inter-country cooperation for coordinating policies regarding labour migration. Labour migration as multinational process can be dealt with by efficient management at international, national and local level that would aim maximising the advantages of all involved actors, taking into account its fluid character and dynamics, its permanently changing features. The complexity of the labour migration phenomenon and the lack of a coherent and sufficiently comprehensive data base hindered the development of some management models, and the recommendations of local/national/regional policies took into account particularities of labour market, labour force location and difficulties of covering labour force deficits, but also socio-professional particularities of potential migrants, as well. Labour force migration management gains importance also from the perspective of increased demographic aging both in EU developed countries and in the new member-states where the aging dynamic on labour market is marked also by the labour mobility to western and northern European countries. The paper intends to present the main milestones defining migration management, and the policies in the field. General coordinates of labour migration strategic management are analysed at European level, the policies in the field of workersa€ mobility, and elements of immigration management as well, during the period of the crisis. For Romania, labour migration management on exit flows must represent a strategic concern of putting to good use the national labour potential and ensuring return incomes, the effective value added of the national education system. Within this context, the paper is a succinct analysis of policies promoted for the employment of graduates in attractive jobs that would allow for career development and, implicitly, remaining in the country, as well as of the measures adopted for returning into the country after pursuing improvement or temporary migration.
TRENDS OF EMPLOYMENT IN INFORMAL SECTOR IN ROMANIA DURING CRISIS;ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL EFFECTS
Vasile Valentina,Pisica Silvia
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: The present paper emphasizes the size and trend of employment in the informal sector as affected during the recent years by the crisis and by showing the relation with informal economy. The paper is structured on three parts. The first part focuses on the concepts and methodology popular and recommended by the international organizations together with the ones applied for the estimations presented in the paper. It brings information on the conceptual framework endorsed by International Labour Office (ILO) on the 15-th International Conference of Labour Statisticians (15th ICLS) - on informal sector (which was subsequently included in the revised international System of National Accounts, SNA 1993) and employment in informal sector - and on 17th ICLS, on informal employment. Methods used for obtaining the estimates for Romania figures on informal economy and employment are treated. For the informal economy the method used by National Statistical Institute of Romania (INS) for estimating the underground economy and own calculations were used. For estimating the employment in informal sector a method developed by the authors was applied which consists, on short, on reconciliation between demand and supply available from statistical sources. Second part is dedicated to the analysis on the estimates produced, with observations on the trends induced by the crisis on informal economy and employment. The second also deals with several characteristics and dimensions of the employment in informal sector by gender and economic activities as well as the relation with several macroeconomic and social indicators. Finally, the third and last part proposes the direction of action and policies aimed to combat and reduce the informal sector and to transfer it into the light, visible side, i.e. the formal sector.
L’éducation, facteur de l’utilisation effi cace des ressources humaines. Le développement durable dans des conditions de crise
Valentina VASILE,Mariana BALAN
Revista Roman? de Statistic? , 2011,
Abstract: La Roumanie est aujourd’hui un pays confronté à des risques majeurs parce que les systèmes d’éducation et de recherche ne répondent pas aux exigences minimales d’une société européenne et de l’économie dans laquelle la connaissance est le plus précieux produits et la plus importante source de développement économique, social et personnel. Les dernières évaluations internationales montrent que les étudiants roumains sont au bas du tableau en termes de connaissances. Ces montrent que la Roumanie est en chute libre, pour la première fois les scores enregistrés ont été faible même au niveau de l’école primaire. Cet article présente une analyse statistique des indicateurs clés sur l’accès et la participation à l’éducation et la formation, les indicateurs de la qualité et l’efficacité de l’éducation et la formation, les indicateurs des résultats du système d’éducation, les indicateurs de résultats sur l’éducation et de formation et de main-d’ouvre de qualité travailler comme indicateurs de la participation et l’investissement dans la FPC/ apprentissage à vie. Pour évaluer la contribution quantitative des changements au systèmes d’éducation en Roumanie et pour expliquer l’évolution de l’éducation pendant la crise, a été utilisée un modèle de choix d’éducation et les résultats de ces simulations sont présenté aussi.
The Romanian Municipal Bond Market and the International Financial Crisis
VALENTINA VASILE,MIRELA MATEI
Revista Romana de Economie , 2010,
Abstract: In Romania, the bond market was set up later, comparatively to the equity market. This market is in a development process, but the international financial crisis has affected even the interest of investors in bonds. The secondary municipal bond market is not a very liquid market because these securities are bought from the primary market and held in portfolios by investors because these bonds have a low risk. The issue of these bonds is correlated with the financial independence and the level of decentralization of the local public authorities. The issuance of these bonds is correlated with financial independence and decentralization level specific to local public authorities. Under crisis conditions, the volatility of this market is more significant, the increasing deficits of local budgets decreasing the interest of the middle-class in investing in such financial instruments.
LINGUISTIC CAPITAL AND PERMANENT EDUCATION
Cornelia DUMITRU,Valentina VASILE
Revista Romana de Economie , 2006,
Abstract: The Europe of Knowledge means shifting to a new stage of identifying, redefining and satisfying the exigencies related to human capital. Among the basic competencies, the language ones shall play a more important role for all age groups, and all categories of jobs and professions in the economic, social and cultural fields due to the emergence of the virtual society and economy. Market internationalisation, as well as the strong outspread of English in all fields led to the emergence of the “working language” making it “strict requirement” from the perspective of the qualitative attributes of human capital. At the same time, from the viewpoint of the human capital, “English is not enough” for sustainable development at regional and international level.
COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE METRICS OF ROMANIA’S EXPORTS IN THE PERIOD 2007-2010
Gheorghe ZAMAN,Valentina Vasile
Revista Romana de Economie , 2012,
Abstract: The research work consists of two parts. In the first theoretical part we analyse the formulae of revealed comparative advantages (RCA) and of the Grubel-Lloyd indices as an analysis instrument of international specialisation and of inter- and intra-industry one of national economies. The second part analytically presents the outcomes of computing the two indicators in the case of the Romanian economy in the post-accession period 2007-2010 by making use of the Eurostat database for intra and extra EU-27 trade by the nine SITC (Standard International Trade Classification) Rev. 4 categories.
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