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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 130416 matches for " V. Cecarini "
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50Hz Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields Enhance Protein Carbonyl Groups Content in Cancer Cells: Effects on Proteasomal Systems
A. M. Eleuteri,M. Amici,L. Bonfili,V. Cecarini,M. Cuccioloni,S. Grimaldi,L. Giuliani,M. Angeletti,E. Fioretti
Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology , 2009, DOI: 10.1155/2009/834239
Abstract: Electromagnetic fields are an assessed cause of prolonging free radicals lifespan. This study was carried out to investigate the influence of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields on protein oxidation and on the 20S proteasome functionality, the complex responsible for the degradation of oxidized proteins. Caco 2 cells were exposed, for 24–72 hours, to 1 mT, 50 Hz electromagnetic fields. The treatment induced a time-dependent increase both in cell growth and in protein oxidation, more evident in the presence of TPA, while no changes in cell viability were detected. Exposing the cells to 50 Hz electromagnetic fields caused a global activation of the 20S proteasome catalytic components, particularly evident at 72 hours exposure and in the presence of TPA. The finding that EGCG, a natural antioxidant compound, counteracted the field-related pro-oxidant effects demonstrates that the increased proteasome activity was due to an enhancement in intracellular free radicals.
Nonsmooth Optimization Algorithms in Some Problems of Fracture Dynamics  [PDF]
V. V. Zozulya
Intelligent Information Management (IIM) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/iim.2010.211073
Abstract: Mathematical statement of elastodynamic contact problem for cracked body with considering unilateral restrictions and friction of the crack faces is done in classical and weak forms. Different variational formulations of unilateral contact problems with friction based on boundary variational principle are considered. Nonsmooth optimization algorithms of Udzawa’s type for solution of unilateral contact problem with friction have been developed. Convergence of the proposed algorithms has been studied numerically.
Precessing Ball Solitons as Self-Organizing Systems during a Phase Transition in a Ferromagnet  [PDF]
V. V. Nietz
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.410A3010
Abstract:

Precessing ball solitons (PBS) in a ferromagnet during the first order phase transition is induced by a magnetic field directed along the axis of anisotropy, while the action of the periodic field perpendicular to the main magnetic field has been analyzed. Under these conditions, the characteristics of arising equilibrium PBS are uniquely determined by the frequency of the periodic field, but the solitons with other frequencies are impossible. For such structure, the entropy increase connected with dissipation is compensated by the decrease of the entropy due to the external periodic field. It is shown that the equilibrium PBS are essentially the “self-organizing systems” that can arise spotaneously in a metastable state of ferromagnet.

Movement of Self-Organizing Solitons in Ferromagnet  [PDF]
V. V. Nietz
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/am.2015.610155
Abstract: Precessing ball solitons (PBS) in a ferromagnet during the first order phase transition induced by a magnetic field directed along the axis of anisotropy, while the additional action of high-frequency field perpendicular to the main magnetic field, are analyzed. It is shown that the spatial motion of solitons, associated with thermal fluctuations in the crystal, does not destroy the equilibrium of self-organized PBS.
Lα Line of Dark Positronium as a Nongravitational Detection of DM  [PDF]
V. Burdyuzha, V. Charugin
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2015.613187
Abstract: An attempt to predict the new atomic dark matter lines is done on the example of a dark lepton atom-positronium. Its Layman-alpha line with the energy near 3 GeV may be observable if the appropriate conditions are realized. For this we have studied a γ-ray excess in the center of our galaxy. In principle, this excess may be produced by the Lα line of a dark positronium in the medium with Compton scattering. The possibility of observations of an annihilation line (E~300 TeV) of dark positronium is also predicted. Other proposals to observe the atomic dark matter are shortly described. Besides, Hα line (1.3μ) of usual positronum must be observable in the direction on the center of our galaxy.
Randomization of Energy and Momentum in Statistical Mechanics  [PDF]
V. V. Paranjape
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2015.615223
Abstract: Particle-particle collisions in materials give rise to a particle distribution in energy and momentum in such a way that a most probable distribution is realized. I will show that an evaporating liquid generates a molecular imbalance in the equilibrium energy distribution. The molecular collisions by their inherent nature are able to repair the imbalance and in so doing it is shown that the liquids cool down. Similarly an external electric field creates substantial imbalance in the momentum distribution for the electrons in ionic semiconductors. Electron-electron collisions are able to restore the imbalance and as a consequence, similar to the evaporating liquid, the electron gas loses thermal energy and cools down.
基于税收能力视角的中国税制改革 China s Tax Reform Based on the Perspective of Tax Capacity
v
- , 2015,
Abstract: 摘要 税收能力是研究税收制度的重要视角,科学判定税收能力是税制改革的基本前提。税收制度决定了既定条件下税收能力的高低,税收能力也影响和制约着税制改革的进程。我国近年来的经济社会发展改变了经济运行中各经济主体的税收能力及其格局。基于税收能力视角,现行税收制度在税制结构、税制体系、征管制度等方面还存在着与经济社会发展不相适应之处。为此,税制改革应基于对目前及未来税收能力的科学判断,明确税制结构优化的方向和路径,加快地方税体系建设,进一步完善税收征管制度。
Lorentz’s Transformations and Gravitation in the Granular Space Theory  [PDF]
V Konushko
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2011.26053
Abstract: Research into the read structure of space at ways leads to the conclusion on the existence of a privileged (absolute) system of reference, with all the equations remaining invariant about Lorentz’s transformations. The expansion of these transformations makes it possible to obtain easily the Schwarzshild matrix and, also, all the results of Einstein’s theory of gravity. The untangling of the physical meaning of velocity as a measure of relative deformation of elementary space cells eliminates, at last, all the paradoxes of Lorentz’s transformations and allows visual observation of the mechanism of gravity and Coulomb interaction in imaginary experiments.
Crustal Thickness of Funafuti Using Receiver Function Analysis  [PDF]
V. Srivardhan
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2013.410129
Abstract:

In this study, the characterization of the depth of the Mohorovicic discontinuity under the crust of Funafuti island was determined by analyzing the 3 component seismograms from 54 different earthquake events recorded by the station between 2008 and 2012. These seismograms were from teleseismic earthquakes whose epicenter lay at distances greater than 3000 km from the station. The seismograms were iteratively deconvolved in the time domain to remove the unwanted noise and then stacked to obtain better receiver functions. For analysis of the receiver functions, it was assumed that the range in which the Vp/Vs ratio would lie for the given region would be between 1.60 - 1.85 and the depth of the discontinuity was assumed to lie between 5 - 20 km. Analysis of the receiver functions showed that the Mohorovicic discontinuity was at a depth of 11 km and the Vp/Vs ratio was 1.75 for the region.

Evaluation of Rainwater Harvesting Methods and Structures Using Analytical Hierarchy Process for a Large Scale Industrial Area  [PDF]
V. JOTHIPRAKASH, Mandar V. SATHE
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2009.16052
Abstract: In India, with ever increasing population and stress on natural resources, especially water, rejuvenation of rainwater harvesting (RWH) technique which was forgotten over the days is becoming very essential. Large number of RWH methods that are available in the literature are demand specific and site specific, since RWH system depends on the topography, land use, land cover, rainfall and demand pattern. Thus for each and every case, a detailed evaluation of RWH structures is required for implementation, including the analy-sis of hydrology, topography and other aspects like site availability and economics, however a common methodology could be evolved. The present study was aimed at evaluation of various RWH techniques in order to identify the most appropriate technique suitable for a large scale industrial area to meet its daily wa-ter demand. An attempt is made to determine the volume of water to be stored using mass balance method, Ripple diagram method, analytical method, and sequent peak algorithm method. Based on various satisfying criteria, analytical hierarchy process (AHP) is employed to determine the most appropriate type of RWH method and required number of RWH structures in the study area. If economy alone is considered along with hydrological and site specific parameters, recharging the aquifer has resulted as a better choice. However other criteria namely risk, satisfaction in obtaining required volume of water for immediate utilization etc. has resulted in opting for concrete storage structures method. From the results it is found that AHP, if used with all possible criteria can result in a better tool for evaluation of RWH methods and structures. This RWH structures not only meets the demand but saves transportation cost of water and reduces the dependability of the industry on irrigation reservoir. Besides monetary benefits it is hoped that the micro environment inside the industry will improve due to the cooling effect of the stored water.
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