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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 130451 matches for " V. V. Grechnev "
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A Simple Way to Estimate the Soft X-ray Class of Far-Side Solar Flares Observed with STEREO/EUVI
I. M. Chertok,A. V. Belov,V. V. Grechnev
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1007/s11207-015-0738-4
Abstract: Around the peaks of substantial flares, bright artifact nearly horizontal saturation streaks (B-streaks) corresponding to the brightest parts of the flare sources appear in the STEREO/EUVI 195 A images. We show that the length of such B-streaks can be used for the solution of an actual problem of evaluating the soft X-ray flux and class of far-side flares registered with double STEREO spacecraft but invisible from Earth. For this purpose from data on about 350 flares observed from January 2007 to July 2014 (mainly exceeding the GOES M1.0 level) both with GOES and STEREO, an empirical relation is established correlating the GOES 1-8 A peak flux and the B-streak length. This allowed us for the same years to estimate the soft X-ray classes for approximately 65 strong far-side flares observed by STEREO. The results of this simple and prompt method are consistent with the estimations of Nitta et al. (Solar Phys., 288, 241, 2013) based on the calculations of the EUVI full-disk digital number output. In addition, we studied some features of the B-streaks in impulsive and long-duration flares and demonstrated that B-streaks in several consecutive EUVI images can be used to reconstruct a probable time history of strong far-side flares.
Electronic Structure and Properties of Novel Layered Superconductors
G. E. Grechnev,A. V. Logosha,A. A. Lyogenkaya,A. G. Grechnev,A. V. Fedorchenko
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: The electronic energy structures and magnetic properties of layered superconductors $R$Ni$_2$B$_2$C, $R$Fe$_4$Al$_8$ and FeSe are systematically studied, by using the density functional theory (DFT). The calculations allowed us to reveal a number of features of the electronic structure, which can cause the manifestation of peculiar structural, magnetic and superconducting properties of these systems. It is demonstrated that the Fermi energy $E_{\rm F}$ is located close to the pronounced peaks of the electronic density of states (DOS). The main contribution to DOS at the Fermi level arises from $3d$-electrons. The calculations of the pressure-dependent electronic structure and the magnetic susceptibility in the normal state indicate that the novel superconductors are very close to a magnetic instability with dominating spin paramagnetism. It is shown that experimental data on the pressure dependence of the superconducting transition temperature in FeSe correlate qualitatively with the calculated behavior of DOS at $E_{\rm F}$ as a function of the pressure.
An Updated View of Solar Eruptive Flares and Development of Shocks and CMEs: History of the 2006 December 13 GLE-Productive Extreme Event
V. Grechnev,V. Kiselev,A. Uralov,N. Meshalkina,A. Kochanov
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1093/pasj/65.sp1.S9
Abstract: An extreme 2006 December 13 event marked the onset of the Hinode era being the last major flare in the solar cycle 23 observed with NoRH and NoRP. The event produced a fast CME, strong shock, and big particle event responsible for GLE70. We endeavor to clarify relations between eruptions, shock wave, and the flare, and to shed light on a debate over the origin of energetic protons. One concept relates it with flare processes. Another one associates acceleration of ions with a bow shock driven by a CME at (2-4)R_sun. The latter scenario is favored by a delayed particle release time after the flare. However, our previous studies have established that a shock wave is typically excited by an impulsively erupting magnetic rope (future CME core) during the flare rise, while the outer CME surface evolves from an arcade whose expansion is driven from inside. Observations of the 2006 December 13 event reveal two shocks following each other, whose excitation scenario contradicts the delayed CME-driven bow-shock hypothesis. Actually, the shocks developed much earlier, and could accelerate protons still before the flare peak. Then, the two shocks merged into a single stronger one and only decelerated and dampened long afterwards.
Relations between strong high-frequency microwave bursts and proton events
V. Grechnev,N. Meshalkina,I. Chertok,V. Kiselev
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1093/pasj/65.sp1.S4
Abstract: Proceeding from close association between solar eruptions, flares, shock waves, and CMEs, we analyze relations between bursts at 35 GHz recorded with the Nobeyama Radio Polarimeters during 1990-2012, on the one hand, and solar energetic particle (SEP) events, on the other hand. Most west to moderately east solar events with strong bursts at 35 GHz produced near-Earth proton enhancements of J(E > 100 MeV) > 1 pfu. The strongest and hardest those caused ground level enhancements. There is a general, although scattered, correspondence between proton enhancements and peak fluxes at 35 GHz, especially pronounced if the 35 GHz flux exceeds 10^4 sfu and the microwave peak frequency is high. These properties indicate emission from numerous high-energy electrons in very strong magnetic fields suggesting a high rate of energy release in the flare-CME formation process. Flaring above the sunspot umbrae appears to be typical of such events. Irrespective of the origin of SEPs, these circumstances demonstrate significant diagnostic potential of high-frequency microwave bursts and sunspot-associated flares for space weather forecasting. Strong prolonged bursts at 35 GHz promptly alert to hazardous SEP events with hard spectra. A few exceptional events with moderate bursts at 35 GHz and strong proton fluxes look challenging and should be investigated.
Microwave Negative Bursts as Indications of Reconnection between Eruptive Filaments and Large-Scale Coronal Magnetic Environment
V. Grechnev,I. Kuzmenko,A. Uralov,I. Chertok,A. Kochanov
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1093/pasj/65.sp1.S10
Abstract: Low-temperature plasma ejected in solar eruptions can screen active regions as well as quiet solar areas. Absorption phenomena can be observed in microwaves as 'negative bursts' and in different spectral domains. We analyze two very different recent events with such phenomena and present an updated systematic view of solar events associated with negative bursts. Related filament eruptions can be normal, without essential changes of shape and magnetic configuration, and 'anomalous'. The latter are characterized by disintegration of an eruptive filament and dispersal of its remnants as a cloud over a large part of solar disk. Such phenomena can be observed as giant depressions in the He II 304 A line. One of possible scenarios for an anomalous eruption is proposed in terms of reconnection of filament's internal magnetic fields with external large-scale coronal surrounding.
Relationship between the Magnetic Flux of Solar Eruptions and the Ap Index of Geomagnetic Storms
I. M. Chertok,M. A. Abunina,A. A. Abunin,A. V. Belov,V. V. Grechnev
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1007/s11207-014-0618-3
Abstract: Solar coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are main drivers of the most powerful non-recurrent geomagnetic storms. In the extreme-ultraviolet range, CMEs are accompanied by bright post-eruption arcades and dark dimmings. The analysis of events of the Solar Cycle 23 (Chertok et al., 2013, Solar Phys. 282, 175) revealed that the summarized unsigned magnetic flux in the arcades and dimming regions at the photospheric level, $\Phi$, is significantly related to the intensity (Dst index) of geomagnetic storms. This provides the basis for the earliest diagnosis of geoefficiency of solar eruptions. In the present article, using the same data set, we find that a noticeable correlation exists also between the eruptive magnetic flux, $\Phi$, and another geomagnetic index, Ap. As the magnetic flux increases from tens to $\approx 500$ (in units of $10^{20}$ Mx), the geomagnetic storm intensity measured by the 3-hour Ap index, enhances in average from Ap $\approx 50$ to a formally maximum value of 400 (in units of 2 nT). The established relationship shows that in fact the real value of the Ap index is not limited and during the most severe magnetic storms may significantly exceed 400.
Solar flare-related eruptions followed by long-lasting occultation of the emission in the He II 304 A line and in microwaves
V. V. Grechnev,I. V. Kuzmenko,I. M. Chertok,A. M. Uralov
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1134/S1063772911070031
Abstract: Plasma with a temperature close to the chromospheric one is ejected in solar eruptions. Such plasma can occult some part of emission of compact sources in active regions as well as quiet solar areas. Absorption phenomena can be observed in the microwave range as the so-called 'negative bursts' and also in the He II 304 A line. The paper considers three eruptive events associated with rather powerful flares. Parameters of absorbing material of an eruption are estimated from multi-frequency records of a 'negative burst' in one event. 'Destruction' of an eruptive filament and its dispersion like a cloud over a huge area observed as a giant depression of the 304 A line emission has been revealed in a few events. One such event out of three ones known to us is considered in this paper. Another event is a possibility.
Magnetic Flux of EUV Arcade and Dimming Regions as a Relevant Parameter for Early Diagnostics of Solar Eruptions - Sources of Non-Recurrent Geomagnetic Storms and Forbush Decreases
I. M. Chertok,V. V. Grechnev,A. V. Belov,A. A. Abunin
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s11207-012-0127-1
Abstract: This study aims at the early diagnostics of geoeffectiveness of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) from quantitative parameters of the accompanying EUV dimming and arcade events. We study events of the 23th solar cycle, in which major non-recurrent geomagnetic storms (GMS) with Dst <-100 nT are sufficiently reliably identified with their solar sources in the central part of the disk. Using the SOHO/EIT 195 A images and MDI magnetograms, we select significant dimming and arcade areas and calculate summarized unsigned magnetic fluxes in these regions at the photospheric level. The high relevance of this eruption parameter is displayed by its pronounced correlation with the Forbush decrease (FD) magnitude, which, unlike GMSs, does not depend on the sign of the Bz component but is determined by global characteristics of ICMEs. Correlations with the same magnetic flux in the solar source region are found for the GMS intensity (at the first step, without taking into account factors determining the Bz component near the Earth), as well as for the temporal intervals between the solar eruptions and the GMS onset and peak times. The larger the magnetic flux, the stronger the FD and GMS intensities are and the shorter the ICME transit time is. The revealed correlations indicate that the main quantitative characteristics of major non-recurrent space weather disturbances are largely determined by measurable parameters of solar eruptions, in particular, by the magnetic flux in dimming areas and arcades, and can be tentatively estimated in advance with a lead time from 1 to 4 days. For GMS intensity, the revealed dependencies allow one to estimate a possible value, which can be expected if the Bz component is negative.
Relations between Microwave Bursts and near-Earth High-Energy Proton Enhancements and their Origin
V. V. Grechnev,V. I. Kiselev,N. S. Meshalkina,I. M. Chertok
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1007/s11207-015-0797-6
Abstract: We further study the relations between parameters of bursts at 35 GHz recorded with the Nobeyama Radio Polarimeters during 25 years, on the one hand, and solar proton events, on the other hand (Grechnev et al. in Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan 65, S4, 2013a). Here we address the relations between the microwave fluences at 35 GHz and near-Earth proton fluences above 100 MeV in order to find information on their sources and evaluate their diagnostic potential. A correlation was found to be pronouncedly higher between the microwave and proton fluences than between their peak fluxes. This fact probably reflects a dependence of the total number of protons on the duration of the acceleration process. In events with strong flares, the correlation coefficients of high-energy proton fluences with microwave and soft X-ray fluences are higher than those with the speeds of coronal mass ejections. The results indicate a statistically larger contribution of flare processes to high-energy proton fluxes. Acceleration by shock waves seems to be less important at high energies in events associated with strong flares, although its contribution is probable and possibly prevails in weaker events. The probability of a detectable proton enhancement was found to directly depend on the peak flux, duration, and fluence of the 35 GHz burst, while the role of the Big Flare Syndrome might be overestimated previously. Empirical diagnostic relations are proposed.
The response of the ionosphere to faint and bright solar flares as deduced from global GPS network data
E. L. Afraimovich,A. T. Altynsev,V. V. Grechnev,L. A. Leonovich
Annals of Geophysics , 2002, DOI: 10.4401/ag-3480
Abstract: Results derived from analysing the ionosphere response to faint and bright solar flares are presented. The analysis used technology of a global detection of ionospheric effects from solar flares as developed by the authors, on the basis of phase measurements of the Total Electron Content (TEC) in the ionosphere using an international GPS network. The essence of the method is that use is made of appropriate filtering and a coherent processing of variations in the TEC which is determined from GPS data, simultaneously for the entire set of visible GPS satellites at all stations used in the analysis. This technique is useful for identifying the ionospheric response to faint solar flares (of X-ray class C) when the variation amplitude of the TEC response to separate line-on-sight to GPS satellite is comparable to the level of background fluctuations. The dependence of the TEC variation response amplitude on the bright flares location on the Sun is investigated
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