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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 19151 matches for " U. Saleem "
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Quasideterminant solutions of the generalized Heisenberg magnet model
U. Saleem,M. Hassan
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1088/1751-8113/43/4/045204
Abstract: In this paper we present Darboux transformation for the generalized Heisenberg magnet (GHM) model based on general linear Lie group GL(n) and construct multi-soliton solutions in terms of quasideterminants. Further we relate the quasideterminant multi-soliton solutions obtained by the means of Darboux transformation with those of obtained by dressing method. We also discuss the model based on the Lie group SU(n) and obtain explicit soliton solutions of the model based on SU(2).
Darboux transformation and multi-soliton solutions of Two-Boson hierarchy
Ashok Das,U. Saleem
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1142/S0217732311035249
Abstract: We study Darboux transformations for the two boson (TB) hierarchy both in the scalar as well as in the matrix descriptions of the linear equation. While Darboux transformations have been extensively studied for integrable models based on $SL(2,R)$ within the AKNS framework, this model is based on $SL(2,R)\otimes U(1)$. The connection between the scalar and the matrix descriptions in this case implies that the generic Darboux matrix for the TB hierarchy has a different structure from that in the models based on $SL(2,R)$ studied thus far. The conventional Darboux transformation is shown to be quite restricted in this model. We construct a modified Darboux transformation which has a much richer structure and which also allows for multi-soliton solutions to be written in terms of Wronskians. Using the modified Darboux transformations, we explicitly construct one soliton/kink solutions for the model.
Determination of pesticide residues in blood samples of villagers involved in pesticide application at District Vehari (Punjab), Pakistan
K Hayat, M Ashfaq, U Ashfaq, MA Saleem
African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology , 2010,
Abstract: Blood samples were collected from field workers involved in pesticide spraying activities at three different farms in Tahsil Mailsi, District Vehari (Punjab), Pakistan. Twenty seven villagers (including three controls), ranging from 16 to 50 years of age and one to nine years of pesticide application experience were tested. The blood samples were analyzed for 383 different pesticides using Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS) multi residue analytical technique. Only chlorpyrifos (0.009 mg/l) and pyributicarb (0.001 mg/l) were detected in the blood samples.
Relationship Study between the Alkaline Protease Production and the Growth Phases of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolated from Patients  [PDF]
Ali Jaffar Saleem
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2012.23043
Abstract: This study was conducted in Diyala University Laboratories collaboration with the Directorate of Diyala Health. Occurrence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was investigated in 161 samples from different clinical sources included Swabs from wounds, burns, ear, eye and samples from Urine and sputum which were collected from patients. Depending on the cultural and micro features and biochemical tests 49 isolated items of this bacteria have been diagnosed and all the isolates showed the proteolytic activity by using skim milk agar through forming clear zone around the growing colonies, and tested the isolates ability of alkaline protease production by quantitative methods, the local isolation P. aeruginosa AP3 had been selected based on the higher productivity of enzyme comparing to other isolates and thus it was used in the current study. Studied the relationship between the production of alkaline protease enzymes and growth phases of P. aeruginosa to determine the time of the enzyme production and the results showed that the local isolation P. aeruginosa AP3 began production of the enzyme in the later stages of the log phase and increased production significantly in the stationary phase reaching amaximum after 48 hours as estimated the enzyme activity 159.2 units/ml in the farm leaky and keep the enzyme fully functional almost in the stationary phase.
Analysis and Design of an Obstacle Detection Radar Transceiver for ISM Band  [PDF]
Bimal Garg, Dauood Saleem
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2013.11001

Authors designed an obstacle radar transceiver for ISM band. This work is focused on rectangular microstrip transceiver integrated with innovative metamaterial structure at a height of 3.276 mm from the ground plane. Two rectangular microstrip transceiver is designed for transmitting and receiving purpose. This work is mainly focused on increasing the potential parameters of rectangular microstrip transceiver. RMT along with the proposed innovative metamaterial structure is designed to resonate at 2.259 GHz. Simulation results showed that the impedance bandwidth of the RMT is improved by 575%, return loss is reduced by 391% and efficiency is improved by 28% by incorporating the proposed innovative metamaterial structure. For verifying that the proposed innovative metamaterial structure possesses negative values of Permeability and Permittivity within the operating frequency range, Nicolson-Ross-Weir method (NRW) has been employed. An op-amp and comparator is used to compare the return loss of transmitting and receiving RMT. An indicator is used to indicate difference of return loss and power of transmitting and receiving rectangular microstrip transceiver. For all simulation purpose, computer simulation technology-microwave studio (CST-MWS) software has been used.

Gnomon Assessment for Geographic Coordinate, Solar Horizontal & Equatorial Coordinates, Time of Local Sunrise, Noon, Sunset, Direction of Qibla, Size of Earth & Sun for Lahore Pakistan  [PDF]
Muhammad Usman Saleem
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2016.62011
Abstract: This study was an effort to calculate geographic coordinates, solar horizontal and equatorial cooridnates, direction of Qibla, sizes of Earth and Sun through gnomon (a vertical stick casting shadow). Gnomon has been used in history for remote navigations, astronomical and geodetic measurements. Geographic coordinates were found?out with accuracy of less than 0.19 decimal degree from gnomon. Sun’s horizontal and equatorial coordinates were calculated and analyzed with US Navy Observatory and NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory. These coordinates were less than 0.01 decimal degree different from coordinates provided by US Navy and following same daily trend with time. Through spherical triangle, direction of Qibla was found out. And it came out less than 0.18 decimal degree different from its value, used in Lahore. Radius of the earth measured from gnomon using concepts of Al Buruni was 1.45 km different from its true value. Using geometrical technique of similar and concurrent triangles, size of the sun was calculated and it was 1,651,088.776 km. Investigation of systematic and random errors in each calculation was the part of this research.
Statistical Investigation and Mapping of Monthly Modified Refractivity Gradient over Pakistan at the 700 Hectopascal Level  [PDF]
Muhammad Usman Saleem
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation (OJAPr) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojapr.2016.42005
Abstract: This study is an effort to investigate the spatial-temporal variability of the modified refractivity gradient at the 700 hPa pressure level over Pakistan and its neighbouring regions of Afghanistan, India, Iran and the Arabian Sea using the remote sensing data of the AQUA (AIRX3STM) satellite from 2008 to 2012. Trapping conditions only found in December were spread over Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan) with an average value of -182.042 M/Km and showing Leptokurtic distributions. The lowest monthly average value super-refractive conditions existed in the autumn season with a strong monthly correlation (>0.91 M/Km). A very high monthly correlation (0.9 M/Km) was found for the super-refractive conditions over the whole time period. The largest spatial and temporal normal conditions appeared in January with the average value for normal conditions being 132.72 M/Km (found over Zabul, Afghanistan) with Leptokurtic distributions. During May normal conditions were the smallest in spatial extent over Pakistan, India and Afghanistan, showing Platykurtic distributions. Sub-refractive conditions mostly prevailed at all times. The probability for extreme sub-refractive conditions was very high in 2008-2012. The highest average sub-refractive conditions appeared in the winter and autumn seasons (spread around Quetta and Kalam, Pakistan). The highest monthly average sub-refractive conditions with a value of 1,265,188 M/Km were found in January and spread around the Sarbaz River Iran. Correlations for the existence of sub-refractive conditions varied from 0.8 M/Km (moderate strong) to 0.4 M/Km during the autumn to winter season. Permanent super-refractive conditions existed over Baluchistan from February to September.
Effect of Eccentric Shear Stiffness of Walls on Structural Response of RC Frame Buildings  [PDF]
Muhammad Umair Saleem
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2017.74035
Abstract: Current research study consists of determining the optimum location of the shear wall to get the maximum structural efficiency of a reinforced concrete frame building. It consists of a detailed analysis and design review of a seven-story reinforced concrete building to understand the effect of shear wall location on the response of reinforced concrete structures when subjected to different earthquake forces. Three trail locations of shear walls are selected and their performance is monitored in terms of structural response under different lateral loads. Required objectives are achieved by obtaining design and construction drawings of an existing reinforced concrete structure and modeling it on Finite Element Method (FEM) based computer software. The structure is redesigned and discussed with four different configurations (one without shear wall and three with shear walls). Main framing components (Beams, Columns and Shear walls) of the superstructure are designed using SAP 2000 V. 19.0 whereas substructure (foundation) of RC building was?designed using SAFE. American Concrete Institute (ACI) design specifications were used to calculate the cracked section stiffness or non-linear geometrical properties of the cracked section. Uniform Building Code (UBC-97) procedures were adopted to calculate the lateral earthquake loading on the structures. Structural response of the building was monitored at each story level for each earthquake force zone described by the UBC-97. The earthquake lateral forces were considered in both X and Y direction of the building. Each configuration of shear wall is carefully analyzed and effect of its location is calibrated by the displacement response of the structure. Eccentricity to the lateral stiffness of the building is imparted by changing the location of shear walls. Results of the study have shown that the location of shear wall significantly affects the lateral response of the structure under earthquake forces. It also motivates to carefully decide the center of lateral stiffness of building prior to deciding the location of shear walls.
Expression of core antigen of HCV genotype 3a and its evaluation as screening agent for HCV infection in Pakistan
Muhammad Z Yousaf, Muhammad Idrees, Zafar Saleem, Irshad U Rehman, Muhammad Ali
Virology Journal , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1743-422x-8-364
Abstract: After RNA extraction from specimen (HCV-3a), cDNA was synthesized that was used to amplify full length core gene of HCV 3a. After verification through PCR, DNA sequencing and BLAST, a properly oriented positive recombinant plasmid for core gene was digested with proper restriction enzymes to release the target gene which was then inserted downstream of GST encoding DNA in the same open reading frame at proper restriction sites in multiple cloning site of pGEX4t2 expression vector. Recombinant expression vector for each gene was transformed in E. coli BL21 (DE3) and induced with IPTG for recombinant fusion protein production that was then purified through affinity chromatography. Western blot and Enzyme Linked Immunosorbant Assay (ELISA) were used to detect immuno-reactivity of the recombinant protein.The HCV core antigen produced in prokaryotic expression system was reactive and used to develop a screening assay. After validating the positivity (100%) and negativity (100%) of in-house anti-HCV screening assay through a standardized panel of 200 HCV positive and 200 HCV negative sera, a group of 120 serum specimens of suspected HCV infection were subjected to comparative analysis of our method with commercially available assay. The comparison confirmed that our method is more specific than the commercially available assays for HCV strains circulating in this specific geographical region of the world and could thus be used for HCV screening in Pakistan.In this study, we devised a screening assay after successful PCR amplification, isolation, sequencing, expression and purification of core antigen of HCV genotype 3a. Our developed screening assay is more sensitive, specific and reproducible than the commercially available screening assays in Pakistan.Hepatitis C is one of the most common liver diseases around the world. It is caused by hepatitis C virus (HCV) and a significant number of patients progress towards chronic hepatitis, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liv
An Appraisal of Gender Mainstreaming in Census of India 2011  [PDF]
Mohmad Saleem Jahangir, Aneesa Shafi
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.35029

Population census is a total process of collecting, compiling, evaluating, analyzing and publishing demographic, economic and social data pertaining, at a specified time, to all persons in a country or in a well defined part of a country, drawing valid conclusions in situations of uncertainty and variability. Usually in the context of prevailing gender discrimination issues, the figures revealed by means of census also have divulged gender bias. Taking notice of this, efforts were made to make Census of India 2011 gender sensitive in order to reveal a gender sensitive and objective picture of Indian population. The present paper aims to understand and evaluate the whole activity of Census of India 2011 as a tool ensuring gender mainstreaming.

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