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Information and Communication Technologies: Benefits and Challenges to the Environment
Ugwuishiwu, B. O.,Obi, O. F.,Ugwuishiwu, C. H.
International Journal of Soft Computing & Engineering , 2013,
Abstract: The issue of Information and CommunicationTechnology (ICT) and the environment is a complex andmultifaceted one. ICT can play both positive and negative roles insustainable environment. This study shows the important linkagesbetween ICTs, ICT-enabled innovation and the environment. Itanalyses the environmental impacts of ICTs in different stages ofthe life cycle and also as an enabling technology for mitigation ofenvironmental impacts across all economic sectors. Directenvironmental impacts were noted to be considerable in areassuch as energy use, materials throughput and end-of-lifetreatment. ICT usage could also generate new activities andwastes with grave implications on efficient environmentalresource management. The contribution of ICTs to systemicchanges to achieve more sustainable environment was discussed.It was concluded that it is important that the environmentalimpacts of ICT products and operations be minimized throughimproved research and development, implementation ofinnovative ICT systems and government ICT policies.
Application of ICT in Crop Production
Ugwuishiwu C.H.,Udanor C.N.,Ugwuishiwu B.O.
International Journal of Soft Computing & Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: The rapid advancement in Information andCommunications Technologies (ICTs) has given rise to newapplications that were impossible just few years ago. Agriculture isan important sector with the majority of the rural population indeveloping countries depending on it. The sector faces majorchallenges of enhancing production in a situation of dwindlingnatural resources necessary for production. ICT plays animportant role in challenging and uplifting the livelihoods of therural populace using an agro computer-based information system.This paper proposes an Agro-Information System that enables afarmer to have relevant information about a crop, such as thevarieties and other requirements like soil type, temperature, typeand quantity of fertilizer, time of planting, time of maturity,planting distance, diseases, pest, pest and Disease controlmeasures, rainfall, sunshine, etc. of that crop. The level ofapplication of this information determines the volume andefficiency of the crop yield. An AIS software is designed andimplemented which helps the farmer achieve the afore-mentionedobjectives.
A Model of NAFDAC Real-Time Crime Information System
Ugwuishiwu, C.H.,Inyiama, H. C.,Ezema, M. E.
International Journal of Soft Computing & Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: NAFDAC is a government agency that wasestablished to protect and promote public health by ensuring thewholesomeness, quality and safety of food and drugs consumed inNigeria. The problems of fake and substandard productsproliferation in Nigeria have affected the credibility of thehealthcare system and can exert very harmful effects on theconsumer resulting to illness, disability and even death. Thesemake it imperative to fight against fake and substandard products,hence NAFDAC regulations. The objective of this paper is todesign a model that will help to achieve NAFDAC stipulatedobjectives through digital data capture from informants, timelycrime information dissemination (ie. Just-in-time crimeinformation) and efficient crime information sharing by thevarious branches of NAFDAC offices in Nigeria. This model ifadopted will help NAFDAC to a great extent bring crime to itsminimal rate through instant flow of information.
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