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Visual Estimation of Post Partum Hemorrhage and its Treatment
F Akhlaghi,V Taghipour Bazargani,J Jamali
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Postpartum hemorrhage is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality that is preventive by appropriate estimation of blood loss and its treatment. This study was undertaken to evaluate the accuracy of visual estimation of postpartum hemorrhage by clinicians and co worker who work in the obstetrics department. Methods: In this descriptive observational study, 199 educational/clinical personnel participated who worked in the obstetrics department of 3 training hospital in Mashhad in 2010. First characteristic of their occupation, educational and period of work experience recorded. Then scenes similar of postpartum hemorrhage were rebuilt by using of expired whole blood in five different volume (500, 1000, 1500, 2000, 2500, 3000 cc). Participants looked each scenes and estimated volume and necessary treatment and record in forms. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 12 and fisher and student tests and relation between accurate volume of hemorrhage and estimated volume and treatment, occupation and experience of participants were determined. Results: Accuracy visual estimation of blood loss in different volume of postpartum hemorrhage was between 14.3% to 52%. There was no significant association between the position of the participants and accuracy of their estimation and proposed treatments. There was no association between the staffs work experience and accuracy of their estimation. Conclusion: Visual estimation of blood loss was not accurate in the majority of participants. For prevention of maternal morbidity and mortality education is necessary that to be skilled for accurate estimation of blood loss.
Seasonal Changes of Vitamin A and Beta-Carotene Levels of Serum and Liver in Holstein Cows
Mashhadi A Ghadrdan,Bazargani T Taghipour,Bokaie S,Poorkabireh MA
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica , 2003, DOI: 10.1186/1751-0147-44-s1-p78
Abstract:
An Unusual Occurrence of Actinobacillosis in Heifers and Cows in A Dairy Herd in Tehran suburb-Iran
Taghipour Bazargani, T.,Khodakaram Tafti, A.,Atyabi, N.,,Faghanizadeh, Gh.
Archives of Razi Institute , 2010,
Abstract: An unusual occurrence of actinobacillosis was diagnosed in 4 heifers aged 8-15 months and 2 cattle in a dairy herd with 190 Iranian Holstein breed. Anorexia, dysphagia, drooling of normal or foodtinged saliva and presence of warts-like lesions on the dorsal surface of tongue shaft were observed in a 15-month-old heifer without showing protrusion of tongue or presenting woody tongue and no involvement of either sulcus lingualis or tongue base. In addition to tongue, soft tissues of oral cavity and pharyngeal region including lymph nodes, salivary glands and tonsils were contained multiple whitish nodules. Histopathologically, typical pyogranulomas of actinobacillosis contained radiating eosinophilic clubs surrounded by many neutrophils were diagnosed. Actinobacillus lignieresii was isolated from the lesions in pure culture. Clinical examination of other animals revealed the presence of different degrees of granulomatous abscesses in soft tissues including skin around mandibles in at least 3 heifers aged 8-11 months and 2 cattle. Due to 4 recent droughty years feeding the heifers, dry cows and low milk producing cattle by cheap oat and wheat straw mixed with plant awns could be the cause of this event.
Solving the independent set problem by sticker based DNA computers  [PDF]
Hassan Taghipour, Ahad Taghipour, Mahdi Rezaei, Heydar Ali Esmaili
American Journal of Molecular Biology (AJMB) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajmb.2012.22017
Abstract: In this paper, the sticker based DNA computing was used for solving the independent set problem. At first, solution space was constructed by using appropriate DNA memory complexes. We defined a new operation called “divide” and applied it in construction of solution space. Then, by application of a sticker based parallel algorithm using biological operations, independent set problem was resolved in polynomial time.
APPLICATION OF HOMOTOPY PERTURBATION METHOD ON SOME LINEAR AND NONLINEAR PARABOLIC EQUATIONS
R. Taghipour
International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences , 2011,
Abstract:
Applying Surface-Based DNA Computing for Solving the Dominating Set Problem  [PDF]
Hassan Taghipour, Mahdi Rezaei, Heydar Ali Esmaili
American Journal of Molecular Biology (AJMB) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajmb.2012.23030
Abstract: The surface-based DNA computing is one of the methods of DNA computing which uses DNA strands immobilized on a solid surface. In this paper, we applied surface-based DNA computing for solving the dominating set problem. At first step, surface-based DNA solution space was constructed by using appropriate DNA strands. Then, by application of a DNA parallel algorithm, dominating set problem was resolved in polynomial time.
Injury epidemiology and publishing injury research
Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani
Journal of Injury and Violence Research , 2012,
Abstract:
Comparison of Kurtosis and Fourth Power Detectors with Applications to IR-UWB OOK Systems  [PDF]
Javad Taghipour, Vahid Tabataba Vakili, Dariush Abbasi-Moghadam
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2012.51006
Abstract: On-off keying (OOK) is one of the modulation schemes for non-coherent impulse radio Ultra-wideband systems. In this paper, the utilization of the kurtosis detector (KD) and fourth power detector (FD) receivers for OOK signaling is introduced. We investigate the effect of integration interval and the optimum threshold on the performance of energy detector (ED), KD and FD receivers. The semi analytic expression of BER is obtained by using generalized extreme value distribution function for KD and FD receivers. From performance point of view, the simulation results show that FD receiver outperforms KD and ED receivers. In contrast, the sensitivity to the optimum threshold is greatly reduced in KD receiver compared to ED and FD receivers.
Voices of Mother's Interaction with Midwives in Natural Childbirth: A Qualitative Study  [PDF]
Firoozeh Mirzaee Rabor, Ali Taghipour, Khadigeh Mirzaii Najmabadi
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.71017
Abstract: Interaction between mothers and midwives during natural childbirth is one of the important factors in relationship between mothers and midwives in natural childbirth. In this qualitative study we explored experiences of mothers and midwives in interaction with each other in natural childbirth. This study was a part of a larger study which was carried out in Iran in 2013-2014. A total of 23 participants participated in this study. 12 primiparous and multiparous women planned to have natural deliveries and 11 midwives were purposefully included for semi-structured in-depth interviews in this study. For analysis and interpretation of mothers’ and midwives’ experience, conventional content analysis was used. Data were coded in MAXqda software (version 2). Interaction between mothers and midwives could be organized and categorized in one theme “relationship”. This theme consists of two subthemes: “respect for the mother” and “interaction” and five categories: “Feeling confidence, Feeling satisfaction, Associated with sensory relationship, Understanding mother’s situation, Understanding the meaning of interaction”. Good relationship between mothers and midwives in natural childbirth could improve the experience of natural childbirth for mothers. This experience could increase woman’s tendency toward natural birth instead of cesarean section in future pregnancies. Findings of this study can be seen as a challenge for health care professionals and policy makers to upgrade care of natural childbirth based on women’s preferences and needs.
Cerebrospinal Nematodiasis of Cattle, Sheep and Goats in Iran
T Bazargani,T Bazargani,A Eslami,GR Gholami
Iranian Journal of Parasitology , 2008,
Abstract: Background: The prevalence of setariasis in cattle and cerebrospinal nematodiasis in sheep and goats were determined in two geographical regions of Iran.Methods: In two provinces of Iran: Mazandaran (zone I) and Qazvine (zoneII) where sheep and goats were suffering from symptoms similar to cerebrospinal nematodiasis, the peritoneal cavities of 763 and 1020 cattle were searched for adult Setaria sp. respectively. History taking of 4770 sheep from zone I and 25550 sheep and 3190 goats from zone II were per-formed for the presence and determination of cerebrospinal nematodiasis in sheep and goats. To study pathological changes induced in central nervous system 7 sheep from zone I and 4 sheep and 2 goats from zone II with symptoms similar to CSN were necropsied.Results: Our findings revealed that 47% and 13.2% of cattle in zone I and II harboured Setaria digitata (99.45%) and S. digitata (67.12%) plus S.labiato-papillosa (17.46%) respectively. History taking showed that each year 2.53% of sheep in zone I and 1.65% of sheep and 1.25% of goats in some districts of zone II (e.g. Roudbar Alamout) suffered from symp-toms similar to cerebrospinal nematodiasis the main clinical signs of which were difficulty in hind limbs movement (lumbar paralysis). At necropsy, no lesions were observed macroscopically in the brains as well as spinal cords. But in a few cases, central nervous system were congested and edematous .Histopathological examination of CNS of necropsied animals showed mild leptomeningitis and eosinophilic and lymphacytic encephalomyelitis with numerous hemorrhagic tracts, degeneration and necrosis due to migration of the larvae. The cross section of nematode larvae was observed in the brain section of a sheep in zone I. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that setariasis of cattle is very prevalent in both region mainly in zone I and sheep and goats harbor low percentage of CSN but with marked pathological lesions.
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