Abstract:
A description of the NN scattering is constructed starting from the $\pi, \eta, \eta'$ pseudoscalar-, the $\rho, \phi, \omega$ vector-, and the $\varepsilon(600), a_0, f_0(1400)$ scalar - meson-nucleon coupling constants, which we obtain within a relativistic quark model. Working within the Blankenbecler-Sugar-Logunov-Tavkhelidze quasipotential dynamics we thus describe the NN phase shifts in a relativistically invariant way. In this procedure we use the phenomenological form factor cutoff masses and the effective $\varepsilon$ and $\omega$ meson-nucleon coupling constants, only. The comparison of our NN phase shifts to the both empirical data and the Bonn OBEP fit shows good agreement -- the ratio of the $\chi^2$ for the present results to the $\chi^2$ for Bonn OBEP description is 1.2.

Abstract:
The general formula of the pi(-)p atom strong energy-level shift in the 1s state is derived in the next-to-leading order in the isospin breaking, and in all orders in chiral expansion. Isospin-breaking corrections to the level shift are explicitly evaluated at order p^2 in ChPT. The results clearly demonstrate the necessity to critically reaccess the values of the piN scattering lengths, extracted from the energy-level shift measurement by means of the potential model-based theoretical analysis.

Abstract:
We construct the potentials that describe the spectrum and decay of electromagnetic bound states of hadrons, and are consistent with ChPT. These potentials satisfy the matching condition which enables one to express the parameters of the potential through the threshold scattering amplitudes calculated in ChPT. We further analyze the ambiguity in the choice of the short-range hadronic potentials, which satisfy this matching condition.

Abstract:
We review the theory of hadronic atoms in QCD + QED, based on a non-relativistic effective Lagrangian framework. We first provide an introduction to the theory, and then describe several applications: meson-meson, meson-nucleon atoms and meson-deuteron compounds. Finally, we compare the quantum field theory framework used here with the traditional approach, which is based on quantum-mechanical potential scattering.

Abstract:
In connection with planned experiments devoted to investigation of semileptonic decays of beauty baryons Isgur-Wise function and observables of $\Lambda_b$ baryon (decay rates and distributions, leptonic spectra and asymmetry parameters) are calculated in the framework of diquark model with taking into account of infrared regime for heavy quark.

Abstract:
The expression for the $(\pi^+\pi^-)$ atom lifetime is derived within the Bethe-Salpeter approach. First-order perturbative corrections due to the contribution of strong interactions are taken into account. It is demonstrated that the atom lifetime can be expressed in terms of the solutions of the Coulombic problem (the wave function of the $1S$ state at the origin $\Psi_1(0)$, the binding energy of the $S$-state $E_1$), the difference of the $S$-wave $\pi\pi$ scattering lengths and the energy shift $\Delta E_1$ of the level due to the strong interactions: $ 1/(\tau_{1})\sim (a^0_0-a^2_0)^2 |\Psi_1(0)|^2 (1-(9\Delta E_1)/(8E_1))$

Abstract:
Semileptonic decays of bottom and charm baryons are considered within a relativistic three-quark model with the Gaussian shape for the baryon-three-quark vertex and standard quark propagators.

Abstract:
The results for observables of semileptonic decays of bottom and charm baryons (Isgur-Wise functions, decay rates, distributions, asymmetry parameters) are given within relativistic quark model. A comparison with recent experimental data (CLEO Collaboration) is made.

Abstract:
We apply the perturbative chiral quark model (PCQM) to analyse low-energy nucleon properties: electromagnetic form factors, meson-nucleon sigma-terms and pion-nucleon scattering. Baryons are described as bound states of valence quarks surrounded by a cloud of Goldstone bosons (pi, K, eta) as required by chiral symmetry. The model is based on the following guide lines: chiral symmetry constraints, fulfilment of low-energy theorems and proper treatment of sea-quarks, that is meson cloud contributions. Analytic expressions for nucleon observables are obtained in terms of fundamental parameters of low-energy pion-nucleon physics (weak pion decay constant, axial nucleon coupling constant, strong pion-nucleon form factor) and of only one model parameter (radius of the nucleonic three-quark core). Our results are in good agreement with experimental data and results of other theoretical approaches.

Abstract:
We apply the perturbative chiral quark model (PCQM) at one loop to analyse the electromagnetic structure of nucleons. This model is based on an effective Lagrangian, where baryons are described by relativistic valence quarks and a perturbative cloud of Goldstone bosons. Including the electromagnetic interaction we first develop the formalism up to one-loop in the Goldstone boson fluctuation relying on renormalization by use of counterterms. Local gauge invariance is satisfied both on the Lagrangian level and also for the relevant baryon matrix elements in the Breit frame. We apply the formalism to obtain analytical expressions for the nucleon charge and magnetic form factors, which are expressed in terms of fundamental parameters of low-energy pion-nucleon physics (weak pion decay constant, axial nucleon coupling, strong pion-nucleon form factor) and of only one model parameter (radius of the nucleonic three-quark core). A detailed numerical analysis for the nucleon magnetic moments, charge and magnetic radii and also for the momentum dependence of form factors is presented.