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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5347 matches for " Urinary retention/etiology "
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Acute urinary retention as a late complication of subcutaneous liquid silicone injection: a case report
Leandro Luongo de Matos,Leonardo Seigra Lopes,Júlia Virgínia de Andrade Saggiomo,Eric Roger Wroclawski
Einstein (S?o Paulo) , 2009,
Abstract: Acute urinary retention is characterized by a sudden interruption of urinary output; urine is retained in the bladder due to either functional or obstructive anatomic factors, and cannot be voided. The main causes of acute urinary obstruction are benign prostatic hyperplasia, constipation, prostate adenocarcinoma, urethral stenosis, clot retention, neurological disorders, following surgery, calculi, drugs, or urinary tract infections. A transvestite patient, aged 55 years, described having had liquid silicone subcutaneously injected in various parts of the body, the last one four years ago. He complained of absent urinary output during the last 14 hours. The physical examination revealed skin deformation due to migration of implants; a hard nodule (characterized as a foreign body) was present in the preputium and a diagnosis of acute urinary retention was made; an unsuccessful attempt to exteriorize the glans for urinary catheterization, was followed by therapeutic cystostomy. Acute urinary retention has not been mentioned in the medical literature as a complication of liquid silicone subcutaneous injection.
Suprapubic Cystostomy at Urological Emergency Unit of CHU-YO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso: Indications, Technique and Complications  [PDF]
Barnabé Zango, Fasnéwindé A. Kaboré, Moussa Kaboré, Brahima Kirakoya, Bienvenue D. Ky, Boukary Kabré, Cl?taire Alexis Marie Kiemdiba Donega Yameogo, Adama Ouattara, Timothée Kambou
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2016.64013
Abstract: Introduction: Cystostomy allows under certain circumstances deriving the urine. This is the most performed surgery in uro-andrological emergencies. Complications can occur. We aim to analyze the indications, technical aspects and complications of suprapubic cystostomies in the urological emergency unit at CHU-YO. Patients and Methods: Between October 2013 and May 2014 we conducted a prospective study of all patients who underwent suprapubic cystostomy. Results: 86 cases of cystostomy were noted or 77.5% of surgical procedures performed in uro-andrological emergency. All patients were male. The average age of patients was 52.5 years. The AUR represented 88.4% of indications. The prostate tumor represented 65.8% of the etiologies of AUR. The cystostomy was performed under local anesthesia in 87.2% of cases. Peritoneal gap was noted in 5.8%, parietal suppuration in 12.8%. A death by generalized acute peritonitis was noted in one case. Conclusion: Suprapubic cystostomy presents a non-negligible morbidity and mortality and must be mastered.
Acute Urinary Retention among Adult Men at Bobo-Dioulasso University Teaching Hospital: Epidemiology, Aetiologies and Initial Management  [PDF]
Zaré Cyprien, Kambou Timothée, Ouattara Adama, Paré Abdoul Karim, Yé O. Delphine, Bénao B. Lazard, Belemlilga G. L. Herman, Yabré Nassirou, Traore I. Alain, Barro Drissa
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2015.56014
Abstract: We conducted a cross-sectional study between February 1st, 2012 and September 30, 2012 at Bobo-Dioulasso University Teaching hospital. The target population was all patients seen at the emergency services for acute urinary retention. Among the 155 patients admitted for urological emergencies, 104 (67.1%) had acute urinary retention. The average age of patients was 65 years, ranging from 23 to 89 years and the majority was more than 60 years old (77.8%) and lived in rural areas (64.4%). Prostate tumor pathology and urethral stricture were the most frequent diagnosis, and the renal function was impaired in 33.7% of cases. Urethrovesical drainage, cystocatheterism, and suprapubic cystostomy were the treatment approach in 56.0%, 28.0% and 15.2% of the cases. Acute urinary retention is the most common urological emergency and many complications are associated with urethrovesical sounding. These complications should therefore be prevented by improving acute urinary care.
Glanular Anterior Urethral Valve; A Case Report of an Unusual Cause of Neonatal Urinary Retention  [PDF]
Mohammad Aminu Mohammad
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2016.62025
Abstract: Anterior urethral valve is an uncommon abnormality whose etiology is uncertain, unlike in the case of posterior urethral valve. Glanular anterior urethral valve is even rarer. We present an unusual case of anterior urethral valve, which presented with acute urinary retention and was successfully managed with excision and glans reconstruction. A history of poor stream and dribbling, recurrent urinary tract infections and palpable penile or peno-scrotal mass strongly points to the diagnosis of anterior urethral valve. A voiding cystourethrogramme confirms the diagnosis. It can cause early proximal urinary tract damage and renal failure if not intervened in time. Early surgical intervention will prevent the onset of uremia. Transurethral resection is the treatment of choice.
Urinary Retention in Adults Male Patients: Causes and Complications among Patients Managed in a Teaching Hospital in North Western Nigeria  [PDF]
Muzzammil Abdullahi, Bashir Yunusa, Sharfuddeen Abbas Mashi, Sani Ali Aji, Sani Usman Alhassan
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2016.67020
Abstract: Background: Urinary retention is one of the common urologic emergencies constituting a significant workload of urologists and non-urologists alike. Aims and Objectives: This study was undertaken to identify the causes and complications associated with urinary retention in adult male patients at AKTH, Kano. Patients and Methods: It was a prospective hospital-based study of 110 consecutive adult male patients who presented to Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano with urinary retention over 12 months. On presentation, a brief history was taken and rapid physical examination done; the urinary retention was relieved by urethral catheterization or suprapubic cystostomy. A detailed history and thorough physical examination findings were later obtained. Results: One hundred and ten patients were seen during the study period. There ages ranged from 17 to100 years with a mean of 56 ± 19.3 SD years. Patients within the age range 55 - 74 years accounted for the largest group, (25.5% + 23.6% = 49.1%). The most common cause of urinary retention in this study was benign prostatic hyperplasia (51.8% of the patients). This was followed by urethral stricture (20%), cancer of the prostate (7.3%), urethral injury (7.3%) and bladder tumour (6.4%). More than half of the patients (53.4%) presented with acute urinary retention, 30.5% presented with chronic urinary retention, and 16.1% were diagnosed to have acute-on-chronic urinary retention. The complications of urinary retention found were: urinary tract infection (in 24.5% of patients), renal impairment (14.5%), and anaemia (11.8%). Conclusion: Urinary retention is commoner among the middle aged and the elderly. Benign prostatic hyperplasia remains the leading cause of urinary retention. Acute urinary retention was the commonest type of urinary retention; however, complications due to the retention were associated with chronic and acute-on-chronic urinary retention.
D. Riva,V. Saccà,A. Borsani,A. Mattucci
Urogynaecologia International Journal , 2010, DOI: 10.4081/uij.2006.3.7
Abstract: Urinary retention after mid-urethra sling suspension is a challenging problem for the surgeon: the problem of cutting or removing the sling is under debate and the recurrence of urinary incontinence represents a troublesome complication.
Acute urinary retention in early pregnancy: how far should the investigation go?
Chukwudi O. Okorie
Urogynaecologia International Journal , 2012, DOI: 10.4081/uij.2012.e5
Abstract: Acute urinary retention in early pregnancy is a rare but serious problem. In most cases a causative factor can be identified. In the absence of a readily identifiable causative factor following basic investigation, the further diagnostic and treatment approach can be a challenge, as there are no defined guidelines. A case of acute urinary retention in early pregnancy with no readily identifiable cause managed by patient self-intermittent catheterization on outpatient basis is hereby reported.
Shahid Mansoor Alvi
The Professional Medical Journal , 2001,
Abstract: Two hundred and fifty consecutive patients who had under gone surgery under spinal and generalanaesthesia were studied prospectively to determine the incidence of post-operative urinaryretention. The sex and age of the patient did not affect the incidence of retention of urine. The useof long acting spinal anaesthetics and over enthusiastic treatment of post-operative pain with strongnarcotic analgesics may be the important factors in post operative urinary retention.
Medication induced fetal bladder rupture: a case report  [PDF]
Eldon Palmer, Milette Oliveros, Jason Fong, George Graham
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2011.12004
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Intrauterine bladder rupture is a rare complication usually caused by structural bladder outlet obstruction. Some medications are known to cause urinary retention or diuresis in fetuses and preterm infants. CASE: A 31-year-old gravida 6, para 3023 at 29 weeks and 2 days’ gestation required intubation, mechanical ventilation, and medical management for severe chest pain and respiratory failure, eventually diagnosed as asthma and pneumonia. An obstetrical ultrasound on hospital day three revealed a markedly dilated fetal bladder. Repeat ultrasound the following day showed a decompressed fetal bladder and significant ascites. A cesarean delivery was performed for a nonreassuring fetal heart rate. Postnatal evaluation by voiding cystourethrogram and cystoscopy revealed bladder rupture without evidence of outlet obstruction. Given the absence of other plausible causes, the rupture was likely due to exposure to maternal medications. CONCLUSION: Transplacental exposure to maternal medications may cause fetal urinary retention and intrauterine bladder rupture. Fetal ultrasound surveillance during treatment with medications known to cause urinary retention may allow for early diagnosis and intervention.
A case of acute urinary retention after cesarean section caused by herpes zoster infection  [PDF]
Atsushi Yoshida, Kenji Ishii, Keiko Saito, Isao Azuma
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2012.23040
Abstract: We experienced a case of acute urinary retention after an elective cesarean section. In this case, an epidural catheter was inserted for the postoperative pain relief, and we had to rule out anesthetic complications including epidural hematoma. After careful investigation, sacral herpes zoster was found to be responsible for urinary retention. Early administration of antiviral agent was started and the outcome was good. As various factors may lead to postpartum urinary disorders, we should be careful not to miss serious complications.
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