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Retention behavior of U(VI) and Th(IV) as their 2, 6-pyridine dicarboxylic acid (PDCA) complexes on reversed phase and ion exchange (cation, anion and mixed ion exchange) columns was studied and based on the results, a simple ion chromatography method for the determination of trace level thorium in uranium oxide using 0.075mM 2, 6-pyridine dicarboxylic acid (PDCA) and 1M KNO3 in 1.2M HNO3 as eluent (flow rate 1 mL/min)was proposed. The advantage of the developed method is that the separation of uranium matrix is not required prior to the ion chromatographic determination of trace Th. Separation was carried out on a mixed ion exchange stationary phase and a 10?4 M arsenazo (III) solution was used as post column reagent for detecting the separated metal ions. The separation of Th from uranium using PDCA in the present investigation is attributed through cation exchange mechanism. A calibration plot was constructed by following the standard addition method over the concentration range of 0.25 to 10 ppm of Th in the presence of uranium matrix, which resulted in a linear regression coefficient of 0.9978. The precision of the method was better than 5% and the LOD for Th was found to be 0.1ppm (S/N=3). The method has been validated by comparing the results with the results obtained from ICP-MS analysis where the This separated from the uranium matrix. The proposed method is simple, rapid, accurate and cost effective compared to techniques like ICP-MS or ICP-AES and is suitable for the routine kind of analysis.