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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 621 matches for " Tomoko Isomura "
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Intensive exposure to narrative in story books as a possibly effective treatment of social perspective-taking in schoolchildren with autism
Kohei Tsunemi,Ayana Tamura,Shino Ogawa,Tomoko Isomura,Nobuo Masataka
Frontiers in Psychology , 2014, DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00002
Abstract: One of the major characteristics of autism is impairment of communication and socialization. While such impairment per se has been well documented, research into effective interventions for children with this developmental disorder is still limited. Here we present preliminary evidence for the possibility of improvement of the capability of social perspective-taking in schoolchildren with autism by having intensive experience with narrative, in which they were exposed to narrative in storybooks read by their parents over a consecutive 5- to 6-day-period. When their capability was evaluated on the basis of a conventional role-taking task, the mean score tended to increase after the exposure as compared to before the exposure, whereas such a change was not recorded in children who did not experience such exposure. These effects were confirmed when the children were retested 4 months later. Although preliminary, the current study represents a step toward the development of more effective social perspective-taking interventions for children with autism.
An Analysis of Surveys on Domestic Violence by Japan’s Cabinet Office (1999-2017)  [PDF]
Tomoko Suga
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.67005
Abstract: Japan’s Cabinet Office conducted surveys on DV seven times (1999, 2002, 2005, 2008, 2011, 2014, 2017). As a secondary source, we used the data on the Cabinet Offices website. In 2001, the first DV law, the Act on the Prevention of Spousal Violence was passed, after which the Japanese public began to recognize DV. Based on the question item on “domestic violence from a spouse” the data of the Cabinet Office’s survey from 2005 to 2017 indicated that on average, just over 30% of women experienced DV, while just under 20% of men did. These figures have not changed much. The proportions of victims who use advisory services have increased with every survey due to political movements and Japanese policy. In 2017, the data showed that a little less than 58% of women and almost 27% of men used advisory services. The most recent survey conducted in 2017, showed that people who do not separate from their spouse experience DV. In terms of the reasons that they do not separate, “children” weighed high on the list.
Improvement of Mounts of Accelerometers of Finger Braille Recognition System
Yasuhiro Matsuda,Tsuneshi Isomura
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science , 2012,
Novel Mounts of Accelerometers of Finger Braille Recognition System
Yasuhiro Matsuda,Tsuneshi Isomura
Engineering Letters , 2012,
Comparison of the Motion Accuracy of a Six Degrees of Freedom Radiotherapy Couch with and without Weights  [PDF]
Akihiro Takemura, Shinichi Ueda, Kimiya Noto, Hironori Kojima, Naoki Isomura
International Journal of Medical Physics,Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology (IJMPCERO) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijmpcero.2013.23010
Abstract: In this study, we compared the motion accuracy of six degrees of freedom (6D) couch for precision radiotherapy with or without weights attached to the couch. Two digital cameras were focused on the iso-center of a linear accelerator. Images of a needle which had been fixed to the 6D couch were obtained using the cameras when the couch moved in translation and rotation around each axis. The three-dimensional (3D) coordinates of the needle were calculated from coordinate values in the images. A coordinate error of the needle position relative to the theoretical position was calculated. The errors were obtained with or without a 60 kg weight attached to the 6D couch, and these errors were compared with each other. The mean distance of the 3D error vectors for the weighted test was 0.21 ± 0.11 mm, and >0.16 ± 0.09 mm for the non-weighted test (p < 0.05). However, the difference of two values was 0.06 mm which is smaller than the minimum distance the 6D couch system can correctly move. The variance of 0.16 mm for the Y coordinate errors for the weighted test only was larger than that for the non-weighted test, which was 0.06 mm (p < 0.05). We found that a total weight of 60 kg did not affect the accuracy of the 6D couch clinically. However, the variance of the Y coordinate errors was increased. This might suggest that the addition of this weight increased the uncertainty of the motion of the 6D couch.

Economic and Social Impact of Tourism on a Small Town: Peterborough New Hampshire  [PDF]
Tomoko Tsundoda, Samuel Mendlinger
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2009.22009
Abstract: This study examined the perceived impacts of tourism on the lives of people from a small New England town. Twenty seven in-depth unstructured interviews were conducted. The study found that most people perceive both positive and negative impacts of tourism and do not want to change their town for increased tourism development even if it results in increased revenue. People recognized tourism’s benefit to the town’s economy but less so to their economic situation. Working locals expressed worry regarding the town’s gradually polarized economy and divided social classes and regard tourism as one of the causes. Wealthier members generally view tourism at its present level as beneficial. For further tourism development Peterborough’ population will need to solve this dilemma.
A Multi-Secret Sharing Scheme with Many Keys Based on Hermite Interpolation  [PDF]
Tomoko Adachi, Chie Okazaki
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2014.213140
Abstract: A secret sharing scheme is one of cryptographies. A threshold scheme, which is introduced by Shamir in 1979, is very famous as a secret sharing scheme. We can consider that this scheme is based on Lagrange's interpolation formula. A secret sharing scheme has one key. On the other hand, a multi-secret sharing scheme has more than one keys; that is, a multi-secret sharing scheme has p (2) keys. Dealers distribute shares of keys among n participants. Gathering t (n) participants, keys can be reconstructed. In this paper, we give a scheme of a (t,n) multi-secret sharing based on Hermite interpolation, in the case of pt.
Some Sequence of Wrapped Δ-Labellings for the Complete Bipartite Graph  [PDF]
Tomoko Adachi, Daigo Kikuchi
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/am.2015.61019
Abstract: The design of large disk array architectures leads to interesting combinatorial problems. Minimizing the number of disk operations when writing to consecutive disks leads to the concept of “cluttered orderings” which were introduced for the complete graph by Cohen et al. (2001). Mueller et al. (2005) adapted the concept of wrapped Δ-labellings to the complete bipartite case. In this paper, we give some sequence in order to generate wrapped Δ-labellings as cluttered orderings for the complete bipartite graph. New sequence we give is different from the sequences Mueller et al. gave, though the same graphs in which these sequences are labeled.
Development of Preparative Chromatography for Proteomic Approach of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis  [PDF]
Tomoko Matsubara, Takaaki Ishii
Advances in Biological Chemistry (ABC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/abc.2015.51002
Abstract: Although mechanism of symbiosis between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and host plants has been investigated by genetic analysis, very little knowledge has been obtained because genome analysis of AMF is not perfect yet. Thus, we tried to develop mass purification of proteins using preparative chromatography in order to accelerate roteomic analysis of proteins related to mycorrhizal symbiosis, such as 24 and 53 kDa proteins. In particular, our data showed that 53 kDa proteins would be restrictively expressed when mycorrhizal fungi and host plants were stressed. However, 24 kDa proteins, which appear to be a usable indicator for the existence of various my-corrhizal fungi, were habitually detected in not only AMF but also other mycorrhizal fungi such as ectomycorrhizal fungi (EF). Moreover, we discovered new preparative chromatographical techniques for isolation and mass purification of those proteins. We are convinced that this chromato-graphical technique will greatly contribute to proteomic approach of mycorrhizal symbiosis.
Effect of Intention on Outcome Bias in Decision Making—Implications for Safety Management  [PDF]
Atsuo Murata, Tomoko Nakamura
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2015.513053
Abstract: The evidence of outcome bias was explored in a two-player (Player 1: allocator and Player 2: evaluator) economic game experiment where the reward allocation was made between two players. The experimental factors were the intention of an allocator (Player 1), the type of chosen dice (selfish, fair, and generous), and the outcome (selfish, fair, and generous). The outcome bias occurred when the type of dice chosen by the allocator (Player 1) was not only a selfish one but also a generous one. The comparison between the two conditions (intentional and no-intentional conditions) definitely showed that Player 2 punished Player 1 to a larger extent when the outcome was disadvantageous for Player 2 (selfish outcome) and Player 2 rewarded Player 1 when the outcome was advantageous (generous outcome) irrespective of whether the die was chosen out of the three types intentionally or not. Moreover, the outcome bias was not observed when the outcome was fair. Thus, we could verify the hypothesis that we are readily got trapped in the outcome bias. Some implications were given for safety management that put more emphasis on the process than on the outcome.
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