Abstract:
High approximations of semiclassical trajectory-coherent states (TCS) and of semiclassical Green function (in the class of semiclassically concentrated states) for the Dirac operator with anomalous Pauli interaction are obtained. For Schrodinger and Dirac operators trajectory-coherent representations are constructed up to any precision with respect to h, h-->0.

Abstract:
We present new exact solutions (in 3+1 and 2+1 dimensions) of relativistic wave equations (Klein-Gordon and Dirac) in external electromagnetic fields of special form. These fields are combinations of Aharonov-Bohm solenoid field and some additional electric and magnetic fields. In particular, as such additional fields, we consider longitudinal electric and magnetic fields, some crossed fields, and some special non-uniform fields. The solutions obtained can be useful to study Aharonov-Bohm effect in the corresponding electromagnetic fields.

Abstract:
We consider a class of electromagnetic fields that contains crossed fields combined with longitudinal electric and magnetic fields. We study the motion of a classical particle (solutions of the Lorentz equations) in such fields. Then, we present an analysis that allows one to decide which fields from the class act as a beam guide for charged particles, and we find some time-independent and time-dependent configurations with beam guiding properties. We demonstrate that the Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations with all the fields from the class can be solved exactly. We study these solutions, which were not known before, and prove that they form complete and orthogonal sets of functions.

Abstract:
We construct the theoretical base for the search of the possible experimental manifestations of the torsion field at low energies. The weakrelativistic approximation to the Dirac equation in an external torsion field is considered. For the sake of generality we introduce the external electromagnetic field in parallel. The generalized (due to torsion dependent terms) Pauly equation contains new terms which have the different structure if compared with standard electromagnetic ones. Just the same takes place for the weakrelativistic equations for spin $\frac{1}{2}$ particle in an external torsion and electromagnetic field. It is given the brief description of the possible experiments.

Abstract:
It is proved that the Darboux transformation of the system of coherent states of a free particle leads to the states that may be treated as coherent states of soliton-like potentials.

Abstract:
The structure of additional electromagnetic fields to the Aharonov-Bohm field, for which the Schr\"odinger, Klein-Gordon, and Dirac equations can be solved exactly are described and the corresponding exact solutions are found. It is demonstrated that aside from the known cases (a constant and uniform magnetic field that is parallel to the Aharonov-Bohm solenoid, a static spherically symmetrical electric field, and the field of a magnetic monopole), there are broad classes of additional fields. Among these new additional fields we have physically interesting electric fields acting during a finite time, or localized in a restricted region of space. There are additional time-dependent uniform and isotropic electric fields that allow exact solutions of the Schrodinger equation. In the relativistic case there are additional electric fields propagating along the Aharonov-Bohm solenoid with arbitrary electric pulse shape.

Abstract:
The first order quantum correction to the power of spontaneous radiation of electrons in an arbitrary two-component periodic magnetic field was obtained. The phenomenon of selfpolarization of the spin of electrons in a process of spontaneous radiation was also studied. By electron's motion in a spiral magnetic undulator, the quantitative characteristics of selfpolarization (the polarization degree and the relaxation time) are different from corresponding ones in synchrotron radiation. The limiting cases of near-axis and ultrarelativistic approximation were considered.

Abstract:
We develop the Darboux procedure for the case of the two-level system. In particular, it is demonstrated that one can construct the Darboux intertwining operator that does not violate the specific structure of the equations of the two-level system, transforming only one real potential into another real potential. We apply the obtained Darboux transformation to known exact solutions of the two-level system. Thus, we find three classes of new solutions for the two-level system and the corresponding new potentials that allow such solutions.

Abstract:
We study the impact of Aharonov-Bohm solenoid on the radiation of a charged particle moving in a constant uniform magnetic field. With this aim in view, exact solutions of Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations are found in the magnetic-solenoid field. Using such solutions, we calculate exactly all the characteristics of one-photon spontaneous radiation both for spinless and spinning particle. Considering non-relativistic and relativistic approximations, we analyze cyclotron and synchrotron radiations in detail. Radiation peculiarities caused by the presence of the solenoid may be considered as a manifestation of Aharonov-Bohm effect in the radiation. In particular, it is shown that new spectral lines appear in the radiation spectrum. Due to angular distribution peculiarities of the radiation intensity, these lines can in principle be isolated from basic cyclotron and synchrotron radiation spectra

Abstract:
We demonstrate how one can describe explicitly the present arbitrariness in solutions of relativistic wave equations in external electromagnetic fields of special form. This arbitrariness is connected to the existence of a transformation, which reduces effectively the number of variables in the initial equations. Then we use the corresponding representations to construct new sets of exact solutions, which may have a physical interest. Namely, we present new sets of stationary and nonstationary solutions in magnetic field and in some superpositions of electric and magnetic fields.