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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 130424 matches for " V. Sinev "
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Nuclear reactor fissile isotopes antineutrino spectra
V. Sinev
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: Positron spectrum from inverse beta decay reaction on proton was measured in 1988-1990 as a result of neutrino exploration experiment. The measured spectrum has the largest statistics and lowest energy threshold between other neutrino experiments made that time at nuclear reactors. On base of the positron spectrum the standard antineutrino spectrum for typical reactor fuel composition was restored. In presented analysis the partial spectra forming this standard spectrum were extracted using specific method. They could be used for neutrino experiments data analysis made at any fuel composition of reactor core.
Geoneutrinos and the Earth inner parts structure
V. V. Sinev
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: The connection between geoneutrino registration and the Earth theory test is discussed. We compare standard theory of lithosphere plates and hypothesis of hydride Earth. Last hypothesis adds additional neutrino source $-$ planet core in which the initial Earth composition is conserved. Large volume scintillation detector is supposed to install at Baksan neutrino observatory INR RAS at Caucasus. The detector will register all possible neutrino fluxes, but mainly geo-neutrinos. So kind a detector (or detector net) placed in a number of sites on the Earth surface can measure all radioactivity from $^{238}$U and $^{232}$Th, because their neutrino energy exceeds the inverse beta-decay reaction threshold. By this way it will it possible to understand if there are any more neutrino sources in the Earth other than the crust and mantle.
Joint analysis of spectral reactor neutrino experiments
V. V. Sinev
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: The analysis of experiments at nuclear reactors where inverse beta decay reaction positron spectrum was measured at different distances from reactor core is presented here. It was found that there appear three enclosed zones of neutrino oscillation parameters when joint analysis is applied on the ${\Delta}m^{2}-\sin^{2}2{\theta}$ plane. The parameters that found are partially crossed with similar regions originating from other non reactor experiments where they observed neutrino oscillations having unusual mass parameter about 1 eV^2 and amplitude about 0.04. Confidence level for observed regions achieves the value of 99.9%.
Geoneutrinos and Hydridic Earth (or primordially Hydrogen-Rich Planet)
L. Bezrukov,V. Sinev
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1134/S1063779615020057
Abstract: Geoneutrino is a new channel of information about geochemical composition of the Earth. We alnalysed here the following problem. What statistics do we need to distinguish between predictions of Bulk Silicate Earth model and Hydridic Earth model for Th/U signal ratio? We obtained the simple formula for estimation of error of Th/U signal ratio. Our calculations show that we need more than $22 kt \cdot year$ exposition for Gran-Sasso underground laboratory and Sudbury Neutrino Observatory. We need more than $27 kt \cdot year$ exposition for Kamioka site in the case of stopping of all Japanese nuclear power plants.
Searches for Sterile Neutrinos at Reactor
L. A. Mikaelyan,V. V. Sinev
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: We show that in a reactor disappearance oscillation experiment the sensitivity to the mixing parameter can be substantially improved for $(1 - 5\cdot10^{-4}) eV^{2}$ mass parameter range which includes both the LSND and the atmospheric neutrino oscillation regions. The objectives are: to search for the sterile neutrinos and to get a better understanding of the atmospheric neutrino oscillation mechanism. The parameters of the underground (600 m.w.e.) Krasnoyarsk reactor and data from the CHOOZ reactor oscillation experiment are used to estimate the effect and background rates.
Neutrino Oscillations at Reactors: What Next?
L. A. Mikaelyan,V. V. Sinev
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1134/1.855739
Abstract: We shortly review past and future experiments at reactors aimed at searches for neutrino masses and mixing. We also consider new idea to search at Krasnoyarsk for small mixing angle oscillations in the atmosheric neutrino mass parameter region.
Two Detector Reactor Neutrino Oscillation Experiment Kr2Det at Krasnoyarsk. Status Report
Yu. Kozlov,L. Mikaelyan,V. Sinev
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1134/1.1563707
Abstract: We consider status of the Kr2Det project aimed at sensitive searches for neutrino oscillations in the atmospheric neutrino mass parameter region around Dm2 ~ 3x10-3 eV2and at obtaining new information on the electron neutrino mass structure (Ue3).
Search for the Neutrino Magnetic Moment in the Non-Equilibrium Reactor Antineutrino Energy Spectrum
V. I. Kopeikin,L. A. Mikaelyan,V. V. Sinev
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1134/1.855741
Abstract: We study the time evolution of the typical nuclear reactor antineutrino energy spectrum during reactor ON period and the decay of the residual antineutrino spectrum after reactor is stopped. We find that relevant variations of the soft recoil electron spectra produced via weak and magnetic ${\widetilde {\nu}}_{e},e$ scattering process can play a signigicant role in the current and planned searches for the neutrino magnetic moment at reactors.
Inelastic Scattering of Tritium-Source Antineutrinos on Electrons of Germanium Atoms
V. I. Kopeikin,L. A. Mikaelyan,V. V. Sinev
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1134/1.1575570
Abstract: Processes of the inelastic magnetic and weak scattering of tritium-beta-source antineutrinos on the bound electrons of a germanium atom are considered. The results obtained by calculating the spectra and cross sections are presented for the energy-transfer range between 1 eV and 18 keV.
The Kr2Det project: Search for mass-3 state contribution |U_{e3}|^2 to the electron neutrino using a one reactor - two detector oscillation experiment at Krasnoyarsk underground site
V. Martemianov,L. Mikaelyan,V. Sinev,V. Kopeikin,Yu. Kozlov
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1134/1.1619504
Abstract: The main physical goal of the project is to search with reactor antineutrinos for small mixing angle oscillations in the atmospheric mass parameter region around {\Delta}m^{2}_{atm} ~ 2.5 10^{-3} eV^2 in order to find the element U_{e3} of the neutrino mixing matrix or to set a new more stringent constraint (U_{e3} is the contribution of mass-3 state to the electron neutrino flavor state). To achieve this we propose a "one reactor - two detector" experiment: two identical antineutrino spectrometers with $\sim$50 ton liquid scintillator targets located at ~100 m and ~1000 m from the Krasnoyarsk underground reactor (~600 mwe). In no-oscillation case ratio of measured positron spectra of the \bar{{\nu}_e} + p \to e^{+} + n reaction is energy independent. Deviation from a constant value of this ratio is the oscillation signature. In this scheme results do not depend on the exact knowledge of the reactor power, nu_e spectra, burn up effects, target volumes and, which is important, the backgrounds can periodically be measured during reactor OFF periods. In this letter we present the Krasnoyarsk reactor site, give a schematic description of the detectors, calculate the neutrino detection rates and estimate the backgrounds. We also outline the detector monitoring and calibration procedures, which are of a key importance. We hope that systematic uncertainties will not accede 0.5% and the sensitivity U^{2}_{e3} ~4 10^{-3} (at {\Delta}m^{2} = 2.5 10^{-3} eV^2) can be achieved.
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