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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 326050 matches for " Trivedi S "
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Modulating Traffic Signal Phases to Realize Real-Time Traffic Control System  [PDF]
Rajendra S. Parmar, Bhushan H. Trivedi
Journal of Transportation Technologies (JTTs) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2017.71002
Abstract: This paper proposes innovations to address challenges emanating from road traffic congestion. Improving economies create more car owners resulting in increased automobile manufacturing, increased vehicle population giving rise to higher emission of CO2 resulting in traffic congestion. Congested traffic has idling vehicles which emit higher CO2 and pollution. Besides, traffic congestion increases turnaround time, delivery time, commuting time and related logistical aspects. Commuting time negatively impacts working hours. Unless the traffic congestion is mitigated, the economy will take a beating creating a vicious ecology cycle. Building new roads, bridges or reconditioning of infrastructure is not always the best possible solutions. Efficient traffic management is a key to country’s economic growth. Various analytical models are employed to study, appreciate traffic congestion. The paper studies these models to infer that real time approach is the only solution. Several approaches are being worked on and few commercial systems too are available. These systems provide traffic information for course correction. However, it has latency and hence deviates from real time environment. Traffic congestion being highly dynamic in nature, it necessitates real time solution with real time inputs. It is proposed to integrate Real time traffic data with the traffic signal thus modulating the cycle timings at every junction. Deviation from static asymmetric cycle timing is implemented by assigning green phases based on density of vehicles. With minimalistic infrastructure and negligible incremental cost, the paper not only proposes to address traffic congestion but also paves the way for capturing traffic offenses, vehicle tracking and toll collection. The research is imminently realizable and makes a strong case for a PPP (Public Private Partnership) project.
Shortest Alternate Path Discovery through Recursive Bounding Box Pruning  [PDF]
Rajendra S. Parmar, Bhushan H. Trivedi
Journal of Transportation Technologies (JTTs) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2017.72012
Abstract: Congestion is a dynamic phenomenon and hence efficiently computing alternate shortest route can only help expedite decongestion. This research is aimed to efficiently compute shortest path for road traffic network so that congestion can be eased resulting in reduced CO2 emission and improved economy. Congestion detection is achieved after evaluating road capacity and road occupancy. Congestion index, a ratio of road occupancy to road capacity is computed, congestion index higher than 0.6 necessitates computation of alternate shortest route. Various algorithms offer shortest alternate route. The paper discusses minimization of graph based by removing redundant nodes which don’t play a role in computation of shortest path. The proposal is based on continuous definition of a bounding box every time a next neighboring node is considered. This reduces maximum number of contentious nodes repeatedly and optimizes the network. The algorithm is deployed from both the ends sequentially to ensure zero error and validate the shortest path discovery. While discovering shortest path, the algorithm also offers an array of shortest path in ascending order of the path length. However, vehicular traffic exhibits network duality viz. static and dynamic network graphs. Shortest route for static distance graph is pre-computed and stored for look-up, alternate shortest path based on assignment of congestion levels to edge weights is triggered by congestion index. The research also supports directed graphs to address traffic rules for lanes having unidirectional and bidirectional traffic.
A Model with Traffic Routers, Dynamically Managing Signal Phases to Address Traffic Congestion in Real Time  [PDF]
Rajendra S. Parmar, Bhushan Trivedi, Aleksandar Stevanovic
Journal of Transportation Technologies (JTTs) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2018.81005
Abstract: On-road Vehicular traffic congestion has detrimental effect on three lifelines: Economy, Productivity and Pollution (EPP). With ever increasing population of vehicles on road, traffic congestion is a major challenge to the economy, productivity and pollution, notwithstanding continuous developments in alternative fuels, alternative sources of energy. The research develops accurate and precise model in real time which computes congestion detection, dynamic signaling algorithm to evenly distribute vehicle densities while ensuring avoidance of starvation and deadlock situation. The model incorporates road segment length and breadth, quality and achievable average speed to compute road capacity. Vehicles installed with GPS enabled devices provide their location, which enables computing road occupancy. Road occupancy is evaluated based on number of vehicles as well as area occupied by vehicles. Ratio of road occupancy and road capacity provides congestion index important to compute signal phases. The algorithm ensures every direction is serviced once during a signaling cycle ensuring no starvation. Secondly, the definition of minimum and maximum signal timings ensures against dead lock situation. A simulator is developed to validate the proposition and proves it can ease congestion by more than 50% which is better than any of the contemporary approaches offering 15% improvement. In case of higher congestion index, alternate routes are suggested based on evaluation of traffic density graphs for shortest route or knowledge database. The algorithm to compute shortest route is optimized drastically, reducing computation cost to 3*√2N vis-à-vis computation cost of N2 by classical algorithms. The proposal brings down the cost of implementation per traffic junction from USD 30,000 to USD 2000.
A Balance for Measurement of Yaw, Lift and Drag on a Model in a Hypersonic Shock Tunnel
S. Trivedi,V. Menezes
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science , 2011,
Abstract:
Divergent dislocation of the elbow in a child (a case report).
Hemmadi S,Trivedi J
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine , 1991,
Abstract: A rare case of simultaneous disruption of superior radio-ulnar joint and posterior dislocation of the same elbow in a 6 year old boy is presented. It was possible to achieve the stable reduction by means of closed manipulation, restoring normal function in 6 weeks time. The possible mode of injury is discussed. There are only 4 cases reported of such a divergent elbow dislocation in modern literature.
TLC Determination of Marmesin, a Biologically Active Marker from Feronia Limonia L.  [PDF]
Mahendra Jain, Ashish Trivedi, S.H. Mishra
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2010.11002
Abstract: Feronia limonia Linn. (Rutaceae) have gained traditional therapeutic importance owing to their high essential oil and coumarins content. Marmesin, a furanocoumarin was identified by TLC and isolated by column chromatography and further purified by Preparative TLC. Presently, there is no appropriate TLC based method available for standardization of F. limonia. A simple, sensitive and accurate high performance thin layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method has been developed for the estimation of marmesin in the methanolic extract of stem bark of Feronia limonia. HPTLC was performed on precoated silica gel 60F254 aluminium plates (20 cm × 20 cm) with Chloroform: Methanol (9.5:0.5), as mobile phase. Quantitative evaluation of the plate was performed in the absorption-reflection mode at 338 nm. The calibration curve was linear in the concentration range of 20 – 100 ng spot–1. The method was validated for precision, repeatability and accuracy. The technique has been applied, for the first time, for the estimation of marmesin. The proposed method was found to be robust, precise, and accurate, it therefore holds potential for detection, monitoring and quantification of marmesin in Feronia limonia and its related formulation.
Effect of Chromium on the Corrosion Behavior of Powder-Processed Fe-0.35 wt % P Alloys  [PDF]
Yashwant Mehta, Shefali Trivedi, K. Chandra, P.S. Mishra
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2009.87044
Abstract: The corrosion behaviour of phosphoric irons (i.e. Fe-P alloys containing low phosphorous in the range 0.1 to 0.7 wt. %) with/without addition of chromium, prepared by powder forging route was studied in different environments. The various environments chosen were acidic (0.25 M H2SO4 solution of pH 0.6), neutral/marine (3.5 % NaCl solution of pH 6.8) and alkaline (0.5M Na2CO3 + 1.0 M NaHCO3 solution of pH 9.4). The corrosion studies were conducted using Tafel Extrapolation and Linear Polarization techniques. The studies compare electrolytic Armco iron with phosphoric irons. It was observed that, chromium improved the resistance to corrosion in all the environments. Corrosion rates were higher in acid medium due to the enhanced hydrogen evolution and hence, the cathodic reaction. The corrosion rates were minimal in alkaline medium and low in neutral solution.
Effect of Silicon on the Corrosion Behavior of Powder-Processed Phosphoric Irons  [PDF]
Yashwant Mehta, Shefali Trivedi, K. Chandra, P.S. Mishra
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.910062
Abstract: The corrosion behaviour of phosphoric irons (i.e. Fe-P alloys containing low phosphorous in the range 0.1 to 0.7 wt. % ) containing chromium with/without addition of silicon, prepared by powder forging route was studied in different environments. The various environments chosen were acidic (0.25 M H2SO4 solution of pH 0.6), neutral/marine (3.5 % NaCl solution of pH 6.8) and alkaline (0.5M Na2CO3 + 1.0 M NaHCO3 solution of pH 9.4). The corrosion studies were conducted using Tafel Extrapolation and Linear Polarization techniques. The studies compare electrolytic Armco iron with phosphoric irons. It was observed that silicon improved the resistance to corrosion in all the environments. Corrosion rates were higher in acid medium, minimal in alkaline medium and low in neutral solution.
Studies on Weldability of Powder-Processed Fe-0.35P-0.15C Alloy Using Gas Tungsten Arc Welding Process  [PDF]
Yashwant Mehta, Shefali Trivedi, K. Chandra, P.S. Mishra
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.93018
Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the weldability of an iron-based powder metal alloy (Fe-P-C) using the gas tungsten arc welding process (GTAW) with two different filler metals. Optical microscopy revealed that for the Fe-P-C alloys, the fusion-welded zone was free of porosity and cracks. The thickness of the slab was 4 mm. The heat affected zone did not show excessive hardness. The SEM image of the fracture specimen showed elongated dimples. X-Ray mapping confirmed the absence of Fe3P. EPMA was used to determine the ability of carbon in preventing the segregation of P to the grain boundaries. Tensile tests showed that the failures of the specimens occurred always in the base metal with tensile strength slightly superior to the value of unwelded samples. As a result, this investigation showed the feasibility of joining ironbased powder metal alloys by the GTAW process, especially while welding the Fe-P-C alloy.
Effect of Chromium on the Corrosion Behavior of Powder-Processed Fe-0.6 wt % P Alloys  [PDF]
Yashwant Mehta, Shefali Trivedi, K. Chandra, P.S. Mishra
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2012.119087
Abstract: Phosphoric irons (i.e. Fe-P alloys containing low phosphorous in the range 0.1 to 0.7 wt. %) with/without addition of chromium were prepared by powder forging route. The corrosion behaviour of these alloys was studied in different environments. The various environments chosen were acidic (0.25 M H2SO4 solution of pH 0.6), neutral/marine (3.5 % NaCl solution of pH 6.8) and alkaline (0.5 M Na2CO3 + 1.0 M NaHCO3 solution of pH 9.4). The corrosion studies were conducted using Tafel Extrapolation and Linear Polarization techniques. The results were compared with the corrosion resistance of electrolytic Armco iron. It was observed that, chromium improved the resistance to corrosion in marine conditions only. Corrosion rates were higher in acid medium due to the enhanced hydrogen evolution and hence, the cathodic reaction. The corrosion rates were minimal in alkaline medium and low in neutral solution.
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