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Observatoire de tourisme et de culture comme stratégie mise en valeur du développement régional Observatory of culture and tourism as a development strategy of regional development
Edegar Luis Tomazzoni,Eric Dorion
études Caribeénnes , 2010, DOI: 10.4000/etudescaribeennes.3986
Abstract: Cet article aborde la création du projet Observatoire de Tourisme et Culture de la Serra Gaúcha qui, dans son étape initiale, inclut les dix villes de l'Agglomération Urbaine nord-est de l'état de Rio Grande Do Sul (AUNe). La création de l'Observatoire a été prévue dans le projet de Valorisation du Tourisme Intégré à l'Identité Culturelle des Territoires (VICTUR), financé par le Programme URB-AL, de la Commission Européenne. Le programme de Ma trise en Tourisme de l’Université de Caxias do Sul coordonne et développe les activités de recherche de l'Observatoire, dont l'objectif principal est de contribuer au développement régional, par un processus de socialisation de connaissances, au moyen d’un portal électronique (www.observatur.org.br). L'initiative démontre la possible coopération et la présence réelle d’échanges entre les organismes publics et privés pour la réalisation de projets d'intérêts communs qui mettent en valeur le capital social régional. This article discusses the creation of Project Monitoring Tourism and Culture of the Serra Gaucha, which in its initial stage, includes the ten cities of the urban north-eastern state of Rio Grande Do Sul (ELL). The creation of the Observatory has been provided in the proposed Integrated Tourism Enhancement of the Cultural Identity Territories (victuri), funded by the URB-AL, the European Commission. The program in Tourism Degree from the University of Caxias do Sul coordinates and develops research activities of the Observatory, whose main objective is to contribute to regional development, um process of socialization of knowledge, by means of an electronic portal (www.observatur.org.br). The initiative demonstrates the cooperation and the possible presence of real exchange between public and private projects of common interests that enhance the regional capital.
Feeding associations between capybaras Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (Linnaeus) (Mammalia, Hydrochaeridae) and birds in the Lami Biological Reserve, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Tomazzoni, Ana C.;Pedó, Ezequiel;Hartz, Sandra M.;
Revista Brasileira de Zoologia , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81752005000300031
Abstract: feeding associations between capybaras hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (linnaeus, 1766) and some bird species were registered in the lami biological reserve, southern brazil, through observations in a set of transects established in the five major vegetation types of the study area: shrubby and herbaceous swamps, wet grasslands, sandy grasslands and forests. data included: date and time, vegetation type, bird species, number of individuals (birds and capybaras), type of prey consumed, foraging strategy of the birds and the behavior of the capybaras in relation to the presence of birds. five species of birds were registered: caracara plancus (miller, 1777), furnarius rufus (gmelin, 1788), machetornis rixosus (vieillot, 1819), milvago chimachima (vieillot, 1816) and molothrus bonariensis (gmelin, 1789). the interactions were observed in the shrubby swamp (m. bonariensis), forest (c. plancus) and wet grassland (f. rufus, m. rixosus, m. chimachima). the foraging strategies were: (1) use of the capybara as a perch, hunting from its back (m. rixosus, m. bonariensis); (2) use of the capybara as a beater, hunting in the ground (f. rufus, m. rixosus, m. bonariensis); (3) foraging in the skin of the capybara, by picking the ectoparasites (c. plancus, f. rufus, m. chimachima). strategies (1) and (2) were employed to catch arthropods flushed from the vegetation. sometimes, capybaras lay down and exposed the abdomen and lateral areas of their bodies to facilitate cleaning by m. chimachima, but the presence of other bird species seemed to be neutral to capybaras.
Diet of crab-eating fox, Cerdocyon thous (Linnaeus) (Carnivora, Canidae), in a suburban area of southern Brazil
Pedó, Ezequiel;Tomazzoni, Ana C.;Hartz, Sandra M.;Christoff, Alexandre U.;
Revista Brasileira de Zoologia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81752006000300005
Abstract: the crab-eating fox, cerdocyon thous (linnaeus, 1766), is a small canid with twilight and nocturnal habits from savannas and forests of south america. in this study, we seasonally determined and quantified the diet of c. thous in lami biological reserve, a conservation unit with 179.78ha situated in a suburban area in the municipality of porto alegre, southern brazil. during the year 2000, we collected 80 fecal samples - 20 for each season - in two or three week sampling intervals, along trails inside the reserve. samples were dried in an oven for 24h at 60oc, immersed in 70% alcohol, and prey items were identified using a stereomicroscope. the diet of the crab-eating fox was essentially carnivorous (87.62% composed by vertebrates), with seasonal variation (p = 0.0009) and absence of fruits. small non-flying mammals and birds were the most frequent prey, being proportionally more preyed in autumn and summer, respectively. arthropods were more preyed in winter and spring and bird/reptile eggs only in summer and spring, in the reproduction period of these groups.
Fitoterapia popular: a busca instrumental enquanto prática terapêuta
Tomazzoni, Marisa Ines;Negrelle, Raquel Rejane Bonato;Centa, Maria de Lourdes;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072006000100014
Abstract: this study is an ethno botanical and opinion-based research, whose objective is to amplify our knowledge concerning the utilization of medicinal plants by the community of cascavel, pr, brazil. it looks to subsidize the implantation of phytotherapies in the brazilian public health care system. the sample corresponded to 50 families within the area pertaining to a public health care clinic, selected through proportional stratified sampling. in order to obtain the data, exploratory-descriptive research was used, collecting data through semi-structured interviews. as a result, 96% of the sampled population was observed to use medicinal plants; 271 ethno botanical references were registered, encompassing 75 ethno species; with 40 therapeutic properties related to domestic use. the use of medicinal plants is rather diffuse and the transfer of ethno botanical knowledge follows traditional community patterns, without observed blockages in this process. it was seen that medicinal plants for this community represent an important factor in their maintenance of health care conditions, being part of a preserved local knowledge.
Fitoterapia popular: a busca instrumental enquanto prática terapêutica
Marisa Ines Tomazzoni,Raquel Rejane Bonato Negrelle,Maria de Lourdes Centa
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2006,
Abstract: Se trata de un estudio etnobotánico e investigación de opinión, que tuvo como objetivo ampliar el conocimiento sobre el uso de las plantas medicinales en la comunidad de la Municipalidad de Cascavel-PR, con miras a apoyar en la implantación de los fitoterápicos en la red pública de la salud. La muestra correspondió a 50 familias del área de la jurisdicción de una Unidad Básica de Salud, seleccionadas mediante una muestra estratificada proporcional. Para la obtención de los datos se optó por una investigación de carácter exploratório-descriptivo, a través de la entrevista semiestructurada. Como resultado, se observo que el 96% de la población albo manifestó el uso de la plantas; fueron registradas 271 referencias etnobotánicas, englobando 75 etnoespecies; 40 propiedades terapéuticas estaban relacionadas al uso doméstico. El uso de las plantas es bastante difundido y la transferencia eel conocimiento etnobotánico sigue los padrones de las comunidades trradicionales, no existiendo bloqueos en éste proceso. Se constató también, que las plantas medicinales para la comunidad representan un factor importante para la manutención de las condiciones de la salud, formando parte de un saber local preservado.
Impacto do uso e ocupa o da terra na qualidade da água da bacia hidrográfica do rio Nhapindazal, Irati (PR) / Impact of land use and occupation on the water quality of Nhapindazal river watershed, Irati, (PR)
Augusto Tomazzoni Lubenow,Paulo Costa de Oliveira Filho,Carlos Magno de Sousa Vidal,Grasiele Soares Cavallini
Ambiência , 2012,
Abstract: ResumoO objetivo desta pesquisa foi elaborar o mapa de uso e ocupa o da bacia do rio Nhapindazal por meio de técnicas de processamento e classifica o digital de imagens orbitais e buscar rela es com as análises de qualidade da água obtidas em duas campanhas em diferentes locais da bacia, identificando-se os agentes poluidores. Foram utilizadas imagens de cinco metros de resolu o espacial e o processo de classifica o por regi es considerando dois parametros para classifica o de imagens: limiar de similaridade e área mínima. Foram realizadas duas campanhas de coleta de água para análise em oito pontos estratégicos da bacia, sendo que em cada amostra coletada foi caracterizada para os seguintes parametros: pH, turbidez, fósforo total, Demanda Bioquímica de Oxigênio (DBO), Oxigênio Dissolvido (OD), Sólidos Totais (ST), Sólidos Suspensos Totais (SST), Sólidos Dissolvidos Totais (SDT), coliformes totais e Escherichia coli. Os resultados demonstraram que altera es observadas nos valores dos parametros de qualidade da água possuem em alguns locais, rela o com as acentuadas modifica es do uso e ocupa o da bacia nos últimos anos. Abstract The objective of this research was to draw a map of use and occupation of the Nhapindazal River Basin, through processing techniques and digital classification of satellite images. The study also aimed at seeking for correlations between the images and the analysis of water quality obtained during two campaigns in different areas of the basin, identifying the pollutants. The images used were of 5 meters spatial resolution, and the process of classification by regions considered two parameters for image classification: similarity threshold and minimum area. Two campaigns were conducted to collect water for analysis in eight strategic points of the basin, and each collected sample was characterized in relation to the following parameters: pH, turbidity, total phosphorus, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), Dissolved Oxygen (DO), total Solids (TS), Total Suspended Solids (TSS), total Dissolved Solids (TDS), total coliforms and Escherichia coli. The results showed that, in some places, the observed changes in the values of the water quality parameters are related to the marked changes in the use and occupation of the basin in recent years.
Mamíferos carnívoros e sua rela??o com a diversidade de hábitats no Parque Nacional dos Aparados da Serra, sul do Brasil
Santos, Maria de Fátima M. dos;Pellanda, Mateus;Tomazzoni, Ana Cristina;Hasenack, Heinrich;Hartz, Sandra Maria;
Iheringia. Série Zoologia , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0073-47212004000300003
Abstract: a survey of carnivore mammals was accomplished in aparados da serra national park from february 1998 to march 2000. the park has 10,250 ha and is considered a biodiversity core area of the atlantic forest biosphere reserve in the rio grande do sul state, brazil. the landscape is characterized by relatively well preserved relicts of araucaria angustifolia (bertol.) kuntze forest, grasslands and atlantic forest, which have contributed for the survival of endangered carnivore mammals. the national park was divided in a grid of 16 km2 cells using a 1:50,000 scale map. the animals were recorded using indirect methods, by identifying signs (scats, tracks) and direct observation in 2.5 km long and 5 m wide transects, with 10 replicates in each grid cell. interviews with local people were also used to confirm the animal presence. a total of 13 species was recorded: procyon cancrivorus (cuvier, 1798), pseudalopex gymnocercus (g. fischer, 1814), leopardus pardalis (linnaeus, 1758) and cerdocyon thous (linnaeus, 1766) were the most frequent species registered. nasua nasua (linnaeus 1766), herpailurus yaguarondi (lacépède, 1809), chrysocyon brachyurus (illiger, 1815), eira barbara (linnaeus, 1758), leopardus sp., puma concolor (linnaeus, 1771), galictis cuja (molina, 1782), conepatus chinga (molina, 1892) and lontra longicaudis (olfers, 1818) showed lower frequencies. the park presented areas with significant differences (mantel test, p< 0.05) in species richness and composition related to habitat classes. areas with high habitat richness presented high species richness. the araucaria forest was the habitat that presented the higher carnivore richness. the border areas of the park are influenced by several environmental degradation factors that could be affecting the distribution of carnivores.
Ocorrência do fungo entomopatogênico Isaria javanica (Frieder. & Bally) Samson & Hywell-Jones (Fungi, Sordariomycetes) em lagartas de Lonomia obliqua Walker (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae, Hemileucinae)
Specht, Alexandre;Azevedo, Jo?o Lúcio;Lima, Elza áurea de Luna Alves;Boldo, Juliano Tomazzoni;Martins, Mayra Kassawara;Lorini, Lisete Maria;Barros, Neiva Monteiro;
Revista Brasileira de Entomologia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0085-56262009000300029
Abstract: it is recorded for the first time the occurrence of the entomopathogenic fungus isaria javanica (frieder. & bally) samson & hywell-jones (fungi: sordariomycetes) infecting lonomia obliqua walker (lepidoptera: saturniidae: hemileucinae) caterpillars. this fungus was isolated from l. obliqua individuals collected from platanus acerifolia (aiton) wild- platanaceae in rio grande do sul state, brazil. after isolation, purification and characterization, fungal conidia were inoculated on healthy l. obliqua caterpillars and from dead caterpillars the fungal isolates were again obtained. new isolates and the original isolate did not differ when compared by morphological and molecular tests.
Ovariosalpingohisterectomia vídeo-assistida ou convencional em cadelas com o uso de Ligasure atlas?
Ataide, Michelli Westphal de;Brun, Maurício Veloso;Barcellos, Leonardo José Gil;Bortoluzzi, Marinês;Feranti, Jo?o Pedro Scussel;Santos, Fabiane Reginatto dos;Tomazzoni, Fernando;Brambatti, Gustavo;Zílio, Pietro Paolo;Oro, Gabriela;Sartori, Luana Walendorff;Monteiro, Ariane Roani;Zanella, Ricardo;
Ciência Rural , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782010005000158
Abstract: in this study the authors compared two different procedures of ovariosalpingohysterectomy (osh) in dogs. for that, 18 dogs were randomly assigned into 2 different groups: group i (gi) in which the osh was performed by celiotomy and group ii (gii) in which it was a video-assisted procedure using two portals positioned in the umbilical and pre pubic regions, under dorsal recumbence position. in both groups the method of hemostasis was the ligasure atlas?. the authors did not observe significant differences between both methods for the surgical time or complications during and after the surgical procedure and blood loss. it was concluded that osh using video-assisted surgery with two portals and the conventional technique, both using ligasure atlas? are safe, fast and effective to be used in dogs.
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