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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 208941 matches for " Traci L. Weinstein "
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Acculturative and Psychosocial Predictors of Academic-Related Outcomes among Cambodian American High School Students
Khanh Dinh,Traci L. Weinstein,Su Yeong Kim
Journal of Southeast Asian American Education and Advancement , 2008,
Abstract: This study examined the acculturative and psychosocial predictors of academic-related outcomes among Cambodian American high school students from an urban school district in the State of Massachusetts. Student participants (N = 163) completed an anonymous survey that assessed demographic characteristics, acculturative experiences, intergenerational conflict, depression, and academic-related outcomes. The main results indicated that acculturative and psychosocial variables were significant predictors of academic-related outcomes. Specifically, Cambodian and Anglo/White cultural orientations and depression played significant roles across the four dimensions of academic-related outcomes, including grade point average, educational aspirations, beliefs in the utility of education, and psychological sense of school membership. This study provides important implications for school-based and family-based prevention and intervention programs in addressing the acculturative and academic challenges faced by Cambodian American students.
Revised Lens Model for the Multiply-Imaged Lensed Supernova, "SN Refsdal", in MACS J1149+2223
Keren Sharon,Traci L. Johnson
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/800/2/L26
Abstract: We present a revised lens model of MACS J1149+2223, in which the first resolved multiply-imaged lensed supernova was discovered. The lens model is based on the model of Johnson et al. (2014) with some modifications. We include more lensing constraints from the host galaxy of the newly discovered supernova, and increase the flexibility of the model in order to better reproduce the lensing signal in the vicinity of this galaxy. The revised model accurately reconstructs the positions of the lensed supernova, provides magnifications, and predicts the time delay between the instances of the supernova. Finally, we reconstruct the source image of the host galaxy, and position the supernova on one of its spiral arms. Products of this lens model are available to the community through MAST.
Jealousy Induction Methods, Sex, and the Big-5 Personality Dimensions  [PDF]
Jennifer L. Weinstein, T. Joel Wade
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.25080
Abstract: One-hundred and twenty five participants were administered an online survey to investigate: which type of cheating, emotional or sexual, is more likely to be used in an attempt to induce jealousy in a partner, which type of cheating is perceived as most effective for inducing jealousy, and whether or not the Big-5 personality dimensions are related to the choice of jealousy induction technique. Emotional cheating was hypothesized to be selected more often, and given a higher effectiveness rating, than physical cheating for inducing jealousy in a partner. Additionally, men were hypothesized to rate physical cheating as worse than emotional cheating while women were expected to rate emotional cheating as more hurtful. The results were partially consistent with the hypotheses. Emotional cheating was selected as the method to induce jealousy most often and was rated as the most effective way to induce jealousy. However, physical cheating was rated as more upsetting by both men and women. Additionally, Big-5 personality dimensions were not related to choice of jealousy induction method or reactions to physical or emotional cheating. The findings are discussed in relation to prior research.
Implementation of misoprostol for postabortion care in Kenya and Uganda: a qualitative evaluation
Joachim Osur,Traci L. Baird,Brooke A. Levandowski,Emily Jackson
Global Health Action , 2013, DOI: 10.3402/gha.v6i0.19649
Abstract: Objective: Evaluate implementation of misoprostol for postabortion care (MPAC) in two African countries. Design: Qualitative, program evaluation. Setting: Twenty-five public and private health facilities in Rift Valley Province, Kenya, and Kampala Province, Uganda. Sample: Forty-five MPAC providers, health facility managers, Ministry of Health officials, and non-governmental (NGO) staff involved in program implementation. Methods and main outcome measures: In both countries, the Ministry of Health, local health centers and hospitals, and NGO staff developed evidence-based service delivery protocols to introduce MPAC in selected facilities; implementation extended from January 2009 to October 2010. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews evaluated the implementation process, identified supportive and inhibitive policies for implementation, elicited lessons learned during the process, and assessed provider satisfaction and providers’ impressions of client satisfaction with MPAC. Project reports were also reviewed. Results: In both countries, MPAC was easy to use, and freed up provider time and health facility resources traditionally necessary for provision of PAC with uterine aspiration. On-going support of providers following training ensured high quality of care. Providers perceived that many women preferred MPAC, as they avoided instrumentation of the uterus, hospital admission, cost, and stigma associated with abortion. Appropriate registration of misoprostol for use in the pilot, and maintaining supplies of misoprostol, were significant challenges to service provision. Support from the Ministry of Health was necessary for successful implementation; lack of country-based standards and guidelines for MPAC created challenges. Conclusions: MPAC is simple, cost-effective and can be readily implemented in settings with high rates of abortion-related mortality.
NN Correlations Measured in 3He(e,e'pp)n
L. B. Weinstein,R. Niyazov
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1140/epja/i2002-10187-4
Abstract: We have measured the $^3$He(e,e$'$pp)n{} reaction in the Jefferson Lab CLAS with 2.2 and 4.4 GeV electrons. We looked at the energy distribution of events with all three nucleons at high momentum (p > 250 MeV/c). This distribution has peaks where two nucleons each have 20% or less of the energy transfer (ie: the third or `leading' nucleon carries most of the kinetic energy). The angular distribution of these two `fast' nucleons shows a very large back-to-back peak, indicating the effect of correlations. While there is some theoretical disagreement, experimental evidence, plus calculations at lower energy by W. Glockle, indicates that these events are primarily sensitive to NN correlations.
New data strengthen the connection between Short Range Correlations and the EMC effect
O. Hen,E. Piasetzky,L. B. Weinstein
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.85.047301
Abstract: Recently published measurements of the two nucleon short range correlation ($NN$-SRC) scaling factors, $a_2(A/d)$, strengthen the previously observed correlation between the magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering at $0.35\le x_B\le 0.7$ and the SRC scaling factor measured at $x_B \ge 1$. The new results have improved precision and include previously unmeasured nuclei. The measurements of $a_2(A/d)$ for $^9$Be and $^{197}$Au agree with published predictions based on the EMC-SRC correlation. This paper examines the effects of the new data and of different corrections to the data on the slope and quality of the EMC-SRC correlation, the size of the extracted deuteron IMC effect, and the free neutron structure function. The results show that the linear EMC-SRC correlation is robust and that the slope of the correlation is insensitive to most combinations of corrections examined in this work. This strengthens the interpretation that both $NN$-SRC and the EMC effect are related to high momentum nucleons in the nucleus.
Waves in Honeycomb Structures
Charles L. Fefferman,Michael I. Weinstein
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: We review recent work of the authors on the non-relativistic Schr\"odinger equation with a honeycomb lattice potential, $V$. In particular, we summarize results on (i) the existence of Dirac points, conical singularities in dispersion surfaces of $H_V=-\Delta+V$ and (ii) the two-dimensional Dirac equations, as a large, but finite time, effective description of $e^{-iH_Vt}\psi_0$, for data $\psi_0$, which is spectrally localized at a Dirac point. We conclude with a formal derivation and discussion of the effective large time evolution for the nonlinear Schr\"odinger - Gross Pitaevskii equation for small amplitude initial conditions, $\psi_0$. The effective dynamics are governed by a nonlinear Dirac system.
Disentangling the EMC Effect
E. Piasetzky,O. Hen,L. B. Weinstein
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1063/1.4826792
Abstract: The deep inelastic scattering cross section for scattering from bound nucleons differs from that of free nucleons.This phenomena, first discovered 30 years ago, is known as the EMC effect and is still not fully understood. Recent analysis of world data showed that the strength of the EMC effect is linearly correlated with the relative amount of Two-Nucleon Short Range Correlated pairs (2N-SRC) in nuclei. The latter are pairs of nucleons whose wave functions overlap, giving them large relative momentum and low center of mass momentum, where high and low is relative to the Fermi momentum of the nucleus. The observed correlation indicates that the EMC effect, like 2N-SRC pairs, is related to high momentum nucleons in the nucleus. This paper reviews previous studies of the EMC-SRC correlation and studies its robustness. It also presents a planned experiment aimed at studying the origin of this EMC-SRC correlation.
Selection of the Taylor-Saffman Bubble does not Require Surface Tension
Giovani L. Vasconcelos,Mark Mineev-Weinstein
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.89.061003
Abstract: A new general class of exact solutions is presented for the time evolution of a bubble of arbitrary initial shape in a Hele-Shaw cell when surface tension effects are neglected. These solutions are obtained by conformal mapping the viscous flow domain to an annulus in an auxiliary complex-plane. It is then demonstrated that the only stable fixed point (attractor) of the non-singular bubble dynamics corresponds precisely to the selected pattern. This thus shows that, contrary to the established theory, bubble selection in a Hele-Shaw cell does not require surface tension. The solutions reported here significantly extend previous results for a simply-connected geometry (finger) to a doubly-connected one (bubble). We conjecture that the same selection rule without surface tension holds for Hele-Shaw flows of arbitrary connectivity. We also believe that this mechanism can be found in other, similarly described, selection problems.
Long time dynamics near the symmetry breaking bifurcation for nonlinear Schr?dinger/Gross-Pitaevskii Equations
Jeremy L. Marzuola,Michael I. Weinstein
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: We consider a class nonlinear Schr\"odinger / Gross-Pitaevskii equations (NLS/GP) with a focusing (attractive) nonlinear potential and symmetric double well linear potential. NLS/GP plays a central role in the modeling of nonlinear optical and mean-field quantum many-body phenomena. It is known that there is a critical $L^2$ norm (optical power / particle number) at which there is a symmetry breaking bifurcation of the ground state. We study the rich dynamical behavior near the symmetry breaking point. The source of this behavior in the full Hamiltonian PDE is related to the dynamics of a finite-dimensional Hamiltonian reduction. We derive this reduction, analyze a part of its phase space and prove a {\it shadowing theorem} on the persistence of solutions, with oscillating mass-transport between wells, on very long, but finite, time scales within the full NLS/GP. The infinite time dynamics for NLS/GP are expected to depart, from the finite dimensional reduction, due to resonant coupling of discrete and continuum / radiation modes.
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