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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 293 matches for " Toshiro Takabatake "
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Enhancing high-temperature thermoelectric properties of PtAs2 by Rh doping
Kazutaka Kudo,Seiya Nakano,Tasuku Mizukami,Toshiro Takabatake,Minoru Nohara
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1063/1.4819953
Abstract: The effects of Rh doping on the thermoelectric properties of Pt1-xRhxAs2 (x = 0, 0.005, and 0.01) with pyrite structure were studied by conducting measurements of electrical resistivity rho, Seebeck coefficient S, and thermal conductivity kappa. The sample with x = 0.005 exhibited large S and low rho, resulting in a maximum power factor (S^2/rho) of 65 muW/cmK^2 at 440 K. The peculiarly shaped "corrugated flat band" predicted for PtSb2 might explain the enhanced thermoelectric properties of doped PtAs2.
Phonon-glass electron-crystal thermoelectric clathrates: Experiments and theory
Toshiro Takabatake,Koichiro Suekuni,Tsuneyoshi Nakayama,Eiji Kaneshita
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.86.669
Abstract: Type-I clathrate compounds have attracted a great deal of interest in connection with the search for efficient thermoelectric materials. These compounds constitute networked cages consisting of nano-scale tetrakaidecahedrons (14 hedrons) and dodecahedrons (12 hedrons), in which the group 1 or 2 elements in the periodic table are encaged as the so-called rattling guest atom. It is remarkable that, though these compounds have crystalline cubic-structure, they exhibit glass-like phonon thermal conductivity over the whole temperature range depending on the states of rattling guest atoms in the tetrakaidecahedron. In addition, these compounds show unusual glass-like specific heats and THz-frequency phonon dynamics, providing a remarkable broad peak almost identical to those observed in topologically disordered amorphous materials or structural glasses, the so-called Boson peak. An efficient thermoelectric effect is realized in compounds showing these glass-like characteristics. This decade, a number of experimental works dealing with type-I clathrate compounds have been published. These are diffraction experiments, thermal and spectroscopic experiments in addition to those based on heat and electronic transport. These form the raw materials for this article based on advances this decade. The subject of this article involves interesting phenomena from the viewpoint of not only physics but also from the view point of the practical problem of elaborating efficient thermoelectric materials. This review presents a survey of a wide range of experimental investigations of type-I clathrate compounds, together with a review of theoretical interpretations of the peculiar thermal and dynamic properties observed in these materials.
Anisotropic Electronic Structure of the Kondo Semiconductor CeFe2Al10 Studied by Optical Conductivity
Shin-ichi Kimura,Yuji Muro,Toshiro Takabatake
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.80.033702
Abstract: We report temperature-dependent polarized optical conductivity [$\sigma(\omega)$] spectra of CeFe$_2$Al$_{10}$, which is a reference material for CeRu$_2$Al$_{10}$ and CeOs$_2$Al$_{10}$ with an anomalous magnetic transition at 28 K. The $\sigma(\omega)$ spectrum along the b-axis differs greatly from that in the $ac$-plane, indicating that this material has an anisotropic electronic structure. At low temperatures, in all axes, a shoulder structure due to the optical transition across the hybridization gap between the conduction band and the localized $4f$ states, namely $c$-$f$ hybridization, appears at 55 meV. However, the gap opening temperature and the temperature of appearance of the quasiparticle Drude weight are strongly anisotropic indicating the anisotropic Kondo temperature. The strong anisotropic nature in both electronic structure and Kondo temperature is considered to be relevant the anomalous magnetic phase transition in CeRu$_2$Al$_{10}$ and CeOs$_2$Al$_{10}$.
Magnetic field tuning of the low temperature state in YbNiSi3
Sergey L. Bud'ko,Paul C. Canfield,Marcos A. Avila,Toshiro Takabatake
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: We present detailed, low temperature, magnetoresistance and specific heat data of single crystal YbNiSi3 measured in magnetic field applied along the easy magnetic axis, H || b. An initially antiferromagnetic ground state changes into a field-induced metamagnetic phase at ~16 kOe (T -> 0). On further increase of magnetic field, magnetic order is suppressed at ~85 kOe. The functional behaviors of the resistivity and specific heat are discussed in comparison with those of the few other stoichiometric, heavy fermion compounds with established field-induced quantum critical point.
Infrared study on the electronic structure of alkaline-earth-filled skutterudites AT4Sb12 (A = Sr, Ba; M = Fe, Ru, Os)
Shin-ichi Kimura,Hojun Im,Takafumi Mizuno,Shota Narazu,Eiichi Matsuoka,Toshiro Takabatake
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.75.245106
Abstract: The optical conductivity [$\sigma(\omega)$] spectra of alkaline-earth-filled skutterudites with the chemical formula $A^{2+}M_{4}$Sb$_{12}$ ($A$ = Sr, Ba, $M$ = Fe, Ru, Os) and a reference material La$^{3+}$Fe$_{4}$Sb$_{12}$ were obtained and compared with the corresponding band structure calculations and with calculated $\sigma(\omega)$ spectra to investigate their electronic structures. At high temperatures, the energy of the plasma edge decreased with the increasing valence of the guest atoms $A$ in the Fe$_{4}$Sb$_{12}$ cage indicating hole-type conduction. A narrow peak with a pseudogap of 25 meV was observed in SrFe$_{4}$Sb$_{12}$, while the corresponding peak were located at 200 and 100 meV in the Ru- and Os-counterparts, respectively. The order of the peak energy in these compounds is consistent with the thermodynamical properties in which the Os-compound is located between the Fe- and Ru-compounds. This indicated that the electronic structure observed in the infrared $\sigma(\omega)$ spectra directly affects the thermodynamical properties. The band structure calculation implies the different electronic structure among these compounds originates from the different $d$ states of the $M$ ions.
Neutron scattering study of Kondo lattice antiferromagnet YbNiSi3
Yuha Kobayashi,Takahiro Onimaru,Marcos A. Avila,Kenzo Sasai,Minoru Soda,Kazuma Hirota,Toshiro Takabatake
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.77.124701
Abstract: The Kondo lattice antiferromagnet YbNiSi3 was investigated by neutron scattering. The magnetic structure of YbNiSi3 was determined by neutron diffraction on a single-crystalline sample. Inelastic scattering experiments were also performed on a pulverized sample to study the crystalline electric field (CEF) excitations. Two broad CEF excitations were observed, from which the CEF parameters were determined. The temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility chi and the magnetic specific heat Cmag were calculated using the determined CEF model, and compared with previous results.
Iron-Based Heavy Quasiparticles in SrFe$_{4}$Sb$_{12}$: An Infrared Spectroscopic Study
Shin-ichi Kimura,Takafumi Mizuno,Hojun Im,Katsuyuki Hayashi,Eiichi Matsuoka,Toshiro Takabatake
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.73.214416
Abstract: Temperature-dependent infrared reflectivity spectra of SrFe$_{4}$Sb$_{12}$ has been measured. A renormalized Drude peak with a heavy effective mass and a pronounced pseudogap of 10 meV develops in the optical conductivity spectra at low temperatures. As the temperature decreases below 100 K, the effective mass ($m^{*}$) rapidly increases, and the scattering rate ($1/\tau$) is quenched. The temperature dependence of $m^{*}$ and $1/\tau$ indicates that the hybridization between the Fe 3d spins and the charge carriers plays an important role in determining the physical properties of SrFe$_{4}$Sb$_{12}$ at low temperatures. This result is the clear evidence of the iron-based heavy quasiparticles.
Ferromagnetic Instability in a Doped Band-Gap Semiconductor FeGa$_{3}$
Kazunori Umeo,Yuta Hadano,Shota Narazu,Takahiro Onimaru,Marcos A. Avila,Toshiro Takabatake
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.144421
Abstract: We report the effects of electron doping on the ground state of a diamagnetic semiconductor FeGa$_{3}$ with a band gap of 0.5 eV. By means of electrical resistivity, magnetization and specific heat measurements we have found that gradual substitution of Ge for Ga in FeGa$_{3-y}$Ge$_{y}$ yields metallic conduction at a very small level of $y = 0.006$, then induces weak ferromagnetic (FM) order at $y = 0.13$ with a spontaneous moment of 0.1 $\mu_{B}$/Fe and a Curie temperature $T_{C}= 3.3$ K, which continues increasing to $T_{C} = 75$ K as doping reaches $y = 0.41$. The emergence of the FM state is accompanied by quantum critical behavior as observed in the specific heat, $C/T \propto -$ln$T$, and in the magnetic susceptibility, $M/B \propto T^{-4/3}$. At $y= 0.09$, the specific heat divided by temperature $C/T$ reaches a large value of 70 mJ/K$^{2}$molFe, twice as large as that reported on FeSi$_{1-x}$Ge$_{x}$ for $x_{c}= 0.37$ and Fe$_{1-x}$Co$_{x}$Sb$_{2}$ for $x_{c}=0.3$ at their respective FM quantum critical points. The critical concentration $y_{c}=0.13$ in FeGa$_{3-y}$Ge$_{y}$ is quite small, despite the fact that its band gap is one order of magnitude larger than those in FeSi and FeSb$_{2}$. In contrast, no FM state emerges by substituting Co for Fe in Fe$_{1-x}$Co$_{x}$Ga$_{3}$ in the whole range $0 \leq x \leq 1$, although both types of substitution should dope electrons into FeGa$_{3}$. The FM instability found in FeGa$_{3-y}$Ge$_{y}$ indicates that strong electron correlations are induced by the disturbance of the Fe 3d - Ga 4p hybridization.
Spontaneous strain due to ferroquadrupolar ordering in UCu$_2$Sn
Isao Ishii,Haruhiro Higaki,Kenichi Katoh,Toshiro Takabatake,Hiroshi Goshima,Toshizo Fujita,Takashi Suzuki
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.68.144413
Abstract: The ternary uranium compound UCu$_2$Sn with a hexagonal ZrPt$_2$Al-type structure shows a phase transition at 16 K. We reported previously that huge lattice-softening is accompanied by the phase transition, which originates from ferroquadrupolar ordering of the ground state non-Kramers doublet $\Gamma_5$. A macroscopic strain, which is expected to emerge spontaneously, was not detected by powder X-ray diffraction in the temperature range between 4.2 and 300 K. To search the spontaneous strain, we have carried out thermal expansion measurements on a single-crystalline sample along the $a$, $b$ and $c$ axes using a capacitance technique with the resolution of $10^{-8}$. In the present experiment, we found the spontaneous $e_{xx} - e_{yy}$ strain which couples to the ground state doublet $\Gamma_5$. The effect of uniaxial pressure along the $a$, $b$ and $c$ axes on the transition temperature is also discussed.
Relation between $c$-$f$ hybridization and magnetic ordering in CeRu$_2$Al$_{10}$: An optical conductivity study of Ce(Ru$_{1-x}$Rh$_x$)$_2$Al$_{10}$ ($x\leq0.05$)
Shin-ichi Kimura,Hiroshi Tanida,Masafumi Sera,Yuji Muro,Toshiro Takabatake,Takashi Nishioka,Masahiro Matsumura,Riki Kobayashi
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.91.241120
Abstract: A Kondo semiconductor CeRu$_2$Al$_{10}$ with an orthorhombic crystal structure shows an unusual antiferromagnetic ordering at rather high temperature $T_0$ of 27.3 K, which is lower than the Kondo temperature $T_{\rm K}\sim$ 60 K. In optical conductivity [$\sigma(\omega)$] spectra that directly reflect electronic structure, the $c$-$f$ hybridization gap between the conduction and $4f$ states is observed at around 40 meV along the three principal axes. However, an additional peak at around 20 meV appears only along the $b$ axis. With increasing $x$ to 0.05 in Ce(Ru$_{1-x}$Rh$_x$)$_2$Al$_{10}$, the $T_0$ decreases slightly from 27.3 K to 24 K, but the direction of the magnetic moment changes from the $c$ axis to the $a$ axis. Thereby, the $c$-$f$ hybridization gap in the $\sigma(\omega)$ spectra is strongly suppressed, but the intensity of the 20-meV peak remains as strong as for $x=0$. These results suggest that the change of the magnetic moment direction originates from the decreasing of the $c$-$f$ hybridization intensity. The magnetic ordering temperature $T_0$ is not directly related to the $c$-$f$ hybridization but is related to the charge excitation at 20 meV observed along the $b$ axis.
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